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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
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Farmers Syndrome and Their Related Factors of Rural Residents in Chungnam Province
Song, Joo-Young ; Lee, Yeon-Kyeng ; Lee, Sok-Goo ; Lee, Tae-Yong ; Cho, Young-Chae ; Lee, Dong-Bae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 3~14
To investigate the actual states of farmers syndrome and their related factors, the author surveyed a total of 534 rural residents, resided in Puyeo kun, Chungnam Province, during August 1996. The data were collected from members of an association and their families of agricultural co-operatives, and analysed. Following are the results summarized therefrom; 1. The prevalence rate of farmers syndrome as a whole was 36.7%, but that of female was higher as 45.0% than male as 27.4%. 2. The prevalence rates of farmers syndrome were higher in the group of higher age, shorter education years, longer farming careers, and longer daily farming hours. 3. The prevalence rates of farmers syndrome did not show statistically significantly different among groups of farming categories such as specialize in farming, such as side line, and not farming. 4. Sex, age, and daily farming hours were proved to be a related factors of farmers syndrome by logistic regression analysis. Odds ratio of female group was 2.06 compared with male group, above 70 years age group was 6.24 compared with below 40 years age group, and group of farming more than 8 hours a day was 2.55 compared with not farming group. 5. The mean scores of self-estimated health states of the group with farmers syndrome was lower than those with negative or suspicious farmers syndrome, but the mean scores of psychological symptoms, other than symptoms of farmers syndrome was statistically significantly higher in farmers syndrome group. Consequently, farmers syndrome seems to be not disease entity but symptom complex which is highly related with age and sex. For that reason, there is a need of study on the differentiate the farmers syndrome and chronic musculoskeletal diseases in the aged.
A Study of Farmer's Syndrome in Choongju Area
Chang, Soung-Hoon ; Lee, Kun-Sei ; Lee, Won-Jin ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 15~26
To find the prevalence of the Farmer's syndrome and the related factors, we investigated 909 farmers who and older than 30 years and live in Choongju area. The farmers were interviewed individually with a questionnaire from July 18 through 31, 1997. The results are as follows; The prevalence of Farmer's syndrome was 21.0% in male and 45.1% in female. The age prevalence of Farmer's syndrome was higher in thirties and forties than fifties and over sixties in both sex. Farmer's syndrome was significantly higher in low educational status, low income, low family members and more than 20 years of farming group. However, Farmer's syndrome was significantly higher in non smoking and non alcohol intake group, there were no significant differences according to smoking and alcohol intake after stratification by sex. The most frequent symptom in male was lumbago(60.5%), the second was numb limb(49.8%), the third was shoulder stiffness(43.2%) and the fourth was dizziness(31.5%). In female, the most frequent symptom was lumbago(81.3%), the second was numb limb(70.2%), the third was dizziness(62.2%) and the fourth was shoulder stiffness(55.9%). All of these four symptoms are significantly higher in female than in male. With multiple logistic regression for Farmer's syndrome, sex(OR of female=3.3) number of family(OR of <=1.9) and duration of farming(OR of
2.0 yr=1.5) were turned out to be significant variables.
Assessing knowledge level of cancer warning signs in a rural Chungju population
Lee, Kun-Sei ; Lee, Won-Jin ; Chang, Soung-Hoon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 27~38
Purpose : To assess knowledge levels of cancer warning signs, a descriptive study wad conducted in Chungju rural area. Materials and Methods : We conducted a population-based study of men women who were 30 years of age or older, living in a three myens of Chungju rural area. Of 8,026 residents in 3 Myens, 1,148 adults(30 years of age or older) were completed structured questionnaire survey from July 21, 1997 to July 26, 1997. 7 cancer warning signs were used to assess knowledge level of cancer warning signs. Results : Participants in this study were poorly informed about the cancer warning signs, and the 24.9% of participants and divided by two groups. The high level group was 19.3%, and the low 80.7%. In this initial univariate analysis, the following variables were significantly associated with knowledge levels of cancer warning signs: age, sex, education, living with parter, annual income, smoking status, hepatitis vaccination, perceived possibility of cancer, previous cancer-screening examinations. In multivariate logistic analysis, we found three variables, sex, education level, previous pap-smear test, are significantly associated with knowledge levels of cancer warning signs. The knowledge level was higher among women, people with higher education, and those who had previous pap-smear examination. Conclusion : This study demonstrates that cancer warning signs are not common knowledge among the rural public. It also indicates the need for cancer education to improve knowledge in the rural public and the develop education programmes targeted especially at the old, men, and those who had not cancer screening examination should be considered to plan.
