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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Dec 2002
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Dec 2002
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Surveillance of acute Occupational Pesticide-related Illness: The US Experience
Song, Jae-Chul ; Calvert, Geoffrey M. ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~8
Pest control is required for protecting the food supply and for controlling disease vectors. Unfortunately, there is no perfectly safe form of pest control. Pesticides are commonly used for pest control. Pesticides are defined under the US Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act(FIFRA) as any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate pests, and any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or dessicant(40 CFR Part 152). Currently in the United States, there are 890 active ingredients registered as pesticides. Approximately one billion pounds of active ingredient are used in the US per year. Unlike most chemicals(anti-neoplastic and anti-micobial medications are the principal exceptions), pesticides are specifically designed to kill and cause harm. Because society allows these chemicals to be disseminated into the environment, it is important to monitor the health effects associated with these releases. This represents an important justification for establishing and maintaining surveillance systems for acute pesticide-related illness and injury. A comprehensive, national surveillance system for acute pesticide-related illness and injury does not currently exist in the US. Although the United States has several surveillance systems for this condition, none provide a complete understanding of the problem of acute pesticide-related illness and injury. The Toxic Exposure Surveillance System(TESS) and Bureau of Labor Statisitics(BLS) are useful for assessing magnitude and trends. The state-based surveillance systems are more useful for timely identification of outbreaks and emerging problems. Efforts are underway to increase the number of states that conduct surveillance, and to broaden the use of the standardized case definition to facilitate aggregation of data across states. Through such efforts, a comprehensive, national surveillance system may be attainable.
Change in Health Behaviors of Patients Before and After Stroke
Jang, Sang-Hyeon ; Kang, Pock-Soo ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ; Kim, Seok-Beom ; Yun, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 9~19
This study was conducted to compare the health behaviors of patient s before and after a stroke and propose health education program to reduce risk factors related to stroke recurrence. Data were collected from eighty- eight stroke patients registered at the Gyeongju-si Health Center between July 1, to August 30, 1999, by interviewing patients from a prepared structured questionnaire, which included questions on that patients ' general characteristics, health- related behaviors, family-related characteristics, and pre- and post - stroke health status. Smoking rate of 51.1% before stroke reduced to 25.0% after stroke; drinking rate of 52.3% before stroke reduced to 17.0% after stroke; daily smoking amount of 20.1 packs per day before stroke significantly reduced to 14.9 packs per day after stroke; and daily drinking amount of 92.4ml before stroke significantly reduced to 23.7ml after stroke. Smoking rate according to sex showed a marked decrease in the male subjects, but 31.6% still smoked even after their stroke. Among the female subjects, smoking rate of 16.1% before stroke reduced to 12.9% after stroke. Observation of the change in health- related behaviors of stroke patient s showed significant change in smoking rate, drinking rate and intake of regular meals etc. of patient s with a spouse and patients who received preventive health education. Health education on quitting smoking, temperance, low fat diet, exercise and regular meals for stroke patient s are needed, and public and private organizations can do their part in development and providing continuing health education programs and health education.
Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Community Living Elderly in a Rural Area
Rhee, Jung-Ae ; Shin, Hee-Young ; Chung, Eun-Kyung ; Shin, Jun-Ho ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 21~31
The aim of this study was to analyse and conduct the comprehensive geriatric assessment for the elderly in rural area. The subjects were 388 older people aged 65 years or older living in the community. Data for comprehensive assessment such as physical, mental, functional, social and environmental conditions were collected from January to February, 2001 through a person-to-person interview. Of the total 388 olders, 169(43.6%) were men and 219(56.4%) were women. Mean ages of men and women were
years respectively. Three common diseases of the elderly were arthralgia(51.6%), chronic back pain(33.2%) and hypertension(18.6%), and higher in women than in men. Impairment rate of vision, hearing and bowel or bladder control was 59.0%, 20.1%, and 28.4% respectively. But that of lover extremities 3.4%. In terms of cognitive function, short term memory loss was found in 33.7% of males and 44.7% of females. The percentage of fully independent in the six ADL items was 72.2% in men and 58.9% in women. In the social supportive system, 49.5% of the elderly were living with spouse, and 22.9% living alone, 26.3% having care giver. These results will provide basic data for the development of community-based health program, which gives appropriate health service for the elderly living in the community.
