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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 1981
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Epidemiological Study on Paragonimus Infections in Hoengseong-Gun, Gangweon-Do
Lee, Young-Woo ; Bae, Kyoung-Hoon ; Ahn, Yung-Kyum ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 5~12
Paragonimus infection is prevalent in Korea, establishing several endemic foci. Kim(1969) reported an endemic area in Hyeonbuk Myeon. Yangyang-Gun, but thereafter no further epidemiologic study of Paragonimus infection was performed in the Gangweon-Do. Hoengseong-Gun is mountainous area which is located in the southwestern part of Gangweon-Do and borders with Hongcheon-Gun on the east, with Pyeongchang-Gun on the east, with Yeongweol-Gun and Weonseong-Gun on the south, and with Yangpyeong-Gun on west. The author carried out an epidemiologic study of Paragonimus infection by intradermal test with V.B.S antigen, and of intermediate host (crayfish) in Hoengseong-Gun, Gangweon-Do. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The positive skin test reaction to Paragonimus antigen was 14.5% from 2,807 examiness; 16.0% in male and 11.6% in female and no sex or age difference on the skin test positive reactions was noticed among the villages. 2. The positive skin test reactions were 31.3% in Gapcheon-Myeon, 20.5% in Cheongil-Myeon and 19.8% in Woocheon-Myeon. Primary school children in Byeongjibang-ri, Gapcheon-Myeon showed positive in 36.4%. 3. The prevalence by skin test reaction by social strata was 16.1% (226 out of 1,408) in primary school children, 12.8% out of 725) in middle school, 6.4% (11 out of 172) in high school students, and 15.3% (77 out of 502) in inhabitants of Heongseong-Gun. 4. Metacercarial positives of Paragonimus in crayfish were 20.9%. Through the survey results, it is postulated that Heongseong-Gun, Gangweon-Do is to be categorized as an endemic area of Paragonimus infection.
A Study on Safe use of Pesticides and Pesticidal Poisoning Among the Korean Farmers
Yi, Taek-Ku ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 13~24
This study was conducted with 478 farm households located in Pyongtaek Gun of Gyonggi Do, Chongju City and Chongwon Gun of Chung Buk Do, and Hongchon Gun of Gangwon Do for the period of 10, September through 20, October 1980. It dealt with general features of the farmhouseholds, their practices of handling and using pescides, and relationship between safe use of pesticides and poisoning experiences. The results of the study are summarized as follows: 1. Of the total, 63.2% purchased pesticides mainly through the Agricultural Coops, and 95.4% transported them home separately from other goods. 2 Pesticides were sold contained mainly in glass bottles and paper bags. 3. Mixing of the respodents (87.5%) stored pesticides in sheds, warehouses and boxes. 4. Mixing containers and measuring tools were not used by the majority of the group studied. This indicates that there exist serious problems of safety and accuracy with regard to use of pesticides. 5. As to pesticide protective devices, gloves, respirators, goggles and boots were not used in general. Even in case of using them, their quality was not satisfactory. 6. Among the interviewees, 4.2% did not read pesticide label, 33.9% did not wash immediately when pesticide was spilled on the skin, 48.4% did not care the wind direction during pesticide application, and 17.0% did not wash hands when smoking a cigarette while pesticide is being handled. 7. Of the total, 40.4% were found to harvest vegetables within 10 days from the date of pesticide application, which indicates their unawareness of possible hazards by pesticide residues. 8. Empty pesticide containers or bags were not properly disposed of by majority of the respondents. Furthermore, impacts on the environment by the misuse or abuse of pesticides were not understood by 67.6% 9. Of the interviewees, 48.7% were found to have not received instructions on safe use of pesticides. 10. The rate of pesticidal poisoning experience was about 28.0% if minor symptoms excluded, and it rose to about 44.0% if included. Meanwhile, the rate of pesticidal poisoning tends to increase with the size of farm. 11. The study failed to show a statistically significant relationship between the rate of pesticidal poisoning and use of mixing container and/or measuring tools. However, use of gloves showed a statistical significance on the rate of pesticidal poisoning. 12. Among the poisoned cases, 19.0% were cared for in either hospitals or clinics.
