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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Extension
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2002
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2002
Selecting the target year
Issues in the Concepts and Approaches of Sustainable Community Development
Ko, Soon-Chul ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 147~160
Although the philosophy of sustainable community development does not give the cure-all solutions for the major problems faced in the communities, it is theoretically and practically recognized as a newly emerging paradigm toward community development theoretically and practically. However, more specific tasks and issues of sustainable community development remain unchallenged and descriptive statements. The main objective of this study was to find out the extensive community development practices through the review of current works in the area of sustainable community development indicator, local agenda 21 and the relative issues. The recommendations of this study were the following; 1) The sustainable community development indicators available in the community level should be selected. Also, how to integrate the objective condition and subjective perception in community development practices, and how to weigh the indicator item should be solved in order to compare and measure the implementation of community development works. 2) In relation to local agenda 21, how to secure the implementation mechanism is more important than the developing the local agenda 21. 3) The policies aimed to raise the resident's awareness, formation of community field, create community social capitals, and define strategies to the selective community development programs should be considered to make the philosophy of sustainable community development active in the field level.
Rural Tourism and Extension Service System;The Israeli Case
Park, Ho-Kyoun ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 161~171
The extension service for rural tourism is especially important because farmers are usually new in the service industry, while the extension service system for this purpose is yet to be established in Korea. The Israeli case of rural extension service system is studied in this paper in order to explore the implications of the extension service system for the rural tourism in Korea.
The Options for Institutional Reform of Agricultural and Rural Extension in FAO
Yang, Seong-Choon ; Oh, Hae-Sub ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 173~183
This study reviewed a broad range of existing reform options, and on the basis of this review proposed a number of initiatives for institutional reform in developing countries. This strategies were intended to help FAO staff to provide guidance to the developing countries for the reform of their agricultural and rural extension systems. The paper defines the distinction among extension as a function, agricultural extension as part of a larger knowledge triangle, and agricultural and rural extension as an expanded concept of knowledge and information systems. The focus is on new measures that promote food security, market-driven system, and highly competitive agribusiness enterprises. Moreover, this study focus on the tensions that exist between the modern force of globalization and the traditional forces of culture, geography, and community.
The Directions of Supporting Policy and Education Strategy for Young Agricultural Workforce
Oh, Hae-Sub ; Kim, Jeong-Joo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 185~197
The supporting system for agricultural workforce and education strategy has been changing both domestically and worldwide range term. To change the fundamental directions, much more needs to be learned about the process of structural adjustment regarding the dynamics of the agricultural and rural sectors. A rural development doctrine must pay more attention to the ongoing problems of population imbalance and the dissolution of the countryside. The focus should be young people prefer to live in cities because there are more opportunities, services, and great personal fulfillment. This paper was described the effective fostering directions of young agricultural workforce and educational program to prepare future and young farmer for teaching careers in agriculture, food, farm management, and marketing. To achieve these goals, the specific approaches are 1) establish the strong partnership between related organizations of agricultural business, 2) strengthen the management and marketing education of products, 3) create the various in-farming or out-fanning incomes including green tourism, 4) enhance the aggressive marketing strategies by Internet, Telephone, and TV etc, 5) make the association among the same items for the effective research and risk management.
The Crisis and Challenges in the Agricultural Research and Extension in Korea;Agricultural Knowledge System
Park, Duk-Byeong ; Lee, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 199~213
The purpose of this study uses agricultural knowledge system theory to explore how the extension system in South Korea was developed and have worked well. By agricultural knowledge system we emphasized the dynamic networks of actors, processes of negotiation, and the diverse ways in which knowledge is constructed and performed. It was possible that individuals may participate in and utilize multiple knowledge systems. The knowledge systems reflected the idea that the boundaries between knowledge groups were not closed and that there could be considerable overlap between knowledge systems. The constructions of agricultural knowledge systems thus included social interactions, communication, and the diverse processes individuals employ to create, use, and evaluate multiple types and sources of information. As such, there were six priorities to development agricultural extension system; the linkage between agricultural colleges, Rural Development Administration(RDA), branch of RDA, establishing the research institution of research and extension linkage. exchange research agent with extension agent, developing information technology system, bottom-up approach, the linkage between national project and regional within extension projects, enforcement of informal learning.
