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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
A Comparision on Frailty, Health Promotion Behavior, and Perceived Health Status in the Elderly according to the Type of Residency
Kwon, Sang-Min ; Park, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.001
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to classify frail and non-frail elderly and to investigate health promoting behaviors and perceived health status in the elderly according to the type of residency. Methods: This was a descriptive study. Data collection was performed from June 15th, 2009 to August 2nd, 2009. The subjects were selected at D city in Korea. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, and ANCOVA test with SPSS/Win 15.0 program. Results: 20.8% of the elderly living at home and 49.2% of those living in institution were frail. Frailty of the elderly living in institution was severer than those living at home. Non-frail elderly according to the type of residency showed higher scores of health promotion behavior and perceived health status than frail elderly. The elderly living at home showed higher scores of health promotion behavior than those living in institution. Conclusions: In the comparison study between the elderly living at home and institution, ratio of frail elderly among the elderly living in institution is high and health promotion behaviors are deficient as well. Frail preventive program for the elderly is needed to develop and apply in consideration of these findings.
Effects of Oral Hygiene Improvement of the Elderly Patients by Caregiver's in Rural Long-term Care Hospital
Kim, Kyung-Won ; Yoon, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Mie-Ryung ; Lee, Hee-Kyung ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.013
Objectives: This study was conducted to be identify the effects oral hygiene improvement of the elderly by caregiver in a rural. Methods: It recruited Fifty three elderly patients were recruited who admitted at a long-term hospital located in Mokchon city, Chungchungnam-do province. as the intervention group. Fifty two elderly patients group were selected another one long-term care hospital in Daegu city as control group. study was conducted for seven months. long-term care hospital. for seven months from Dec. 2007 to June 2008. For three months, the caregivers provide tooth brushing and cleaning artificial teeth once a day, to intervention group. once a day for three months. Results: Before the program there was no significant difference between the control and the intervention groups in general characteristics, prevalence rates of diseases, oral sanitary condition. Dental plague score was decreased significantly(p<0.001) before and after intervention in the intervention group. Using analysis of covariance for evaluation of the effect of the intervention, a significant difference was observed between the intervention group and the control group(p<0.01). Conclusions: These results were thought to be used as important basic data to develop oral health management program for elderly patients who needed long-term care.
Work-related Injuries and Diseases of Fisheries in Korea
Lim, Hyun-Sul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~35
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.021
There are many work-related injuries and diseases of fisheries in Korea. Fishermen have exposed to harmful environment, such as natural disasters, ultraviolet, noise, vibration, organic solvents, ergonomic risk factors, loss of fresh water and food, and psychologic stress. They have suffered from numerous work-related health problems, including musculoskeletal disorders, cardiovascular diseases, infectious diseases, pyschological diseases, decompression sickness, and so on. Sea accidents can cause deaths of fishermen and if sea pollution is occurred, fishermen have a great economic damage. However, the concern of these injuries and diseases has been little because they are small in number and have decreased. Fisheries are important core industries, so the problems of fisheries have to be solved by a government. But work-related injuries and diseases are not investigated properly and accurate diagnoses are not made due to loss of concern. We hope that this article will be a cornerstone to solving the work-related problems of fisheries.
Changes of Risk factors of Metabolic Syndrome among the Elderly in the Rural Area after Two Years
Oh, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Ha-Jeong ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ; Sim, Jeong-Sin ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 36~45
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.036
Objectives: This study was performed to examine the healthy lifestyle influenced on the metabolic syndrome among the elderly in the rural area. We examined the changes of risk factors of metabolic syndrome after two years. Method: Out of 134 who did health screening at the J county health center from July 1 to August 31, 2006, 65 aged people confirmed to metabolism syndrome were selected as subjects. For the final analysis, 62 aged people who revisited after two years were selected our subjects. The data were analyzed using SPSS PC+ 12.0 program for descriptive, Chi-square test, t-test and ANOVA analysis. Result: The result of this study indicated that 62 metabolic syndrome patients in 2006 decreased into 53, and women were higher than men. The difference in the metabolic syndrome came from level of education, smoking, health practices, and past illness history. Conclusion: Therefore, the change of lifestyle needs to be induced by the level of education, and for the group of smoking, non-exercise, and past illness history not only regular checkups to prevent metabolic syndrome but also education to have interest on themselves may need intensively.
The Association of Social Support and Quality of Life of Stroke Patients in a City
Lee, Kyung-Woo ; Ha, Mi-Kyung ; Ha, Keun-Sun ; Kim, Rock-Bum ; Park, Ki-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 46~55
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.046
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of social support and quality of life of stroke patients. Methods: Stroke patients were interviewed by a direct contact survey among 160 person. A structured questionnaire was configured about demographic features, social support and health related quality of life(SF12). Data were collected from July to August 2009. Results: Among social support, satisfaction of dependable when you need help is the highest score(5.3) and console you when you are very upset is the lowest(4.0). Vitality among health related quality of life(HRQOL) is the higest score(55.9) and general health score is the the lowest(17.4). Physical component score(PCS) is lower than mental component. The results of multiple regression analysis about the factors affecting the PCS and MCS score, disability grade and feel better variable gave effect HRQOL. Conclusions: For improvement of HRQOL, among stroke patients, community social support, specially, when patients feeling generally down-in-the dumps, the rely on to help feel better was needed.