Accident and Disease Related to Agriculture in a Rural Korea
Kim, Doo-Hie ; Jung, Cheol ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 39~49
This paper is conducted to find out the current status of farmers's syndrome and injuries due to agricultural machines and pesticides by questionnaire during 4 days from July 31 to August 2, 1996. The subjects were 706 people, 332 of men and 384 of women those who live in a rural area in Yungduk-gun, Kyungsangbuk-do, Korea. The results obtained are as follow. 1. The rate of farmer's syndrome like that shoulder pain, lumbago, numbness, nocturia, dyspnea, insomnia dizziness and abdominal pain were generally higher in women than men except shoulder pain. Of them, lumbago was highest, 61.2% in men, and 78.1% in women respectively. It was higher in rate and older in age. 2. In the score of farmer's syndrome classified by Kumagai(1943) in Japan, the suspected cases with three points over 60.6% in men and 81.8% in women. 3. The prevalence of injuries by agricultural machine was 31.2% for a year from August 1995 to July 1996. The cumulative rate was 6.66%(11.8% in men and 2.34% in women) with previous cases from the before years. The major sites of injuries were arm, leg and chest in order. Among the injuries cases, 55.32% had been physical impediment. 4. The experience rate of intoxication by pesticides was 24.9% to total subjects. And dermatologic sign was 7.0%. Experience of treatment with only one time was 60.0%, and that with five times over, 20.0% Of them 18 cases had been administered in hospital.
Analisis of chief influencing factor on aged man's cerebrovascular accidents - case control study -
Choi, Young-Mi ; Ryu, Tae-Sik ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 51~64
This study was carried out during 3 years from March 1992 to March 1995, 140 healthy people and 140 C.V.A patients were investigated, at an oriental clinic in Taejon. The data collected was analysed using a SAS. The results are as follows. 1. The Relationships between patients who have undergone one or more abortion procedures and C.V.A occurrence. A statistical significant difference was recorded between the control group and the outpatients group of P<0.05 2. Number of years after initial C.V.A diagnosis before C.V.A symptom onset. within 1 years 52% (2-3 years, 3-4 years, 4-5 years, 5 years and over) 3. Additional diseases occurring after initial stroke 1 disease 50.7% (2, 3, 4, 5 or more) 4. Alcohol Consumption "A statistical significant difference was recorded between the control group and the outpatients group of" P<0.01 5. Previous Treatment Experience for stoke outpatients Oriental Hospital, clinic 64.3% (General Hospital, clinic, a public health center drug store, home remedies, etc) 6. Exercise Frequency Outpatients Regular 28.6%, Irregular 71.4% Control sample Regular 27%, Irregular 72.9% 7. Degree of Appetite "A statistical significant difference was recorded between the control group and the outpatients group of" P<0.01 8. People who include fish in their diet "A statistical difference was recorded between the control group and the outpatients group of" P<0.01.
