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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Nov 2009
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Sep 2009
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Jul 2009
Volume 51, Issue 3 - May 2009
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Mar 2009
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Utilization of CFD Simulation Model for a Bubble Column Photobioreactor
Yoo, J.I. ; Lee, I.B. ; Hwang, H.S. ; Hong, S.W. ; Seo, I.H. ; Bitog, J.P. ; Kwon, K.S. ; Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.001
Photobioreactor (PBR) that houses and cultivates microalgae providing a suitable environment for its growth, such as light, nutrients, CO2, heat, etc. is now getting more popular in the last decade. Among the many types of PBRs, the bubble column type is very attractive because of its simple construction and easy operation. However, despite the availability of these PBRs, only a few of them can be practically used for mass production. Many limitations still holdback their use especially during their scale-up. To enlarge the culture volume and productivity while supplying optimum environmental conditions, various PBR structures and process control are needed to be investigated. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was economically used to design a bubble-column type PBR taking the place of field experiments. CFD is a promising technique which can simulate the growth and production of microalgae in the PBR. To study bubble column PBR with CFD, the most important factor is the possibility of realizing bubble. In this study, multi-phase models which are generally used to realize bubbles were compared by theoretical approaches and comparing in a 2D simulation. As a result, the VOF (volume of fluid) model was found to be the most effective model to realize the bubbles shape as well as the flow inside PBR which may be induced by bubble injection. Considering the accuracy and economical efficiency, 0.005 second time step size was chosen for 2.5 mm mesh size. These results will be used as criteria for scale-up in the PBR simulation.
Monitoring of the Fugitive and Suspended Dust Dispersion at the Saemangeum Reclaimed Land and Neighboring Farm areas
Hwang, H.S. ; Lee, I.B. ; Shin, M.H. ; Lee, G.Y. ; Hong, S.W. ; Seo, I.H. ; Yoo, J.I. ; Bitog, J.P. ; Kwon, K.W. ; Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.009
A study on fugitive dusts was conducted at Saemangeum reclaimed land and the neighboring farm located at the west coast of Korea. After the area was completely reclaimed in 2006, halophyte plants and several windbreak systems were installed. The distributions of suspended dust particle was regularly measured through field experiment. The size of dust source area was also analyzed periodically and then it was determined to be in the following order: Buan > Gimje > Gunsan. The suspended dust which were dispersed to the neighboring areas were significantly affected by the size of the soil particles, wind velocity and wind direction. The results of Big Spring Number Eight (BSNE) experiments also showed that the concentration of the fugitive dust generated from the reclaimed land was reduced remarkably by the presence of halophyte plants. Recently, in 2008, the measured dust concentration rate was decreased by an average of 30.6%. The average dust concentration is expected to decrease further as more areas are being covered by halophyte plants.
Fundamental Experiments for Design of Air Inflating Apparatus of Air-Inflated Double-Layer Plastic Greenhouse
Lee, H.W. ; Nam, H.S. ; Sim, S.Y. ; Nam, S.W. ; Kim, Y.S. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.019
This study was conducted to provide fundamental data for design of air inflating apparatus of air-inflated double-layer plastic greenhouse. The variation of static pressure in air tube for different fans and filters, filtering performance for various kinds of filters and destruction phase of experimental greenhouse collapsed by excessive static pressure in air space were analyzed. The general type of forward centrifugal fan was recommended for inflating air space in air-inflated double-layer plastic greenhouse. The experimental greenhouse was collapsed down by excessive static pressure just like fallen by heavy snow load acting on it. The static pressure in air tube without filter decreased linearly as the number of outlet openings increased. But the pressure in air tube with filter declined quadratically, the decremental ratio diminished by the increase of outlet openings. The higher filtering efficiency and the greater decrements of static pressure in air tube, the larger capacity fan was required for maintaining proper static pressure in air space. Because the porosities of filter were blocked by dust as time goes by, the static pressure in air tube with filter decreased. The higher filtering efficiency, the less decremental ratio of static pressure in air tube as time passes by. Considering the filtering efficiency, decrement of static pressure and thickness of filter, the 5mm thickness filter of 75% efficiency was recommended for air inflating filter of air-inflated double-layer plastic greenhouse.