우리나라 농촌보건인력(農村保健人力)에 대한 고찰(考察)
Lee, Seong-Gwan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 25~32
A Study on the Medical Accident Attack Rate in a Korean rural Area through the Sam Wha Medicare Insurance Union
Ahn, Moon-Young ; Lee, Jung-Ja ; Nam, Taik-Sung ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 33~41
To investigate the status of medical accident attack rate and medicare utilization during last 27months from 1st Oct., 1977 to 31st Dec. 1979 in the area under Sam Wha Medicare Insurance Union, the study was carried out through analyzing the medicare records of patients who were enrolled. "The medical accident" in this study was used as the meaning of the state that the people who have been treated morbid condition with insurance money. For the study, 2 doctors and one nurse were mobilized and the results are as follows: 1) The total number of the Medicare Insurance Union members among the 37,044 total population of the study area, (Hea-mi, Unsan, Eumam Myun) were 57, 35 composed of 3,000 males (52.3%) and 27, 35 females (47.7%) in 1977, 3,383 composed of 2,006 males (59.3%) 1,377 females (40.7%) in 1978, 2,573 composed of 1,437 males and 1,336 females (44.2%) in 1979. 2) Total number of medical accident attack cases were 6,774 case (partially overlapped the number of the 1977 with that of the 1978) and average annual medical accident attack rate per 1,000 population was 700.9. 3) Five major disease group in the past three years were disease of the respiratory system (177.7), disease of the digestive system (165.8), disease of the skin and subcutaneous(64.9), symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions (64.6), any injury and poisoning (51.9). Mental disorders (32.6) was the 6th order disease group. 4) The order of the medical accident attack rate of age group per 1,000 population per year was the year group of 0~4(877.8), 45~64(832.6), 25~44(810.3), 5~14(495.1) 15~24(494.7) 65 and over (460.7). 5) Medical accident attack rate of age group per 1,000 population in the 5 major disease groups were the year group of 45~64 (100.0) in the mental disorders 0~4(525.1) in the disease of the respiratory system 45~64 (328.5) in the disease of the digestive system 0~4 (202.8) in the disease of the skin and subcutanous tissue, 25~44 (98.3) in the accidents and poisoning. 6) Monthly medical accidents attack rate were 87.0 in the winter (Dsc., Jan., Feb.) and 86.2 in the summer (Jun., July, Aug.). So the trend of the medical accidents attack rate during the year was bimount figure. 7) Monthly medical accidents attack rate in the major disease group were highest in Jan., Apr., (31.1) in the disease of the respiratory system, in Jan., Feb., Mar. (24.9) in the disease of the digestive system, in Jan., Jun., Aug. (9.8) in the injury and poisoning. 8) Duration of the treatment of the 93.1% of the total cases were within 5 days. 9) 299 cases (4.5%) of the total number of cases, 6,587 cases were referred to secondary and tertiary medicare facilities. 10) The order of the major 10 kinds of diagnosis of the disease, 6,587 cases during 27 months, were URI and chillness (1,063 cases, 16.1%), gastritis(830 cases, 12. 6%) dermatitis(360 cases, 5.5%), bronchitis(291 cases, 4.4%), neurosis (284 cases, 4.3%), contusion (165 cases, 2.5%), tooth extraction (157 cases, 2.4%), tonsillitis (109 cases, 0.7%), laceration (107 cases, 1.6%), neuralgia (105 cases, 1.6%), arthritis (104 cases, 1.6%), otitis media and mastoiditis (103 cases, 1.6%), so total case were 3,678 cases (55.9%).
Vinyl House 재배자(栽培者)에 대한 "House 병(病)"의 실태조사(實態調査) (제1보(第一報))
Seon, Myeong-Hun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 42~43
반월(半月), 구로(九老), 여주(驪州) 지역주민(地域住民)의 보건의료행태(保健醫療行態)에 관한 기초연구(基礎硏究)
Jo, Byeong-Hui ; Cha, Cheol-Hwan ; Yeom, Yong-Tae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 44~60
In Korea, the position of health among the sectors of everyday life lies behind the others. The inhabitants don't consider health so important and immediate as food and shelter. Primarily, it seemed more important for them to eat something and to educate their children than to secure health. Under this situations we must take into consideration their health status and health problems in terms of the social system. Health cannot be maintaned by itself. It inter acts with a set of social conditions such as income, knowledge about health, health institution, health insurance, social class, culture and etc. But the community health projects which have carried out in Korea since the beginning of 1970s focused mainly on the medical care and medical delivery itself regardless the background of health care. According to the existing results of socio-epidemiological and medico-sociological researches, a set of social conditions has a great effect on the inhabitants' health status and health care. So, such conditions will be considered primarily in Korea University Health Project. This paper is prepared as a preliminary step for such a program. In this paper we mainly inquired into the relationship between health and the attitudes of inhabitants.
