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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Health Behavior and Health Condition of the Rural Young-Old and the Rural Old-Old in an Agricultural District
Hwang, Seong-Ho ; Lee, Myeong-Sook ; Lee, Sung-Kook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 207~217
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.207
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to garner useful information through a comparative analysis of health behaviors and health states between the young-old and old-old elderly in a rural Korean area. Methods: We define the young-old elderly as those 65 to 74 years of age, and the old-old as those over 70. The survey was administered in October and November of 2009 at senior citizen centers in Sangju City, Kyongsangbuk-do, South Korea. The number of subjects surveyed approximated the demographics of the aged population of the administrative district of centers of 24 eup, myeon, and dong. Results: Compared with the young-old elderly, the old-old were vulnerable to population sociological characteristics. While there were many cases of contraction of diseases, only a small percentage of old-old elderly were engaged in regular exercise. In addition, the old-old elderly lagged behind the young-old in terms of physical activity, mental and oral health, hearing, and vision. Conclusions: The vulnerability of the old-old elderly in terms of physical and mental health needs to be acknowledged as various characteristics of the elderly that appears according an age group. A variety of disease prevention and health promotion programs that focus on the health behavior and status of the young-old and old-old elderly need to be developed and put into practice.
The Possibility of Environmental Paraquat Exposure
Oh, Se-Hyun ; Choi, Hong-Soon ; You, Ho-Young ; Park, Jun-Ho ; Song, Jae-Seok ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 218~226
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.218
Objectives: Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used ionic pesticide that is fatal when ingested accidentally or for suicidal purposes. It is thought that chronic exposure of PQ is related with the development of Parkinson's disease, but epidemiological studies have not yet confirmed that theory. This study attempted to estimate the possibility of environmental PQ exposure through soil and water. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the amount of decomposed PQ solution in wet soil after exposure to ultraviolet light. An artificial rainfall condition was simulated over soil sprayed with PQ to measure the amount of eluted PQ. In addition, PQ was diluted in water from three differently rated rivers and the changes in PQ concentration were measured after ultraviolet exposure over one month. High performance liquid chromatography/ultra violet detection was used to analyze the concentrations of PQ. Results: In the method we used, the recovery rate of PQ showed a precision rate less than 5%, an accuracy greater than 88%, and the calibration equation was y=5538.8x-440.01(
=0.9985). There were no significant differences in the concentrations of PQ obtained from the three specimens over a 1-week period. From the PQ-sprayed soil, the artificial rainfall conditions showed no PQ elution over a 1-month period, and there was no significant differences in PQ concentrations according to ultraviolet exposure among the three samples. Conclusions: PQ remains well adsorbed naturally in soil. However, it may still exist in an integrated state for a long time in the hydrosphere, so the possibility of PQ exposure through drinking water cannot be disqualified.
The Rehabilitation Services Utilization of People with Disabilities in a Rural Area
Choi, Gyeong-Jin ; Kim, Keon-Yeop ; Lee, Duck-Hee ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Choi, Se-Mook ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 227~237
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.227
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the utilization and its determinants of rehabilitation services of people with disabilities in a rural area. Methods: From March 2 to April 1, 2011, we interviewed 101 disabled people with either physical disabilities or brain lesions. The subjects completed questionnaires about the utilization of rehabilitation services, general characteristics (age, sex, marital status, education level, economic status, health insurance, housing, and employment) and disability characteristics (type, level, comorbidity, reason for the occurrence of the disability, self-rated degree of disability, and daily life care giver). Frequency, Pearson's chi-square test, and a multiple logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results: This study showed that 70.3% of the people in this rural area with disabilities were using rehabilitation services. The two most common reasons for not using the services were "doubt about the effectiveness of the service" and "no facilities nearby." The facilities that the disabled people were currently using, in the order of most used to least, were general hospitals or clinics, rehabilitation centers, oriental medicine clinics, and public health centers. Only 19.7% of those who received rehabilitation responded that they were satisfied with the service. Significant factors in the utilization of rehabilitation services were sex, employment, self-rated economic status, and the reason for the occurrence of the disability. Women, people who were currently working, people who were of middle or higher economic status, or people who had acquired a disability were significantly more likely to use the services. Conclusions: A large number of people with disabilities in a rural area use rehabilitation services at present, but accessibility and satisfaction were low. Quantitatively and qualitatively, rehabilitation services for disabled people in a rural area should be centered around Community-based Rehabilitation (CBR). Effective strategies, for example reaching those who have not used the rehabilitation services, will be needed to improve services in rural areas.
