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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
Selecting the target year
Effect of Residential Environment on the Health Status in Apartment Inhabitants
Kang, Ki-Won ; Kim, Hwa-Joon ; Kwon, Geun-Yong ; Jung, Min-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 279~290
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.279
Objectives: WHO insisted on that we should study about association between residential environment and health status and make 'health city' concept as practical motto. This study analyzed about that how community environment affected their health. Methods: We surveyed residential environment satisfaction and health status of a apartment complex residents. We transformed Chun's index about housing environment study and social capital index of WHO and used as community health survey. We analyzed the association between health status and related factor by using principal compound analysis and logistic regression analysis. Results: We found out that the perceived health status 1 years ago was highly related to the residential environment and also extracted five residential environment component (APT maintenance, House, APT complex, Neighbor, APT building) by principal component analysis. After residential environment component, demographic and socioeconomic variable were controlled, the high satisfaction group of APT complex and neighbor relationship was in lower risk of perceived health status 1 years ago than the low satisfaction group. Conclusions: Recently, the importance of residential environment and neighborhood is shaped as community capacity. Therefore, social relationship and residential environment should be the core variable for health promotion of community. After all, we should know the relationship of residential environment and perceived health status 1 years ago. This helps the concept of health city clearly.
Quality of Life, Perceived Health Status, Pain, and Difficulty of Activity of Daily Living of Degenerative Arthritis Patient in Island Residents
Lee, Myung-Suk ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 291~302
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.291
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify and relationships among quality of life, perceived health status, pain and difficulty of daily activity with degenerative arthritis living in island residents. Methods: The participants were 601 degenerative arthritis patients. Data were collected using structured questionnaires from June 23th to Oct. 08th, 2008 and analyzed using the SPSS 12.0 program. and it included descriptive statistics, t-test,
-test, Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The mean quality of life score was 115.87, perceived health status was 4.40, pain was 6.31 and difficulty of daily activity was 77.62. On the demographic variables, age, living arrangement, level of economics showed significant difference for the quality of life and sex and age showed significant difference for the perceived health status, pain, difficulty of daily activity. On the disease-related variables, duration of disease, use of analgesic drug showed significant difference for the dependent variables. There was a significant positive correlation among the quality of life, perceived health status, significant negative correlation pain and difficulty of daily activity. Conclusions: These results suggested that nursing intervention program including pain reduction, enhancing the perceived health status, ADL abilities and quality of life were necessary for the osteoarthritis patients in island residents.
The Medical Doctors' Opinion of Public Health Center on the Development and Supply of Medical Doctor for Public Health Sector
Lee, Kyeong-Soo ; Lee, Jung-Jeung ; Kim, Jin-Sam ; Hwang, Tae-Yoon ; Son, Hyo-Kyung ; Kim, Chun-Bae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 303~315
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.303
Objectives: This study, as for activating measures for capable medical physicians to penetrate into the public health sector, is to provide a basic informations which are used for the enlargement of human resources of physicians in the public health sector, by investigating the perception of physicians, who are now working in the public health center, on the training and development of physicians in the public health sector. Methods: The subjects of this study were 126 individuals. The data was analyzed by frequency analysis using SPSS ver. 17.0K. Results: According to the investigation of 'how to support physicians in public health sector', the necessity of almost questions is considered to be important. Especially, regarding to investigation on 'obstacles of physicians' entrance to public health sector', 'relatively low salary' and 'lack of promotion chances' were thought to be considerable. The most significant education programs to work for public health sector is to improve the ability of health administration planning and service performance. Conclusions: The important methods to reinforce and easily obtain the human resources of physicians in public health sector are not only to improve the penetration of physicians to public health sector, but also to enhance the ability of present physicians, even though sufficient recruitment of physicians is essential.
