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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Agricultural Medicine and Community Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jan 1982
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농촌지역(農村地域) 의료보험(醫療保險)을 위한 농협(農協)의 역할(役割)
Kim, Jeong-Tae ; Jang, Ji-Seop ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 5~24
A Study on the Attitude of the Guro Inhabitants Concerning Medical Care System
Nam, Joong-Woo ; Cho, Byong-Hee ; Song, Dong-Bin ; Cha, Chul-Whan ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 25~32
This paper is concerned with the attitude of the Guro inhabiants concerning medical care system in terms of the credibility of hospitals. The credibility may be consisted of three components : availability, friendliness, and expertness. These were considered as dependent variables. Independent variables were age/education/income/perception of differentiation. The questionnaire was administered to 127 stratified samples in Feb. 1982. The results were as follows : 1) The group whose age was above 50 years gave a favor for the medical care system in terms of credibility. This fact implied that cultural influence on the perception and attitude about medical care system was very crucial, and it was noticed that doctor-patient relationship have been changing. 2) The attitude of the inhabitants on the credibility was appeared generally as unfavorable and indifferent. 3) According to
-test, education, income, and perception of differentiation were identified as having statistically significant trelationships with friendliness factor.
Symptom Recognition and Anticipatory Health Care Seeking
Woo, Chull-Jae ; Cha, Hyung-Hun ; Cho, Byong-Hee ; Yum, Yong-Tae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 33~42
It is discussed in a social epidemiology that a symptom would be regarded as an illness or not by the inhabitants' socio-economic status, ages and races, and the aspects of health care seeking are various according to the above-mentioned characteristics. This paper surveyed the symptom recognition and health care seeking following a questionnaire that, of 14 symptom groups presented, which symptom would be regarded an illness necessary for medical treatment, and if it is regarded as an illness, which kind of medical treatment would be thought to be reasonable. As a result, differently from the general theory of social epidemiology, statistical differences according to independent variables was not found in symptom recognition, which indicates that Korean medical culture is similar between urban and rural areas. But in anticipatory health care seeking, various health care seekings were performed following the symptoms. Especially, general hospitals' medical care was thought to be more desirable by the inhabitants in city area than in rural area ; youngers than olders; high-incomers than low-incomers ; new or old middle class or urban laborers than rural farmers ; and the highly educated than the low educated. Conversely, the latters seeked some treatments by pharmacy.
Epidemiological Survey on Clonorchis sinensis in Yeoju Gun Gyeong-gi Do
Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Choi, Deuk-Lin ; Rin, Han-Jong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 43~49
Clonorchiasis sinensis is one of the most important endemic diseases in Korea, and this disease has been known to be one of public health concern in many areas of Korea. This survey was undertaken to evaluate the status of clonorchiasis in Yeoju Gun, Gyeong-gi Do from July to September 1980. A total of 1,194 male students were examined by intradermal test with Clonorchis antigen. In order to detect Clonorchis egg, the stool examinations were undertaken to 1,158 students, and the intensity of the Clonorchis infection was estimated by the Stoll's egg count. The prevalence rate was reanalyzed by the regional groups for an investigation of regional characteristics of infection. The following results were obtained in this survey. 1) Among 1,194 students in Yeoju Eup, positive rate of intradermal test with C. sinensis antigen was 17.2 percent. (middle school14.6% and high school 20.1%). 2) In the examination of 1,158 stool specimens, Clonorchis eggs were found in 97 (8.4%) cases. 3) Mean E.P.G. of Clonorchis infected case was
. 4) The degree of the intensity of Clonorchis infection by E.P.G. count was distributed as 73.6% in light infection (100-999), 22.6%, in moderate infection (1,000-9,999), and 3.8% in heavy infection (10,000-29,999). 5) High prevalence rate of Clonorchis sinensis was found in the Sang-Ri(9,3%) and Ha-Ri(8.4%) in Yeoju Eup. Neighbouring Bugnae Myun (11.5%), Gangcheon Myun(12.1%) and Neungseo Myun (11.1%) adjacent to the river had a similary high prevalence of C. sinensis.
