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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
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Infection State and Classification of Anisakid Larvae in Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) which Caught from Taep'o Port, Kang-won-do
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Quan, Fu-Shi ; Rim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 3~8
Seven specimens of salmon(Oncorhynchus keta) purchased directly, in Oct. 10. 1990, in the Taep'o port. Kang-won-do were examined for infection state of anisakid larvae and classification of extracted larvae according to morphological characters. The results were as follows. 1) From seven salmon 202 anisakid larvae were found, and mean infection number of anisakid larvae per individual salmon was 28.86. 2) From total extracted anisakid larvae 198 larvae(98%) were found in muscle. Therefore the distribution of anisakid larvae in intestine was extremely rare compared to in muscle. 3) The percentage of anisakid larvae in II, IV muscle region was 93% and from this we could surmise that most anisakid larvae in salmon did not penetrate to the very distanted muscle from intestine. 4) Three types of anisakid larvae(Anisakis Type I, Contracaecum Type B, Contracaecum Type D) were identified and, among them, Contracaecum Type B was the first recording type in Korea 5) Larvae of Contracaecum it genus were found only in intestine. Therefore it surmised that penetration neture to muscle of Contracaecum larvae was less than that of Anisakis Type I.
Studies on the Avian Nematodes in Korea(I)
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Rim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 9~14
From five species of wild birds which were collected in the period of January, 1990~March, 1990, three species of nematodes were identified. The three species were Dispharynx nasuta(Rudolphi, 1819) in Spiruridae and Diplotriaena manipoli Chu, 1931 in Fillaridae. They are the first recording species in Korea and the morphological characters of each species(male & female) are described.
한국 농촌의 렙토스피라증
Park, Seung-Cheol ; Kim, U-Ju ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 15~20
Socio-economic Change and Health Care System in Rural Korea
Han, Sang-Bok ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 21~27
During the last half a century the Korean rural society have experienced drastic changes : the retreat of Japan from the colonial interference and suppression in 1945, the Korean war and disorder in the 1950s, the implementation of the first and second five-year economic development plans in the 1960s, the ambitious implementation of the new village movement called Saemaul Undong to modernize the traditionally stagnant rural village in the 1970s, and socioeconomic and political turmoil in the 1980s. In this complex process of change the rural health care system in Korea was grdually reformed. This paper reviews the socioeconomic change and the basis of the changing structure of the health care system in rural Korea, on the basis of the existing literature and secondary data. Thus this is not a research paper but a review article in its nature. After reviewing the past and present situation, the directions and strategies for the reformation of the rural health care system are suggested.
A Study On Medical care Utilization of Low Income People in Designated Areas
Kim, Jin-Soon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 28~40
Rapid industrialization has induced the migration of rural people to urban areas. Such migration has created enlarged the existing low income group. Residents of low income area have increased health risk owing to their poor living environment, low income. overwork and inappropriate health care. The general objective of this study was to group the pattern of medical care utilization of low income group. The specific objectives were to identify disease prevalence and medical care utilization of low income group. To meet the objectives of this study, household interview method was applied. A total of 1845 households in 5 areas such as Bongchon 5th Dong, Bongchon 2nd Dong, Sanggae 5th Dong, Sanggae 4th Dong, and Shinrim 7th Dong were visited and interviewed by field team during the period from April 19 to May 3. 1989. The major findings obtained from the information collected were as follows : The Number of room per household used was one to two rooms. The employment state of the head of household disclosed that 88.6% had a job and the remaining 11.4% were unemployed. The average monthly income was 502,770won. however, 30% of the total income was less than 300,000 won in Bongchon 5th dong area. and 34.5% in Shinrim 7th Dong area. 41.3% of households had debts, which was consisted of household expense(33.4%), income formulation(22.7%) and medical care cost(15.9%) etc. Prevalence rate of diseases during the preceding 30days before the date of the household interview was 387.7 per 1000 persons. The prevalence rate of female was higher than that of male. 8.9% of the sick persons wasn't receiving any medical treatment, and the main reasons of which were lack of economic availability(43.3%) and feeling of non treatment needed(33.7%). According to the study results it was found that the prevalence rate of chroic diseases and the disabled in low income resident areas was higher than that in the other areas. Therefore, the health status of this group should be improved through PHC approaches. In addition. in order to prevent the diseases and promote the health of those people, the health center as well as health subcenter should be strengthened.
