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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 1990
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A Study About Infection State of Anisakid Larvae and Parasitic Helminths in Salmon(Oncorhynchus keta) and Sea-trout(Oncorhynchus masou) which Caught from Taep'o Port, Kang-won-do
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Joo, Kyung-Hwan ; Rim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 89~96
The results of infection state of anisakid larvae and parasitic helminths in salmon and sea-trout which caught from Taep'o port. Kang-won do were as follows. 1) From twelve specimens of sea-trout. 122 individuals of anisakid larvae were found and mean infection number of anisakid larvae per individual sea-trout was 10.17. 2) From total extracted anisakid larvae from sea-trout. 37 larvae(30.3%) were found in the muscle. This percentage was lower than that of salmon. but higher than that of other sea-fishes. 3) The taxonomic list of parasitic helminths which found in salmon and sea-trout was as follows. Class Trematoda Family Hemiuridae l. Brachyphallus crenatus(Rudolphi. 1802) 2. Lecithaster salmonis Yamaguti. 1934 Class Cestoda Family Phllobothriidae 3. Pelichnibothrium speciosum Monticelli, 1889-larval form Family Tentacuariidae 4. Tentacularia sp. - larval form 4) Among those 4 species of helminths. B.crenatus. L.salmonis, P.speciosum were the first recording species in Korea.
The Health Status of Rural Farming Women
Park, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 97~106
1. Background Women's health and their involvement in health care are essential to health for everyone. If they are ignorant, malnourished or over-worked, the health &-their families as well as their own health will suffer. Women's health depends on broad considerations beyond medicine. Among other things, it depends upon their work in farming. their subordination to their families, their accepted roles, and poor hygiene with poorly equipped housing and environmental sanitation. 2. Objectives and Contents a. The health status of rural women : physical and mental complaints, experience of pesticides intoxication, Farmer's syndrome, experiences of reproductive health problems. b. participation in and attitudes towards housework and farming c. accessibility of medical care d. status of maternal health : fertility, family planning practice. induced abortion, and maternal care 3. Research method A nationwide field survey, based on stratified random sampling, was conducted during July, 1986. Revised Cornell Medical index(68 out of 195 items). Kawagai's Farmers Syndrome Scale, and self-developed structured questionnaires were used to rural farming wives(n=2.028). aged between 26-55. 4. Characteristics of the respondents mean age : 40.2 marital status : 90.8% married mean no. of household : 4.9 average years of education : 4.7 yrs. average income of household : \235,000 average years of residence in rural area : 36.4 yrs average Working hours(household and farming) : 11 hrs. 23 min 5. Health Status of rural women a. The average number of physical and mental symptoms were 12.4, 4.7, and the rate of complaints were 22.1%, 38.8% each. revealing complaints of mental symptomes higher than physical ones. b. 65.4% of rural women complained of more than 4 symptoms out of 9, indicating farmer's syndrome. 11.9 % experienced pesticide overdue syndrome c. 57.6% of respondents experienced women-specific health problems. d. Age and education of respondents were the variables which affect on the level of their health 6. Utilization of medical services a. The number of symptoms and complaints of respondents were dependent on the distance to where the health-care service is given b. Drug store was the most commonly utilized due to low price and the distance to reach. while nurse practitioners were well utilized when there were nurse practitioner's office in their villages. c. Rural women were internalized their subordination to husbands and children, revealing they are positive(93%) in health-care demand for-them but negative(30%) for themselves d. 33.0% of respondents were habitual drug users, 4.5% were smokers and 32.3% were alcohol drinkers. and 86.3% experienced induced-abortion. But most of them(77.6%) knew that those had negative effects on health. 7. Maternal Health Care a. Practice rate of contraception was 48.1% : female users were 90.9% in permanent and 89.6% in temporary contraception b. Induced abortions were taken mostly at hospital(86.3%), while health centers(4.7%), midwiferies(4.3%). and others(4.5%) including drug stores were listed a few. The repeated numbers of induced abortion seemed affected on the increasing numbers of symptoms and complaints. c. The first pre-natal check-up during first trimester was 41.8%, safe delivery rate was 15.6%, post-natal check-up during two months after delivery. Rural women had no enough rest after delivery revealing average days of rest from home work and farming 8.3 and 17.2. d. 86.6% practised breast feeding, showing younger and more educated mothers depending on artificial milk 8. Recommendations a. To lessen the multiple role over burden housing and sanitary conditions should be improved, and are needed farming machiner es for women and training on the use of them b. Health education should begin at primary school including health behavior and living environment. c. Women should be encouraged to become policy-makers as well as administrators in the field of women specific health affairs. d. Women's health indicators should be developed and women's health surveillance system too.
A Survey on Intestinal Parasite of ROK Soldiers in Area of Nakdong River by Using SAF Fixatives
Kim, Jong-Seong ; Joo, Kyung-Hwan ; Lee, Joo-Sang ; Kim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 107~111
A survey was undertaken to evaluate the present status of intestinal infection in army soldiers. Stool specimen of 417 soldiers fixed by SAF solution were collected from a camp located in area of Nakdong river during the period from August to October of 1990. And these stool samples were examined by formalin-ether sedimentation technique once for helminths and protozoan cysts stained with Lugol's iodine solution. The results obtained in this survey were summarized as follows : l) The overall positive rate of intestinal parasite was 18.0%. 2) The egg positive rate of intestinal helminth was 15.1%, : and 11.5% for Clonorchis sinensis. 5.0% for Metagonimus vokogawai, 1.2% for Ascaris lumbricoides 1.7% for Trichiuris trichiura. 0.2% for Taenia sp. 3) The cyst positive rate of intestinal protozoa was 4.1% ; and 1.4% for Entamoeba coli, 1.9% for Giardia lamblia 0.7% for Entamoeba histolytica, 0.5% for Endolimax nana. 4) Most of samples were positive(85.3%) by single species. 10.7% by two species, 2.7% by three species and 1.3% by four species. 5) Infection rate of intestinal parasites among army soldiers decreased distinctly compared with previous data but it is revealed that the infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis among army soldiers in area of Nakdong river is still high in comparison with ever-reported data. 6) SAF fixatives used in this field survey during summertime was useful to conserve protozoan cyst and helminths ova. Also we could examine stool samples directly by formalin-ether sedimentation technique.