The Comparison of Health Behaviors Between Fishing Area Residents and Agricultural Area Residents
Nam, Hae-Sung ; Rhee, Jung-Ae ; Shin, Jun-Ho ; Son, Myong-Ho ; Kweon, Sun-Seok ; Na, Baeg-Ju ; Kim, Soon-Young ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 33~50
Objectives: This study compared the difference of health behaviors between fishing area residents and agricultural area residents. Methods: We carried out interview survey for 503 adult persons of fishing villages, the study area. And surveyed 775 adult persons of agricultural villages as a control area in short distance from the study area, and 1425 adult persons of agricultural villages in long distance. The proportion on health behavior was standardized to the nationwide population of the year of 2000 by sex. Results: In male, The proportion of heavy alcohol drinking in the study area was higher than that in both controls significantly. And the proportion of trial to quit alcohol during the past one year in the study area was lower than that in both controls, but it was not significant difference. And the proportion of regular exercise in study area was lower than that in the long distant control, but it was not significant difference. In female, the proportions of drinking, smoking, and regular exercise in the study area were significantly lower than that in the long distant control respectively. There was no significant difference in trial of low salt diet between the study area and the control area. Conclusions: When we plan the health promotion program in fishing village, we must consider alcohol drinking behavior of men and exercise behavior of both sex in addtition to smoking behavior.
Education Need of the Visit ing Health Service Workers in Gwangju and Jeollanam-do Public Health Facilities
Kim, Young-Lak ; Kim, Shin-Woel ; Chung, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Jin-Su ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~64
This study was aimed to provide the basic data for the development of effective educational program by reflecting the opinions of the visiting health service workers. The subjects were 144 visiting health service workers in Gwangju and Jeollanam-do area who responded the mail questionnaire. The data were collected from June to July, 2001 using questionnaire composed of the education need, knowledge by subjective appraisal, and experience of education. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1. The number of respondents who received at least one education within recent three years were 43(29.9%) at the central level, 57(39.6%) at the provincial level and 53(36.8%) at the district level. The satisfaction with education was higher at the central level than at the provincial and district level. 2. Knowledges by subjective appraisal on the 'chronic degenerative diseases management' and 'health promotion' was relatively high. while that of 'rehabilitation' was low. 3. The knowledge by subjective appraisal of visiting health service was related with experience of education and license status. The knowledge was higher in registered nurses than in nurse aids. The curricula related to increased level of knowledge of visting health service workers were 'elderly health care', 'rehabilitation' and 'psychiatric-mental health nursing' educations at the central level 'continuing education for the community health practioners' and 'psychiatric-mental health education' at the provincial level and 'elderly health care', 'rehabilitation' 'psychiatric-mental health' and 'acute diseases control' educations at the district level. 4. The respondents preferred elderly health management as the contents of education, officer group education as the method of education, province(30.4%) as the main body of education, exercise and practice as the form of education, 2-3 times per year as the frequency of education, and 3-5days as the period of education. The findings of this study could suggest that future education program should be planned to increae the knowledge level of visiting health service workers by reflecting their educational need.
Social Support and Life Satisfaction of Living Alone elderly in Rural Area
Kim, Young-Soon ; Yoon, Hee-Jung ; Kwon, Jin-Hee ; Moon, Hyo-Jung ; Lee, Sung-Kook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 65~78
This study was conducted to identify the social support to living alone elderly in some rural communities and the level of life satisfaction. For the purpose of this study, face-to-face interviews and questionnaire were performed with 315 old people(male 43 and female 272) aged over 65 living alone in rural communities covered by 14 community health posts within Gyeongsangbuk-do Province randomly selected. The followings are summaries of findings; The average score of support from their children was
out of 8. Variables that showed a significant difference were religion, level of living, type of medical insurance, frequency of meeting with children, time taken from houses of children by usual means of transportation, and subjective health status. It was found that the score of support from children was high for the elderly who had a religion, a good level of living, benefit from medical insurance, a high frequency of meeting with children, or a good subjective health status, or who resided close to their children's houses. The level of the support from friends and relatives showed a significant difference depending on the subjective health status, of which the average score was
out of 8. The average score of the level of life satisfaction was
) out of 17. Male elderly showed the higher level of life satisfaction than female elderly. Variables that showed a statistically significant difference in the level of life satisfaction were religion, level of living, medical insurance, hobby, children, disease, subjective health status, and ADL. That is, the level of satisfaction with life was found to be higher for the elderly who had a religion, a good level of living, benefit from medical insurance, a hobby, children, no diseases, or a good ADL, or who thought that they are healthy. The regression analysis with support from children as a dependent variable showed that the level of support from children was higher for the elderly who had a good level of living, frequency of meeting with children, or a good subjective health status. The regression analysis with the level of support from friends or relatives was higher for old people who had a good level of living. The regression analysis with the level of life satisfaction as a dependent variable showed that the factors which related to the level of satisfaction were sex, religion, level of living, hobby, ADL, and subjective health status. That is, it was found that for male elderly who had a religion, a good level of living or a hobby, or who thought that they were healthy, the level of life satisfaction was higher.
