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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 7 - Dec 2004
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 46, Issue 3 - May 2004
Volume 46, Issue 6 - Jan 2004
Volume 46, Issue 5 - Jan 2004
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Jan 2004
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Development of Water Saving Irrigation Method Using Water Balance Model
Sohn , Seung-Ho ; Chung , Sang-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 3~11
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.003
The objective of this study is to develop water saving irrigation method using water balance model in order to save rural water. Daily water balance components such as irrigation water, drainage water, effective rainfall, ET, and infiltration were measured in paddy fields. Model simulations were performed for different outlet heights and ponding depths. The outlet heights and the ponding depths are 2 cm, 4 cm, 6 cm, 8 cm, and 10 cm, respectively. Based on the simulation very shallow ponding depth of 2 cm with 10 cm outlet height showed the largest effective rainfall ratio and the smallest irrigation amount. Until the introduction of laser leveling dozer and automatic inlet control devices, it would be desirable to adopt 4cm ponding depth because of difficulty of land leveling and frequency of farmer`s field visit. The results of this study will be applied in the paddy farming and can improve water use efficiency.
Comparative Analysis of Regional and At-site Analysis for the Design Rainfall by Gamma and Non-Gamma Family (Ⅱ)
Lee , Soon-Hyuk ; Ryoo, Kyong-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 15~26
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.015
This study was conducted to derive the regional design rainfall by the regional frequency analysis based on the regionalization of the precipitation. The optimal regionalization of the precipitation data were classified by the above mentioned regionalization for all over the regions except Jeju and Ulleung islands in Korea. Design rainfalls following the consecutive duration were derived by the regional analysis using the observed and simulated data resulted from Monte Carlo techniques. Relative root mean square error (RRMSE), relative bias (RBIAS) and relative reduction (RR) in RRMSE for the design rainfall were computed and compared between the regional and at-site frequency analysis. It has shown that the regional frequency analysis procedure can substantially more reduce the RRMSE, RBIAS and RR in RRMSE than those of at-site analysis in the prediction of design rainfall. Consequently, optimal design rainfalls following the classified regions and consecutive durations were derived by the regional frequency analysis using Generalized extreme value distribution which was identified to be more optimal one than the other applied distributions. Diagrams for the design rainfall derived by the regional frequency analysis using L-moments were drawn according to the regions and consecutive durations by GIS techniques.
Estimation of Drought Rainfall by Regional Frequency Analysis Using L and LH-Moments (II) - On the method of LH-moments -
Lee, Soon-Hyuk ; Yoon , Seong-Soo ; Maeng , Sung-Jin ; Ryoo , Kyong-Sik ; Joo , Ho-Kil ; Park , Jin-Seon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 27~39
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.027
In the first part of this study, five homogeneous regions in view of topographical and geographically homogeneous aspects except Jeju and Ulreung islands in Korea were accomplished by K-means clustering method. A total of 57 rain gauges were used for the regional frequency analysis with minimum rainfall series for the consecutive durations. Generalized Extreme Value distribution was confirmed as an optimal one among applied distributions. Drought rainfalls following the return periods were estimated by at-site and regional frequency analysis using L-moments method. It was confirmed that the design drought rainfalls estimated by the regional frequency analysis were shown to be more appropriate than those by the at-site frequency analysis. In the second part of this study, LH-moment ratio diagram and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test on the Gumbel (GUM), Generalized Extreme Value (GEV), Generalized Logistic (GLO) and Generalized Pareto (GPA) distributions were accomplished to get optimal probability distribution. Design drought rainfalls were estimated by both at-site and regional frequency analysis using LH-moments and GEV distribution, which was confirmed as an optimal one among applied distributions. Design rainfalls were estimated by at-site and regional frequency analysis using LH-moments, the observed and simulated data resulted from Monte Carlotechniques. Design drought rainfalls derived by regional frequency analysis using L1, L2, L3 and L4-moments (LH-moments) method have shown higher reliability than those of at-site frequency analysis in view of RRMSE (Relative Root-Mean-Square Error), RBIAS (Relative Bias) and RR (Relative Reduction) for the estimated design drought rainfalls. Relative efficiency were calculated for the judgment of relative merits and demerits for the design drought rainfalls derived by regional frequency analysis using L-moments and L1, L2, L3 and L4-moments applied in the first report and second report of this study, respectively. Consequently, design drought rainfalls derived by regional frequency analysis using L-moments were shown as more reliable than those using LH-moments. Finally, design drought rainfalls for the classified five homogeneous regions following the various consecutive durations were derived by regional frequency analysis using L-moments, which was confirmed as a more reliable method through this study. Maps for the design drought rainfalls for the classified five homogeneous regions following the various consecutive durations were accomplished by the method of inverse distance weight and Arc-View, which is one of GIS techniques.
