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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
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The Relationship between Cerebrovascular Mortality and Community Health Indicators in Gangwon-do
Sim, Jeoung-Ha ; Son, Mi-A ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.001
Objectives: The aim of this study was to characterize the community health indicators affecting standardized mortality rate of cerebrovascular diseases(CVD) and to identify the relationship between CVD mortality and community health indicators in Gangwon-do. Methods: The community health indicators included material deprivation index, medical resource, rates of road pavement and local tax. CVD mortality and the material deprivation index were calculated in the registered death data and the 2000 census which were obtained from the Korean National Statistics Office. The community health indicators were measured using 2001 statistical year book of Ganwon-do. Data were analyzed by using Excel 2003, SAS 9.1. CVD mortality and material deprivation index were visualized by Arcview 9.1. Results: CVD mortality varied by region and sex in Gangwon-do. The highest CVD mortality in male and female were noted at Goseong-gun, the lowest CVD mortality in male was at Yangyang-gun as it of female at Pyeongchang-gun. In Taebaek city where material deprivation index was also the highest; in Pyeongchang-gun was the lowest. Also the higher material deprivation index in some regions was the higher CVD mortality was. CVD mortality was not related with community health indicators. Conclusions: The results showed the regional difference of mortality of CVD among counties and cities in Gangwon-do. It is recommended that other community health indicators besides material deprivation index, road pavement rate, medical resources and local tax affecting CVD mortality need to be considered to improve the preventive strategies.
The Association of Social Support with Health Status and Health Behavior among Rural Aged Population
Jeon, Bo-Young ; Lee, Hye-Jae ; Shon, Chang-U ; Kim, Nam-Kwon ; Kim, Ae-Ryun ; Park, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Eun-Sang ; Lee, Jeong-Wha ; Choi, Ju-Hyun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.013
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of social support with health status and health behavior. Methods: This study was conducted with 79 elderly people in Gunja-ri, Dongsan-myun, Chuncheon. We performed face to face interview which was composed of socio-demographic characteristics, social support, health status and health behavior. The association between social support and result variables was analysed by Chi-square test and logistic regression. We used SAS ver9.1 for statistic analysis. Results: Mean age of the study population was 72.0
7.0, social support score was 14.3
4.7 with full marks of 20 and 36.25% of the total population were shown to have depression. When the social support score was changed, depression (p=0.0007) and physical exercise (p=0.0312) showed significant difference. The self-rated health status was significantly related to the relationship with family members (OR=0.25, 95% CI=0.07-0.95) and the quality of sleep was also significantly associated to the relationship with family members (OR=0.21, 95% CI=0.06-0.73). The physical exercise was done significantly less in the group without close friends than in the group with many close friends (OR=0.21, 95% CI=0.05-0.94) and the depression was significantly more in the group without community participation than in the group with community participation (OR=4.79, 95% CI=1.62-14.15). Conclusions: Through this study, we could conclude that the social support factors are associated with health status and health behavior. Therefore, to improve the health status of rural elderly, we need to approach to develop social support.
An Epidemiological Investigation on an Outbreak of Shigellosis in a Special School for Handicapped in Yeongcheon-si and in a Rehabilitation Facility in Gyeongsan-si, Korea, 2008
Lee, Hyun-Dong ; Lee, Soon-Ok ; Lim, Hyun-Sul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 24~33
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.024
Objectives: In September 2008, an outbreak of diarrhea occurred among students attending Y school in Yeongcheon-si. Shigella sonnei was cultured from some of the rectal swabs. An epidemiological investigation was carried out to determine the source of the infection and the mode of transmission of the shigellosis outbreak. Methods: The index case lived in the D rehabilitation facility in Gyeongsan-si and an additional epidemiological investigation was carried out there. The cases could not be questioned due to their mental handicaps. The teachers were interviewed instead. A patient case was defined as a resident with diarrhea more than one time a day from September 18 to September 26, 2008 or a resident with confirmed Shigella sonnei at the Y school or the D rehabilitation facility. Results: The attack rate was 1.2% (8 persons) among 659 persons in the Y school and D rehabilitation facility. Five persons were microbiologically confirmed to have the infection and three persons were diagnosed on the basis of symptoms. Shigella sonnei was cultured from five of the 659 rectal swabs. However, 80 environmental specimens including drinking water, preserved foods, and cooking utensils were negative. All eight patients were Y school students and had been living in group boarding and lodging. Six of them lived in the D rehabilitation facility and two lived in the dormitory at the Y school. Five cases showed pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns that were identical for Shigella sonnei. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the infection source of the shigellosis outbreak, in the two places, were identical. It is likely that the infections initially spread from a teacher or volunteer and then among the students.