Assessment of Climate and Vegetation Canopy Change Impacts on Water Resources using SWAT Model
Park, Min-Ji ; Shin, Hyung-Jin ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Kang, Boo-Sik ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.025
The objective of this study is to evaluate the future potential climate and vegetation canopy change impact on a dam watershed hydrology. A
dam watershed, the part of Han-river basin which has the watershed outlet at Chungju dam was selected. The SWAT model was calibrated and verified using 9 year and another 7 year daily dam inflow data. The Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency ranged from 0.43 to 0.91. The Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCCma) Coupled Global Climate Model3 (CGCM3) data based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) SRES (Special Report Emission Scenarios) B1 scenario was adopted for future climate condition and the data were downscaled by artificial neural network method. The future vegetation canopy condition was predicted by using nonlinear regression between monthly LAI (Leaf Area Index) of each land cover from MODIS satellite image and monthly mean temperature was accomplished. The future watershed mean temperatures of 2100 increased by
, and the precipitation increased by 20.4 % based on 2001 data. The vegetation canopy prediction results showed that the 2100 year LAI of deciduous, evergreen and mixed on April increased 57.1 %, 15.5 %, and 62.5% respectively. The 2100 evapotranspiration, dam inflow, soil moisture content and groundwater recharge increased 10.2 %, 38.1 %, 16.6 %, and 118.9 % respectively. The consideration of future vegetation canopy affected up to 3.0%, 1.3%, 4.2%, and 3.6% respectively for each component.
Hydrological Drought Assessment of Agricultural Reservoirs based on SWSI in Geum River Basin
Ahn, So-Ra ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Jung, In-Kyun ; Na, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 35~49
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.035
This study proposes a method to evaluate agricultural reservoirs drought by modifying SWSI (Surface Water Supply Index). The method was applied to Geum river basin and the results were represented as spatially distributed information. The SWSI evaluates hydrological drought of watershed unit by selectively applying one or all of the components of snowpack, precipitation, streamflow and reservoir storage. South Korea has 22 % of agricultural area, and rice paddy covers 64 % among them. Usually paddy fields scattered along stream are irrigated by so many small agricultural reservoirs. It is difficult to evaluate agriculture drought by the little information and large number of agricultural reservoirs. In this study, seven agricultural reservoirs over 10 million ton storage capacity were selected in Geum river basin, and the SWSI was evaluated for both upstream and downstream of the reservoirs using 16 years data (1991-2006). Using the results, multiple regression analyses with precipitation and reservoir storage as variables were conducted and the equations were applied to other watersheds. The spatial results by applying regression equations showed that the severe and moderate drought conditions of July and September in 1994, June in 1995, and May in 2001 were well expressed by the watershed unit.
Effect of Thin Wall Tube on Clay Soil Disturbance during Sampling
Eam, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.051
The total recovery ratio test on undisturbed clay soil sampling in the field and the finite element method analysis on modified static state of penetration process were conducted for the purpose of deciding the most important factor among the shape factors of thin wall tube. The adhesion between tube wall and soil did not decrease although internal clearance ratio of tube increased within the little change of tube area ratio. The most part of disturbance occurred in the tip of sampling tube during the penetration. The longitudinal displacement was larger than the lateral displacement because soil was confined laterally after being entered into tube, and also the longitudinal displacement was larger in the upper part of the sample tube than in the lower part.
