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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 54, Issue 6 - Nov 2012
Volume 54, Issue 5 - Sep 2012
Volume 54, Issue 4 - Jul 2012
Volume 54, Issue 3 - May 2012
Volume 54, Issue 2 - Mar 2012
Volume 54, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Flood Inundation Analysis in a Low-lying Rural Area using HEC-HMS and HEC-RAS
Kim, Hak-Kwan ; Kang, Moon-Seong ; Song, In-Hong ; Hwang, Soon-Ho ; Park, Ji-Hoon ; Song, Jung-Hun ; Kim, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.001
The objective of this study is to analyze the flood inundation in a low-lying rural area. The study watershed selected for this study includes the Il-Pae and Ahn-Gok watersheds. It is located in the Namyangju, Korea and encompasses
. A major flood event that occurred in July 2011 was chosen as the case for the flood inundation analysis. The Hydrologic Engineering Center`s Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) and River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) were used to simulate flood runoff and water surface elevation at each cross-section, respectively. The watershed topographic, soil, and land use data were processed using the GIS (Geographic Information System) tool for the models. The contribution to the total flood volume was estimated based on the results simulated by HEC-HMS and HEC-RAS. The results showed that the overflow discharge from the Il-Pae stream constituted 80% of the total flood volume. The contributions of rainfall falling directly on the inundation area and overflow discharge from the Ahn-Gok stream were 15 % and 5 %, respectively. The simulation results in different levee scenarios for the Ahn-Gok stream were also compared. The results indicated that the levee could reduce the flood volume a little bit.
Uncertainty of Agricultural product Prices by Information Entropy Model using Probability Distribution for Monthly Prices
Eun, Sang-Kyu ; Jung, Nam-Su ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ; Bae, Yeong-Joung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 7~14
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.007
To analyze any given situation, it is necessary to have information on elements which affect the situation. Particularly, there is greater variability in both frequency and magnitude of agricultural product prices as they are affected by various unpredictable factors such as weather conditions etc. This is the reason why it is difficult for the farmers to maintain their stable income through agricultural production and marketing. In this research, attempts are made to quantify the entropy of various situations inherent in the price changes so that the stability of farmers` income can be increased. Through this research, we developed an entropy model which can quantify the uncertainties of price changes using the probability distribution of price changes. The model was tested for its significance by comparing its simulation outcomes with actual ranges and standard deviations of price variations of the past using monthly agricultural product prices data. We confirmed that the simulation results reflected the features of the ranges and standard deviations of actual price variations. Also, it is possible for us to predict standard deviations for changed prices which will occur after a certain time using the information entropy obtained from relevant agricultural product price data before the time.
The Impacts of Climate Change on Paddy Water Demand and Unit Duty of Water using High-Resolution Climate Scenarios
Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Oh, Yun-Gyeong ; Park, Na-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 15~26
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.015
For stable and sustainable crop production, understanding the effects of climate changes on agricultural water resources is necessary to minimize the negative effects which might occur due to shifting weather conditions. Although various studies have been carried out in Korea concerning changes in evapotranspiration and irrigation water requirement, the findings are still difficult to utilize fordesigning the demand and unit duty of water, which are the design criteria of irrigation systems. In this study, the impact analysis of climate changes on the paddy water demand and unit duty of water was analyzed based on the high resolution climate change scenarios (specifically under the A1B scenario) provided by the Korea Meteorological Administration. The result of the study indicated that average changes in the paddy water demand in eight irrigation districts were estimated as -2.4 % (2025s), -0.2 % (2055s), and 3.2 % (2085s). The unit duty of water was estimated to increase on an average within 2 % during paddy transplanting season and within 5 % during growing season after transplanting. This result could be utilized for irrigation system design, agricultural water resource development, and rice paddy cultivation policy-making in South Korea.