Compared Analysis of Total Cholesterol Numerical Value of Abnormalities in Urban and Rural Community
Park, Myung-Sung ; Lee, Young-Ha ; Lee, Dong-Choon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 112~117
Now the number value of total cholesterol is ascending as increasing consumption of meat in our country. In this point, total cholesterol examinee in urban and rural community, with age, with sex, classified and make percentage according to the abnormal. The current of abnormalities has been understood how changed during seven years. also present time, in good manner. The value used in analysis was drawn from 1984 to 1990 by Korean Association of Health Taegue branch and kyung-buk branch with the value of the abnormalities of total cholesterol in urban and rural community have been compared during past seven years. The result were as follows : 1) During past seven years. The total examinee were 107,945. Abnormalities of rural people in 74,693 were 1.4% and abnormalities of urban people in 34,252 were 2.7%. Now we find out that abnormalities of urban people are higher 1.3% than those of rural people. 2) In inspecting, 108,945 cases of total cholesterol abnormality with age are followed. Less than 20yr(0.3%) 20-29yr(1.0%) 30-39yr(1.5%) 40-49yr(1.6%) 50-59yr(2.4%) more than 60yr(2.5%). The percentage of abnormalities was increased with age in both sexes. 3) In male and female, the abnormality of male was higher 0.6% than that of female, respectively 37,525(2.0%) 71,420(1.7%) examinee of total cholesterol in 108.945.
Study on Utilization of Oriental Medicine by Residents in Rural Areas
Kim, Jin-Soon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 118~129
Socioeconomic status in this county progressed rapidly, this has brought about many changes in health care fields, namely, pattern of disease prevalence and morbidity, increase of the aged people, and also availability of health care in rural areas. According to the utilization study of medical care, it showed that the oriental medicine is used for the treatment of lasted chronic disease not the minor and common diseases which is quick in its effect. Particularly, in rural areas. prevalence of chronic disease is higher than that in urban areas. Although the health cafe need of the oriental medicine is high in rural areas, the distribution of manpower and facilities is lower than that in urban areas. Therefore the government has planned to implement the demonstration project for the oriental medicine at the designated 3 health centers in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to collect the utilization level of oriental medical care of the people in rural areas. To meet the purpose of this study, patient interview were applied. 790 patients visited to health center in project areas were selected and analyzed by experienced interviewers from 2 April to 21 April 1990. The major findings of this study were as follows ; 1) Of the 790 patients, 32.6 percent of the respondents had experience of using the oriental medicine. As for the utilization by age and sex. 54.8% of those was female and 70.7% was 40 years of age and more. 2) Reaction to the question of educational achievement showed that on schooling and primary school graduates accounted for 63.1%. 3) The most user of oriental medicine resides in country level, where the health center is located, and 80 percent of those users resides within 10Km. 4) More than 50% of the total was the chronic diseases which lingered for more than 3months. 5) 32.6 percent of the total cases used the oriental medicine. 61.2% among those was treated by oriental medical care hospital and 38.8% by oriental drug dispensaries etc. 6) The contont of oriental medical care varied ; 50.1% for prescription of herb drugs for treatment, 25.1% for health maintenance and 23.9% for acupuncture, moxibustion etc. 7) As for the motivation for using the oriental medicine. 56.6% of the respondents was for treatment of diseases and 27.9% wes for strengthening the physical weakness. 8) As for the effectiveness of the oriental medicine. 70.3% of the total cases satisfied with that treatment and 84.2% of the total cases will use the oriental medicine when is provided by health center.
A Case of Imported Falciparum Malaria Resistant to CHLOROQUINE
Lee, Jae-Gu ; Kang, Jae-Hwang ; Choi, Jin-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Hak ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 130~133
Indigenons malaria which was recognized as one of the unavoidable disease has almost eliminated from this country. Recently, we must attend to imported malaria cases because of an increase in overseas travelers and workers to tropical countries where malaria is endemic. Sometimes resistant to conventional drug therapy. So, imported malaria become a new health problem. We experienced a case of imported falciparum malaria. which is resistant to CHLOROQUINE and cured by QUINIE SULFATE and FANSIDAR.
A Case of Progressive Hearing Loss of a Worker Exposed to Carbon Disulfide
Lee, Eun-Il ; Kim, Soon-Duck ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 15, issue 2, 1990, Pages 134~140
The causes of occupational hearing loss are physical trauma. ototxic substances and noise. However, only noise induced hearing loss of workers has been reported in Korea as second cause of occupational disease. We report a case of progressive hearing loss in worker exposed to noise. carbon disulfide and hydrogen sulfide for about 13 years. Because of his hearing loss he had to move another position where no noise and no ototoxic substance is. Following audiometry showed that his hearing loss had worsen than before.