Estimation of Settlement Caused by Lateral Displacement by Means of the Differences of Settlements from Consolidation Theory and Field Measurement
Kang, Min-Soo ; Jeon, Sang-Ok ; Eam, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.059
In this study, it was developed that the software could be used to estimate consolidation settlement by curve fitting method according to Terzaghi`s consolidation theory on the condition of gradual incremental loading, and the method of estimating settlement caused by lateral displacement was suggested, in which the settlement was calculated from the difference between the settlement calculated with the developed software using the early part of measured data and the settlement measured for the short duration from the beginning of embankment in the field. The verification of the suggested method of estimating settlement caused by lateral displacement showed good results.
Decision of Critical Area Due to NPS Pollutant Loadings from Kyongan Stream Watershed using BASINS-SWAT
Jang, Jae-Ho ; Yoon, Chung-Gyeong ; Jung, Kwang-Wook ; Son, Yeung-Kwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 69~78
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.069
In order to improve water quality of upper watershed of Paldang reservoir, it is necessary to evaluate non-point source pollution loads and identify critical watershed pollution sources. A GIS based Soil and Water Assessment Tool was applied to evaluate model application and reliability, estimate NPS pollution load, identify critical watershed by NPS pollution sources, and suggest various best management practices for Kyongan Stream watershed. Yearly NPS pollution loads were estimated 30.0% SS, 60.1% TN and 35.4% TP, respectably. The watershed pollution load is mainly decided by precipitation condition and SS and nutrients load have a significant regression relationship. Based on 10-year average yearly NPS pollution load, critical sub-watersheds were identified. The No. 5 and 17 which have lots of relatively intensive agricultural fields and scattered industrial area were vary critical sub-watersheds and under more intensive pollution load. In order to control critical watershed, watershed best management practices such as scientific fertilizer, contour farming and parallel terrace, transferring the sloppy farmland to grass or forest and constructing a buffer zone, and constructing wetlands and retention ponds will be applied. Overall the SWAT model can be efficiently used for identification of critical sub-watersheds in order to develop a priority watershed management plan to reduce water pollutions.
Estimation of Surplus Solar Energy in Greenhouse (I) - Case Study Based on 1-2W Type -
Suh, Won-Myung ; Bae, Yong-Han ; Ryou, Young-Sun ; Lee, Sung-Hyoun ; Yoon, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.079
This research performed to analyze surplus solar energy, which is generated from a greenhouse during daytime, and to make the basic materials for designing thermal energy storage system for surplus solar energy. For this goal, it analyzed the surplus solar energy coming from two types of greenhouse. The results of this research are as per the below: In the case of 1-2W-type greenhouse, this research gave the same temperature and ventilation condition regardless of regions, but it was judged that the quantity of surplus solar energy could be greatly changed, depending on the energy consumed for the photosynthesis and evapotranspiration of crops in the greenhouse, on the heating temperature during daytime and night, on the existence/non-existence of a curtain and its warming effect, and on the ventilation temperature suitable for the overcoming of high temperature troubles or for the optimum cultivation temperature. In the case of a single-span greenhouse, there was a big difference in energy incoming and outgoing by month, but throughout seasons, 85.0 % of the total energy put into the greenhouse was solar energy and the energy input by heating was just 15.0 % of the total. 26.4 % of the total energy input for the greenhouse was used for photosynthesis and evapotranspiration of crops, and 44.2 % of the remaining 73.6 % went out in the form of radiant heat through the surface of the greenhouse. That is, 25.2 % of the total energy loss was just the surplus solar energy. 67.6 % of the total heating energy was concentrically used for 3 months from December to February next year, but the surplus solar energy during the same period was just 19.4 % of the total annual quantity so it was found that the given condition was more restrictive in directly converting the surplus heat into greenhouse heating. Under the disadvantageous circumstance of 3 months from December to February next year, it was possible to supplement 28 % (December)
85 % (February) of heating energy with surplus solar energy.
