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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 49, Issue 6 - Nov 2007
Volume 49, Issue 5 - Sep 2007
Volume 49, Issue 4 - Jul 2007
Volume 49, Issue 3 - May 2007
Volume 49, Issue 2 - Mar 2007
Volume 49, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on Spatial Characteristics of Rainfall in Imha Basin
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Bae-Sung ; Kang, Bu-Sick ; Hwang, Man-Ha ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 3~13
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.003
In this study, spatial characteristics of rainfall in Imha basin were investigated by cross-correlation analysis among rainfall gaging stations and rainfall-runoff analysis used in HEC-HMS model for analysis of influence on observed rainfall. The Kriging technique was applied to rain(all analysis in Imha basin to reflect spatial characteristics of regional rainfall. Their results are compared to rainfall-runoff data with spatially distributed rainfall data as well as the classical thiessen method. The results by kriging technique approached by geostatistical method could reflect spatial characteristics of regional rainfall properly in Imha basin.
Heat Flow Characteristics of Traditional Ondol (Gudle) by Numerical Analysis
Rhee, Shin-Ho ; Rhee, Gwang-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.017
The heat flow characteristics of the Gudle (traditional Ondol) used a lot at farm houses have been performed with variations of Bunengki (Fireridge) by numerical analysis and field experiment. The Doedon-Gorae (Return-Firetunnel) Gudle is analyzed among the structure of Gudle. The distribution of heat flow in Gorse (Firetunnel) and the temperature distribution in floor of 3 Buneomgi (Fire ridge) was more uniform than that of 1 Buneomgi. The heat efficiency of 3 Buneomgi was higher than that of 1 Bunengki. That is, the 3 Bunengk is more efficient and more uniform temperature.
Classification of Rural Villages Using Information Theory
Lee, Ji-Min ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 23~33
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.023
Classification results of rural villages provide useful information about rural village characteristics to select similar villages in rural development project; many researches about regional classification have been practiced. Recently rural amenity was introduced as an alternative for rural development, and rural villages have been surveyed to find potential resources for rural development by `Rural Amenity Resources Survey Project`. Accumulated information through this survey project could be used to classify rural villages. However existing rural classification method using statistical data is not efficient method to use rural amenity resources information described with text. We introduced Information Bottleneck Method (IBM) based on information theory and implemented this method to classification with rural amenity resources information of Yanggang-myen, Yeongdong-gun in Chungbuk province.
Development of a Sustainable Regional Economic Growth Model (SREG) Using Multiplier Theory
Jung, Nam-Su ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.035
This paper develops a Sustainable Regional Economic Growth Model (SREG) which estimates the relation of labor population change and employment increase in each occupation and maximum limits and minimum requirements of employment increase by labor population change in a specified region using multiplier theory. To develop the proposed model, sustainable regional economic growth is defined as a steady increase of labor population over a long term period and the limit of employment increase is defined as the estimated labor population change in the region with no need for commutation from the surrounded areas. Developed model was applied to 67 county in Pennsylvania State and the results revealed that the investment in infrastructure occupations, such as transportation, warehousing, utilities, information, communication, and other public utilities, maximizes the effects for increasing employment, whereas finance, insurance, and real estate occupations have minimum effects for increasing employment. Calculated minimum requirements of occupations show that infra-structure occupations is a critical factor for labor population change and maximum limits of occupations show that agriculture and finance occupations are difficult to increase independently.
Strength and Watertightness Properties of EVA Modified High Strength Concrete
Kim, Young-Ik ; Sung, Chan-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~54
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.045
This study was performed to evaluate strength and watertightness properties of EVA modified high strength concrete in order to improve durability of concrete used in agricultural water utilization facilities that are in constant contact with water. Materials used were cement, coarse and fine aggregates, silica fume, EVA and AE water reducing agent. Tests for the slump, compressive and flexural strengths, absorption ratio and permeability coefficient according to curing condition (water and water+dry curing) and content ratio of EVA were performed. The slump results of EVA modified high strength concrete similarly showed in the content ratio of EVA powder less than 4% and decreased in the content ratio of EVA powder more than 6% compared to that of concrete without EVA powder. The compressive strength of EVA modified high strength concrete decreased with increasing the content ratio of EVA powder. The flexural strength of EVA modified high strength concrete increased with increasing the content ratio of EVA powder in the content ratio of EVA powder ratio less than 4% and had similar or slightly decreased in the content ratio of EVA powder more than 6% compared to that of concrete without EVA powder. The absorption ratio and permeability coefficient of EVA modified high strength concrete decreased with increasing the content ratio of EVA powder in the content ratio of EVA powder less than 4% and slightly increased in the content ratio of EVA powder more than 6%.
