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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Nov 2008
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Sep 2008
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jul 2008
Volume 50, Issue 3 - May 2008
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Mar 2008
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Application of Meteorological Drought Indices for North Korea
Nam, Won-Ho ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Jang, Min-Won ; Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 3~15
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.003
North Korea is one of the vulnerable countries facing the threat of a drought, so that it is unavoidable to experience fatal damage when drought is occurred, and it is necessary to improve the drought response capability of water resources systems. However, it is still difficult to find research efforts for drought characteristics and drought management in North Korea. This study is to quantify drought duration and magnitude and to analyze drought characteristics in North Korea. In order to quantitatively identify historical drought conditions and to evaluate their variability, drought indices are commonly used. In this study, drought indices including dry-day index, deciles of normal precipitation, Phillips drought index, standardized precipitation index and Palmer drought severity index are calculated and compared monthly using the weather data for the twenty one meteorological stations in North Korea. The indices compared with the drought damage records that have reported from 1990 to present to understand how the indices can explain the drought. A comparative study was also conducted to evaluate the relative severity of the significant droughts occurred during 2000 and 2001 which were reported as the worst drought in North Korea. Drought indices calculated from this study demonstrated that those can be the effective tools in quantitatively evaluating drought severity and measures of drought. Thus it is recommended the distributed trend of drought be considered when the plan or measures for drought in North Korea are established.
A Comparative Study of Unit Hydrograph Models for Flood Runoff Simulation at a Small Watershed
Seong, Choung-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Min ; Park, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 17~27
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.017
In this study, three different unit hydrograph methods (Snyder, SCS, Clark) in the HEC-HMS were compared to find better fit with the observed data in the small agricultural watershed. Baran watershed, having
in size, was selected as a study watershed. The watershed input data for HEC-HMS were retrieved using HEC-GeoHMS which was developed to assist making GIS input data for HEC-HMS. Rainfall and water flow data were monitored since 1996 for the study watershed. Fifty five storms from 1996 to 2003 were selected for model calibration and verification. Three unit hydrograph methods were compared with the observed data in terms of simulated peak runoff, peak time and total direct runoff for the selected storms. The results showed that the coefficient of determination (
) for the observed peak runoff was
and root mean square error, RMSE, was
for calibration stages. In the model verification,
for the observed peak runoff was
and RMSE was
, which were slightly less accurate than the calibrated data. The simulated flood hydrographs were well agreed with the observed data. SCS unit hydrograph method showed best fit, but there was no significant difference among the three unit hydrograph methods.
Survey for the Management of Reservoirs under Control of Local Authorities of Reservoir of City.Gun in Korea
Choi, Won ; Kim, Han-Jung ; Yoon, Seong-Su ; Kim, Jong-Ok ; Jung, Nam-Su ; Lee, Hyung-Jin ; Han, Yi-Cheol ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 31~41
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.031
There are many agricultural facilities (46.7%) that have been over 30 years in the Republic of Korea (the ratio of reservoirs built before 1945 is 53%, from 1946 to 1971 is 35%). In the case of reservoirs which do most important functions among these facilities, only 3,000 reservoirs are managed by Korea Rural Community & Agriculture Corporation (KRC) and the other 15,000 reservoirs are managed by local authorities (City and Gun). But, 15,000 reservoirs included in City. Gun have been built in more wide area than KRC and the reservoir management system has not been operated well because of shortage of budget and manpower of the local authorities. Particularly, the abnormal weather happened during every summer season recently has ruined a lot of rural community facilities. So flood control function have been more important than irrigation function in agricultural reservoir system and it may be required to introduce new safe, management and maintenance techniques in City Gun reservoirs. So we investigated landscapes and deteriorations of agricultural reservoirs managed by local small governments for revealing not only present usage but also future value. Survey shows that there are no structural managements except typical hydrological reportings and the deterioration of small darn is very serious. There are needs for more systematic management system and equipment methods. Therefore, this study may suggest that reservoir (that takes charge of the greatest deal of weight in all agricultural facilities) must be considered as new concept of the usage and the unification. On the other hand, reservoir must be also developed as amenity resources, natural circumstances and district values.
