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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 54, Issue 6 - Nov 2012
Volume 54, Issue 5 - Sep 2012
Volume 54, Issue 4 - Jul 2012
Volume 54, Issue 3 - May 2012
Volume 54, Issue 2 - Mar 2012
Volume 54, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Assessment of Mobile Technology Operability Based on RFID and QR Code for Real Time Information Management of Irrigation Facilities
Kim, Tae-Gon ; Nam, Won-Ho ; Lee, Tae-Seok ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Kim, Jin-Taek ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.001
This study aims to assess the mobile information technology as an alternative means for managing information of irrigation facilities. Traditional irrigation facility management which is operated manually has faced to critical limitations, such as delayed and loss in data handling and facilities misidentification. Real time download, collection, and update the information about the irrigation structure conditions in terms of operation and maintenance can provide a better support of the management efforts. Thus this study suggested mobile information technology using RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) and QR (Quick Response) code for real time information management of irrigation facilities. This paper describes the applications and implementation results of real-time mobile technology for the field information communication of the irrigation facilities. The system was tested in I-dong irrigation districts in Gyounggi-province, Korea and the assessment of operability demonstrated beneficial usability for inspection of agricultural irrigation facilities in the irrigation district. The tests showed that RFID was preferred method expected to improve operability although these had some limitation. The mobile technologies are expected to increase efficiency and effectiveness of irrigation facilities management.
Analysis of Agricultural Water Supply System at the Dongjin-River Basin
Choi, Jin-Kyu ; Son, Jae-Gwon ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.011
This study was investigated agricultural water supply system of major agricultural waterway for Gimje canal, Jeongeup canal, Dongjin river conduit of Dongjin river basin. Furthermore, this result will be used for water resources and agricultural demand in Saemangeum reclaimed arable land. Annual precipitation for 5 years in Dongjin river basin was 1,311.7mm. The average discharges in Dongjin river basin was
for 2,007 and 2008, respectively. Also, annual average amount of water resources was 1,861
for 2,007 and 2008, respectively. Dongjin river basin water system for the analysis of agricultural water in water resources, runoff, agricultural water demand and usage surveys were analyzed, resulting in the total amount of water due to precipitation of the watershed of the
and Dongjin River basin in waters flowing discharge is
, agricultural water demand and usage of each of
compared to the agricultural water demand was more likely. Agricultural water supply system in Dongjin river basin is complex because of devided branches to the main canal and branch canal. In this process, accurately assessment of water usage is very difficult. Therefore, systematic management of water resources and supply of agricultural water supply system to use the terms of the complexity and diversity by considering the appropriate level of agricultural water management systems will be needed. As a result of this study, it can be used water resources assessment in quantity, rational usefulness and basic planning of water resources development for water distribution.
Undrained Creep Characteristics of Silty Sands and Comparative Study of Creep model
Bong, Tae-Ho ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Noh, Soo-Kack ; Park, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.019
Soils exhibit creep behavior in which deformation and movement proceed under a state of constant stress or load. In this study, A series of triaxial tests were performed under constant principal stress in order to interpret the undrained creep characteristics of silty sands. Although samples are non-plastic silty sands, the results of tests show that the creep deformation increasing over time. Based on the results of test, Singh-Mitchell model parameters and Generalized model coefficients were calculated. Generalized model showed slightly larger deformation in the primary creep range but secondary creep deformation was almost identical. Although Singh-Mitchell model showed relatively large errors compared to Generalized model because it uses the average of test results, but Singh-Mitchell model can be easily represented by three creep parameters.
Prediction of Reservoir Water Level using CAT
Jang, Cheol-Hee ; Kim, Hyeon-Jun ; Kim, Jin-Taek ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.027
This study is to analyse the hydrological behavior of agricultural reservoir using CAT (Catchment hydrologic cycle Assessment Tool). The CAT is a water cycle analysis model in order to quantitatively assess the characteristics of the short/long-term changes in watershed. It supports the effective design of water cycle improvement facilities by supplementing the strengths and weaknesses of existing conceptual parameter-based lumped hydrologic models and physical parameter-based distributed hydrologic models. The CAT especially supports the analysis of runoff processes in paddy fields and reservoirs. To evaluate the impact of agricultural reservoir operation and irrigation water supply on long-term rainfall-runoff process, the CAT was applied to Idong experimental catchment, operated for research on the rural catchment characteristics and accumulated long term data by hydrological observation equipments since 2000. From the results of the main control points, Idong, Yongdeok and Misan reservoirs, the daily water levels of those points are consistent well with observed water levels, and the Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiencies were 0.32~0.89 (2001~2007) and correlation coefficients were 0.73~0.98.
