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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
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The Legal and the Official Management System Status of the Agricultural Disease, Injury, and Accidents of Korean
Lee, Kyung-Suk ; Choi, Jeong-Wha ; Kim, Hyo-Cher ; Kang, Tae-Sun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 219~236
ABSTRACT O b j e c t i v e s: To develop a model of a official management system for agricultural disease, injury and accidents, We analyzed current Korean status and management system about occupational injury and accident of farmers. M e t h o d s: For national management systems of industry safety and health and current status of occupational injuries and accidents of farmers, related literature such as books, theses, articles, and web documents were collected and analyzed. R e s u l t s and Conclusion: The regulations of protecting occupational injury and accidents of farmers are suggested as follows: (1)insurance and compensation act for occupational injury and accident of farmers, (2)setting standards of occupational injuries and accidents of farmers, (3)mandating the usage of safety devices for agricultural vehicles and equipments, (4)reporting occupational injuries and accidents that occur among farmers, (5)registering pesticides and assessing safety usage, (6)implementing safety training, (7)supporting personal protective equipments and agricultural safe facilities etc.
Effects of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Program on Blood Pressure among the Pre-hypertension Group in the Community
Jo, Heui-Sug ; Shim, Jeong-Ha ; Jeong, Heon-Jae ; Hwang, Moon-Sun ; Lee, Hye-Jean ; Kim, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 237~244
O b j e c t i v e s: DASH(dietary approaches to stop hypertension) diet are recommended as first-line therapy for prevention of hypertension individuals with high normal blood pressure. We studied the effects of DASH program on blood pressure among the pre-hypertension g r o u p . M e t h o d s: To determine the impact of dietary patterns on the control of hypertension we studied the subgroup of 141 participants with systolic blood pressure of 120 to 139 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80 to 89mmHg, body mass index(BMI) 25 kg/ or waist to hip r a t i o ( W H R ) 0.95(for man), 0.85(for woman) enrolled in DASH program. Participants were received of education and consulting about DASH every week for 8 weeks. R e s u l t s: The level of diet to prevention of hypertension and compliance of DASH increased after education. Also, The DASH program significantly reduced systolic BP (from 1 3 6 . 0 3 12.40 mmHg to 126.09 11.25 mmHg, p< .01) and diastolic BP (from 81.806 . 3 2 mmHg to 76.44 10.61 mmHg, p< .01). C o n c l u s i o n: The DASH program effectively lowers BP and may be useful in achieving prevention of hypertension.
Sero-Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus in University Students
Na, Ji-Hyun ; Cho, Hyung-Min ; Chung, Kweon-Tai ; Choi, Sung-Woo ; Park, Min-Jung ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 245~253
O b j e c t i v e s: Since 1983, vaccination for Hepatitis B virus has been recommended for all neonates in Korea. The objectives of this study was to assess the changing trend of the positive rate of HBsAg and anti-HBs in university students in one province. M e t h o d s: The study population consisted of one university students who taken physical exam in 2004, which included 8,527 students (3,391 males and 5,136 females). Serum HBsAg and anti-HBs were detected by immunochromatography method. R e s u l t s: The positivities of HBsAg and anti-HBs were 2.7% and 61.1%. The positivity of HBsAg was significantly higher in males(p< .05), while that of anti-HBs was significantly higher in females(p< .05). There was some differences of HBsAg positivities among age groups. But there was no correlation between age and the positivities. There was some differences of anti-HBs positivities among age groups. But there was no correlation between age and the positivities. C o n c l u s i o n: The positivity of HBsAg has significantly decreased and that of anti-HBs has increased with years. It was suggested that the changes of positivity were caused by nationwide hepatitis B vaccination program.