Development of Health Service Weight for Resource Allocation and Performance Monitoring
Kim, Sang-A. ; Hur, Young-Hye ; Park, Woong-Sub ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 34~46
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.034
Objectives: This study was conducted to estimate health service weight for resource allocation and performance monitoring using Basic Priority Rating System. Methods: The Health service would be classified according to New Health Plan 2010, and Burden of disease collected from preceding studies. The data of severity of health problem and effectiveness of intervention were collected through the survey of experts' suggestion. The health service weight was estimated in the formula which is Basic Priority Rating System. Results: In the result of analysis, the health service weight of Infectious disease was ranked highest at 58.97% followed by Anti-smoking campaign(14.07%), Hypertension(3.87%), Diabetes mellitus(3.40%), Cancer(2.90%), Cardiovascular-Cerebrovascular diseases(2.86%), Physical activity(2.10%), Moderate drinking(2.07%), Medical examination(1.92%), Mental health promotion(1.72%), Serious mental illnesses(1.62%), Nutrition(1.52%), Oral health promotion(1.15%), Oral diseases(1.10%), Addiction(0.73%). Conclusions: We think the result of this study provides a rational basis for resource allocation and performance monitoring of health service.
Health Promotion Behavior, Health Problems, Perceived Health Status and Farmers' Syndrome of Rural Residents
Park, Jeong-Sook ; Kwon, Sang-Min ; Oh, Yun-Jung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.047
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the health promotion behavior, health problem, perceived health status and farmers' syndrome of rural residents. Methods: The subjects of this study were 637 adults of 19 primary health care post extracted from 1.875 primary health care post in Korea by quota sampling method. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation. Results: The average score of health promotion behavior was 2.23. In the sub-scales, the highest degree of performance was 'nutrition', followed by 'spiritual growth' and the lowest degree of performance was 'physical activity'. The most prevalent health problem was ailments in 'musculoskeletal system', followed by 'fatigue', 'eyes and ears', 'cardiovascular system'. The mean score of perceived health status was 8.54. The prevalence of farmers' syndrome was 98.4%. Health promotion behavior showed a significant positive correlation health status and perceived health status showed a significant negative farmers' syndrome. Conclusions: With the above findings, rural residents' physical activity is less than urban residents', and the rural resident's score of perceived health status, musculoskeletal system and fatigue are lower than urban residents'. The farmers' syndrome of the rural people is high. A tailored health promotion program for rural community is needed to develop in the consideration of these findings.
Comparisons of Attitude on Media's Report for Avian Influenza between Poultry Breeder and Non-breeder
Oh, Gyung-Jae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 58~66
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.058
Objectives: Active participation of poultry breeder in surveillance system of Avian Influenza (AI) is very important. Therefore this study was conducted to present basis data for active report of AI that is affected by media's coverage in poultry breeder. Methods: Subjects were 88 persons, 28 who were poultry breeder at epidemic area of AI and 60 who were general person at non-epidemic area. Data were collected by the trained investigator from Jul. 1 to Aug. 31, 2008. Respondents were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire. Results: The third-person effect among perceptions of influence in media's report on the AI was higher in breeder (32.1%) than in non-breeder (10.0%). However, Confidence to media report on the AI was lower in breeder than in non-breeder. Intention to report of the AI was 71.4% in breeder respectively, was 90.0% in non-breeder. There was statistically significant lower in breeder than non-breeder. The cause of avoidance of report was 'economic damage' for 87.5%, which acocounted for the majority of cases. Confidence to media report on the AI were positively correlated with concern on the AI and perception on seriousness of the AI, but negatively correlated with the third-person effect. Conclusions: These results showed that intention to report of the AI of breeder was susceptible to influenced by the third person effect and confidence in media's report on the AI. Therefore we should give a special attention to increase active report of poultry breeder during epidemic period of AI which is consideration of reasonable strategy of media's coverage, including mind and emotion state of poultry breeder.