Economic Evaluation of the Passive Solar-house Heating System Using the All-glass Evacuated Solar Collector Tubes and the Pebble Bed Heat Storage
Jang, Moon-Ki ; Yulong, Zhang ; Zailin, Piao ; Rhee, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.043
The economics of a passive solar heating system (PSHS) with the pebble bed heat storage was evaluated, and the applications of the PSHS were analyzed, in this study. The results are as follows: The heating load, solar heat gain, and stored heat/year of the PSHS in the solar house model were found to be 10,778MJ, 3,438MJ, and 11,682MJ, respectively. The yearly energy expenses of the PSHS and the alternative heating system (conventional coal heating system, CCHS), which uses coal, were found to be USD 1.60/year and USD 60.90/year, respectively, and the yearly expenses of the PSHS were found to be 38 times less than those of the alternative heating system (CCHS). If it will be supposed that the life cycle of the passive solar heating system, according to the results of the LCC analysis in the two systems, is 40 years, the total expenses for the life cycle of the PSHS and the CCHS will be USD 1,431.50 and USD 2,740.00, respectively. The period for the investment payback of the PSHS is six years.
Studies on Structural Degradation of Agricultural Reservoirs in Chungbuk Region
Song, Chang-Seob ; Pak, Byung-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.051
Ninety five percent of the agricultural reservoirs were constructed by earth or rock. There are 18,000 agricultural dams and reservoirs in Korea. Therefore, it is easy to evaluate or identify their problems. Reservoirs should be repaired before too late. It is required to guarantee the proper functions of the existing agricultural dams and reservoirs in time to minimize the damage. In this study, in order to evaluate degradation of agricultural reservoir, grasps the safety of reservoir choosing for agriculture of 25 reservoirs which are distributed in Chungbuk region rural and analyzed using possibility as reservoir of agricultural usage. The degradation was evaluated by a compilation of the result where embankment and structure were separately handled, measured and then multiplied scores for each categories. By activating this research, current status of agricultural reservoir and degradation status will be easily measured. In addition, the research could be also used as a tool for an effective control or maintenance.
Land-use Mapping and Change Detection in Northern Cheongju Region
Na, Sang-Il ; Park, Jong-Hwa ; Shin, Hyoung-Sup ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 61~69
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.061
Land-use in northern Cheongju region is changing rapidly because of the increased interactions of human activities with the environment as population increases. Land-use change detection is considered essential for monitoring the growth of an urban complex. The analysis was undertaken mainly on the basis of the multi-temporal Landsat images (1991, 1992 and 2000) and DEM data in a post-classification analysis with GIS to map land-use distribution and to analyse factors influencing the land-use changes for Cheongju city. The area of each land-use category was also calculated for monitoring land-use changes. Land-use statistics revealed that substantial land-use changes have taken place and that the built-up areas have expanded by about
(11.47%) over the study period (1991 - 2000). This study illustrated an increasing trend of urban and barren lands areas with a decreasing trend of agricultural and forest areas. Land-use changes from one category to others have been clearly represented by the NDVI composite images, which were found suitable for delineating the development of urban areas and land use changes in northern Cheongju region. Rapid economic developments together with the increasing population were noted to be the major factors influencing rapid land use changes. Urban expansion has replaced urban and barren lands.
Reliability Analysis for Price Forecasting of Chinese Cabbage
Suh, Kyo ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.071
Generally the price of agricultural products has much different characteristics from that of manufacturing products. If products have the limitation of long-term storage and the short period of cultivation, the price of products can be more unstable. Moreover, the price forecasting is very difficult because it doesn`t follow any cycle or trend. However price can be regarded as risk instead of uncertainty if we can calculate the probability of price. Reliability analysis techniques are used for forecasting the price change of Chinese cabbage. This study aims to show the usability of reliability analysis for price forecasting. A price-forecasting model was developed based on weather data of the first 10 days of the full cultivating cycle (80 days) 70 days and the average price and standard deviation of wholesale market prices from 1996 to 2001 and applied to forecast the boom price, or the orice which is over the tolerance of market prices, of upland Chinese cabbage in 2002 and 2003. Applied results showed the possibility of boom price forecasting using reliability analysis techniques.
