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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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The Relationship between Family Burden and Mental Health Service Needs of Family for Home-based Chronic Mental Patients in Community
Kim, In-Hong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 269~278
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.269
= ABSTRACT = Objectives: This study was carried out to identify the relationships of family burden and mental health service needs of chronic mental patients in community. Methods: Objects of the study were 153 chronic mental patients in community of P. city in korea. Data were collected from December, 2007 to February, 2008 using structured questionnaire. Research tools of this study were family burden tool developed by Pai & Kapur (1981) and mental health service needs tool developed by Kim (2003). Results: The average grades for family burden was 1.62 points. And the biggest part of family burden was economic burden(1.74), followed by interrupt of daily life(1.67), interrupt of family relationship(1.64), interrupt of family leisure (1.57), effects of mental health(1.50), and effects of physical health(1.43). The average grades for mental health service needs was 2.72 points. And the biggest part of mental health service needs was rehabilitation service(3.09), followed by social service(2.87), and Psychiatric medical service(2.21). Positive correlation showed between all parts of family burden. And, positive correlation showed between psychiatric medical service and interrupt of daily life(r=.281, p<.01), psychiatric medical service and effects of physical health(r=.355,p<.01), social service and effects of mental health(r=.213,p<.01). Conclusion: The family burden for care giver of mental patients was related with all parts of family burden and mental health service needs of family. Thus, these results should be considered to reduce family burden for care giver of mental patients in community.
Effect of Aircraft Noise of the Air Force on Noise Sensitivity, Psychosocial Status and Behaviour of Elementary Students
Oh, Won-Ki ; Kim, Hyeong-Su ; Chang, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Kun-Sei ; Kim, Keun-Whoe ; Choi, Hee-Jung ; Ham, Eun-Mee ; Son, Ju-Hyoung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 279~291
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.279
= ABSTRACT =Objectives : We evaluated the effect of the aircraft noise on the behavior and affect status of the local elementary school students. Methods : The daytime noise levels of the exposed and control areas were compared and the self answered questionnaires from 272 students and their parents of the exposed area and 91 of the control area were collected. The questionnaires are regarding the noise sensitivity and the psychosocial status of the students, noise sensitivity of the parents and the parents' behavioral evaluation for their children. Results : The mean noise level of the exposed area (67.6 dB(A)) showed higher level than the control area (57.1 dB(A), 58.2 dB(A), 60.2 dB(A)) and it was statistically significant. The mean score for noise sensitivity and the mean score for brief mental exam. in the exposed students were lower than the mean scores in the control group but they were not statistically significant (p=0.056 & 0.165). The mean score for behavioral evaluation of students by their parents in the exposed area(15.5) was higher than the mean score in the control group(13.2) and it was statistically significant(p=0.043). The mean score for noise sensitivity in the exposed parent(27.5) was higher than the mean score in the control group(24.1) and it was statistically significant(p=0.045). Conclusions : This study revealed that the noise sensitivity of the parents affected the behavioral evaluation of the students than noise-exposure itself. The further study is needed to evaluate relationship between aircraft noise and it's effect on children's health.
The Factors Influencing on Success of Quitting Smoking in Rural and Urban Smoking Cessation Clinics
Lee, Ju-Yul ; Song, Tae Min ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 292~302
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.292
- Abstract - Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to determine an efficient operation plan for a smoking cessation clinic in public health centers. To do so, the primary success factors in smoking cessation have been analyzed after classifying the smoking cessation programs of public health centers into urban and rural areas. Methods: A study was conducted with 262,837 smokers age 19 or older who were provided with smoking cessation services for more than 6 months through smoking cessation clinics at public health centers(250 clinics nationwide) from July 16, 2006 to July 15, 2007. Results: Urban areas indicated that gender, age, social security, the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were all factors that influenced the success of smoking cessation. On the other hand, in the rural areas the total number of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems were the influential factors. Furthermore, the urban area confirmed that the frequency of counseling, re-enrollment in the program, the number of cigarettes per day and alcohol problems affected traveling while the rural area was affected by social security, the frequency of counseling and re-enrollment. Conclusions: It has been confirmed that the success rate and factors of smoking cessation clinics can vary depending on the region and enrollment method.
Prevalence and Correlates of Depression among the Elderly in an Urban Community
Lee, Young-Hoon ; Shin, Min-Ho ; Kweon, Sun-Seok ; Choi, Sung-Woo ; Rhee, Jung-Ae ; Choi, Jun-Su ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 303~315
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.303
- Abstract - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and identify its related factors among an urban elderly. Methods: The data for this study were obtained from 333 men and 514 women, aged 65-79 years who participated in '2007 community health survey' in Donggu, Gwangju metropolitan city. Their depressive symptoms were measured by Korean version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Results: The mean CES-D score (mean±S.D) for all subjects was 7.68±0.31. The mean CES-D score was significantly greater in the women (9.09±0.43) than in the men (5.51±0.39) (p<0.001). The prevalence rates of possible depression (CES-D score ≥16), probable depression (CES-D score≥21), and definite depression (CES-D score≥25) were 8.1%, 5.4%, and 3.9% in men, respectively. The prevalence rates of possible depression, probable depression, and definite depression were 19.5%, 11.1%, and 7.2% in women, respectively. Existence of spouse (no/yes), education level (no/high school or higher), health security system (medical aid/national health insurance), self-reported health status (poor/good), vascular risk factors (present/absent) proved to be statistically significant related factors of depression. Conclusions: This study suggests that a systematic effort and attention to support for elderly people living alone, low educational level, medical aid, poor self-reported health status and vascular risk factors should be promoted to reduce the incidence of depression.