Follow-up study on Activities of Daily Living of the Elderly in Rural Community
Lee, Sung-Kook ; Baek, Eun-Jung ; Chun, Byung-Yeol ; Yeh, Min-Hae ; Jung, Jin-Wook ; Kim, Hye-Kyung ; Kai, Inchiro ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 65~78
This study was conducted to find out the factors which have an effect on the rural aged's natural history by disability in Activities of Daily Living(ADL) and ADL decline with 475 old people which were chosen except the dead 90 and unconfirmable 56 old people by performing follow-up survey for 4 years since 1993 on the basis of presurveyed data about 621 home old people over 60 years residing in 13 villages at Kangdong-myon, Kyongju-city, Kyongsangbuk-do Province, Korea. Such activities of daily living as bathing, dressing, going to toilet, transfer, feeding and continence were examined. 1. In the follow-up survey for 4 years, the ADL distribution of the dead was remarkably lower than the subject group. 2. It was also shown in the 4-year follow-up survey that 82.1% of high ADL group maintained high ADL while 77.8% of low ADL group died within 4 years. 3. The occurrence percentage of disabilities of each group by ADL item for 4 years appeared high in such an order as bathing, continence, dressing, going to toilet, transfer and feeding. 6.7%(8.1% for female and 4.6% for male) of the old people who were the high ADL group at the time of the first survey had disabilities that occurred after 4 years. 4. In the change of ADL according to general characteristics used to analyse the factors which have an effect on ADL decline, there was a significant difference in age and job, that is, the jobless old people had the higher degree of ADL decline. In the change of ADL according to behavioral pattern, for the male old people there was a significant difference in support of living expenses and subjective health condition. In this case, the degree of ADL decline was higher if they depended on their sons & daughters or spouses and felt that they were not healthy.
The Health Promoting Activity of Old Aged in a Rural Area
Kim, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Yang-Ok ; Kim, Ki-Soon ; Ryu, So-Yeon ; Lee, Chul-Gab ; Ahn, Hyun-Ok ; Park, Jong ; Son, Myung-Ho ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 79~89
This study was to evaluate the performance status and associated factors with the health promoting activities. Two hundred three old aged over 65 years old sampled by quota sampling among 660 old aged in a rural area, Dae-Ma Myun, Young-Kwang Gun, Chollanam Do. The questionnaire survey was performed from June 1st to August 31st in 1997. The major findings were as follows ; 1. The performance rate of health promoting activities were higher in female, dwellers at community health practitioner post area, and old aged believes in a religion and high educated old aged. 2. A multiple regression analysis showed that physical health promoting activity was related to psychiatric wellbeing status, the disability of daily living, residental area and family numbers(P<0.05). 3. The disability of daily living and psychiatric wellbeing status were related to mental health promoting activities by a multiple regression analysis(P<0.05). In conclusion, psychiatric wellbeing status, the disability of daily living, the disability of daily living and residental area were associated the performance of health promoting activities for old aged in a rural area.
Attitude and Management Contents of Health Workers Engaged in Visiting Health Service
Park, Mi-Young ; Park, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 91~108
This study was conducted to use the feedback of health personnel to improve the Visiting Health Service. The data was collected from 471 Home Health Workers serving 24 local health organizations in the Kyung-Pook province. 62.5% of the respondents were men under thirty-nine years of age. 92.8% of the respondents are married. 47.1% had degrees from junior colleges. It was ascertained 52.7% of the workers visited their patients six to twelve times within a six month period. And one to three patients were visited per day by one worker. Workers of older age, higher job position, and more experience were more positive in their feedback about the program. In addition, local health center employees, including nurses, were more positive about the program. Younger workers with a higher level of education, less experience, and lower job position had more insight into the problems of the program. Deeper insight into these problems led to a more negative conception of the program. Older workers with higher ranking jobs were found to be most competent. in their jobs. Workers at the main health center were assessed higher than the workers at the health sub-center or the primary health post. In addison nurses at all centers were found to be slightly more competent than the nurses' aide. The primary health post established the highest degree of patient satisfaction. It was discovered that the more positive the workers felt about the program, the higher their patient satisfaction feedback. There was a positive correlation between management assessment and patient satisfaction. This means that better program management was found to produce higher patient satisfaction. Workers feel being more educated about patient management would lead to better service. However, they take no action to produce these results. Where the problems of the system are most commented upon, the need for further education is greatest. Through multiple regression analyses it is apparent that the assessment of patient management is the greatest variable affecting patient satisfaction of patients is dependent on the management by the visiting health worker. Therefore, the development of the visiting health program is highly dependant on the feedback of those workers with a negative conception of the program. So the development of programs, motivation, education and training must be established. These works would lead to active participation by visiting health workers in the improvement of the Visiting health program.