A Study on Health Care of the Old Aged People in a Rural Area
Wie, Cha-Hyung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 41~48
In order to find out the status of health care of the old aged people (age of 65 and over) in a rural area, a study was carried out, through analyzing the data of health care clinic for 207 old aged people with geriatric diseases, and of questionnired survey for 84 old aged people with geriatric diseases in a rural community. Su Dong-Myun. Nam Yang Zu-Gun, Kyung Gi-Do, Korea, during the year of 1989. The following results were obtained. 1) The composition rate of population of age of 65 and over was 9.8% in total, and sex-specific composition rate was 9.3% in male and 10.4% in female. 2) Utilization rate of health care clinic for old aged people with geriatric diseases was the highest rate with 37.9%, through individual letters at the first time, and showed gradually decreasing tendency afterward. 3) In the means of utilization advices to health care clinic for the old aged people. the individual letters(37.9%) at the first time were more effective than public information of the old aged hall or/and Myun office(18.4%). 4) In opinion on utilization of health subcenter-health care clinic for the old aged people "will utilize"(59.5%) was the highest and "do not know"(26.2%) "be difficult to utilize" (9.5%) and "will not utilize"(4.8%) were in the next order. 5) Out of 84 respondents, the old aged people With geriatric diseases, 73.8%(about three-fourths) of them answered "their diseases to the aggravated" (29.8%) "not to be changed"(25.0%) and "to be unknown"(19.0%), and the others(26.2% of them) "to be changed for the better". 6) Out of 62 respondents(the old aged people), answered their geriatric diseases not to be changed for the better, "no curative effect" was the highest with 43.5% of them. "could not know" (33.9%), "would not treat"(19.4%) and "could not be treated"(4.8%) were in decreasing order. 7) The old aged people, responded their diseases to be changed for the better, answered that they(patients) should make themselves(68.2%) responsible for basic effort of health care. However the old aged people responded their diseases not to be changed for the better answered that they should impute the responsibility of basic effort for health care to medical facilities or other conditions(63.0%). 8) In the reason of failure that the old aged people responded their geriatric diseases not to have curative effect, mis-control of regular habits of daily life was the highest(57.1%), and failure of taking selected medicine steadily(28.6%), and abuse of medicines(14.3%) were in decreasing order. 9) The reason order of being changed for the better that the old aged people responded their diseases to have curative effect, was keeping and control of regular habits of daily life (46.7%), taking selected medicines steadily(33.3%) and others (20.2%) respectively. 10) The courses of geriatric diseases itself are so chronic, duplicate and uncertain, and the old aged people activities for disease control are so slow, various and uncertain that continuous health education in home or/and community unit must be essential factors for effective geriatric health care.
Current Problems of Parasitic Zoonoses in Rural Korea
Rim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 1, 1990, Pages 49~55
Zoonoses are those diseases and infections that are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and man. At present, approximately 175 diseases caused by virus, rickettsia, bacteria, protozoa and helminthes as well as some of arthropods and the number is continually increasing. Although zoonoses are generally recognized as significant health problems, the actual prevalence and incidence of zoonotic infections is difficult to determine. Medical services in a rural area are scarce and ill persons may have little chance to see a physician. Furthermore, a lack of physician awareness and of appropriate diagnostic support is made often misdiagnosis. In rural Korea, parasitic disease is still important subject in the field of zoonotic infections considering its number and morbidity. Recently there was conspicuous reduction of soil-transmitted parasitic diseases (i.e. ascariasis. hookworms, trichuriasis), but clonorchiasis. intestinal trematodiases and taeniasis are a considerable problem. This is often significantly related to human behavioral patterns based on socio-economic and cultural conditions and linked with the local biologic and physical environment. The most of all parasitic zoonoses to man and animals are the food-transmitted parasitic diseases, and domestic animals such as dog, cat, pig, as well as fat and some mammals, ruminants and birds are act as reservoir hosts. In the present topics, current problems of parasitic zoonoses caused by protozoan infections (i. e. toxoplasmosis, pneumocystosis and cryptosporidiosis) which are the most common opportunistic in AIDS or immunocompromised persons, trematode infections (i.e. clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis and some intestinal tremadodiases). cestode infections such as cysticercosis and sparganosis, and some nematode infections of anisakiasis, thelaziasis and strongyloidiasis, are discussed here those on the occurrence in man and animals and the source of transmission as well as prevention and control measures in Korea.