Impact of Registration Program after Hypertensive or Diabetic Patient Detection through Community Partnership on Compliance and Blood Pressure or Blood Sugar Control
Hong, Du-Ho ; Seo, Hwa-Jeong ; Kang, Kyoung-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Ju ; Im, Jeong-Soo ; Oh, Dae-Kyu ; Yim, Jun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 316~323
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.316
= ABSTRACT = Objectives : Incheon metropolitan city has set a model program of community partnership for hypertensive or diabetic patients detection and follow-up since 2005. This study examines the effects of the model on the compliance and the control of blood pressure or blood sugar level Methods : Telephone-surveys were done for 140 persons selected from 408 patients who were detected newly as hypertensive or diabetic patients at Gangwha-Gun and Seo-Gu in Incheon between January 1st and August 31th in 2006, and finally completed in 110 patients(78.6%). Survey questionnaires included socio-demographic(age, gender, and educational level), health behavioral (smoking, drinking, physical activity, and diet), and therapy-related (registration state, compliance, blood pressure or blood sugar control) variables. Odds ratio and 95% CI were derived from logistic regression model. Results : Registered group exhibited high compliance and well managed blood pressure or blood sugar level. The odds ratio of registration were 5.55(95% CI:1.83~16.89) for compliance and 3.78(95% CI:1.43~9.99) for blood pressure or blood sugar control after adjusting for age, gender, disease, and area Conclusions : It is independently related to compliance and blood pressure or blood sugar control whether the patient is registered or not. To control hypertension or diabetes mellitus in terms of compliance and control state, a community-based registration program through community partnership could be a powerful tool.
Development of Village Health Worker Training Program in Tuguegarao, Phillipines
Kim, Jung-Min ; Lee, Hye-Yeon ; Pakr, Dae-Jin ; Oak, Chul-Ho ; Jeon, Man-Joong ; Yu, Byeng-Chul ; Koh, Kwang-Wook ; Lee, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 324~334
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.324
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop and execute the village heath worker(VHW) training program which based on short term overseas medical volunteer and medical mission. Methods: Through case studies of previous VHW program and review articles about the state of medical volunteer and medical mission, we developed the VHW training program. Pilot test of the program was carried out in Tugeugarao city, Phillipines on July, 2008. The subject were 32 persons from 15 villages around Tuguegarao city. After training we surveyed regarding the satisfaction of training and the degree of getting knowledge and skills. Results: Through article review, we got the common subjects of previous VHW training program and the limitations of overseas medical volunteer and medical mission. We developed VHW training program aiming to community health promotion through community participation and community change. The main text was "Where There Is No Doctor" of Hesperian Foundation. The program executed through 1 day intensive lecture and practice. The satisfaction of the program was 8.95±1.70 on 10 point rating scale. Conclusions: We strongly expect VHW training program can be available as new model of short overseas medical volunteer as well as medical mission if we could systemize it with the confirming subject before training , management after training and continuous support through connection with the field.
A Study on the Relationship between Climacteric Symptom, Depression and Coping among Middle-Aged Women
Choi, Kwang-Sim ; Oh, Hyun-Ei ; Shim, Chung-Sin ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 335~345
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.335
= ABSTRACT = Objectives: The purpose of this study were to examine the level of climacteric symptom, coping and depression among middle-aged women and to identify the relationship between climacteric symptom, coping and depression. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. The participants were 275 middle-aged women visiting obstetrics and gynecology hospital in one metropolitan city. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis. Results: The mean climacteric symptom score was .54, the mean depression score was .74 and the mean coping score was .35. The level of climacteric symptom, depression and coping were slightly lower than those of other studies. There were positive relationships between climacteric symptom and depression and between climacteric symptom and coping. Conclusions: To promote physical and emotional health of middle-aged women, more attention is necessary to decrease their climacteric symptom and depression. These results can be used for nursing intervention and care programs for creating better quality of life for middle-aged women.
Factors Influencing the Willingness to Receive a Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Education in Korean Remote Places
Kang, Kyung-Hee ; Im, Jeong-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 33, issue 3, 2008, Pages 346~355
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2008.33.3.346
- Abstract - Objectives: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the characteristics of which laypersons want the cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) education. Methods: Based on a health survey(ｎ=913) of 5 remote places in Korea, tests of the differences between the group that wants the CPR education(ｎ=416) and the group that doesn't(ｎ=497), and a logistic regression analysis of two groups was performed on socio-economic status and health-medical conditions. Results: Even the participation rate of the CPR education in Korea is only 5.8%, which is extremely lower than other developed countries, there are statistically significant differences between the group that wants the CPR and the group that doesn't on gender(ｐ=0.001), age(ｐ=0.000), education level(ｐ=0.000), economic status(ｐ=0.007), and CPR education taken(ｐ=0.000), and health status(ｐ=0.042). Furthermore, age(OR=1.599, ｐ=0.002), age(OR=0.964, ｐ=0.000), economic status(OR=0.804, ｐ=0.028), and CPR education taken(OR=2.072, ｐ=0.026) are statistically significant factors on the willingness to receive the CPR education. Conclusions: This study indicates that there is considerable variation in socio-economic status and health-medical conditions associated with the willingness to receive the CPR education. In remote places. certain subgroups of laypersons such as high-risk patients and family members need targeted outreach programs in CPR education.