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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
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Association of Health-related Behaviors with Socio-demographic Characteristics
Roh, Won-Hwan ; Kim, Seok-Beom Gib ; Kang, Pock-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 157~174
A survey was conducted to study the influence of socia-demographic factors on health-related behaviors. from June 1 to July 31, 1996. The study population was 1,903 adults in Kyongju City. A questionnaire method was used to collect data. Health-related behaviors included 24 items for men and 26 items for women. The followings are summaries of findings : The compliance of health promotion activities was higher when the age was older in men, when married, when having no religion and when the education level was higher than the other groups. And it was significantly higher when the income was lower in men and higher in women, in the residents living in apartment, in white collar workers, in the chronic ill people and when the body weight was lower than the other groups. Notable differences were found in the composition of health behavior factors for socio-demographic characteristics. Men used more tobacco, coffee and tea, salt and alcohol than women. However, the practice rates of regular exercise and physical examination were higher in men than women. On the other hand, the practice rates of fruit/vegetable intake, milk drinking and regular tooth brushing were higher in women than men. When the age was old, the amount of fruit/vegetable intake, the frequency of physician visit and health check-up, and regularity of meal were increased. When the income was high, the use rate of seat-belts, the amount of coffee, milk, fruit/vegetable and red meat intake were increased. The frequency of regular exercise. tooth brushing, health check-up, pap test and breast self examination were higher in the rich than the poor. When the education level was high, the frequency of regular exercise and tooth brushing, and the use rate of seat belts were increased, and the amount of alcohol consumption and salt intake were decreased. These findings suggest that socio-demographic factors are significantly associated with the patterns of health behaviors. In conclusion public health programs and individual counseling efforts should be multifaceted and behavior-specific to encourage to practice healthy life-style.
Opinion Survey of Health Center Officers on Rural Health Service Improvement Project
Kim, Young-Gil ; Park, Jae-Yong ; Kam, Sin ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Cha, Byung-Jun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 175~192
This study was performed investigate the opinion of civil servants in Health center about Rural Health Service Improvement Project The survey by mail was carried out for 447 servants of 25 health centers in Kyungsangbuk-do and the data were collected through self-administered questionnaires to servants about need, participation, concern, and comprehension for the project and satisfied with current facility and equipment of health center. The results were as follows. Generally considered, 48.2% of the improved health center servants was satisfied with health center building and 14.0% or 24.1% of the improving or unimproved center was. About the location of health center, 37.7% of the improved health center servants was satisfied, 25.9% of the unimproved center was. Of the improved health center servants, 43% was satisfied with the medical equipment but in unimproved place, the dissatisfaction was appeared higher than any other place. 49.7% of respondents was participated in making out the Rural Health Service Improvement Project. 50.6% was interested in this project. In the improved area. 65.5% of health center servants replied that the mayor's or county executive's concern about this project was high and 46.5% in councilors but in the unimproved area. their concern was low. About the contents of the project. 24,6% of the servants in the improved center, only 15.2% in unimproved center replied that they had known well. After making out the plan, 13.6% of respondents was unsatisfied with this plan and 17.1% replied that the estimating method of selecting the project area was not good. After the improvement of institution and equipment, 86.1% of health center servants answered that the medical service provided by health center would increase but 59.2% replied that the residents' utilization rate of private medical facility would decrease. The servants of the improved health center replied that the recognition about the developing will of health service(91.2%), the efficiency(91.2%), the quality of health and medical service(93.0%), the amount of health project(91.2%) were improved. In health center which had already improved the institution and equipment, 88.5% of servants replied that the residents' utilization for health center was increased. So, this project should be continuously carried out for health center and health center must develope new project to fit region condition.