Study on the Centipede Bite Cases Who Visited a Medical Center
Lee, Dong-Uk ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 79~86
Thirty six patients, female 21(58.4%), male 15(58.4%), with centipede bite visited emergency room of Gimcheon Medical Center, from September 1998 to August 1999. The number of patients accompanying the seasons were increased once in June and were high in August and September; peaked in September, which conforms to the habitude that centipede likes the warmer climate. Frequency accompanying the time was high after sunset(from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. next morning) than before sunset, which conforms to the habitude that centipede is nocturnal. Distribution of the bite sites was finger(30%), neck(28%), foot(25%) and hand(14%) as same as the previous researches showed. In case of finger and hand, patients got bitten while they were wearing gloves or doing works; foot, wearing shoes. They got bitten the neck while sleeping. Among the localized symptoms were localized pain: 36 patients(100%), swelling: 36 patients(100%), erythema: 26 patients(72.2%), paresthesia: 5 patients (13.9%). Systemic symptoms were dizziness 2 patients(5.6%) and nausea 1 patient(2.8%). Mostly the localized pain was improved within 48 hours, swelling in 48 hours and within 72 hours in case of paresthesia. Systemic symptoms such as dizziness and nausea were improved within 24 hours. Treatment and prognosis of scolopendra have similarity in many countries. We suggest that Korean standard treatment manual is needed so that the localized symptom, systemic symptom and external wound can be cured soon.
The Correlation Study on Loneliness, Feeling and Social Support of the Elderly in Rural Area
Cho, Yoo-Hyang ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 87~98
This study is to reveal the overall level of loneliness, depression and social supports of the elderly in rural area of Korea. The interview survey was performed in February 2001 with structured questionnaires to 486 respondents of 65 years or more of age who lived in Muan-gun area. The questionnaire was the revised translation of Japanese Elderly Study Which was composed of general characteristics, Japanese Loneliness Scale, abridged General Depression Scale(GDS) and Duke University social support Inventory. The following analyses adopted the analysis of covariate, t-test, and Chi- squire were used for some of the cross- sectional analyses. Average age of 486 respondents was 73.9 years old. 58.0% of the respondents noticed their partner or son as the primary consultant for the stressful situation. 56.2% of the respondents experienced the loss of their marital partner, health and/or friends. Average score of loneliness, GDS and social supports of the respondents that was each
. The overall level of depression seemed to be low as the 'pleasure to be alive' and 'happiness' scored high while the 'state of anger' and 'ominous presentiment' scored low. The level of loneliness and depression was positively correlated while the relationships were negative between loneliness and support and between depression and social support. These results suggested that social and health promotional programmes be necessary for the elderly of rural area. Further research would be required to specify the necessities.