Saturation Depth and Slope Stability considering Unsteady Rainfall in Natural Slope
Kim, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Pil ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Heo, Joon ; Chang, Pyoung-Wuck ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.057
In Korea, most landslides occurr during the rainy season and have shallow failure planes parallel to the slope. For these types of rainfall-induced failures, the most important factor triggering slope unstability is decrease in the matric suction of unsaturated soils with increasing saturation depth by rainfall infiltration. For this reason, estimation of cumulative infiltration has a significance. In this study, infiltration rate and cumulative infiltration are estimated by using both Mein & Larson model based on Green-Ampt infiltration model and using modified Mein & Larson model to which unsteady rainfall is applied. According to the results, the modified model is more reasonable than Mein & Larson method itself in estimation of infiltration rate and saturation depth because of considering real pending condition.
Development of In-Situ Soil Gas Monitoring Well for Managing the Bioventing Performance
Yu, Chan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.067
Bioventing is commonly used for petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) spills. This process provides better subsurface oxygenation, thus stimulating degradation by indigenous microorganisms. Therefore soil vapor monitoring points (VMPs) are extremely important in determining the potential effectiveness of bioventing and in long-term monitoring of bioventing progress. In this study in-situ soil gas monitoring well (GMW) was developed and presented the pilot test results which recover the contaminated site by bioventing method. The result of application was successful and it was expected that GMW developed could be applied to the evaluation procedure of bioventing effectiveness and long-term remediation potential.
Characteristics of Air Temperature Variations under Different Land Covers during Summer
Kim, Jin-Soo ; Park, Jong-Wha ; Jung, Gu-Young ; Oh, Kwang-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.079
We investigated the characteristics of temperature variations under different land covers (paddy field, upland, urban park, and urban residential area) during hot summer (July 15 to August 19, 2005). The temperatures were monitored using data loggers at one hour intervals in study sites. The mean temperature generally increased with the distance from edge of paddy fields, being
higher at a site 170-m far from paddy fields than at a paddy field area at 22 h. The mean daily temperatures in the study period followed the ordo. of paddy field
< residential area
. The paddy field area has shown remarkable cooling effects compared to the residential area: Mean duration of temperature below
in the paddy field area was longer (8.6 hrs) than in the residential area; The time to fall to below
in the paddy field area was sooner (22.4 hr) than in the residential area; Mean daily minimum temperature in the paddy field area was much lower
than in the residential area. More research is needed to better clarify the mechanism of cooling effect of a paddy field area by investigating heat balance of a paddy field.
Application of Simple Regression Models for Pollutants Load Estimation of Paddy to Yeongsan and Seomjin River Watersheds
Choi, Woo-Jung ; Kwak, Jin-Hyeob ; Jung, Jae-Woon ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ; Chang, Nam-Ik ; Huh, Yu-Jeong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 89~97
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.089
Simple regression models for pollutants load estimation of paddy developed by the Ministry of Environment in 1995 were tested with the data (T-N, T-P,
, and SS) collected from Yeongsan and Seomjin river watersheds, and improvement measures were suggested. Overall, the simulated values showed a great difference from the measured values except for T-P according to the statistical analyses (RMSE, root mean square error; RMAE, root mean absolute error; RB, relative bias; EI, efficiency index). Such difference was assumed due to the fact that the models use only hydrologic factors (quantity factor) associated with precipitation and run-off as input parameters, but do not consider other factors which are likely to affect pollutant concentration (quality factor) including days after fertilization. In addition, in terms of accessibility of the models, some parameters in the models such as run-off depth and run-off amount which can not be obtained from the weather database but should be collected by on-site measurements need to be replaced with other variables.
GASS Improvement using Diverse Communication Layers of Material and Information
Kim, Tae-Gon ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 49, issue 1, 2007, Pages 101~109
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2007.49.1.101
The purpose of this study is to improve ability of GASS using diverse communication layers of material and information. GASS is a dynamic system simulator developed for analyzing complex agricultural system. However, it had two difficulties which are inefficient modeling of information transmission and complicated implementation of material transmission. This paper proposes dual communication layers which consist of material and information to overcome the hardship and applies intake tower component which controls amount of irrigation using water requirement in paddy to an irrigation system model. The application focused on available information communication and correctable material communication.