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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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Trends in Colorectal Cancer Incidence in Daejeon and Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea (2000-2012)
Kim, Soon-Young ; Kweon, In-Sun ; Kim, Jung-A ; Lee, Tae-Yong ; Nam, Hae-Sung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.3.115
Objectives: Colorectal cancer is one of the major cancers in South Korea. We described the time trends in colorectal cancer incidence in Daejeon, a metropolitan city, and Chungcheongnam-do (Chungnam), a rural province, South Korea. Methods: Using the databases from the Daejeon Cancer Registry (DCR) and the Chungnam Cancer Registry (CCR), age-standardized (to world standard population) rates for incidence (ASRW) were calculated. Average annual percent change (AAPC) was assessed as a trend indicator. The completeness (such as the mortality/incidence ratio) and validity (such as the death certificate only %, microscopic verification %, primary site uncertain %, and age unknown %) were analyzed to examine the data quality of DCR and CCR. Results: Incidence of colorectal cancer showed increasing trend in both sexes. Over the years 2000-2012 in Daejeon, ASRW was increased significantly from 37.2 to 51.7 per 100,000 person-years (AAPC, 3.9%) among men and from 17.1 to 28.4 (AAPC, 3.9%) among women, respectively. In Chungnam, ASRW was also increased from 29.8 to 50.1 per 100,000 person-years (AAPC, 5.1%) among men and from 15.9 to 26.6 (AAPC, 3.2%) among women, respectively. The AAPC for colon cancer was greater than rectal cancer in both Daejeon and Chungnam. The trend of rectal cancer incidence was differ by sex (AAPC in men vs women, 2.7% vs 1.7% in Daejeon; 3.5% vs 0.8% in Chungnam). Indices of completeness and validity showed that the quality control of DCR and CCR was adequate to describe the trends of ASRW. Conclusions: Both Daejeon and Chungnam have had a rapid increase in colorectal cancer incidence. Monitoring and intervention are required on the risk factors which may contribute to this trend.
Effects of an Educational Program for the High Risk Group of Cardio-cerebrovascular Disease: Awareness of the Warning Signs and Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in the Aged at Senior Centers
Song, Jung-Kook ; Park, Hyeung-Keun ; Hong, Seong Chul ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 126~136
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.3.126
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effects of a health education program for the aged on knowledge about the warning signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction and stroke. Methods: Data from 337 elderly people (159 participated and 178 non-participated) at senior centers in Jeju-si were collected by 1 to 1 interview from January to March 2012, one year after the education program provided. Two stages of study were performed: Cross-sectional, case-control study on the level of knowledge about the warning signs and symptoms; and multivariate logistic regression to fine out predictors of optimal awareness. Results: No significant discrepancy of knowledge level between case and control group was found. The knowledge level as high as a surge was shown in both groups one year later. A surge of knowledge had been shown after the education provided in one month. The factors affecting the optimal level of knowledge were education (Odds ratio 3.01; Confidence Interval 1.72-5.26; P-value <0.001) and 7 days of watching TV news per week (2.97; 1.68-5.23; P<0.001). However, participation in the health education was not significant (1.60; 0.98-2.61; P=0.059). Conclusions: The effects of a targeted program in high-risk groups for cardio-cerebrovascular disease are only guaranteed in the enhancement by a population-based mass-media education campaign.
Relationship between State-Trait Anxiety, Parenting Efficacy, Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children with Amblyopia
Park, Inhyae ; Han, Seonghee ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 137~147
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.3.137
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to identify the relationship between state-trait anxiety, parenting stress and parenting self-efficacy in mothers of children with Amblyopia. Methods: This study was surveyed 221 mothers of children aged 3 to 14 years with amblyopia who have visited ophthalmology of outpatient department of a university hospital and been treated with occlusion therapy in G-city. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, correlation coefficient, using the SPSS program. Results: There was significant positive correlation between state-trait anxiety and parenting stress (r=.480, P<0.001) and negative correlation between state-trait anxiety and parenting self-efficacy (r=-.402, P<0.001). Parenting self-efficacy had negative correlation to parenting stress (r=-.484, P<0.001). Conclusions: Nursing intervention program which enhances the self-efficacy and reduces the parenting stress in mothers of children with amblyopia should be developed to improving vision of the children.
Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis between Urban and Rural Residents in a Local Community
Choi, Byoung-Kwon ; Lim, Hyun-Sul ; Chung, You-Sun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 148~157
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.3.148
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of allergic rhinitis between urban areas in the adjacent areas to a steel industrial complex and rural areas and the impact of pollutants in the industrialized city on allergic rhinitis. Methods: From July 28 to August 9 of 2008, 1,043 residents of urban and rural areas in a local community had enrolled in health screening and questionnaire survey. One thousand thirty-three patients also underwent a skin prick test. Prevalence rates of allergic rhinitis were calculated according to residential areas, and the used statistical analysis were Fisher's exact test and chi-square test. Results: In a survey, the fraction of adults, who complained of sneezing, nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea, during a recent 1 year period, showed the significant difference between urban (30.5%) and rural areas (22.4%). The fractions of positive skin prick tests were not different between two areas in each age group. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 8.4% in urban areas and 6.9% in rural areas. Considering the age groups, the adults group only showed the significantly higher prevalence of allergic rhinitis in urban areas (8.2% vs. 3.7%). Conclusions: Unlike the children and adolescents groups, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in adults group was higher in the industrialized urban areas.
Effects of Oral Exercise on Oral Function and Denture Satisfaction of the Elderly
Kim, Ju-Young ; Moon, Won-Suk ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ; Hwang, Tae-Yoon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 158~170
DOI : 10.5393/JAMCH.2015.40.3.158
Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of oral exercise on oral function and denture satisfaction of the elderly using dentures. Methods: The study was conducted with targets of the elderly in the 13 senior community centers in Cheongsong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do from September 2013 to April 2014. The study subjects were divided into two groups, the intervention group provided with 8 week oral exercise program and the control group without exercise. The data on oral function, denture satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) were analyzed among the 79 subjects from the intervention group and the 71 subjects from the control group. Results: For oral function, salivary flow rate, mouth opening, pronunciation and salty taste were significantly improved in the intervention group (p<0.01). There were significant differences in salivary flow rate, mouth opening, pronunciation and salty taste between the two groups (p<0.01). For denture satisfaction, there were significant differences in masticatory function, fixing function, general treatment satisfaction and total denture satisfaction between the two groups (p<0.05). There were significant differences between the two groups in the total points of oral health related quality of life. Conclusion: Oral exercise was effective in improving oral function and denture satisfaction of the elderly using dentures. To improve oral health related quality of life of the elderly further researches and programs will be necessary.