A Study on Denture Satisfaction in Rural Elderly People
Lee, Ga-Ryoung ; Yoo, Wang-Keun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 56~66
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.056
Objectives: The study aimed to explore dental status and denture satisfaction in some rural elderly people. Methods: A total of 546 participants aged over 65 years was surveyed cross-sectionally. The subjects were surveyed with regard to their denture satisfaction by a structured questionnaire. The Wilcoxon or Kruskal-Wallis test was used for analysis. Results: As for respondents' satisfaction for dentures by the Likert scale of 5 score, aesthetic satisfaction (3.73) was highest, followed by general satisfaction (3.56) and masticatory functions satisfaction (3.45). In addition, the educational level, occupation, monthly income, the number of remaining teeth, use of denture variables have statistically significant difference in the denture satisfaction of those elderly people interviewed. Conclusions: The results showed that denture satisfaction in some rural elderly people was different in each categories. Consequently, providing tailor-made oral health education programs for the effective denture management of the elderly people should be needed in order to improve the quality of life of the aged.
Relationship between White Blood Cell Counts and the Metabolic Syndrome
Seo, Hyun-Sook ; Yun, Yong-Woon ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.067
Objectives: This study was attempted to identify the relationship between white blood cell counts and the metabolic syndrome. Methods: This study included 394 adults who visited the medical checkup center placed in Gwangju, January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008. Index of blood test and physical checkup were performed on the study such as triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, fasting sugar and white blood cell counts. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between white blood cell counts, white blood cell differential count and metabolic syndrome with an adjustment age and smoking status. Results: The prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome was 25.3% among males and 13.3% among females, and was particularly high among males in their 40s. The increase in white blood cell counts lead to high prevalence of metabolic syndrome for both males and females. As white blood cell counts increased, the values of body mass index and cardiovascular risk factors were increased significantly. The odds ratio for elevated white blood cell counts increased significantly in the subjects with each components of the metabolic syndrome compared to the subjects without them. The lymphocyte counts in the white blood cell differential counts were higher in patients with metabolic syndrome than in those without. Conclusions: High level of white blood cell counts in normal range can be used as indicator in chronic inflammation. Increased white blood cell counts were significantly associated with metabolic syndrome.
Medical Expenditure Attributable to Overweight and Obesity in Adults with Hypertension, Diabetes and Dyslipidemia : Evidence from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data and Korea National Health Corporation Data
Kang, Jae-Heon ; Jeong, Baek-Geun ; Cho, Young-Gyu ; Song, Hye-Ryoung ; Kim, Kyung-A ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 77~88
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.077
Objectives: This study was conducted to estimate medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity in adults with hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data and Korea National Health Corporation data. Methods: The medical expenditure of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia related to overweight and obesity were composed of inpatient care costs, outpatient care costs and medication costs. The population attributable risk (PAR) of overweight and obesity was calculated from national representative data of Korea such as the National Health Insurance Corporation cohort data and 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data. Results: The medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity of hypertension were 456 billion won (men : 215 billion won, women : 241 billion won). Those of diabetes were 282 billion won (men : 148 billion won, women : 135 billion won), and of dyslipidemia were 17 billion won (men : 9 billion won, women : 8 billion won). Consequently, these costs corresponded to 33.3% of total medical expenditure due to hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Conclusions: We found a substantial medical expenditure due to overweight and obesity of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were very high. In order to reduce these costs, effective national strategies for prevention and management of overweight and obesity should be established and implemented.
Accuracy of Death Certificates Completed by Medical Students
Kim, Hyun-Ae ; Kim, Keon-Yeop ; Kam, Sin ; Oh, Gyung-Jae ; Shin, Min-Ho ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ; Kim, Soon-Young ; Nam, Hae-Sung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 35, issue 1, 2010, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2010.35.1.089
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the ability of completing death certificates among medical students. Methods: The self-administered questionnaires were completed, during May to August 2007, by 380 medical students in senior. The questionnaire was composed of 10 cases to write the death certificate. The cause-of-deaths written by students were compared with the gold standards and their errors in the certificates also evaluated. Results: Mean agreement score for 10 underlying cause-of-deaths completed on the lowest line of part I in the death certificate (UC1) was
, and for underlying cause-of-death selected by a coder of the death certificates (UC2) was
. The UC1 and UC2 were significantly higher among the students having the case-oriented education for death certificate than others. For the major errors in the certificates completed by students, the students having the error with no antecedent cause were highest, the error with two or more conditions secondly highest. Mean number of errors was significantly lower in the case-oriented education group than others. Conclusions: Errors are common in the death certificates completed by medical students in senior. The accuracy of death certification may be more improved with the case-oriented education than the traditional method.