Parameter Optimization of Long and Short Term Runoff Models Using Genetic Algorithm
Kim, Sun-Joo ; Jee, Yong-Geun ; Kim, Phil-Shik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 41~52
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.041
In this study, parameters of long and short term runoff model were optimized using genetic algorithm as a basic research for integrated water management in a watershed. In case of Korea where drought and flood occurr frequently, the integrated water management is necessary to minimize possible damage of drought and flood. Modified TANK model was optimized as a long term runoff model and storage-function model was optimized as a short term runoff model. Besides distinguished parameters were applied to modified TANK model for supplementing defect that the model estimates less runoff in the storm period. As a result of application, simulated long and short term runoff results showed 7% and 5% improvement compared with before optimized on the average. In case of modified TANK model using distinguished parameters, the simulated runoff after optimized showed more interrelationship than before optimized. Therefore, modified TANK model can be applied for the long term water balance as an integrated water management in a watershed. In case of storage-function model, simulated runoff in the storm period showed high interrelationship with observed one. These optimized models can be applied for the runoff analysis of watershed.
Early Estimation of Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Mineral Admixture by Refrigeration Curing Method
Sung , Chan-Yong ; Cho , Il-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 55~60
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.055
This study was performed to evaluate the early estimation of compressive strength of concrete using mineral admixture by refrigeration curing method. It was a method of early decision for the property of concrete after the curing age 28days through the refrigeration curing at
for five hours. The test result was fixed connection between the curing age 28days and 31hours by the compressive strength test through the standard curing and refrigeration curing. Accordingly, it can be reduced the mistake of construction work by forecasting the property of concrete through the refrigeration curing.
Development of a Wall Analysis Model Grafting FE-BEM
Jung , Nam-Su ; Choi, Won ; Lee, Ho-Jae ; Kim , Han-Joong ; Lee , Jeong-Jae ; Kim, Jong-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.061
Methodologies of the finite element and boundary element are combined to achieve an efficient and accurate analysis model of frame structure containing shear wall. This model analyzes the frame by employing the finite element method and the shear wall by boundary element method. This study is applicable to a specific situation, where the boundary element is surrounded by finite elements. By employing FE dominant method in which boundary stiffness matrix is transformed into finite element stiffness matrix, boundary element and finite element method are combined to analyze frame structure with walls.
Bond Performance of FRP Reinforcing Bar by Geometric Surface Change
Park, Chan-Gi ; Won, Jong-Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.069
FRP rebar has low bond performance than steel rebar. Usually, FRP rebar has about 60% of bond strength of steel rebar. Without adequate bond to concrete, the full composite action between reinforcement and concrete matrix can not be achieved. Therefore, FRP rebars must also have surface deformations that provide good bond to concrete. The purpose of this research was decided an optimum surface deformation patterns through bond test of FRP rebar. Eighteen surface deformation patterns of FRP rebar with widely different geometries were investigated. Based on the test results, we established optimum surfale deformation pattern. Bond tests were performed for three types of surface deformation patterns of FRP rebar including sand coated rebar, ribbed rebar, and wrapped and sand coated rebar that commercially available, and two types of FRP rebar including CFRP, GFRP rebars that optimum surface deformation pattern is applied. According to bond test results, FRP rebars that optimum surface deformation pattern is applied were found to have better bond strength with concrete than currently using FRP rebar.