Field Test of Recycled Aggregates and Crushed Stone as Horizontal Drains
Kim, Si-Jung ; Lee, Dal-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.039
In this study, field test on utilization of recycled aggregates and crushed stone as horizontal drains to use an alternative material of sand in soft ground is practiced. The settlement with time showed similarly ranged from 28.4-30.3 cm in the all horizontal materials. The excess pore water pressure of the recycled aggregates and crushed stone showed smaller than sand. The small the excess pore water pressure becomes faster the consolidation period and it can reduces the amount of residual settlement. Therefore, it was verified as having enough to an alternative materials that the field applicability is excellent. The distribution of earth pressure with time showed similarly in the all horizontal materials. The recycled aggregates and crushed stone was very applicable to practice because there is no mat resistance in the horizontal drains layer. The penetration rate in the SCP and PVD improvement sections did not show large differences as the grain size and the horizontal drainage height increases.
Analyzing Consumptive Use of Water and Yields of Paddy Rice by Climate Change
Lee, Tae-Seok ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Oh, Yun-Gyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.047
Agriculture is dependable to weather condition and its change so that it is necessary to understand the impacts of climatic change. The aim of this study is to analyze the change of consumptive use of water and rice yield due to climate change using CERES-Rice. In this study, the weather data of three emission scenario of A1B, A2 and B1 created from CGCM (Coupled General Circulation Model) were used from 2011 to 2100, and downscaled daily weather data were simulated using LARS-WG (Long Ashton Research Station Weather Generator). The input data for cultivated condition for simulating CERSE (Crop-Environment Resource Synthesis)-Rice were created referring to standard cultivation method of paddy rice in Korea. The results showed that consumptive uses of water for paddy rice were projected decreasing to 4.8 % (2025s), 9.1 % (2055s), 12.6 % (2085s) comparing to the baseline value of 403.5 mm in A2 scenario. The rice yield of baseline was 450.7 kg/10a and projected increasing to -0.4 % (2025s), 3.9 % (2055s), 17.5 % (2085s) in A1B scenario. The results demonstrated relationships between consumptive use of water and rice yields due to climate change and can be used for the agricultural water resources development planning and cultivation method of paddy rice for the future.
Improvement of Stream Water Quality by Applying Best Management Practices to Chungjudam Watershed using SWAT Model
Yu, Yung-Seok ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Shin, Hyung-Jin ; Kim, Saet-Byul ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.055
This study is to assess the reduction of nonpoint source pollution by applying Best Management Practice (BMP) in Chungju-dam watershed (6,585.1
) using Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The model was calibrated using 3 years (1998-2000) daily streamflow at 3 locations and monthly water quality of sediment (SS), total nitrogen (T-N) and total phosphorus (T-P) data at 2 locations and validated for another 3 years (2001-2003) data. The 5 BMPs of streambank stabilization, porous gully plugs, recharge structures, terrace, and contour farming were applied to stream and area with the specific criteria of previous researches. Through the parameter sensitivity analysis, the farming practice P-factor and Manning's roughness of stream were sensitive. Overall, the NPS reduction effect was high for streambank stabilization, terrace, and contour farming. At the watershed outlet, the SS, T-P, and T-N were reduced by 64.4 %, 62.8 % and 17.6 % respectively.
Assessment of Instrument Efficiency in Detecting Airborne Virus
Ha, Tae-Hwan ; Lee, In-Bok ; Kwon, Kyeong-Seok ; Lee, Sung-Bok ; Song, Sang-Hyeon ; Bitog, Jessie. P. ; Yoon, Soon-Seek ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.063
In livestock industry, damage caused by the epidemic diseases such as Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD), Highly-Pathogenic-Avian-Influenza (HPAI) and Porcine-Reproductive-and-Respiratory-Syndrome (PRRS) was very serious. The financial loss incurred from FMD alone which occurred on Nov. 2011 in Korea was estimated at 3 billion won, 23 % of annual livestock industry production. The livestock industry in Korea has greater risk of disease infection because of high density production, etc. Investigating the spread of livestock diseases should consider both direct and indirect contact as well as other various factors including airborne. Airborne infection of livestock disease was first hypothesised in the early 1900s, however, field experimental studies are still limited. Furthermore, no protocol is available in detecting airborne viruses in the field. In this study, effective virus samplers were investigated by comparative analysis of the type of samplers used detect to airborne virus. Laboratory experiments were conducted to compare virus samplers such as Bio-sampler, Dust-sampler, Compact-Cascade-Impactor (CCI) and Microflow in detecting PRRSV. Samples were analyzed by Reverse-Transcription PCR to assess the efficiency of the instrument in detecting the airborne virus. First, samples were classified into five levels according to light intensity of gel images and then the classified results were normalized. In every case, Bio-sampler and Dust-sampler were comparable with each other and have shown to be more effective than CCI and Microflow samplers.