Health Status and Medical Utilization of Women in Rural Area
Shin, Hyung-Chul ; Kang, Ji-Young ; Park, Woong-Sub ; Kim, Sang-A ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.067
Objectives: This study was conducted to examine health inequality for gender and region in Korea. Especially it focused on health status such as disease prevalence and medical utilization of rural women. Methods: Data from the Korea national health and nutrition survey in 2001 were used. The final sample size was 37,108 individuals with age 20 and over. This study applied the logistic regression for nominal variables such as disease prevalence and unmet care needs and with the regression for continuos variables such as the length and costs of medical services. Results: Rates of disease prevalence and unmet care needs for chronic disease in rural area are higher than those in middle cities and big cities, and regional differences of those for women are more than those for mens with controlling ages. There could be interaction effect with region and sex. Conclusions: This study suggests that health policy maker should take consider of special status of rural women who are in health inequality.
Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence and Its Related Factors among the Rural Residing Elderlies
Yoon, Hyun-Suk ; Kwon, In-Sun ; Bae, Nam-Kyou ; Cho, Young-Chae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 76~86
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.076
Objectives: This study was conducted to find out the frequency of urinary incontinence among the rural elderly people and its related factors. Methods: Informations have been obtained through interviews from the 464 rural residents of advanced age over 65 years on September 1st through November 30th, 2007, in Chungnam Province. Results: As for the rate of experiencing urinary incontinence, the group with the experience rate of 「every day」 were 9.5% and 「occasionally」 35.5%, with the total of 45.0%. The higher rates of urinary incontinence were in the elderly women(58.5%) than in the elderly men (29.8%), in the more advanced in age, in the higher educated, and in the groups with higher monthly income. Based on life styles, the rate of experiencing urinary incontinence was significantly higher in smoking groups and non-drinking groups. Based on subjective senses of health, it was more highly associated with the groups who reported that they were not healthy, that they concerned themselves about health, that they had physical disability, that they had forgetfulness, and they needed assistance in terms of activity of daily living(ADL) and instrumental activity of daily living(IADL) than their respective counterparts. By the result of multiple logistic regression, sex, age, smoking status, anxiety, physical disability, amnesia, and IADL was indicated the affecting factors to the prevalence of urinary incontinence. Conclusions: The above results reveal that the rate of urinary incontinence was higher in the elderly women than the elderly men, and in more advanced age. Moreover, its rate increases in the groups with undesirable life styles or lower senses of subjective and physical health conditions. It is highly suggested that efforts to manage urinary incontinence of the elderly need to be narrowed to the more advanced, especially those with lower standards of health conditions.
The Current Status and Problems of Tobacco Control Programs of Public Health Centers in Korea
Park, Soon-Woo ; Lee, Ju-Yul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 87~100
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.087
Objectives: This study was conducted to suggest the way to improve the tobacco control program of public health centers in Korea. Methods: A survey with a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 246 persons in charge of tobacco control work in public health centers nationwide in December, 2006. Frequency analysis was performed with a final sample of 212 respondents with SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Results: The duration of engagement in tobacco control work was less than 3 years among 86.7% of respondents, and 87.3% of respondents had other duties besides tobacco control. Almost all public health centers conducted a campaign with posters or leaflets, and smoking prevention education among adolescents. The actual priority for programs was based on the community diagnosis in only 33.5% of the cases. Only 1.9% of respondents complained lack of budget, on the other hand, 44.7% of respondents appealed insufficient number of personnel. The route of knowledge and skill was largely dependent on self-learning or information from colleague. Collaboration with other related department was done well in 39.5% of the cases. The majority of respondents was satisfied with the general support from central government. Conclusions: To improve the tobacco control program of public health centers, it is needed the reinforcement of capacity and specialty among personnel, priority setting and performance of programs based on the scientific evidence, induction of community participation, utilization of community human resources, development of education and training course for practical skill, effective networking among departments.
