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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
Selecting the target year
The Characteristics of Healthy City Project in Korea
Jung, Gil-Ho ; Kim, Keon-Yeop ; Na, Bak-Ju ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 155~167
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.155
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate healthy city project related characteristics to members of the Korea Healthy Cities Partnership(KHCP). Methods: This study analyzed general characteristics of healthy city, characteristics of healthy city(political support, collaboration & citizen participation, healthy city project, infrastructure development, capacity building), self-evaluation of healthy city and etc by self-questionnaires from February to December, 2007, which were distributed to government workers who were in charged in health city project of 23 membership cities of KHCP. Results: The number of urban city was 11(47.8%) and that of rural municipality was 12(52.5%). Public health center was almost in charge of healthy city project(73.9%). As for the characteristics of healthy city, healthy city municipal budget(91.3%), city health profile(91.3%), technical support of cooperative university(82.6%), healthy city regulation(78.3%), citizen participation(78.3%), committee(73.9%), setting approach(69.9%) and healthy city network(69.6%) were good. But intersectoral collaboration(34.8%), long-term healthy city plan(39.1%), administrative policy or campaign promise(43.5%), programs to the vulnerable population(47.8%), department in charge(47.8%) and seminar(47.8%) were not good. Especially, characteristics of healthy city according to the existence of department in charge were significantly different in intersectoral collaboration, citizen participation, setting approach and healthy city network. Conclusions: In spite of rapid expansion in healthy cities, there were great difficulty in political support, collaboration, department in charge and programs of health equity. So we need to go a long way to achieve the vision of healthy cites by its principles and characteristics.
Hygienic State and Awareness of Drink Vending Machines in a City
Park, Ji-Hyuk ; Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Kim, Sang-Kyu ; Park, Byeong-Chan ; Lee, Kwan ; Kim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 168~174
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.168
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the hygienic state and awareness of drink vending machines in a city. Methods: Twelve of the most frequently used vending machines in various areas were selected in October 2008. As soon as fresh samples of milk coffee and adlay tea were collected in sterile containers from each machine, the temperature was measured. The samples were carried on ice to the laboratory to test total plate counts and Escherichia coli contamination. College students were inquired about drink vending machine hygiene by implementing self-developed questionnaires. Results: The temperature of 6 milk coffee samples (50.0%) and 8 adlay tea samples (66.7%) turned out to be inadequate. The total plate counts of milk coffee samples were all adequate, although 9 adlay tea samples (75.0%) were inadequate. All the beverage samples were negative for E. coli. In questionnaires obtained from 74 users of coffee vending machines, only 2 (2.7%) expected the hygienic state of vending machines to be good. There were 27 people (33.3%) that knew the existence of hygiene-related laws for vending machines. Conclusions: This study reveals that the hygienic state of drink vending machines insufficiently reaches the standard for the hot beverage and that most people are not aware of importance of vending machine hygiene. It is necessary to make improvement in the hygiene of vending machines and public awareness in this city.
Environmental Tobacco Smoking, Parental Allergy History and Pediatric Asthma and Wheezing
Lee, Keun-Bok ; Lee, Weon-Yong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 175~187
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.175
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate whether joint effects between family allergy history and environmental tobacco smoke(ETS) by parents were associated with pediatric asthma and wheezing. Methods: The study objects of this study were 2301 element school students and their parents in an urban-rural areas of Gyeonggi-do. Pediatric asthma and wheezing were identified by measures of International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaires. We investigated history of parental allergy, ETS, and other socioeconomic status of both parent. Data were analyzed using logistic regression methods. Results: After adjusting other variables, children with maternal asthma history were more likely to be reported life time wheezing (OR: 3.79 95%CI:2.43-5.90), recent wheezing (OR:4.09 95%CI:2.28-7.38), and diagnostic asthma (OR:2.61 95%CI: 1.44-4.75). Paternal asthma history increasing risk of life time wheezing (OR 2.01 95%CI:1.19-3.38) and recent wheezing (OR:2.38 95%CI:1.24-4.56). Joint effect between parental allergy history and ETS significantly effected on child's life time wheezing and recent wheezing. The risks of life time wheezing (OR:2.47 95%CI:1.64-3.717) and recent wheezing (OR: 2.51 95%CI:1.34-4.69) were significantly higher than others without both factors. The risk of recent wheezing of children with maternal recent smoking and parental allergy history (OR:4.83 95%CI:1.89-12.33) was higher than their counterpart. Conclusions: The result of this study implies that children with family allergy history and passive smoking are more likely to be get asthma and wheezing than children with family allergy history and non-passive smoking. This study provide the object information to increase the efficiency of non-smoking campaign and education for decreasing pediatric asthma risk.
