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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Nov 2008
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Sep 2008
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jul 2008
Volume 50, Issue 3 - May 2008
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Mar 2008
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis of the RICEWQ Model
Chung, Sang-Ok ; Park, Ki-Jung ; Son, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.003
The main objectives of this study are to calibrate the RICEWQ model with Korean field data and then analyse the sensitivity of the parameters to identify sensitive parameters. The RICEWQ is widely used to predict pesticide fate in a paddy plot. An experimental paddy plot of 0.2 ha(
) at Seobyeon-dong, Daegu, Korea was selected, and field observations for water and pesticide balance were performed from 4 June to 2 September 2006. The molinate, which is a herbicide widely used for weed control in rice culture, was selected. The RICEWQ model was successfully calibrated both for the water and pesticide mass balance. The calibrated model showed a RMSE of 0.537 cm for ponded water depths and a RMSE of 0.036 mg/L for the molinate concentrations in the ponded water. The most sensitive parameters for molinate concentrations in ponded water were the metabolism degradation rate in water, volatilization coefficient, and release rate for slow release formulation. In contrast, the RICEWQ model was not sensitive to parameters such as hydrolysis degradation rate in water and degradation rate in unsaturated soil.
Scenario-Based Exposure Risk Assessment of Molinate in a Paddy Plot : (1) Analysis of simulation results
Chung, Sang-Ok ; Park, Ki-Jung ; Son, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 11~16
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.011
The effects of water and pesticide management practices on ponded water pesticide concentrations in a paddy plot were analysed using the RICEWQ model. The molinate which is a herbicide widely used in rice culture, and frequently detected in paddy environment was selected. In a previous study, the RICEWQ model was successfully calibrated with field data obtained from a paddy plot in Daegu. The calibrated model was run using water and pesticide management scenarios with a set of measured meteorological data for 1997-2006 in Daegu. For all three ponded water depths with the label rate application, the amount of molinate dissipated in ponded water and volatilized accounted for more than 70%, and the runoff losses were less than 9%. The molinate losses through drainage in the very shallow ponded depth showed 40% less than that in deep ponded depth. Comparing with the deep and shallow ponded depth, the very shallow depth was the best with regards to the reduction of molinate runoff losses. Simulations with different pesticide application rates, label rate and double label rate, showed molinate concentrations in the ponded water increased linearly with the application rate increase.
Effects of Distributed Load on the Dynamic Response of the Reinforced Concrete Slabs
Oh, Kyung-Yoon ; Cho, Jin-Goo ; Choi, Soo-Myung ; Hong, Chong-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.019
This study has been carried out to investigate the dynamic characteristics of RC slabs. For this purpose, the 20-node solid element has been used to discretize the RC slabs into two parts of concrete and rebar. The material non-linearity considering elasto-visco plastic model and the smeared crack model have been adopted in the finite element formulation. The applied load can handle step load, load intensity of harmonic load, area of distributed load and frequency. The frequency of harmonic load has an significant effect on dynamic behaviour in terms of displacement. As the frequency is increased, the effect of load amplitude is more serious. Especially, if the frequency of harmonic load exceeds 30 Hz, it is noted that the displacement by harmonic load is greater than that by step load. In case of harmonic load, the damping effect shows no certain tendency with respect to frequency of load. In details, the damping is effective when the frequency of harmonic load is 2 Hz, but there is no consistent tendency according to damping ratio. The dynamic response when the frequency of harmonic load is 3 Hz shows same result for undamped case as well as for damped case with 5% damping ratio. It is also noted that we can get the largest deflection for damped case with 1% damping ratio. However, there is not any damping effect when the frequency of harmonic load is greater than 4 Hz.
Hydration Reaction Properties of Concrete With Binders and Admixtures
Cho, Il-Ho ; Sung, Chan-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.027
Recently, owing to the development of industry and improvement of building techniques, concrete structures are becoming larger and higher. This study was performed to analyze hydration reation properties of concrete with binders and admixtures, such as OPC, low heat cement, belite rich cement, slag powder, lime powder and fly ash. To investigate effects of PC type superplasticizer on the hydration, experiments involving FT-IR, XRD, DSC, SEM were analyzed at the curing age 1day, 3days and 28days. The hydration reaction rate of OPC concrete slightly delayed at the curing age 1day, blast furnace slag powder and fly ash were more effective. BRC and LHC concretes can be used for concrete structures in winter season.