The Association of Asthma and Osteoporosis in the Residents of the Local Community
Park, Kyung-Yong ; Lee, Sok-Goo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 316~323
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.316
Objectives: Corticosteroids, usually as an inhaled form, are usually used to treat narrowed airway in the treatment of asthma. However, the use of corticosteroid commonly associated with the development of osteoporosis. In this study, we studied the association of asthma and osteoporosis in the residents of the local community. Methods: As a part of the Local Community Health Study Chungnam 2008, the residents are surveyed with the formal questionnaire. We analyzed the association between asthma and osteoporosis data with the questionnaire. Results: We analyzed total 6,348 data from the residents in Chungnam province. Of them, 203(3.2%) were asthma patients and 465(7.3%) were osteoporosis patients. Patients with asthma have more advanced age(p<0.001), higher incidence of hypertension(p<0.001) and diabetes(p=0.001), lower incidence of exercise(p=0.002) and economic activity(p<0.001). Patients with osteoporosis have more advanced age (p<0.001), female predominance(p<0.001), higher incidence of hypertension (p<0.001), diabetes(p=0.001), and fractures (p<0.001), lower incidence of exercise (p=0.002) and economic activity (p<0.001). In total population, asthma is associated with the increased incidence of osteoporosis, especially in patients treated with anti-asthmatic medications. Conclusions: Through this study, we demonstrated the presence of asthma is closely associated with the increased incidence of osteoporosis, especially in patients treated with anti-asthmatic medications. Therefore, further and broad study will be needed to evaluate the association of asthma and the types of anti-asthmatic medications in the development of osteoporosis.
An Exploratory Study for the Church Setting-Centered Health Promoting Program
Park, In-Hyae ; Joo, Ae-Ran ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 324~333
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.324
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the health promoting lifestyle(HPL) practices and to provide the baseline data for development of church setting-centered health promotion program. Methods: For the study, 315 adults were selected from a church in G city by convenient sampling method. The data were analyzed using frequencies, ANOVA, t-test, Duncan test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SPSS/PC program. Results: The mean score on HPL was 3.3. The item of the lowest score HPL was smoking. In the mean score of knowledge, behavior, and practice on HPL, the highest score of knowledge on HPL was drinking, but the highest score of practice was smoking. On the other hand, the highest score of behavior was: exercise, nutrition, stress respectably. Analysis of HPL according to the demographic characteristics showed there was a statistically significant difference by age. Subcategories of HPL showed positive correlations statistically significant: Exercise with nutrition, stress and drinking. Nutrition with stress and drinking. Drinking with stress and smoking. Conclusions: Based on the above findings, it is suggested to develop church setting-centered health promotion program with areas focused on management of stress, antismoking, sobriety, practice in nutrition and exercises.
지역사회 건강관리담당자의 만성질환 관리실태:전라남도를 중심으로
Kim, Hye-Sook ; Park, Jong ; Jeong, Eun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 334~345
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.334
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the management status of chronic disease at community health centers. Methods: The study subjects were 450 employed persons at community health centers in Jeonlanamdo. General characteristics, status of chronic disease management and health education were collected for statistical analysis. The differences on management status among working areas were assessed with chi-square test and ANOVA. Results: The mean values of work duration were 18.7 years in rural, 14.4 years in fishing village, and 17.4 years in urban-rural, respectively. The number of management registration was highest in hypertension. The ways of disease management were medication check-up, diet stopping smoking. The contents of group health education were exercise, diet and prohibition of smoking. The place of health education was town assembling hall. The fields which officials wanted to be educated were symptom, diagnosis, treatment and complication. The most important field was early detection of chronic disease patients and health education. Finally, the field requiring support was work standardization. Conclusions: Community health workers have worked positively in chronic disease management. The barriers to work were the lack of professional and preliminary data. The support system with other health organ and health education were needed for the improvement of working ability.
The Contents of Emergency Treatment Practice Conducted by Emergency Medical Technician and Related Factors
Jeong, Sang-Gil ; Kim, Ki-Soon ; Cho, Soo-Hyung ; Kang, Myung-Geun ; Han, Mi-Ah ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 346~358
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.346
Objectives: A study was conducted by analysing the contents and frequency of emergency treatment practiced by emergency medical technicians(EMTs) in emergency situations and contains related factors. Methods: The study subjects included 80 EMTs who participated in ongoing education classes during the period from June 25th to June 26th, 2008. the survey included 53 EMTs employed within 119 first aid teams in fire stations in both a metropolitan city and a medium-sized city. From the survey results relation between frequency of emergency treatment and subjects characteristics explored statistically including t-test, X2 test, Pearson correlation and finally stepwise multiple regression. Results: The most frequent procedure by EMTs checking vital signs. The statistically significant related factors overall of the 23 items of emergency treatment frequency was the working area and the grading of EMT certification. In contrast, significant related factors with frequency of IV linkage were found to be the subjects gender, institution employed and the importance of recognizing the item. The statistically significant related factors of that of ECG monitoring was the gender of respondents. Conclusions: To keep the appropriate frequency of emergency treatment by EMT, active efforts to promote their individual importance and confidence cognition are necessary, especially towards males and persons who have 2nd class certification. Moreover, EMTs who work in small cities must be supported.