Welfare and Leisure of Children and Youth in Urban and Rural Areas
Kim, Mee-Sook ; Shin, Oe-Jin ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 188~201
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.188
Objectives: This study compared the welfare level and leisure activities of children and the youth in urban areas with rural areas, and examined factors affecting their life satisfaction. Methods: The fourth wave of the Youth Panel data collected by the Korea Youth Policy Institute has been utilized. A total of 3,145 sample was drawn, and the average age of the sample was about 17 years old (a sophomore in high-school). T-test and multiple regression has been employed. Results: In almost all welfare related variables including life satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, parent attachment, and relationship with teachers and peers, the rural children and youth showed lower scores than their urban counterparts. The only factor whose score was higher to the rural children and youth was community factor including community attachment and guidance. In terms of leisure (satisfaction) level which was the most influential factor of predicting the variance of life satisfaction, the rural children and youth revealed unfavorable condition, as their accessibility to the facilities was low and there were less facilities in rural areas in the first place. Conclusions: As a way to improve the welfare and cultural level of rural children and youth, this study proposed to make investment to the rural areas by providing them with welfare and leisure infra structure and various welfare and leisure programs. To improve the outdoor leisure activities of the urban children and youth, setting up a sisterhood between urban and rural schools has been suggested.
Health Behaviors among Adolescents in the Rural Area in Korea
Park, Soon-Woo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 202~213
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.202
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare health related behaviors among adolescents in the rural area with those in the urban area in Korea. Methods: The data source was the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey in 2005. With two stage cluster sampling, a total of 58,224 sample was selected from 799 middle and high schools nationwide. The area was classified into county area, small to medium city, and large city, and then the county area was considered as a rural area. Data was analyzed with STATA 9.0 using the method of complex survey data analysis considering sampling weight, strata, and primary sampling unit. Results: The prevalence of health related behaviors among adolescents in the rural area was higher than the city area as following health behaviors: smoking behaviors of smoking experience, smoking experience before entrance to middle school; drinking behaviors of frequent drinking, high risk behaviors with drinking; dietary behaviors of omitting of lunch or dinner, less intake of fruits or milk, more intake of cooky; oral hygiene of less tooth brushing, less preventive oral care, more oral symptoms and less dentist visit; safety behaviors of less wearing of safety belt or protective device; general hygiene of less hand washing before meal or after visiting rest room. Conclusions: The health behaviors among adolescents in the rural area were generally poorer than the city area. The results showed national health program for adolescents should be conducted primarily for those in rural areas. Further study is needed to explore the factors related with the discrepancy of health behaviors between the rural and urban area.
The Development and Effect of Navigator Education Program for Cancer Screening on Women in the Community
Lee, Bo-Young ; Jo, Heui-Sug ; Lee, Hey-Jean ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 214~222
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.214
Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of navigator education program for cancer screening, which is designed for improvement in knowledge of cancer, perceived self efficacy and communication skill of the breast and cervical cancer screening for middle-aged and aged women in urban areas. Cancer screening navigator is lay health advisor who are educated for providing information, emotional support about cancer screening at the community. Methods: The subjects were 33 women at the age of 40-69 and educated for 12 hours through the education program. The control group subjects were 30 women. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistics and paired t-test were used with SPSS WIN 14.0. Results: Contents of education program were case of cancer early detection, benefit of breast cancer screening, benefit of cervical cancer screening, health care system for cancer screening, role of cancer screening navigator, communication skill, transtheoretical model and role play. Knowledge of cancer(t=4.267, p=0.000) and communication skill(t=4.947, p=0.000) of the women increased significantly after implementing the 12 hours education program. Conclusion: The results suggest that navigator education for cancer screening has an effect in increasing knowledge of cancer, and communication skill scores.
