Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 48, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 48, Issue 6 - Nov 2006
Volume 48, Issue 5 - Sep 2006
Volume 48, Issue 4 - Jul 2006
Volume 48, Issue 3 - May 2006
Volume 48, Issue 2 - Mar 2006
Volume 48, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Determination Grid Cell for Estimation of Radar Relationship
Lee, Won-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Geuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 3~15
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.003
The purpose of the study is to determine grid cell of radar relationship, and to promote the radar data on hydrology field. The study region is the Chungjudam basin with a drainage area of
located within the 260 km circle under the DWSR-88C C-band umbrella(Kwanak Mt Radar). Grid cell was produced to extract radar reflectivity and rainfall data of the same time and point using Arc-view software package. The grid cell size is to estimate mean correlation coefficient for
grid. The result of mean correlation coefficient showed good result(0.57) for the
grid cell. The 32 rainfall stations Z-R relationship was estimated in Chungjudam basin.
Flood Frequency Analysis by Wakeby and Kappa Distributions Using L-Moments
Maeng, Seung-Jin ; Lee, Soon-Hyuk ; Lee, Hyeon-Gyu ; Ryu, Kyong-Sik ; Song, Gi-Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 17~27
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.017
The objective of this study is to induce the design floods by the methodology of L-moment including test of homogeneity, independence and outlier of the data of annual maximum flood flows for 12 water level gaging stations of South Korea. To select appropriate distribution of the data for annual maximum flood flows, the distributions of Wakeby and Kappa are applied and the appropriateness is judged by Kolmogorov-smirnov (K-S) test. The parameters of selected Wakeby and Kappa distributions are calculated by the method of L-moment and the design floods are induced. Through the comparative analysis using the relative root mean square errors (RRMSE) and relative absolute errors (RAE) of design floods, the result shows that the design floods by Wakeby distribution are closer to the observed data than those obtained by the Kappa distribution.
Streamflow Estimation for Subbasins of Gap Stream Watershed by Using SWAT2000 Model
Moon, Jong-Pil ; Kim, Tai-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.029
Geographic Information System has extended to higher assessment of water resources. GIS linking with hydrological model becomes a trend in water resource assessment modeling. One of the most popular models is SWAT2000 which have effectiveness in multi-purpose processes for predicting the impact of land management practices on water, sediments and chemicals yields in large complex watershed with varying soils, land uses, and management conditions over long period of time. In this study, SWAT2000 model was applied to Gap stream watershed in Daejeon city where TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Regulation would be implanted. The Gap Stream watershed was partitioned into 8 subbasins, however, only 3 out of 8 subbaisns were observed for having practical gauged data on the basis of streamflow from the year of 2002 to 2005. Gauged streamflow data of Indong, Boksu and Hoeduck stations were used for calibration and validation of the SWAT Streamflow simulation. Estimation Efficiency Analysis (COE), Regression Analysis (
), Relative Error (R.E.) were used for comparing observed streamflow data of the 3 subbasins on the daily and monthly basis with estimated streamflow data in order to fix optimized parameters for the best fitted results. COE value for the daily and monthly streamflow was ranged from 0.45 to 0.96.
values for daily and monthly streamflow ranged from 0.51 to 0.97. R.E. values for total streamflow volume ranged from 3 % to 22.5 %. The accuracy of the model results shows that the SWAT2000 model can be applicable to Korean watersheds like the Gap Stream watershed that needs to be partitioned into a number of subbasins for TMDL regulation.
Analysis of the Relationship Between Land Cover and Land Surface Temperature at Cheongju Region Using Landsat Images in Summer Day
Park, Jong-Hwa ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Na, Sang-Il ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.039
The objective of this research was to find an indirect method to estimate land surface temperature (LST) efficiently, using Landsat images. Agricultural fields including paddy fields have long been known to have multi-functions beneficial to the environment and ecology of the urban surrounding areas. Among these functions, the ambient temperature cooling (ATC) effect is widely acknowledged. However, quantitative and regional assessment of such effect has not been performed. Thermal remote sensing has been used over urban areas to assess the ATC effect, Thermal Island Effect(TIE), and as input for models of urban surface atmosphere exchange. Here, we review the use of thermal remote sensing in the study of paddy fields and urban climates, focusing primarily on the ATC effect. Landsat satellite images were used to determine the surface temperatures of different land cover types of a
study area in Cheongiu, Korea. The results show that the ATC is a function of paddy area percentage in Landsat pixels. Landsat pixels with higher paddy area percentage have much more cooling effect. The use of satellite data may contribute to a globally consistent method for analysis of ATC effect.