An Evaluation Study on the Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Rural Adult Population
Na, Baek-Ju ; Park, Kyung-Soo ; Lim, Jung-Su ; Sun, Byeong-Hwan ; Nam, He-Sung ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 193~204
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in Korea. Their risk factors can be classified as either modifiable or nonmodifiable and among modifiable factors are high bood pressure, elevated blood cholesterol, obesity and cigarette smoking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for the cardiovascular diseases in a rural community and to get basic data for the development of a community-based rick reduction intervention program. Evaluation involved population-based, cross-sectional samples of adult residents in a rurual community. We measured blood pressure, body fat percent by bioelectric impedance fatness analyzer and serum cholesterol and interviewed adult residents over 20-year-old age. Blood pressure was checked twice and hypertension was classified by the sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Detection. Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. The Cutpoints for high blood cholesterol was used National Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines and those for obesity was 25% in male. 30% in female. The results were as follows: 1. Prevalence of definitive hypertension was 59.7% in males and 54.4% in female. 2. Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 14.3% in male and 18.2% in female. 3. Prevalence of obese was 10.7% in male and 41.1% in female. 4. Among definitive hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity 52.1% possessed one risk factor, 12.6% two risk factors and 2.5% three risk factors in males. In females 41.4% possessed one risk factor and 27.6%. 5.7% respectively. 5. The smoking rate was 65.8% in males and 5.2% in females. Our results are used effectively for the community-based intervention towards cardiovascukr diseases risk reduction. However, because of limitations in our study design, further datas are needed including other risk factors and in-person clinical datas.
A Study on the status of Routine-Immunization in a Rural Area
Wie, Cha-Hyung ; Lee, Bo-Eun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 205~213
In order to find out the status of routine-immunization in a rural area, this study was performed, through analyzing the data which was obtained from the immunization register of infants who was born at Su-Dong myun in 1996 and 1997, managed by Su-dong Myun health subcenter. The results are as follows. 1. B.C.G immunization rate was the highest such as 52.2% within 1 month and next order such 34.8% at 2 month in 1996. In 1997, the highest such as 73.8%, almost all, within 1 month. 2. D.P.T immunization rate in 1996 showed, almost all, the highest at 3 month(79.4%) for 1st dose and at 5 month(78.4%) for 2nd dose. However, the rate for 3rd dose showed the highest at 7 month(51.4%), and next order at 8 month(35.1%) and at 6 month(13.5%). D.P.T immunization rate in 1997, similarly showed the highest at 3 month(81.8%) for 1st dose, at 5 month(71.2%) for 2nd dose and at 7 month(71.4%) for 3rd dose. 3. Hepatitis B immunization rate showed the highest at birth at once or within one week(87.0%) for 1st dose in 1996 and (94.7%) in 1997. The rate for 2nd dose showed the highest at 2 month(51.7%) in 1996 and (50.0%) in 1997, and next order at 1 month(44.8%) in 1996 and (34.4%) in 1997. The rate for 3rd dose showed the highest at 3 month(54.8%) in 1996 and 5 month(54.8%) in 1997, and next order at 5 month(25.8%) in 1996 and at 3 month(26.0%) in 1997. 4. Measles immunization rate was 76.1% in 1996. The rate(76.1%) by the kind of vaccine was the highest with measles-MMR(34.8%), and with MMR(32.6%) and next order with measles(8.7%). The rate by measles immunization time(month) was the highest such as 35.0% at 9 month and 10 month respectively and the rate by MMR was the highest at 16 month(35.5%), and 15 month(22.5%), 13 month (12.9%) and 14 month(12.9%) in next order.
Death Status of Pohang City in Recent Three Years
Choi, Byung-Soon ; Chae, Jeong-Uk ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 215~227
To find health problems of Pohang city and to plan the activities to solve them in the situation of localization, the mortalities of the citizens in recent three years from 1994 to 1996 were analyzed from the notices and the certificates of death. The ratios of the notices with the certificates of death In the rural area of Pohang city were higher than those of whole country, the ratios of the urban area were lower than the respective ones, and the ratio differences between the rural and urban area were increasing. It may be that medical facilities are not within easy access of the rural inhabitants. especially in the rural south district with high population density. The proportional mortality indicators(PMI) were lower them those of whole country, much lower in male. So the health status of young aged males is relatively unsatisfactory. The urban inhabitants died in hospitals about two times more than the rural inhabitants and the differences were increasing. It may be that living and housing conditions and socio-cultural differences affected on the places of death. Because it is thought that death in hospitals will be growing at high speed, it is necessary to enlarge facilities fur funeral services. The age standardized mortalities were lower than those of whole country and age grouped mortalities were also the same. There were not any consistent and meaningful findings in the sex ratios of mortality according to the age groups or the calendar years. The mortalities by neoplasms and cardiovascular diseases according to the twenty one major causes of death were rapidly increased from the middle ages in both male and female. So it is important to plan the activities for early detection and health maintenance or promotion by behavior modifications. The leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases, hypertensive diseases, and traffic accidents. And accidental drowning because of coastal area, liver diseases in male, and low respiratory tract diseases in female were the leading causes of death in part of age groups.