Effective Classification Framework Design and Implementation for Rural Regional Information using Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis
Suh, Kyo ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Lee, Ji-Min ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 73~81
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.073
For planning and developing rural regions, it is very important to understand and utilize regional characteristics including social, demographic, and economic aspects. The purpose of this study is to find effective analysis techniques and provide a procedure design for mining regional characteristics in South Korea through reviewing and analyzing 41 related studies. The engaged research methods can be classified into five categories (PCA+CA, PCA, CA, GIS, and PCA+GIS) with the combination of three methodologies: principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA), and geographical information system (GIS). The combination of PCA and CA occupied about 40 % of research methods used in related studies. The analysis tool of Korean Rural Information Supporting System (KRISS) is designed based on the outcomes of this study and applied to classify the regional capacity of agriculture using agricultural census data (2000) for evaluating its applicability.
The Compressive Strength and Durability Characteristics of Lime-Cement-Soil Mixtures
Oh, Sang-Eun ; Yeon, Kyu-Seok ; Kim, Ki-Sung ; Kim, Yong-Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 83~91
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.083
In this study, the compressive strength characteristics of lime-cement-soil mixtures, composed of lime, soil, and a small amount of cement, were investigated by performing the unconfined compression tests, the freezing and thawing tests, the wetting and drying tests and the permeability tests. The specimens were made by mixing soils with cement and lime. The cement contents were 0, 6, 8 and 10 %, and the lime contents were 2, 4, 5, 10, 15 and 20 % in weight. Each specimen was cured at constant temperature in a humidity room for 3, 7 and 28 days. The compressive strength characteristics of the lime-cement-soil mixtures were then investigated using the unconfined compression tests, freezing and thawing tests and the wetting and drying tests. Based on the test results, a discussion was made on the applicability of the lime-cement-soil mixtures as a construction material.
Estimation of Available Permit Water for Large Scale Agricultural Reservoirs in Youngsan River Basin
Kim, Sun-Joo ; Park, Ki-Chun ; Park, Hee-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 93~97
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.093
Agricultural water reservoirs upstream of the intake on the basis of the intaking water volume is being made. Therefore, the supply capacity of reservoirs are not considered when the water balance analysis, storm water reservoirs are based on agriculture and further secured by the reservoir water is not used to using natural river water analysis. To overcome these problems can supply reservoirs are available to permit analysis of how much the quantity of water balance analysis, it should be reflected in the line to help. In this study, the natural daily flow data and apply the dimensions of the reservoir, and for more than 30 years of the long-term water balance analysis conducted by Date Youngsan river basin can supply reservoirs are large quantity of permits available is presented.
Evaluation of SWAT Flow and Sediment Estimation and Effects of Soil Erosion Best Management Practices
Lee, Ji-Min ; Ryu, Ji-Chul ; Kang, Hyun-Woo ; Kang, Hyeong-Sik ; Kum, Dong-Hyuk ; Jang, Chun-Hwa ; Choi, Joong-Dae ; Lim, Kyoung-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 99~108
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.099
Soil erosion and sediment from agricultural farmland has caused various negative impacts on environment in recent years. The effect of rice straw mat on soil erosion has been investigated by many researchers these days. In this study, the SWAT model was applied to Hongcheon watershed to evaluate SWAT flow and sediment, and the effect of rice straw mat on sediment yield at watershed outlet was evaluated. The Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency (NSE) and coefficient of determination (
) values for flow simulation (calibration period) were 0.66 and 0.67, and the NSE values for sediment was 0.90. The calibrated parameters were used to analyze the reduction of sediment yield in the farmland with rice straw mat. Average daily sediment yield without rice straw mat was 49.8 ton/day and sediment yield with rice straw mat was 25.5 ton/day, and the reduction rate was 38.7 %. Also, average daily sediment yield with/without rice straw mat were 97.5 ton/day and 190.7 ton/day during the rainy season (Jun. 2008 - Aug. 2009), with the reduction rate 46.3 %.
Analysis of Stage-Discharge Relationships in the Irrigation Canal with Auto-Measuring System
Park, Chang-Eon ; Kim, Jin-Taek ; Oh, Sung-Tae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 1, 2012, Pages 109~114
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.1.109
Stage-discharge relationship is applied to convert water level into discharge at the auto-measuring station in many irrigation canals. The stage-discharge curve is very important for reliable application for the agricultural water management system. We made results of discharge measurement at 18 stations in the irrigation canal nearby the Idong reservoir from 2010 to 2011. Stage-discharge relationships for each 18 stations were drawn considering of different hydraulic and geometrical characteristics at each stations. R-squared over 0.91 at each stations show high reliability for application of these relationships.