The Status of Child Rearing and the Effect on Education for Child Rearing of Public Health Center, Busan
Ham, Young-Hee ; Kim, Hee-Young ; Lee, Myoung-Jin ; Kang, Jee-Hye ; Park, In-Sook ; Kim, Yoon-Hee ; Sohn, Hye-Sook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 255~262
O b j e c t i v e s: To evaluate the effect on education for child rearing using child-growth developmental screening program that hat had been developed by the maternal-child health services team in a public health center, Busan area, the rates of practicing proper child rearing between educated group and non-educated group were compared. M e t h o d s: Subjects were 596 mothers whose children were between 2 and 15 months old and who had visited two public health centers in Busan area for vaccination. Subjects checked the items that they are practicing for child rearing, the rates of items properly be practiced were compared between educated group and non-educated group by chi-square test. The effect of education in 2, 4, 6, 12 months old were observed in 4, 6, 12, 15 months old, respectively. R e s u l t s: The percentages of the items that practice rate of proper child rearing was over 50% were not different by monthly age. In 4 months age, the proper practice rates of three items among eleven items were significantly higher in the educated group than in non-educated group. In 6 and 12 months age, those of two items and one item among fourteen items were higher respectively in the educated group than in non-educated group. In 15 months age, there was no item among thirteen that is different between two groups. C o n c l u s i o n s: As monthly ages are increasing, the practice rates of proper child rearing were decreased. In a few items, the practice rates of proper child rearing were higher in the educated group than in non-educated group. It suggests that the program that increase the effect on education of child rearing was developed and performed in public health centers.
A Study on Health Statue of the Elderly in Rural Community according to Drinking Pattern
Baek, Dal-Hyun ; Hwang, Byung-Deog ; Moon, Hyo-Jung ; Yoon, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Sung-Kook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 263~273
O b j e c t i v e s: This study was conducted to investigate the trend of health statue of the elderly living in rural area according to drinking patterns. M e t h o d s: This study was conducted with 2,421 elderly people (male 1,273 and female 1,148) residing in the selected 25 villages, with exclusion of a few elderly people who were in hospital, out for a long time or had an unknown address. This study were carried out, face-to-face interviews with the subjects were made from January to March 2002. R e s u l t s: The investigation of drinking state showed that for male subjects, drinkers accounted for 48.8%, nondrinkers 35.1% and abstainers from drinking 16.1%, whereas for female subjects, drinkers accounted 15.3%, nondrinkers 80.2% and abstainers from drinking 4.5%. The health status was analyzed according to drinking pattern. For elderly men, abstainers from drinking showed worse health state than nondrinkers and drinkers. Elderly women showed the same result. It is widely known that drinking are the important causes of chronic diseases. Therefore, it is needed to provide the elderly with education on control of preventable health risk factors and effect of living state on health, in order to prevent aggravation of health level of the elder population aged 65 and over. This will also help them promote their health. It will be desirable that for the elderly, the objective will focus on health promotion rather than treatment of diseases. C o n c l u s i o n s: Carry out health plan for rural communities and health maintenance programs and health promotion of the elderly in those communities shall be developed. In addition, preventive education and health examination shall be conducted more frequently with the elderly who drink but are still healthy.
A Study on the Urinary Incontinence and Overactive Bladder Syndrome of Women in a Rural Region
Lee, Kwan ; Park, Byeong-Chan ; Lim, Hyun-Sul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 31, issue 3, 2006, Pages 275~284
O b j e c t i v e s: This investigation was carried out to understand the status of the urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OABs) syndrome of women in a rural region. M e t h o d s: The authors conducted a questionnaire survey among the 322 females who voluntarily participated in a health examination, from 16 to 18 August 2001. Using by definition of UI and OABs, we calculated the proportion of UI, OABs I, and OABs II. The data collected was evaluated using the SPSS 12.0 statistical package, and the differences of symptoms and problems related to daily life between UI, OABs patients and the others were analyzed using a Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. R e s u l t s: The overall proportion of UI was 35.4%, and stress UI (32.9%) is more common than urgency UI (17.4%) and mixed UI (14.9%). The proportion of OABs I and OABs II were respectively 36.0%, 14.0%. Symptoms related to UI or OABs were nocturia (35.1%), frequency (23.9%), urgency (21.4%) etc. Of the incontinence cases, 27.2% had experienced UI for a period of one to three years. The proportion of OABs increased significantly by age (p<0.05), UI didn't. The most frequent symptoms in UI and OABs were respectively 'slow stream', 'urgency'. The most frequent problem of daily life in UI and OABs was 'seeking toilet firstly at stranger place'. C o n c l u s i o n s: The proportion of UI and OABs in our study were respectively 35.4%, 14.0%. UI and OABs must be very significant health problems in women, especially rural region. Systemic and profound interventions for UI and OABs need to administer to women in Korea.