Social Networks and hypertension in Some rural residents Aged 60-64
Lee, Choong-Won ; Cho, Hee-Young ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Kim, Gui-Yeon ; Park, Jong-Won ; Kang, Mi-Jung ; Suh, Suk-Kwon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 229~242
Face-to-face interviews were carried out to investigate the relationship between social networks and hypertension in 958 rural residents(males=440, females=518) aged 60-64 of a community-dwelling sample of Dalsung County from April to September in 1996. Eight elements of social network were measured : marital status, regular religious attendance, membership in groups, number of friends, relatives, siblings, children, grandchildren. Hypertensives were defined as meeting at least one of following criteria : hypertension history, systolic blood pressure more than 160 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure more than 95 mmHg. In univariate logistic regression for males, having 1-4 friends vs. none showed odds ratio 0.43 (95% Confidence interval CI 0.19-0.96) and having 2-3, 4 and more than 5 children had reduced prevalence of hypertension with odds ratios 0.21 (95% CI 0.06-0.72), 0.14 (95% CI 0.04-0.49), 0.24 (95% CI 0.07-0.82), respectively when compared with persons without children. In females, there was no elements of social network statistically significant. Having 5-9 grandchildren vs. none showed a marginally significant odds ratio 0.42. In multivariate logistic regression models for males with adjustment for age, education, body mass index, smoking and drinking, number of friends and children showed increased odds ratios and number of close relatives gained a statistically significant odds ratios (0.44-0.50). In females, the adjustment yielded little changes of odds ratios except number of grandchildren which gained a statistically significance. These results suggest that only a certain elements of social network may be associated with reduced risk of hypertension and they may be different between genders in rural resident aged 60-64.
A Study on the Utilization of health Subcenter for Primary Medical Care in a Korean Rural Community -Su-Dong Myun, NamYang-Ju City, Kyung-Gi Do
Wie, C.H. ; Ha, E.H. ; Lee, S.H. ; Jo, Heui-Sook ; Kim, J.Y. ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; Bae, Hyun-A ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 243~250
This study was analyzed through the reports which published on the subject matter of Su Dong-Myun from 1994 to 1997 and the medical record of patient in Su-Dong Myun health subcenter. The result are as follow: 1. The number of population in Su-Dong Myun(study area) was 5,475 in 1994, 5,707 in 1995, 6,079 in 1996 and 6,253 in 1997. In composition rate of population, "65 and over" of age group only showed markedly increasing tendancy from 9.8% in l995 to 10.2% in 1997. However, the rest of all age group showed decreasing tendancy. 2. Annual utilization rate showed decreasing tendancy, such as 247 in 1994. 203 in 1995, 146 in 1996, and 140 in 1997 per 1000 population. But visiting time is increasing tendency, such as 3.1 in 1994, 2.8 in 1995. 2.4 in 1996 and 3.4 in 1997 per disease case. 3. Age specific annual utilization rate, all age showed decreasing tendancy in the age group of "0-14", "15-44" and "45-64", however showed increasing tendency in the age group of "65 and over" from 1994 to 1997. 4. The major disease were disease of Respiratory system. Gastrointestinal system. Musculoskeletal system and Connective tissue. Skin and Subcutaneous tissue and Circulatory system The disease of Musculoskeletal system and Connective tissue and Circulatory system are increasing.
Health hazards occurred in the underground storing places of ginger roots
Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Kim, Heon ; Bae, Geun-Ryang ; Kim, Doo-Hie ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 251~258
Ginger has been cultivated for thousands of years. It is very popular in the food industry as an additive to ginger ale, candies, pastries and cakes. The root has a strong, sweet scent. It contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, ash, calcium, potassium, vitamin A. thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid. In korea, farmers keep ginger roots into underground holes from the harvest time to the seedtime. They dig 6 meters under the ground and preserve the cultivated ginger roots. This study was conducted to evaluate the health hazards occurred in the underground storing places of ginger roots. Authors reviewed the accidents occurred in those places, therefore transported by the public emergency system in Seo-cheon city from Jan, 1 1996 to Dec, 31 1997. We could confirm 8 persons on transport records. Among them, 5 persons were due to poisoning, 3 persons were due to injuries. We would like to suggest that poisoning could be induced by hypoxia and injuries occurred from a fall into the underground hole. These should be prevented by the health education for farmers. And further investigations are needed to understand their magnitude and the pathogenic mechanisms.