Awareness of Zoonoses among Cattle Slaughterhouse Workers in Korea
Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Yoo, Seok-Ju ; Lee, Kwan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.101
Objectives: Cattle slaughterhouse workers are known as the high risk group for the zoonoses. We surveyed the awareness of zoonoses among cattle slaughterhouse workers to suggest direction of education and public relations. Methods: We evaluated the epidemiological characteristics of zoonoses and the process of cattle slaughtering. We designed different questionnaires for the workers involved in slaughtering, the handlers of residual products, the inspectors and their assistants, and the grading testers and their assistants respectively. We visited 73 cattle slaughterhouses and 62 residual products handle houses across the country and conducted a questionnaire survey of the general characteristics and the awareness of zoonoses. The data collected was evaluated using the SPSS 17.0 statistical package. Results: The awareness rate of brucellosis, Q fever and Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) were 83.9%, 18.5%, 62.7% among cattle slaughterhouse workers. The awareness rate of zoonoses among the workers involved in slaughtering and the handlers of residual products was lower than other workers. The awareness rate of zoonoses tended to increase as the school career. In the correct awareness rate of the transmission of zoonoses, 'transmission by tick bite', 'person to person' and 'air transmission' were lower than other transmission items. The most common reason why cattle slaughterhouse workers think that it is difficult to prevent zoonoses was the ignorance of how to prevent. Conclusions: An educational program is needed for the cattle slaughterhouse workers on zoonoses especially Q fever. And publicity activities about prevention of infection are needed for high risk groups.
Effect of Nutrition Support Program for the Elderly in a Rural Community
Kim, Shin-Weol ; Shin, Jun-Ho ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ; Heo, Young-Ran ; Kang, Myung-Geun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 113~123
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.113
Objectives: This study was performed to assess the effects of nutrition support for the elderly in rural communities. Methods: The data for this study were obtained from 148 aged over 65 years in G district(70 intervention group and 78 control group). General characteristics, physical health status, food intake, dietary habits, knowledge of nutrition and nutrition risk factors of the subjects were examined by individual interview. The participants were divided into two groups through the first questionnaire of nutrition: nutritional intervention group(nutritional intervention and education of nutrition) and control group(education of nutrition alone). Results: Nutritional intervention group showed significant increase of energy intake to 87.4% from 71.0% and of most nutrients except vitamin A and niacin after intervention. After nutritional intervention program, depression index was significantly decreased and changes of food habits, self-efficacy and conviction indices were significantly increased. Conclusions: This study showed that the nutritional intervention serving foods for short-term intervention period was very effective in improving the nutritional status. In addition, it suggested that it was not enough for nutritional improvement of the elderly to provide public health education or counseling alone, therefore, for achieving its goals, it should be needed proper nutritional supply to them.
The Comparison with Health Promoting Life Styles of People between Demonstrating and Non-Demonstrating Health Promotion Services in Rural Community
Lee, Young-Sook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 124~134
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.124
Objectives: This study was to compare with health promoting Life styles of people between demonstrating and non-demonstrating health promotion services in rural community. Methods: Objects of the study were 13,000 people by stratified sampling in rural community of H and J Gun in Korea. Data were collected from 1st December to 30th, 2005, using structured questionnaire. Research tool of this study were modified Korea BRFSS, Park‘s stress questionnaire and Nutritional evaluation tool suggested by ministry of health & welfare in Korea. Results: People received demonstrating health promotion services were significantly more good health promoting life styles in related drinking, exercise and stress than that of non-demonstrating health promotion services. Conclusions: There were significantly higher health promoting Life styles of people received demonstrating health promotion services than that of non-demonstrating. Government supporting health promotion services was more effective than that of local government finance.
Clonorchis Sinensis Control Intervention at a Sumjin Riverside Area
Park, Myung-Do ; Shin, Jun-Ho ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ; Park, Jong ; Kim, Suk-Il ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.1.135
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the changes in the prevalence and its related factors of the Clonorchis sinensis(C.S.) in the inhabitants at Goksung-Gun along Sum-Jin river after C.S. control intervention. Methods: The subjects were 416 among 699 in the 8 same villages selected by stratified cluster sampling in 1999. The formalin-esther sedimentaion technic was used for the C.S. egg detection and the questionnare for the related factors. The study was carried on from February, 2005 to March, 2005. Results: The prevalence of C.S. decreased significantly from 19.0% in 1999 to 11.3% in 2005. The signicicant factors in 1999 such as sex, age, area, raw fish eating habit and drink habit were not significant statistically. On the other hand factors such as the awareness of C.S. and the health behavior were changed significantly(p=0.034, p=0.021). Conclusions: These results suggest that C.S. prevalence became lower than previous study five years ago. But its control intervention should be extened to the general population regardless of sex, age, area, raw fish eating habits, drink habit and we need to make an effort to improve the awareness and the health behavior of C.S..