The Relations between Smoking and Exposure to Anti-Smoking Promotion Media in Middle School Students
Lee, Sun-Ok ; Park, Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 223~233
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.223
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the relations between exposure to anti-smoking promotion media and smoking, targeting middle school students who were exposed to various media of promotion. Methods: The subjects of the study were 38,820 middle school students who answered to the 2007 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Answers of 37,714 subjects were used for the final analysis except those of 1,106 that could not be used to judge anti-smoking promotion media and prevalence of smoking as they were considered insincere to the questions. We used SPSS of version 17.0. This study conducted a chi-square test to identify smoking rate according to characteristics of subjects and a multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify whether they are independently significant. Results: Smoking rate increased as the subjects were in higher grades. From the results of multivariate logistic regression, odds ratio(OR) at points 5~6 of the first graders that had never been exposed to anti-smoking promotion media was 0.49(95% CI=0.33-0.74), which was significantly low. And OR at points 5~6 of the third graders was 0.57(95% CI=0.43-0.76), significantly low. Conclusions: This study identified the relations between exposure to anti-smoking promotion media and smoking of middle school students in Korea.
Mental Health of Adolescents in a Community
Kim, In-Hong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 234~243
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.234
Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish the basic data for adolescents' mental health states in a community. Methods: 466 middle school and high school students were analyzed by visit-survey with an organized questionnaire from March to June 2008. K-YSR for measurement of mental health was used. Results: The score of total behavior (p<0.01), anxious/depressed (p<0.05), though problems (p<0.001), attention problems (p<0.001), aggressive behavior (p<0.01) and internalizing problems (p<0.05) in girls appeared significantly higher as compare to those the boys. Also, total competence (p<0.05) in high school students appeared significantly lower as compare to those middle school students. Withdrawn (p<0.01) in high school students appeared significantly higher as compare to those middle school students. The though problems (p<0.001) and aggressive behavior (p<0.05) in middle school students appeared significantly higher as compare to those high school students. The distribution of clinical group was school 93.8%, total competence 32.6%, attention problems 8.8%, total behavior problems 8.6%, anxious/depressed 7.7%, aggressive behavior 6.4% et. al. The social (p<0.05), anxious/depressed (p<0.05), attention problems (p<0.01), internalizing problems (p<0.05) and externalizing problems (p<0.05) in girls of clinical group were more frequent significantly as compared to those the boys of clinical group. Also, the social (p<0.01) in middle school students of clinical group was more frequent significantly as compared to those the high school students of clinical group. Conclusions: This study result will be significant in that it can provide basic data for the school mental health services.
Health and Nutrition Status of Grandparents on Grandparents-Grandchildren Family in Rural Area
Cho, Yoo-Hyang ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 244~255
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.244
Objectives: This study was to identify and test the health and nutritional status of grandparents in grandparents-grandchildren family in rural area. Methods: The subjects of this study were 70 grandparents of grandparents - grandchildren family in Muan-Gun. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, regression analysis. Results: The average age of grandparents was 70.1
6.6 years old, unhealthy of the subjective health status was 55.7%, MNA score was 21.0
3.5 points and 62.2% of the grandparents were shown to have malnutritonal status. The ADL, IADL, depression and fall index of health status were significantly related to the relationship with gender(p<.01), age(p<.05), economic(p<.01) and educational level(p<.01), and partnership(p<.01). MNA score was significantly related to the relationship with acute disease(p<.05), ADL(p<.001), IADL(p<.01), cognitive function(p<.01) and gender(p<.01). And the health status variables and general characteristics were positively correlated while the relationships were positive between health status variables and MNA score. Conclusions: With the above findings, grandparents of grandparents-grandchildren family have the problems of health and nutritional status. Then health and nutritional intervention program for grandparents-grandchildren family is needed to serve.
Factors Affecting the Depression of the Elderly Women in Poverty
Park, Eun-A ; Lee, In-Sook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 2, 2009, Pages 256~266
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.2.256
Objectives: This study was to investigate the factors affecting the depression of the elderly women in poverty in community. Methods: The subjects were 1,208 elderly women over 65 years who were enrolled in the Public Health Care Center from Apr. 2008 to Jun. 2008. Data were collected using questionnaires including general characteristics, health related behaviors and health status by nurses at the time of enrollment. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multivariate logistic regression. Results: The major findings of this study are as follows : The elderly women in poverty show a tendency to have lower level in income, education, self-rated health, cognitive function compared with ordinary women in old age. The predictors of depression of the elderly women in poverty were spouse's existence or nonexistence, type of insurance, cognitive function, and self-rated health. Conclusion: These findings suggest the need to develop nursing strategies for decreasing depression in the elderly women in poverty. To decrease the depression of the elderly women, the above-mentioned major influencing factors should be considered.