Prediction of Excess Pore Water Pressure of Reservoir Embankment on Soft Ground
Min, Hag-Gyou ; Lee, Dal-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.037
A theoretical equation was proposed to consider the effect of ponding for the excess pore water pressure in agricultural reservoir on soft clay ground. The value of excess pore water pressure predicted using the proposed equation was compared to those predicted with the Terzaghi`s method and the finite difference method(FDM), respectively, for the purpose of verification. The degree of consolidation according to ponding predicted by applying the proposed equation was close to the observed degree of consolidation on the double drainage condition(at DP-3) but it was less than the observed degree of consolidation on the single drainage condition(at DP-5). The equation was very applicable to practice because the analysis result by the equation was close to the observed data.
Numerical Study of Contaminant Transport Coupled with Large Strain Consolidation
Lee, Jang-Guen ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.045
Contaminant transport has been widely studied in rigid porous media, but there are some cases where a large volumetric stain occurs such as dewatering of dredged contaminated sediment, landfill liner, and in-situ capping. This paper presents a numerical investigation of contaminant transport coupled with large strain consolidation. Consolidation test was performed with contaminated sediments collected in Gary, Indiana, U.S. to obtain constitutive relationships, which are required for numerical simulations. Numerical results using CST2 show an excellent agreement with measured settlement and excess pore pressure. CST2 is then used to simulate contaminant transport during and after in-situ capping. Numerical simulations provide that transient advective flows caused by consolidation significantly increase the contaminant transport rate. In addition, the numerical simulations revealed that active capping with Reactive Core Mat (RCM) significantly decelerates consolidation-induced contaminant transport.
Characteristics of Temperature Variation in Urban and Suburban Areas During Winter
Kwon, Sung-Ill ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Park, Jong-Hwa ; Oh, Kwang-Young ; Song, Chul-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 55~63
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.055
We investigated characteristics of temperature variation in urban and suburban areas(e.g., paddy field, upland, park, residential area) and urban heat island(UHI) during winter(December 2005 to February 2006). The daily maximum air temperature was not significantly different between suburban and urban areas, whereas the daily minimum air temperatures were significantly lower in the suburban areas than that in the residential area. The wind speed in the urban park(0.3 m/s) was much lower than that in the paddy fields(2.3 m/s), likely due to an urban canopy layer formed by high buildings. The UHI intensity was represented by differences in daily minimum temperatures between urban residential and paddy field areas. The UHI intensity(
) in winter was larger than that(
) in summer. This may be because a stable boundary layer develops in the winter, and thereby this inhibits diffusion of heat from surface.
Characteristics of Nonpoint Source Pollutant Loads from Forest watershed with Various Water Quality Sampling Frequencies
Shin, Min-Hwan ; Shi, Yong-Chul ; Heo, Sung-Gu ; Lim, Kyoung-Jae ; Choi, Joong-Dae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 2, 2008, Pages 65~71
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.2.065
A monsoon season monitoring data from June to September, 2005 of a small forested watershed located at the upstream of the North Han River system in Korea was conducted to analyze the flow variations, the NPS pollutant concentrations, and the pollution load characteristics with respect to sampling frequencies. During the 4-month period, 1,423 mm or 79.2% of annual rainfall(1,797 mm) were occurred and more than 77%, 54% and 68% of annual T-N,
-N and T-P loads discharged. Flow rate was continuously measured with automatic velocity and water level meters and 58 water quality samples were taken and analyzed. It was analyzed that the flow volume by random measurement varied very widely and ranged from 79% to 218% of that of continuous measurement. It was recommended that flow measurement of small forested watersheds should be continuously measured with automated flow meters to precisely measure flow rates. Flow-weighted mean concentrations of T-N,
-N and T-P during the period were 2.114 mg/L, 0.836 mg/L, and 0.136 mg/L, respectively. T-N,
-N and T-P loads were sensitive to the number of samples. And it was analyzed that in order to measure the pollution load within the error of 10% to the true load, the rate of sampling frequency should be higher than 89.7% of the sample numbers that were required to compute the true pollution load. If it is compared to selected foreign research results, about 10 water samples for each rainfall event were needed to compute the pollution load within 10% error. It is unlikely in Korea and recommended that thorough NPS pollution monitoring studies are required to develop the standard monitoring procedures for reliable NPS pollution quantification.