A Study on Rural Citizen Satisfaction for Local Public Service
Kim, Jung-Tae ; Cheong, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 215~231
The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the level of satisfaction on rural for local public service. (2) and analyse variables related to the public service. Reviewing the literature and related studies for theoretical framework, Six criteria characterize public service : (1) responsiveness. (2) convenience, (3) speed, (4) correctness, (5) pleasantness, (6) equality, which are reflected in the instrument of this study. By the results of analysis, two dimensions (convenience, responsiveness) and total satisfaction are related to their residential lengths of the same rural area. For the total public service satisfaction gender, age, educational level, income level, occupation, and residential years explained in 13.3% For the convenience dimension their variables accounted for 22.4%. For responsiveness dimension their variables interpreted in 23.2%. For speed and correctness dimension their variables explained in 21.6%. For pleasantness dimension their variables accounted for local public services in 15.3%. For equality dimension their variables explained in 16.2%.
A Study on the Use of Amenity for Rural Viability
Lim, Hyung-Baek ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 233~245
The demand for green tourism has increased in Korea. The increasing demand for green tourism caused is by reduction of working hours and longing for rural life. Moreover, many view amenity regarded as a good resource of green tourism. Amenity is however an abstract and complex idea. Even though many people were interested in amenity, the movement or practice of amenity in Korea was still as its in infancy stage. This paper was an exploratory study of amenity and paving the way for further studies on amenity in Korea. The objectives of this study were 1) to explore the philosophical background, origin and history, and classification of amenity, 2) and decide on future course of using amenity for rural viability.
Relationship between Middle Managers' Behavioral Characteristics by Leadership Style and Followers' Trust
Cheong, Kee-San ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 247~262
The objectives of this study were to investigate the followers's perception of the behavioral characteristics of middle managers' leadership styles and the relationship between middle managers' behavioral characteristics by leadership style and followers' trust in middle managers. The data were collected from the officials of the Rural Development Administration(RDA) of Korea in September, 2001. A total of 215 questionnaires out of 232 distributed were collected and 211 valid ones analyzed. The results from the study were as follows: First, on the leadership styles of the middle managers of RDA, the perception points of the staffs of offices/divisions were 3.56 points in servant leadership style, 3.48 points in transformational leadership style and 3.51 in transactional leadership style from the possible 5.0 points scale. Second, the mean point of the trust level of the staff to the middle managers was 3.64 points indicating that the directors in general tried to treat the staff of offices/divisions with equitably and to communicate with them openly. Third, the correlation between the trust of followers and several variables showed that the subordinate behavioral characteristics of servant leadership, transformational leadership and transactional leadership had positive effects on the trust. Especially 'individualized consideration' and 'contingent rewards' were highly correlated.
An Analysis on Korean Pear Farm Efficiency;A case study using non-parametric method
Woo, Soo-Gon ; Yoo, Jin-Chae ; Kang, Kyeong-Ha ; Shin, Yong-Kwang ;
Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 263~277
The objective of this study was to compare the farm efficiency of members of cooperative firms with that of non-members in Korea. Data were collected from 27 farms members of three cooperatives and 13 non-member farms, based on the managerial achievements of 1999. For the analysis, the data were divided into three different farming types: type I and II of member farms and non-member farms. Economic analysis were implemented using DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis). Major findings was as follows. Total average technology efficiency was 0.782, which implies that there still remains 21.8% of improvement possibility. Among the three types, type I showed the highest technology efficiency of 0.9055, while type II and non-member farms showed 0.7670 and 0.7171, respectively. This means that these farms have relatively high potential improved. Also, comparing technology efficiency by dividing into pure technology and scale efficiency, all type of the farms exhibit a higher pure technology efficiency compared to scale efficiency. Therefore, to improve current technology efficiency, farms need to focus more on pure technology efficiency improvement. Meanwhile, profit analysis based on farm size indicate that most of the farms demonstrated the increasing-return-to-scale, which means it is necessary to extend the farm size to improve technical efficiency. Type I member farms achieve higher profit and efficiency than other two types and relatively higher producer prices through introducing cooperative sorting, grading and packing. Also, these labor saving technologies increased farm size.