The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Inhabitants and Swine Pen Human Latrine System in Cheju Do
Shim, Joon-Goo ; Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Lee, Joon-Sang ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 50~56
This study was undertaken to evaluate the present status of parasitic infection and swine pen human latrine system in Cheju Do, from July to September 1982. The 663 stool specimens (male 323 and female 340) and 579 scotch tape anal swabs collected from 161 households of 2 areas in Cheju Do were examined. The methods employed were formalin-ether technique for the prevalence rate of various helminthic and protozoan infection, and scotch tape anal swab technique for the prevalence rates of Enterobius vermicularis. In addition to these, questionaire was used to evaluate the present status of swine pen human latrine system and prevalence rates of taeniasis in these areas. The results are as follows ; 1) Prevalence rates of parasitic infections of any kind was 33.9%. It was 35.7% in Cheju City in contrast to 32.1% in North Cheju Gun. The infection rates of Trichuris trichiura was 10.0% and it was the highest prevalence rate in this survey. The prevalence rates of the other parasites were as follows ; Ascaris lumbricoides 2,3%, Hookworm 0.2%, Clonorchis sinensis 0.5%, Hymenolepis nana 1.5%, Entamoeba coli 3.2%, and Giardia lamblia 0.5%. 2) The infection rates of Enterobius vermicularis in 579 peoples (male 285, female 294) by applying scotch tape anal swab technique was 13.1% through the survey. It was 16.9 in Cheju City and 8.5% in North Cheju Gun. 3) The Infection rate of Taenia species by applying the stool examination and making up a question was 19.2%(21.4% in Cheju City and 16.7% in North Cheju Gun). 4) Sexual distribution of the parasitic infections showed slightly higher rate in female than that of male. 5) The positive rates of parasitic infection by the stool examination and questionaire positive cases of taeniasis were higher in 0-9 and over 60 year old than any other age group. 7) The swine pen human latrine systems were used in 46 households (28.6%). 7) Relationship between swine pen human latrine system and taeniasis was not noted.
Analysis of the Status of CHP Trainees and the Management of CHP Training Course
Hwang, Na-Mi ; Kim, Chung-Tai ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 57~65
A special law on health care for rural areas was enacted, as of Dec. 31, 1980, in order to provide effective health care service in rural areas through the primary health care approach. The implementation of the PHC developed the CHP(Community Health Practitioner) and provided the training program lasted 24 weeks. The qualification of CHP is a registered nurses or midwivies. This study was conducted in order to analyze the characteristics of trainees of CHP and training environments. The data was collected from personal questionnaire by means of mailing. Respondent was 338 out of 356 trainees. The summary of the findings are as follows : 1) The 38.0% out of trainees is 25-29 years of age (minimum : 20, maximum 55, mean : 30.3). 2) The 59.0% of respondent come from county area and the 52.5% are married. 3) The 61.0% didn't receive any in-service education. 4) In their experience related to health care service, the 29.8% of them experienced during 4 year 6 year and the 50.8% of the holders in experience was engaged in clinical field. 5) As to motivation of application of CHP, the 55.1% respond to "Independently workable" and the 35.1% respond to "Worthwhile". 6) The 45.1% got any information sources on CHP from Newsletter of KNA. 7) The 46.8% of respondent showed that instructor had utilized both teaching materials and reference book. 8) During the training, the 49.4% stayed at own house but the 35.0% stayed with lodgings and flat. 9) The 52.8% of trainees comment on very short of living allowance. 10) The 19.3% of respondent is willing to serve as CHP for ten years or more, but the 42.1% respond to serve for obligation namely 2 years. This study result could be utilized as a basic data for improving the CHP training program and management of the CHP's field activity in the future.
A Survey on Paragonimus Infection Among School Population in Kyodong and Samsan Island, Gangwha-Gun
Han, Kyung-Min ; Ahn, Yung-Kyum ; Lee, Keun-Tae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 66~73
Paragonimus westermani is one of the most popular endemic parasitic diseases in Korea. The nation-wide prevalence survey were carried out by Gobayashi (1921) with sputum examination and by Walton and Chyu (1959) with the intradermal skin test respectively. Recent studies showed the decline of positive rate in intradermal skin test of the local inhabitants and also showed the less distribution of intermediate host. The fact seemed that caused by economic improvement of village people, decrease of intermediate host by increasing use of pesticides, becoming lower water level at streams and rivers and better irrigation and finally by better community health education etc. Gangwha area of Gyeonggi-Do was found out as an endemic area of Paragonimus westermani through some studies in the past, however, in the vicinity area of Gangwha, the study in Kyodong island (myon) was carried out in 1965 by Yun et al. Therefore author carried out the intradermal skin test for 2,380 students of primary, middle and high school in Kyodong island and Samsan island. The results showed as follows : 1) The positive rate of intradermal test for paragonimus westermani infection showed positive in 152 among 1,845 students (8.2%) in Kyodong island, and 21 among 637 students (3.3%) in Samsan island respectively. 2) According to grade levels, 49 among 973 students (5.0%) in primary school, 62 among 962 students (6.4%) in middle school and 53 among 445 students (11.9%) in high school showed positive rate. This showed the higher grade the higher positive rate. 3) Among these total 164 positive cases in the intradermal skin test, only in 3 cases eggs were found in sputum. 4) Finding out the intermediate host, only 28 crayfishes from Kyodong island and 12 from Samsan island were collected and examined for metacercaria infection, however, none of metacercaria was found. 5) As a control group, 2 primary schools from the main island were selected. In these schools from the sixth grade students showed positive rate of 4.8% in Naega primary school and 0% in Hajeom Primary school respectively. Those results showed much decrease than studies carried out in the past. 6) The survey for food habit showed that 15 among 1,274 students (1.2%) had experiences of eating raw intermediate host(crayfish) and 266 among 988 students (27.0%) ate cooked.