Needs Assessment for the Beneficiaries of Home-Based Cancer Patients Management Project
Lee, Ju-Hyung ; Park, Jung-Im ; Kang, Ji-Hoon ; Youm, Jung-Ho ; Koh, Dai-Ha ; Kwon, Keun-Sang ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 238~250
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.238
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the service needs of the beneficiaries who had enrolled in home-based management programs for cancer patients. Methods: From March to May 2009, 676 cancer patients who were registered in home-based cancer patient management programs were selected as subjects for this study. The data were collected using a questionnaire along with a face-to-face interview performed by officers in charge of the home-based care programs of 47 regional health centers. Fifteen patients were excluded due to incomplete data, leaving 661 subjects who were ultimately enrolled in the study. Results: The mean age of subjects was
years, and males comprised 45.1% (298/661) of the sample. The results of factor analysis for service needs showed that there were five main categories and Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.593 to 0.890 for each factor. The service needs categories in order of importance were social support, information and education, psychological problems, physical symptoms and household chores. The service needs scores were significantly different when subjects were stratified by age, habitation, religion and disease classification. When we divided the subjects into complete remission, under treatment and terminally ill groups, the needs scores of the terminally ill patient group were significantly higher than those of the other groups (p<0.001). Conclusions: Service provision based on patient and beneficiary needs could be an effective intervention to reduce the economic burden of cancer management and to improve the quality of life of cancer patients receiving home-based care. Therefore, it is recommended that individual cancer patient care programs be developed and administered according to patient age, habitation and disease severity.
Factors Influencing the Fear of Falling in Elderly in Rural Communities
Lee, Sang-Gon ; Kim, Hyo-Jung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 251~263
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.251
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors associated with fear of falling among the elderly dwelling in rural communities. Methods: From February 1, 2010 to March 31, 2010, a questionnaire-based survey was sent to 2,628 persons 65 years or older dwelling in 1 Myeon and 1 Eup of Gyeongsangnam-do. Among these participants, 735 (27.9%) had fallen more than once in 2009. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression were performed using SPSS version 12.0. Results: Factors influencing the fear of falling in the elderly according to falls experienced were number of outpatient visits, number of falls, gender, admission, purchasing of health function foods, and activities of daily living. Overall, the study showed significant differences in the score of fear of falling according to gender, age, education, marital status, living arrangement, main means of mobilization, drinking, income, number of falls, admission, number of outpatient visits, experience with outpatient oriental medicine, purchasing of health function foods, medical assistance devices, season, fall location, fall cause, shoe type, injury type, limitation of activity, and activities of daily living. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that programs should be developed specifically for elderly people who have experienced more than one fall because of increased fear due to multiple falls.
The Effect of Metabolic Syndrome Management Program in a Public Health Center
Seo, Jae-Ryoung ; Bae, Sang-Soo ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 36, issue 4, 2011, Pages 264~279
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2011.36.4.264
Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of a metabolic syndrome management program on participants enrolled in a public health center program in, Seoul, Korea for 6 months and to analyze the changes in their life habits and risk factors for treating their metabolic syndrome. Methods: Participants enrolled in a metabolic syndrome program at a public health center and answered questionnaires. Their waist circumference and, blood pressure were measured and their blood was tested. Based on the results, the participants were classified into 3 groups. Then, the center provided a metabolic syndrome management intervention program for the individual groups and analyzed the changes in participants' life habits and risk factors after 6 months. Results: After the intervention, the active group, showed improved physical activity, increased eating habits by 0.7 points, and decreased drinking and smoking; however, these results were not statistically significant. As for the Participants' overall health status, all groups positively changed a statistically significant result. In regard to the change in risk factors for metabolic syndrome in the active group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and triglyceride levels were, statistically significantly decreased, meanwhile, an increase was found in HDL cholesterol level, waist measurement, and anteprandial glucose level; but the result were not statistically significant. Their review rate was 19.0%; 29.4% in the active group, 19.0% in motivating group A, and 14.5% in motivating group B. Conclusions: Participants showed changes in some life habits and risk factors, a result still far from the program's goal to improve residents' health status (improved living habits and variations in risk factors); thus, it is necessary to supplement this program for better performance.