Respiratory symptoms occurring among mushroom farmers
Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Bae, Geun-Ryang ; Kim, Doo-Hie ; Jun, Kyung-Hong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 259~268
It has been reported that among mushroom farmers, respiratory diseases such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis can be developed by inhalation of mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) spores. For the evaluation of respiratory symptoms among mushroom farmers, a questionnaire was made. The Questionnaire included general characteristics, past occupational histories, durations of the mushroom cultivation and characteristics of the symptoms. Following the questionnaire we interviewed the 72 mushroom farmers (12 males, 10 females) from Kyungbuk Province. We also examined white blood counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rates, eosinophil counts and total IgE counts for the 5 farmers. The results obtained are as follows. 1. The mean age among the 22 mushroom farmers was 46.9 years, and the mean duration of cultivation was 7.5 years. 2. Among the 22 mushroom farmers. 18 farmers (81.8 %) suffered from respiratory symptoms at work. The main symptom was coughing (100.0%), followed by chilling sensation (50.0 %), sputum (38.9 %) and sore throat (27.8 %). 3. Coughing and other associated symptoms occurred during work and disappeared after work or several days later when the exposure had been stopped. 4. Total IgE counts were elevated in all farmers examined the test. With above results, the respiratory symptoms that developed among mushroom farmers were typical patterns of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Epidemiological studies and preventive measures for mushroom farmers should be established.
A Study on the prevalence Rate of Adult Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Area
Chon, Eyon-Seok ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 269~274
The purpose of this study is to establish the basic consultation data for diabetes in adults and to demonstate the necessity of preventive regular medical examinations. The study was carried out at Chungyang County, Chungchungnam-Do from the first of January, 1996 to the end of December. Below is the statistical data of this study which concerns the distinction of sex, ages, and occupations from the 600 examinees. 1. According to the distinction of sex, there are 12 males and 11 females among the 300 examinees in each group. That means, the diabetic percentage is 4.0% versus 3.6% and male/female diabetic ratio is 1.1:1 2. According to the distinction of ages, there is one people 0.25% aged 20years old and 5 peoples 1.3% aged 30 years old among the 400 examinees. There are 6 peoples 1.0% aged 40 years old and 6 peoples 1.0% aged 50 years old among the 600 examinees. There are 4 peoples 2.0% aged 60 years old among the 200 examinees. 3. According to the distinction of occupations, there are 13 white collar workers 6.5% among the 200 examinees, and there are 8 blue collar workers(4%) among the 200 examinees. There are 2 government employees 1% among the 200 examinees. This show that there is less diabets in government employees than other occupational groups of the same number. 4. Among the white and blue collar workers, 7 diabetis's blood glucose levels are 140mg%--200 mg% and 6 are 200mg%. 5. Among the community medical insurance holders, 7 diabetic's blood glucose levels are 140 mg%--200mg% and 1 is 200mg%. 6. Among the government employees, 2 diabetic's bleed glucose levels are 140mg--200mg% and there is no 200mg%.
Seroepidemiology of helminthic diseases in Yanbian of the People's Republic of China
Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Quan, Fu Shi ; Kwon, Hye-Soo ; Cho, Sung-Weon ; Li, Shun Yu ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 275~285
Antibody responses(IgG) to Paragonimus westermani. Clonorchis sinensis, Cysticercus cellulosae, Sparganum Anisakis simplex, Toxocara canis and Trichinella spiralis were studied. The ELISA technique was performed to determine the prevalence of above helminthic diseases. 975 cases obtained from Yanbian of China during October, 1995 to July, 1997 were examined with a positive antibody titer of 5.74% in clonorchiasis, 4.92% in paragonimiasis, 1.54% in cysticercosis. 8.51% in sparganosis, 1.85% in anisakiosis, 12.51% in toxocariasis, and 7.08% in trichinosis respectively. And 23.87% in showed positive antibody titer at least one of the seven helminths. The differences of the age and sex in the positive sera were analysed by the Chi-squared test and the level of significance accepted was p<0.05. The significant differences in positive antibody production were P.W.(p<0.01). C.S.(p<0.01), A.S.(p<0.05). T.C.(p<0.001), and T.S.(p<0.01) respectively in age groups. sparganosis(p<0.05) in sex groups. Other parasites showed that there were no significant differences among age groups and sex groups(males and females). Higher positive antibody rate of C.S. and P.W. occured in the 50-59 years old and those of T.C. and T.S. happened in the 20-29 years old. Patients of internal disease showed more positive antibody titer, that is to say, there was significant difference between positive rate of internal diseases and that of control (p<0.01. p<0.05) in 6 helminths except cysticercosis. The result showed that some cross reactions existed among nematodes, and the developed techniques(EITB) should be done for a correct diagnosis. Also the prevalence of some important helminths may be evaluated from the result and it would be a basic data for controlling parasitic diseases in Yanbian.