Health Status and Use of Health Care Services of the Elderly Utilizing Senior citizen Centers
Shin, Sun-Hye ; Kim, Jin-Soon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 99~113
For this study a sample of 205 people, 66 males and 139 females, over 65 years of age, residing in C-gu of S-si and utilizing senior centers, were selected, The objective of the study was to provide basic data for health promotion program development provided by health centers. A questionnaire was used to collect date on general characteristics, health status, social health status and utilization rate for health services. The instruments used in this study were the Lawton scale, to measure daily routine function, the MMSE-K developed by Folstein and modified to fit the Korea situation, for mental health status, and the CES-Dtool developed by Radloff, for emotional health status. the SPSS Window program was used to calculate percentages. Tests of significance were done using t-test and ANOVA. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify variables influencing the use of health services. The results are as follows : Of those utilizing senior citizen centers, 40.9% of males and 17.3% of the female thought they were healthy. The average score for IADL was 7.4. The daily routine of female respondents consisted of buying household articles and drugs, and other IADLs such as riding the bus or subway alone. These resulted in a higher score compared to males. For emotional health, 7.6% of the males reported depression compared to 21.6% of the females. For mental health, 48.5% of the males and 28.8% of the females were found to be in the group suspicious for dementia. On social health, 57.6% of the males and 62.6% of the females reported no intimate human relations. Of those older people who had close human relations, 52.5% of the males indicated a friend as the closest person and 53.8% of the females, their children. On use of health services, there was a significantly higher need for mobile medical care services treatment for those with lower education levels and status of window/widower. There was a significantly higher need for health exmination services for those with lower levels of exercise, greater satisfaction with sleep, higher levels of oral health care, and higher social contacts. In conclusion, there is a need to provide varied programs for the promotion of health, along with parallel resolution of social, psychological and economic issues. It is recommended that health services for elderly people provided by the health centers be implemented with full recognition of these characteristics and differences.
Study on the Patterns of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in Ullung Island
Kim, Tae-Hun ; Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Lee, Kwan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 115~123
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patterns of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) in Ullung Island. Methods : The authors reviewed the records from emergency room diaries and the lists of helicopter transfers in the Ullung Public Health Medical Center over the 5-year period from Jan 1, 1997 to Dec 31, 2001. Results : One hundred thirteen cases were transferred by helicopters in 88 flights. According to year, the number of flights was 13(14.8%) and the number of cases was 15(13.3%) in 1997; 17(19.3%) and 21(18.6%) in 1998; 18(20.5%) and 20(17.7%) in 1999; 17(19.3%) and 20(17.7%) in 2000; and 23(26.1%) and 37(32.7%) in 2001. According to the kind of helicopter, the number of flights was 46(52.3%) and the number of cases was 60(53.1%) by Maritime police; and 19(21.6%) and 28(25.1%) by 119 rescue. According to time zone, there were no night flights. According to sex and age, there were 75 male cases(66.4%) and 28 cases(28.3%) of patients aged sixty years and over. The number of flights was 11(12.5%) and the number of cases was 15(13.3%) in November; 10 flights(11.4%) and 14 cases(12.4%) in March; and 7 cases(8.0%) in each of September, October and April. The most common season of helicopter transfer cases was autumn. According to transfer area, there were 48 cases (42.5%) in Pohang city, Gyeonsangbukdo; 35(31.0%) in Gangnung city, Gangwondo; and 17(15.0%) in Daegu metropolitan city. According to condition, there were 27 cases(23.9%) of cerebro-vascular accident, 13(11.5%) of fracture and 11(9.7%) of head injury. According to admission department, there were 42 cases(37.2%) in Neurosurgery, 21(18.6%) in Internal Medicine and 13(11.5%) in Orthopedic Surgery. According tothe Korea Standard Classification of Disease(3-KSCD), circulatory systemic disease(IX) and injury, intoxication and others (XIX) were the two most frequent categories with 34 cases(30.1%) each, followed by digestive system disease (XI) with 23 cases(20.4%). Conclusions : HEMS in Ullung Island leave much to be desired. Helicopters cannot make a night flight and are not equipped with medical facilities. HEMS in islands such as Ullung Island are essential. We hope that night flights, equipment-monitoring systems for emergency patients in the helicopters, and a law related to HEMS in the island will all be established.