Effect of Exercise Program of a Public Health Subcenter for Middle and Old Aged Women in an Urban Area
Gueon, Jun-Gyeong ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ; Hwang, Tae-Yoon ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ; Kim, Kyoung-Won ; Jang, Eun-Jin ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 359~367
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.359
Objectives: This study was to identify the changes of body fat, blood pressure, blood glucose and serum lipid of middle and old aged women after participation in exercise program which includes aerobic(dance sports) and anaerobic(dumbbell gymnastics) exercises. Methods: One hundred women aged from 55 to 72 were surveyed before and after an exercise program. The exercise program was provided to the subjects performed during 6 months from July, 2007 to December, 2007 at a public health subcenter in Gumi City. Questionnaire survey for general characteristics, anthropometric measurement and blood test were taken before starting the program and anthropometric measurement and blood test after completing the program. Results: Body Weight, body fat and blood pressure showed significant change after the exercise program(p<0.05). Additionally in total glucose, total cholesterol and triglyceride significant change was observed(p>0.05). Waite circumference decreased, however did not show statistically significant difference. Conclusions: It was effective to participate in dance sports and dumbbell gymnastics exercise regularly. All of the positive changes through the study showed that there should be the program for middle and old aged women to exercise actively and also the middle and old aged women need have a active exercise habits as regular as possible. Additional studies confirming the results of this study are needed to compare the effects of the dance sports and dumbbell gymnastics exercise on the other age groups.
An Epidemiological Investigation on an Outbreak of Shigellosis during Travelling Cambodia and Vietnam among Korean Rural People, 2005
Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Lee, Hwan-Seok ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 368~374
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.368
Objectives: A group consisted of 32 Korean rural people had been travelled to Cambodia and Vietnam. During their travel for 7 days, first diarrheal case had occurred on 3rd day of travel and overall 8 people had diarrhea during travel. So we investigated the case for determination of the cause and route of infection. Methods: We interviewed all 32 people by visiting or telephone and took 23 stool samples from them, which are examined by Gyeungsangbuk-do Government Public Institute of Health & Environment in Korea. We interviewed travel agency for travel route and schedule. Results: The attack rate was 25.0% (8 cases) among 32 people. Of them, 3 cases were microbiologically confirmed to have the infection of Shigella flexneri (Serotype 3a). The result of this epidemiological investigation showed that the infection of shigellosis was happened in foreign countries. We assumed the water from Angkor-Watt was contaminated by S. flexneri. We could not able to test environmental specimens because of the infection is thought to be occurred in foreign countries. Conclusions: Most common infectious diseases from foreign countries are transmitted by water or food. Travellers to foreign countries must take caution for communicable diseases and must do report and get appropriate treatment when symptoms developed after travel.
Food Intake and Bio-physiological indicators in Korean Rural Adults
Goo, Je-Gi ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 34, issue 3, 2009, Pages 375~385
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2009.34.3.375
Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the association of food intake with bio-physiological indicators: blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio (WHR), cholesterol and urine sugar among rural people. Methods: The subjects were 890 inhabitants from 14 towns of G County in Honam province. Data were collected by interview and self-reported with structured questionnaires from April 6th to 30th 2005. Data were analyzed with the frequency, percentage, t-test,
-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test and ANCOVA using SPSS 12.0 program. Results: Pre-hypertensive and hypertensive group was 27.0%, overweight and obese 27.1%, more than 0.90 in WHR 42.0%, more than 201 mg/dl of cholesterol 23.9%, and positive urine sugar was 8.7% in general. Among eleven food groups, fruit intakes were more effective in normotensive group than in the others. Vegetables, liquors, and milk products were 0.90 WHR more effective than the others. Milk products and liquors in BMI, and grains, beans and seaweed in low cholesterol group were more effective than the others. Conclusions: Bio-physiological indicators are related significantly only with fruits, milk products, meats, cereal and liquors among eleven food categories. Further study on the relationship between food intake, physical activities, smoking, drinking and lifestyle with bio-physiological indicators are suggested.