The Effect of Soil Warming on the Greenhouse Heating Load
Nam, Sang-Woon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.051
In order to examine the heat transfer characteristic of a soil warming system and effects of soil warming on the greenhouse heating load, control experiments were performed in two greenhouses covered with double polyethylene film. One treated the soil warming with an electric heat wire and the other treated a control. Inside and outside air temperature, soil temperature and heat flux, and heating energy consumption were measured under the set point of heating temperature of
, respectively. Soil temperatures in a soil warming treatment were observed
higher than a control. Heating energy consumptions decreased by 14.6 to 30.8% in a soil warming treatment. As the set point of heating temperature became lower, the rate of decrease in the heating energy consumptions increased. The percentage of soil heat flux in total heating load was -49.4 to 24.4% and as the set point of heating temperature became higher, the percentage increased. When the set point of heating temperature was low in a soil warming treatment, the soil heat flux load was minus value and it had an effect on reducing the heating load. Soil heat flux loads showed in proportion to the air temperature difference between the inside and outside of greenhouse but they showed big difference according to the soil warming treatment. So new model for estimation of the soil heat flux load should be introduced. Convective heat transfer coefficients were in proportion to the 1/3 power of temperature difference between the soil surface and the inside air. They were
in their temperature difference of
. Radiative heat loss from soil surface in greenhouse was about 66 to 130% of total heating load. To cut the radiation loss by the use of thermal curtains must be able to contribute for the energy saving in greenhouse.
Frequency Dependence in Large Strain Range During Cyclic Triaxial Tests of Clay
Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 63~71
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.063
In the present study, the dynamic deformation characteristics of clay, including the effect of loading rate in large strain ranges, were examined by performing undrained cyclic triaxial test. The test results showed that the loading rate to failure decreased with increasing loading amplitude and decreasing loading frequency. While the stress-strain relationships was not affected by loading frequency, excess pore pressure was affected significantly with the change in loading frequency. The change for 0.1 Hz was larger for than that of 0.01 Hz, resulting in inclined effective stress paths. Furthermore, the lower the frequency was, the higher the excess pore pressure was in the first loading.
The Evaluation on In-Situ Adaptability of Mono-layer Landfill Final Cover System
Yu, Chan ; Yun, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.073
The mono-layer cover system is composed of soils only as a filling material and various plants are planted on the surface to control the water balance in the cover system. In this paper, the mono-layer cover system was considered as an alternative landfill final cover system and developed a model that could utilize industrial by-product (especially, coal ash & phosphogypsum) as additive filling materials. The mixture of granite soil, coal ash, and phosphogypsum was placed as a cover material in a box constructed with cement. Laboratory tests were carried out to investigate the environmental effect on the utilization of coal ash & phosphogypsum and to determine the mxing ratio of each materials. In the leaching test, all materials showed lower heavy metal concentration than the threshold values of regulation. The optimum mixing ratio of materials which was applied to field model test was determined to soil (4) : coal ash (1) : phosphogypsum (1) on the volume base. Field model tests were continued from February to July, 2004 in the soil box that was constructed with cement block. It was verified that coal ash and phospogypsum mixed with soil was to be safe environmentally and the water balance of mono-layer cover system was reasonable.
Analysis of Calculation Model for Specific Air-water Interface Area in Unsaturated Porous Media
Kim, Min-Kyu ; Kim, Song-Bae ; Park, Seong-Jik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 48, issue 5, 2006, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2006.48.5.083
In unsaturated porous media, the air-water interface (AWI) plays an important role in removing of biocolloids such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoan (oo)cysts. In this study, four models related to calculation of specific AWI area are analyzed to determine the appropriate model, and the selected models are verified using the previously reported experimental data. The results indicate that the modified model from Niemet et al. (2002) is the most appropriate tool for calculating the specific AWI area using the van Genuchten (1980) parameters obtained from the water retention curve. Hence, it is expected that this model could be used to quantitatively determine the attachment of biocolloids to AWI in the transport modeling of biocolloids in unsaturated porous media.