Behavioral factors associated with serum gamma-glutamyl transferase activity in a male rural population
Cho, Byung-Mann ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 287~293
Although serum gamma-glutamyl transferase(GGT) has been widely used as a marker of alcoholic hepatic dysfunction, little is known as to behavioral correlates in the normal population. To examine the association between serum GGT activity and some behavioral factors in male rural population, data un health examination in a rural population (248 males aged 40 years and older) was analyzed Multiple linear regression and analysis of convariance were used to control the effect of confounding factors. Adjusted average differences in the level of serum GGT according to body mass index(BMI:
) and alcohol intake(ml/day) were statistically significant(p=0.051 0<0.001 respectively). Serum GGT activity for BMII
25 was significantly higher than for BMI<25 in non-drinkers(p=0.007), but not significantly different in drinkers(p=0.892). Alcohol intake was significantly associated with elevated serum GGT activity for both BMI
25 and BMI<25(p<0.001, p=0.002 respectively). These findings suggest that alcohol drinking, obesity in non-drinkers are important factors associated with serum GGT in male rural population.
The dynamics of proteinase activity at different stages of toxocariasis in mice
Joo, Chong-Yoon ; Chung, Myung-Sook ; Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 295~303
Toxocariasis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by infestation of humans with larvae of Toxocara canis, the common roundworm in dogs. Two syndromes have been identified : visceral larva migrans and ocular toxocariasis. In this study we were characterized proteinase activity in crude extracts from liver, lung, kidney and heart of mice infected with Toxocara canis and the dynamics of their changes in different stages of disease. The optimal pH was 5.5. In liver of mice infected with Toxocara canis, the maximun activity of proteinase was observed in 5 day post infection. In lung, the activity reached its maximun on 5th day in A group (infected with 100 embryonated eggs), and on 5th week in B group (infected with 50 embryonated eggs). In kidney, the maximum activity was shown at 6th week in A group, and in B group was shown at 10th day. In early infection, the activity reached its maximun in heart of mice infected with Toxocara canis. As we could see, the dynamics of the changes of proteinase activity in mice is similar in the case of the disease with other biochemical and immunological indices observed in toxocariasis.
Serum cholinesterase activities and serum bromide concentrations in farmers
Choi, Soo-Jin ; Hwang, Sang-Hyun ; Chun, Sa-Il ; Min, Won-Ki ; Lee, Seon-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Ryul ; Kim, Young-Sik ; SunWoo, Sung ; Jun, Tae-Hee ; Chung, Tae-Heum ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 23, issue 2, 1998, Pages 305~310
The usage or agricultural chemicals is on the increasing tendency. Methyl bromide and organophosphate are the most widely used toxic agricultural chemicals in Korea. We try to set up the methods to detect the accumulation of these chemicals in Korean farmers. Blood samples were collected for 121 farmers of slack's season in February 1998. And survey about arable acreage and usage of the gloves and masks was also performed. Serum cholinesterase activities and bromide concentrations were measured with gold chloride method and colorimetric method. The reference ranges of serum cholinesterase activity and bromide concentration were 1.6~15.9 U/mL and below
. Serum bromide concentrations of farmers and normal controls showed no differences. Serum cholinesterase activities of farmers were significantly higher than those of normal controls. According to the arable acreages and usage of the gloves and masks, serum bromide concentrations and cholinesterase activities showed no differences. In conclusion, serum cholinesterase activities and bromide concentrations showed no differences between farmers of slack's season and normal controls.