Mechanial and Drying Shrinkage Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced High Flow Concrete
Noh , Kyung-Hee ; Sung , Chan-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 79~85
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.079
This study was performed to evalute mechanical and drying shrinkage properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced high flow concrete. The compressive strength and drying shrinkage ratio were increased with increasing the binder volume ratio and decreased with increasing the content of polypropylene fiber. The splitting tensile strength was increased with increasing the binder volume ratio and the content of polypropylene fiber. The flexural strength was increased with increasing the binder volume ratio and increased by the polypropylene fiber content 0.4%, but above the polypropylene fiber content 0.6% was decreased. This concrete can be used for high flow concrete.
Development of Estimation Technique for Rice Yield Reduction by Inundation Damage
Park , Jong-Min ; Kim , Sang-Min ; Seong, Chung-Hyun ; Park, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.089
The amount of rice yield reduction due to inundation should be estimated to analyse economic efficiency of the farmland drainage improvement projects because those projects are generally promoted to mitigate flood inundation damage to rice in Korea. Estimation of rice yield reduction will also provide information on the flood risk performance to farmers. This study presented the relationships between inundated durations and rice yield reduction rates for different rice growth stages from the observed data collected from 1966 to 2000 in Korea, and developed the rice yield reduction estimation model (RYREM). RYREM was applied to the test watershed for estimating the rice yield reduction rates and the amount of expected average annual rice yield reduction by the rainfalls with 48 hours duration, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 years return periods.
Geotechnical Properties of Clay-Fly Ash Mixtures
Kwon , Moo-Nam ; Chung , Sung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Goo , Jung-Min ; Kim , Hyun-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 99~106
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.099
Although fly ash has possesses viable engineering properties, an overwhelming majority of fly ash from coal combustion is still placed in storage or disposal sites. This study was undertaken to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of clay-fly ash mixture and to furnish engineering data when fly ash utilized as engineering materials. This paper includes geotechnical properties of fly ash, clay-fly ash mixtures and results of compaction test, unconfined strength test, direct shear test, leaching test and stability analysis of clay-fly ash bank slope. If proper amount of fly ash was put in clay, the clay-fly ash mixture has an increase of unconfined strength and stability of bank slope.
Applications of a GIS-based Paddy Inundation Simulation System
Kim , Sang-Min ; Park , Chong-Min ; Park , Seung-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 107~116
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.107
A GIS-based paddy inundation simulation system which is capable of simulating temporal and spatial inundation processes was established and applied in this paper. The system is composed of HEC-GeoHMS, and HEC-GeoRAS modules which interface the GIS and flood runoff models, and HEC-HMS, and HEC-RAS models which estimate the flood runoff. It was used to simulate storm runoff and inundation for a small rural watershed, the Baran HP#7, which is 10.69
in size. The simulated peak runoff, time to peak, and total direct runoff for eight storms were compared with the observed data. The results showed that the coefficient of determination (
) for the observed peak runoff was 0.99 and an error, RMSE, 11.862
/s for calibration stages. In the model verification,
was 0.99 and RMSE 1.296
/s. Paddy inundation for each paddy growing stages in study watershed were estimated using verified inundation simulation system when probability rainfall was applied.
A Risk Analysis of Road Slopes Using GIS
Kim , Yong-Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 117~127
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.117
A risk analysis on the cutting slope of roads near Cheongju area was carried out with the data from geological map, field investigation, and laboratory test and with the Geographic Information System. A risk analysis method on the cutting slope of road using the Geographic Information System was developed with the data from geological map, field investigation and laboratory tests. In the GIS, road factors which are safety factor, class of road, slake index, slope-protection works, and height of slope in the cutting slopes are classified into some ranks, and their weighting factors were taken into account. This method can be applied effectively to a road management.