Behavioral Intention and Behavior for Hepatitis B Vaccination in Rural Residents
Oh, Suk-Jeong ; Kam, Sin ; Han, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 125~142
This study was carried out to purpose drawing up the efficient method of rural residents' health management, analyzing factors having influences on the behavioral intention and the behavior of hepatitis B vaccination of rural residents, using the theory of planned behavior(TPB). Surveying the first questionnaire about TPB to 439 people of rural adults over 40-year old who participated to hepatitis B examination program was made from March 14 to April 23 in 2001 at two primary health care posts in a city in Gyeongsangbuk-do and the second survey for hepatitis B vaccination was made to the last subjects of 332 people(75.6%) that had been proved as subjects of inoculation against the hepatitis B as the result of examination after two months of notification. In the behavioral intention rate of hepatitis B vaccination of the subjects within a month, 100%(the top) was 45.2%, 80-90%(the middle) was 21.1% and under 70%(the low) was 33.7%. In simple analysis, vaccination intention was related with significantly health security type and economic status(p<0.05). And vaccination intention was related with significantly all variables of attitude toward behavior and subjective norm, and economic power of utilizing medical facilities and perceived power variable of perceived behavioral control(p<0.01). The vaccination rate of the subjects within a month was 31.3%. In simple analysis, the vaccination rate was higher significantly in the lower the age was, the higher the educational level was(p<0.01), the larger the family was, and subjects having transport(p<0.05). And the vaccination rate was higher in the higher the economic power was and the higher the perceived ability was. As the results of making generalized logit analysis for behavioral intention, the more positive the subjective norm was, the higher was the score of the perceived behavioral control, the intention was higher significantly in the top class on a basis of the low class of behavioral intention. In multiple logistic regression analysis for vaccination(behavior) using intention and perceived behavioral control as dependent variables, it showed that perceived behavioral control variable only influenced significantly. The higher was the score of perceived behavioral control, it showed that they got the more vaccination(p<0.01). And even in the result having analyzed, adding the significant general characteristics variables in the simple analysis to the independent variable, the higher was the score of perceived behavioral control, it showed that they got vaccination more.
The Want for Home-Visit Health Care in Rural Olders
Kwag, Hwa-Soon ; Kam, Sin ; Kim, Jong-Yeon ; Ahn, Soon-Gi ; Jin, Dae-Gu ; Lee, Kyung-Eun ; Cha, Byung-Jun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 143~153
This study was performed to examine the want for home-visit health care of health center and health sub-center in rural olders and to provide the basic data to develop strategies for efficient and effective home-visit health care delivery of public health facilities. The questionnaire survey by interview was conducted to 355 olders whose ages were all over 65 years, residing at a rural community, Myun, Gyeongsangbuk- do. Among study population, 64.5% replied that their self-rated health status were 'poor', 14.1% had low ADL and 14.9% had low IADL. Among study population, 73.5% replied that they had health problem which were in need of medical personnel's care. The existence of health problem were significantly different according to sex, age, marital status, health security status, occupation, economic status, circumstances for medical care, self-rated health status, ADL, and IADL(p<0.05). Among olders with health problem which were in need of medical personnel's care, 19.5% wanted to receive the home-visit health care. The degree of want for home-visit health care was higher significantly in olders whose ages were 75-year old or more(p<0.05), jobless olders(p<0.01), the aged persons who were not in harmony with other family members, olders whose self-rated health status were 'poor' and olders with low IADL. The major reasons why they wanted to receive the home-visit health care services were 'they had no helpers when they were sick' (64.7%), 'long distance to the medical facilities from their residence'(23.5%). The medication service was the most need service among home-visit health care services. The reasons why they didn't want to receive the home-visit health care services were 'we could walk and move' (60.0%), 'we wanted to have a direct contact with doctor' (25.7%) in the order of high rate. In multiple logistic regression analysis, the degree of want for home-visit health care were higher significantly in olders who were not in harmony with other family members and olders whose self-rated health status were 'poor'(p<0.05).