Development of a Paddy Field Estimation Model Considering Shift-share Effects
Jang, Woo-Suk ; Jung, Nam-Su ; Park, Ki-Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 83~89
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.083
Estimations of paddy field area are important for agricultural water supply planning. Especially these estimations have to be excused by drainage basin. In this research, we developed a paddy field estimation model considering shift-share effects such as national growing, structural, local effects. National growing effects are estimated by adopting the result of KREI-ASMO model which predict farm land area in national level. Paddy field structural effects are estimated using statistical data about farmhouse numbers and cultivation areas. Local allocation effects are calculated by differences of estimations and real data. The results using data from 1998 to 2003 show that developed model estimates 2006 paddy field areas in each province in 5% error and is applicable to predict future change of paddy field.
Estimating Optimal Potential Surface for Spatial Expansion of Built-up Area by Formulating WSM-AHP Method
Kim, Dae-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 91~104
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.091
This study developed the WSM (weighted scenario method)-AHP method that can optimize the weighting value for multi-criteria to make GIS grid-based potential surface. The potential surface has been used to simulate urban expansion using distributed cellular automata model and to generate land-use planning as basic data. This study formulated the WSM-AHP method in mathematically and applied to test region, Suwon city, which located on south area from Seoul. WSM-AHP method generates potential map for each pair of weighting value for all criteria, which one criterion is weighted with high weighting value and the others use low weighting value, considering that the summation for all criteria weighting values should be "1". The potential change rate to the step of weighted scenario for weighting value of criteria is standardized like AHP intensity matrix in this study. From the standard potential change rate, WSM-AHP intensity matrix is completed, and then the optimal weighting value is calculated from the maximum eigenvector of the WSM-AHP matrix, according to the new WSM-AHP method developed in this study. The applied results of new method showed that the optimal weighting value from WSM-AHP is more resonable than the general AHP specialists` evaluation for weighting value. The another new finding of this study is to suggest the deterministic approach to optimize the weighting value for the distributed CA model, which is used to find new city area and to generate rational land-use planning.
A Study on Application of New & Renewable Energy for Environmental-friendly Planning of Rural Villages - Analysis of Solar Energy Resources -
Nam, Sang-Woon ; Kim, Dae-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.105
Solar energy, which is one of renewable energy, would be the most useful resources that can be applied to making energy recycling villages without using fossil energy. This study analyzed energy potential on solar energy considering weather condition in three traditional villages and compared with energy consumption surveyed. A photovoltaic system having 3.0kWp capacity of unit module can generate 182.5%, 96.1% and 170.9% of the yearly mean consumption of electric power in Makhyun, Boojang, and Soso, respectively. A flat-plate solar collector having
area of unit module can generate warm water of
/day, respectively in three study villages. In Makhyun and Soso, photovoltaic power and warm water produced by solar energy were sufficient to supply required amount of electric power and warm water. However, both electric power and warm water produced by unit solar module were not sufficient in Boojang area, and so it is required to increase the module area by more than 50%. According to the results of this study, the appropriate combination of energy resources can be applied to rural green-village planning if the characteristic of energy potential for each local area is considered.
Regional Scale Evapotranspiration Mapping using Landsat 7 ETM+ Land Surface Temperature and NDVI Space
Na, Sang-Il ; Park, Jong-Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 50, issue 3, 2008, Pages 115~123
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2008.50.3.115
Evapotranspiration mapping using both meteorological ground-based measurements and satellite-derived information has been widely studied during the last few decades and various methods have been developed for this purpose. It is significant and necessary to estimate regional evapotranspiration (ET) distribution in the hydrology and water resource research. The study focused on analyzing the surface ET of Chungbuk region using Landsat 7 ETM imagery. For this process, we estimated the regional daily evapotranspiration on May 8, 2000. The estimation of surface evapotranspiration is based on the relationship between Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) and Morton`s actual ET. TVDI is the relational expression between Normalized Difference of Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Land Surface Temperature (LST). The distribution of NDVI corresponds well with that of land-use/land cover in Chungbuk. The LST of several part of city in Chungbuk region is higher in comparison with the averaged LST. And TVDI corresponds too well with that of land cover/land use in Chungbuk region. The low evapotranspiration availability is distinguished over the large city like Cheongju-si, Chungju-si and the difference of evapotranspiration availability on forest and paddy is high.