Epidemiological Survey on Clonorchis sinensis Infection in Yedang Reservoir, Choong-cheong Namdo
Ryu, Jong-Cheol ; Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Lee, Joon-Sang ; Rim, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 61~67
This survey was undertaken to evaluate the status of clonorchiasis in Chang-gok Myun, Hong-Seong Gun adjacent to Yedang reservoir from Sept., 1980 to Oct., 1981. A total of 550 subjects (male 318, and female 232) were examined by cellophane-thick smear technique and formalin-ether method. In order to identify the intensity of the Clonorchis sinensis infection, Stoll's egg dilution counting method was also applied to the C. sinensis positive cases. The following results were obtained in this survey; 1. In the examination of 550 subjects, Clonorchis sinensis eggs were found in 167 cases (30.4%). Male subjects showed 43.4% positive rates and female represented 12.5%. 2. The highest prevalence rate of Clonorchis sinensis was found in 40~49 year group in male (64.2%) and 30~39 year group in female (22.0%), although 14.3%~16.7% positive rates were found in young aged group. 3. Mean E.P.G. of Clonorchis sinensis infected cases were 6,148, showing 7,533 in male and 5,193 in female. 4. The degree of intensity of Clonorchis sinensis infection by E.P.G. count was distributed as 30.4% in light infection (1~999), 45.7% in moderate infection (1,000~29,999) and 5.8% in very heavy infection (over 30,000) in male. Female showed 48.3% in light, 37.9% in moderate, 10.3%. in heavy and 3.5% in very heavy infection. 5. Other helminthic infection rate was 15.6% in Ascaris lumbricoides infection, 15.1% in Trichuris trichiura infection and 4.4% of male subjects showed eggs of Taenia species.
Study on the Status on Intestinal Protozoan Infections in the children of Specific Groups
Choung, Ji-Tae ; Uh, Kwang-Bon ; Lee, Joon-Sang ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 68~72
This study was undertaken to evaluate the status of intestinal protozoan infections in the children of specific groups. A total number of 441(male 250; female 191) consisting of 224 children of national feeble minded children institute, 59 Han-Bit blindness students, 158 children of local mental retardation children institute(Kang-Dong Ku) of specific groups were examined. The method employed was formalin-ether sedimentation technique with Lugol's iodine stain. The results were as follows: 1) The positive rates for any kinds of protozoan cysts were 13.8%(72 positives out of 441 samples) with sexual difference of 14.0% in male and 12.6% in female. 2) In the institute differences of positive rates of protozoan cysts were 15.2% in national feeble minded children institute, 16.9% in Han-Bit blindness school, and local mental retardation children institute(Kang-Dong Ku). 3) Cysts of Entamoeba coli were recovered in 8.6% and cysts of pathogenic amoeba, Entamoeba histolytica were found in 1.4%. Cysts of Endolimax nana (3.4%). Giardia lamblia (2.9%) were found in this study. 4) The degree of multiple infections of protozoan cysts were; single infection 81.4%, double infection 16.9% and quadriple infection 1.7% respectively.
A Study on the Defaulters of Tuberculosis Patient Registered at Health Center in Kyongnam Area
Kim, Yong-Joon ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 73~81
This study was designed to analyze the result of Tb worker's activities on the performance of follow up program as part of the government tuberculosis program. The specific objectives of this study was also to improve the method of managing the patient who were registered at health center by the setting the priorities depend upon in their results of sputum examination and X-ray examination. All the medical records of 509 patients who were dropped out from government health center in Kyongnam area during 1978, were analyzed and interpreted. Followings are the result of the study. 1. The number of investigated cases were 509 (356% males and 153 females), by age the most prevalent group was 20~29 year old group as 27.3% and 20~40 year old group was 61.5%, above 61 year old was 14.9%. 2. The microscopic result of their sputum was positive in 52.1%, and by X-ray examination moderate advanced case was 63.9% minimal 18.5% and far advanced 17.6% in order. 3. Average duration of treatment was 9.03 months, 11.4 months in microscopic positive cases and 6.5 months in negative cases. 4. Conversion rate of microscopic positive case was 42.9% on sputum culture, in the negative cases, it was confirmed in negative 20.1% only by the initial sputum culture. 5. The rate who get take X-ray and sputum examination among any family member of the patients was 43.4% in positive cases, 20.9% in negative cases. 6. 80.2% of positive cases took X-ray for following up in every 6 month after registration, 41.0% in negative cases. 7. Defaulting reasons which recorded in individual card were undetermined reason (42.0%), treating elswhere (22. 4%), refused treatment (17.9%) and moved out (17.7%).
농약(農藥)이 건강(健康)에 미치는 영향(影響)
Kim, Don-Gyun ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 6, issue 1, 1981, Pages 82~90