한국 농촌지역의 임신효율 (Reproductive Efficiency)에 관한 연구 : 충남 서산지역을 중심으로
An, Mun-Yeong ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 74~79
Recently in Korea, integration of F.P. & MCH programs for effective and efficient implementation of the health programs has been discussed actively. In fact, categorical health workers in fields have been trained and changed as an integrated health workers by government. But one of the most important problems that had to be solved for successful integration of F.P. and MCH programs, is that there must be a common indicator for the evaluation of the two health services (integrated indicator). We regarded reproductive efficiency (=R.E.) that had been proposed by Charlotter M
ller et al, as the good integrated indicator. The object of this brief article is to introduce the meaning of reproductive efficiency and to illustrate the usefulnesses of R.E. as the integrated health indicator by applying this indicator to the data from preliminary survey of Seosan demonstration project for integration of F.P. & MCH service supported by WHO. The results and conclusions are as follows 1) Definition of R.E. is the percentage of pregnancies that succeed in production normal, surving children after taking into account the frequency of all measurable types of adverse outcomes (End point for evaluation of survival is one year of age). 2) On the basis of the past pregnant history, reproductive efficiency of the 2,484 eligible women (15-44 years) was roughly 75% (But, in the concept of good births, it is not regarded whether the survived infant is normal health or not). 3) Compared with the results of the other two surveys of the rural area in Korea, reproductive efficiency has been slightly decreased than before, in spite of family planning and MCH services for past 20 years. Because the quantity of increased abortion rate overwhelmed that of the decreased infant mortality rate. 4) Reproductive efficiency has the object for measure many events during the period from the conception (Wanted pregnancy) to an normal surviving children as an 1 year of age. So these heterogenous adversities, ie, induced abortion, still births, spontaneous abortion, neonate & infant death, are aggregated as R.E. However, if the information of these important events and reproductive efficiency were given, R.E. is used as the comprehensive evaluation indicator for F.P. and M.C.H. after meticulous analysis the various components of R.E. 5) Economic loss for adverse outcomes of preg were pregnancy were calculated applying the medical cost at the relatively small sized hospital of small city. Economic loss for 100 cases of adverse outcome is 10,420,000 won, and economic loss for infant death is 46.1% of the total loss. So, it is rational to invest much more effort and than before to MCH programs.
Epidemiological Note on the Clonorchiasis in Samrangjin Eup, Milyang Gun, Kyongsang Nam Do (=province)
Rim, Han-Jong ; Joo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Eom, Kee-Seon ; Park, Soo-Bae ;
Journal of agricultural medicine and community health, volume 7, issue 1, 1982, Pages 80~89
In order to observe the endemic status of Clonrchis sinensis infection in Samrangjin eup, Milyang gun, Kyongsang nam do, a total number of 294 stool specimens were collected from the inhabitants who lived in the basin of the Nakdong river. The specimens were examined by cellophane thick smear technique and Stoll's egg dilution technique during the period from May to June 1983. The epidemiological status was analysed statistically by the regression equation and catalytic curv with the results obtained from this area. The results are as follows : 1) The infestation rate of Clonorchis sinensis in 294 was 49.0%. 2) No remarkable difference was observed between male (52.5%) and female (44.8%). 3) Average E.P.G. by Stoll's egg dilution technique in this area was 9,597. 4) The degree of the intensity of Clonorchis infection by E.P.G. count was distributed as 10.5% in very heavy infection, 14.7% in heavy infection, 47.4% in moderate infection, and 29.3% in light infection. 5) The intensity of endemicity in this area was represented with the regression equation calculated with the cumulative percentages of E.P.G. counts. Regression equation was y=3.40+1.23 log x and Cs.
was 19.99. 6) The two stage catalytic model was applied and the calculation lead to the equation
; a=0.035 > b=0.008 in this surveyed area. 7) Other helminthic infection rate in this area was 7.1% in A. lumbricoides, 9.5% in T. trichiura and 4.1% in E. vermicularis respectively.