Assessment of Cell Based Pollutant Loadings in an Intensive Agricultural Watershed
Kang, Moon-Seong ; Cho, Jae-Pil ; Chun, Jong-An ; Park, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.087
The objectives of this paper were to estimate cell based pollutant loadings for total maximum daily load (TMDL) programs and to evaluate the applicability of the agricultural nonpoint source (AGNPS) model for an intensive agricultural watershed in Korea. The model was calibrated and validated at a watershed of 384.8 ha of drainage area using the observed data from 1996 through 2000 in terms of runoff, suspended solid, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus on a hourly basis. Analysis of spatial variations of pollutant loadings for rainfall frequencies of various intensities and durations were conducted. In addition, the validated model was applied to estimated the TMDL removal efficiency for best management practices (BMPs) scenarios which were selected by taking into account the pollutant characteristics of the study watershed. The model can help to understand the problems and to find solutions through landuse changes and BMPs. Thus, the method used for this study was able to identify TMDL quantitatively as well as qualitatively for various sources pollution that are spatially dispersed. Also it provides an assessment of the impact of BMPs on the water bodies studied, allowing the TMDL programs to be complemented more effectively.
Development of Clean Water Supplying System for Greenhouse Cultivation and Convenience Water (I) - Development of the FDA System -
Lee, Kwang-Ya ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 95~100
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.095
The water purification systems have been hardly used for agricultural purpose due to their complicated compositions and high costs for farmers, while only simple filtrations have been applied to irrigation systems in order to prevent the system from clogging problems. This study therefore developed a clean water supplying system, the Filter-Disinfection-Adsorption (FDA) system, especially for greenhouse cultivation of where low quality of water is available. This system has also been produced for providing convenience water to farmers in the areas of no water supply service systems for the purpose of washing their bodies or agricultural machineries after farm work. The FDA system consists of three stages of purification processes with an integral module, including disk and teflon filtrations and Ultraviolet (UV) sterilization processes. Indoor experiments were undertaken with a trial product of the FDA system to test its performance. The operation test of the process was performed as well as the condition check of each item including UV module, filters, control panel, pump, valves, etc. The results shows good performance of each test with no critical problems. The initial and maintenance costs were also analysed with other purification systems. From the comparisons, the FDA system found to be very economical and easy to use.
Development of Clean Water Supplying System for Greenhouse Cultivation and Convenience Water (II) - Assessment of the FDA System through a Site Application -
Lee, Kwang-Ya ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 101~106
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.101
The previous study developed the Filter-Disinfection-Adsorption (FDA) system to provide clean irrigation water for greenhouse cultivation as well as convenience water to farmers. In this study, the field examination was undertaken to assess performance of the FDA system. The field application was made in the suburb of Daegu, one of the large city in Korea. The study area located near by down-stream of Gum-Ho river is suffering low irrigation water quality problems with no water supply service facilities. Four water quality parameters including Suspended Solid (SS), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), coliform, and turbidity were selected to test the purification performance of FDA system. Also in order to improve the system, this study investigated the defects of using the FDA system through field monitoring. As results, it was found that this system can be used to supply good quality of irrigation water for greenhouse cultivation and also provide convenience water to farmers in the field areas of no water supply services.
Estimation of Design Flood Runoff in Ungaged Forest Watershed to Reduce Flood Damage within the National Park
Kim, Sang-Min ; Im, Sang-Jun ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Hyung-Ho ; Ma, Ho-Seop ; Jeong, Won-Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 51, issue 5, 2009, Pages 107~113
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2009.51.5.107
The purpose of this study is to estimate the design flood runoff for ungaged forest watershed to reduce the flood damage in national park. Daewonsa watershed in Jirisan National Park was selected as study watershed, of which characteristic factors were obtained from GIS data. Flood runoff was simulated using SCS unit hydrograph module in HEC-HMS model. SCS Curve Number (CN) was calculated from forest type area weighted average method. Huff`s time distribution of second-quartile storm of the Sancheong weather station, which is nearest from study watershed, was used for design flood runoff estimation. Critical storm duration for the study watershed was 3 hrs. Based on the critical duration, the peak runoff for each sub-watershed were simulated. It is recommended to monitor the long-term flow data for major stream stations in National Park for a better reliable peak runoff simulation results.