Sewage Treatment Characteristics and Efficiencies of Absorbent Biofilter Systems
Cheon, Gi-Seol ; Kwun, Soon-Kuk ; Kim, Song-Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 131~139
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.131
In this study, on-site sewage treatment tests were conducted using the Absorbent Biofilter System (ABS) under different hydraulic loading rates to examine its treatment characteristics and efficiencies and to determine its feasibility as a small on-site sewage treatment system in a rural area. Results showed that the removal rates of BOD and SS were satisfactory at hydraulic loading rates of 100~150 cm/day, meeting the Korean effluent water quality standards for the riparian zone (10 mg/L). In the case of nutrients (N, P), however, the system did not perform well, necessitating further improvement for nutrient removal. A comparative analysis indicated that as a small on-site sewage treatment system, the ABS would be more suitable than other treatment systems in terms of performance stability, maintenance requirement, and cost-effectiveness and could be applied as an alternative treatment system in Korean rural areas.
Analysis of Field Experimental Data for Water Quality Improvement of Tributary Stream to Estuarine Reservoir Using Constructed Wetland System
Ham, Jong-Hwa ; Yoon, Chun-G. ; Koo, Won-Seok ; Kim, Hyung-Chul ; Shin, Hyun-Bhum ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 141~153
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.141
Wetland system is widely accepted as one of natural water purification systems around the world for nonpoint sources pollution control. Constructed wetlands have become a popular technology for treating contaminated surface and waste water. In this study, the field experiment to reduce nonpoint source pollution loadings from polluted stream waters using wetland system was performed from June 2002 to March 2004. Four wetlands were used and the size of each one was 0.8ha. Water of Dangjin stream flowing into Seokmun estuarine reservoir was pumped into wetlands. Inflow and hydraulic residence time of the system was 500
/day, 2∼5 days, respectively. After 2 year operation, plant-coverage of the wetlauds was about 70% from bare soil surface at initial stage . Average water quality of the influent was
4.17 mg/L, TSS 18.45 mg/L, T-N 4.32 mg/L, and T-P 0.30 mg/L. The average removal rate of
, TSS, T-N and T-P during the study period was 5.6%, 46.6%, 45.7%, and 54.8%, respectively. Organic (
) removal rate was low and the reason might be low influent concentration. Wetland removal rate of T-P was about 10% higher than T-N. Performance of the experimental system was compared with existing data base (NADB), and it was within the range of general system performance. Overall, the wetland system was found to be adequate for treating polluted water stream with stable removal efficiency even during the winter period. Most of the nonpoint source pollutions from watershed are transported by streams or ditches, and they could be controled by constructed wetland system before entering the lake or reservoir.
The Effect of the Flow Paths of the Wastewater to the Performance of the Vegetative Filter Strip for Phosphorus Removal
Kim , Young-Jin ; Yu , Chan ; Geohring , Larry D ; Steenhuis , Tammo S. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 46, issue 5, 2004, Pages 155~163
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2004.46.5.155
The objectives of this study were to characterize the wastewater flow through the VFS, and relate this to the P removal in the VFS. A total of 68 subsurface wells (20∼40 cm below the soil surface) and 35 surface wells (0~5 cm), and the application of chloride tracer were used to investigate flow paths and soluble reactive P (SRP) removal from the 21 m wide and 33 m long VFS receiving dairy milkhouse waste. The early chloride breakthroughs in wells in the center of the VFS showed that the milkhouse waste flows preferentially down in the center of the hillslope. The locally saturated area created near the discharge pipe in the center of the VFS accelerates surface flow that contributed to rapid transport of P to the down slope area. Although VFS of 33m long eventually reduced SRP to lower than 0.2 mg/L in most cases, SRP is less effectively removed in the areas where soil saturation occurred. It is suggested that the effort to distribute the wastewater uniformly to avoid soil saturation and reduce the flow velocity need to be considered in new designs.