A Study on Therapeutic Compliance of Hypertensive Patients in a Rural Health Subcenter
Song, Min-Keun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 155~164
Hypertension is the most frequent disease of chronic circulatory diseases and major intermediate cause or risk of the cerebrovascular disease which is a leading cause of death in Korea. Therefore, management of hypertension is an important issue in Korean healthcare. Especially, therapeutic compliance of hypertensives is very important because the hypertensive patients should receive anti-hypertensive treatment as long as the condition exists. However, many patients drop out of treatment, which is a major problem that needs to be solved through a hypertension control program. This study was carried out to provide basic data and counter measule for the hypertension control program in the community which aimed to keep the patients receiving treatment continuously. In order to investigate compliance of hypertensive patients during three months follow-up and the rate of control of hypertension, the data were collected during February, 2001, by reviewing medical records of 295 hypertensive patients who had been registered to Gunnam-myeon health subcenter before November, 2000. The author also study the dropout reasons by interviewing 58 patients among 68 dropout patients. The results were as follows: 1. Among the 295 subjects, 108(36.6%) were male and 187(63.4%) were female. Statistically, female hypertensives had a higher mean age than male(64.6 vs 66.3, p<0.05). 2. The 54.9% of the patients took anti-hypertensive medicine continuously for the past three months. And 19.3% had drug intermittently, and 25.8% dropped out of treatment. 3. Among several variables, such as sex, age, health insurance, the time taken from a patient's village to the health subcenter, only the last one was found to be significantly related to therapeutic compliance in the contingency table analysis. 4. The dropout reasons by multiple response were as follows, 'no symptom or no problem' (23.9%), 'change to other hospitals'(19.4%), 'geographical barrier'(17.9%), 'change to a neighborhood drugstore' (14.9%), 'immobility'(7.5%), 'economic barrier'(6.0%), 'unsatisfactory services of the health subcenter'(4.4%). 5. The mean blood pressure of 295 subjects was
. 6. The 32.5% of the subjects were controlled below 140/90mmHg. Conclusions: In order to improve the low rates of treatment and control of hypertension in rural hypertensives, a more active and systematic hypertension control program, including out-reaching follow-up management, is required in rural area. Especially, for health education of hypertensive patients, emphasis should placed on correcting wrong attitude toward hypertension.
Survey on Nutritional Status for Preschool Children in a County in Jeju Island
Hong, Seong-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Yi ; Go, Sun-Bae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 165~181
The purpose of this survey was to assess the nutritional status of preschool children a county of Jeju Island. This study used health examinations results for preschool aged children, performed by the public health center of Pukjeju-gun in Jeju-do for over three years from 1999 to 2001, of children in kindergartens and children homes. The target children totaled 5,990 from the ages three to six. For a control group, 316 children from the nearby Jeju-city areas were included as well. The items of this research included height, weight, and hemoglobin values. 1. The average height of boys from ages three to six were 96.35cm, 102.14cm, 109.94cm, 111.00cm respectively, and girls were 94.96cm, 100.93cm, 108.33cm, 110.54cm respectively. The average weights of boys from ages three to six were 15.42kg, 16.93kg, 19.65kg, 19.67kg respectively, and the weight of girls were 14.90kg, 16.45kg, 18.88kg, 19.50kg respectively. 2. The percentages of children who did not reach 90% of the Korean standard height were 4.3% in boys 4.1% in girls. The percentages of children with less than 80% of the Korean standard weight were 7.6% in boys and 6.8% girls. The percentages of children over 120% of Korean standard weight were 10.4% in boys and 11.4% in girls. 3. As for the obesity level, the percentage of boys under-weighed(under 10% for standard weight for height) were 11.6% and girls, 9.5%, and the percentages of boys and girls with obesity(
20%) were 3.6% and 4.4% respectively. 4. The mean hemoglobin value of boys were 11.83g/
and girls, 11.83g/
. These were lower than the value of average normal Korean children (12.5g/
). The mena hemoglobin values of the children in Pukjeju-gun were considerably lower than that of the children living in Jeju-city(12.3g/
) as well. Anemia of Children of Pukjeju-gun were estimated at 38.1%(male) and 37.2%(female), by using Hemoglobin level(<11.5g/
5. The rates of children included within the normal range of obesity level in Jeju-city and Pukjeju- gun were boys 80.2%, 71.6% in boys, and 77.4%, 72.4% in girls. The percentage of children living in PukJeju-gun included within the normal range were considerably low. 6. There were no changes in the Body Mass Index (BMI) during the three years from 1999 to 2001, but the percentage of children with anemia significantly increased. Health care for preschool aged children, especially in the rural areas, is very important. Centering on public health centers, it is necessary to systematically promote health care in the rural areas.
도서지역 주민들의 보건문제와 해결방안
Im, Jeong-Su ; Kim, Chang-Yeop ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 185~196
Health Hazards of Farming and Fishing in Korea
Lim, Hyun-Sul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 197~215
Health and Nutritional Status in the Rural Elderly
Lee, Sung-Kook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 217~224