Analysis of Reduction of NPS Pollution loads using the small sediment trap at field
Shin, Min-Hwan ; Lim, Kyoung-Jae ; Jang, Jeong-Ryeol ; Choi, Yong-Hun ; Park, Woon-Ji ; Won, Chul-Hee ; Choi, Joong-Dae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.027
Various Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been suggested to reduce Nonpoint source pollutant loads from agricultural fields. However, very little research regarding water quality improvement with sediment trap has been performed in Korea. Thus, effects of sediment trap were investigated in this study. Three sediment traps were installed at the edge of six plots and flow and water quality of inflow and outflow were monitored and analyzed. It was found that approximately 64.1 % of flow reduction was observed. In addition, pollutant concentration of outflow was reduced by 39.0 % for
. For SS,
, DOC, T-N, T-P, approximately 62.1 %, 43.4 %, 43.5 %, 40.0 %, and 41.2 % reduction were observed, respectively. Over 80 % and 90 % of pollutant loads were reduced from sediment trap #2 and #3 because of less outflow from plots covered with rice straw/straw mat. In case of intensive rainfall events occurred from July 26~29, 2011, over 60 % of pollutant and 88.9 % of sediment reduction were observed from sediment trap #3. As shown in this study, small sediment traps could play important roles in reducing pollutant loads from agricultural fields. If proper management practices, such as rice straw/straw mat, are used to protect surface from rainfall impacts and rill formation, much pollutant reduction could be expected.
Vulnerability Assessment of Water Supply in Agricultural Reservoir Utilizing Probability Distribution and Reliability Analysis Methods
Nam, Won-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.037
The change of rainfall pattern and hydrologic factors due to climate change increases the occurrence probability of agricultural reservoir water shortage. Water supply assessment of reservoir is usually performed current reservoir level compared to historical water levels or the simulation of reservoir operation based on the water budget analysis. Since each reservoir has the native property for watershed, irrigation district and irrigation water requirement, it is necessary to improve the assessment methods of agricultural reservoir water capability about water resources system. This study proposed a practical methods that water supply vulnerability assessment for an agricultural reservoir based on a concept of probabilistic reliability. The vulnerability assessment of water supply is calculated from probability distribution of water demand condition and water supply condition that influences on water resources management and reservoir operations. The water supply vulnerability indices are estimated to evaluate the performance of water supply on agricultural reservoir system, and thus it is recommended a more objective method to evaluate water supply reliability.
Comparative Analysis of Classification Accuracy for Calculating Cropland Areas by using Satellite Images
Jo, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Jae ; Kim, Dong-Young ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 47~53
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.047
Recently many developed countries have used satellite images for classifying cropland areas to reduce time and efforts put into field survey. Korea also has used satellite images for the same purpose since KOMPSAT-2 was successfully launched and operated in 2006, but still far way to go in order to achieve the required accuracy from the products. This study evaluated the accuracy of the calculated croplands by using the objected classification method with various satellite images including ASTER, Spot-5, Rapid eye, Quickbird-2, Geo eye-1. Also, their usability and effectiveness for the cropland survey were verified by comparing with field survey data. As results. Geo eye-1 and Rapid eye showed higher accuracy to calculate the paddy field areas while Geo eye-1 and Quickbird-2 showed higher accuracy to calculate the upland field areas.
Analysis of Jet-drop Distance from the Multi Opening Slots of Forced-ventilation Broiler House
Kwon, Kyeong-Seok ; Ha, Tae-Hwan ; Lee, In-Bok ; Hong, Se-Woon ; Seo, Il-Hwan ; Jessie, P. Bitog ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 55~65
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.055
In the winter season, when the ventilation system is operating, the fresh cold air from the slot-type openings of broiler house which directly reached the animal zone can cause various problems such as thermal stress, decreasing of feed and water consumption, occurrence of respiratory disease, and etc. Therefore it is very important to control the trajectory of aero-flow from the slot openings to induce an efficient thermal heat change. Jet-drop distance model was proposed to predict and control the jet-trajectory. However their study was restricted due to the small scaled model and difficulties of measuring the Jet-drop distance. In this study, CFD was applied to analyze qualitatively and quantitatively the jet-drop distance in a real broiler house. The various variables were considered such as installed slot-angle, designed ventilation rate, and the outdoor ambient temperature. From the present study, two linear-regression models using the Jet-drop factor and corrected Archimedes number, and their R-squared values 0.744 and 0.736, respectively, were used. From this study, the applicability of CFD on the analysis of Jet-drop distance model was confirmed.
Developing Model of Drought Climate Scenarios for Agricultural Drought Mitigation
Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Nam, Won-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Go, Gwang-Don ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.067
Different from other natural hazards including floods, drought advances slowly and spreads widely, so that the preparedness is quite important and effective to mitigate the impacts from drought. Evaluation and forecast the status of drought for the present and future utilizing the meteorological scenario for agricultural drought can be useful to set a plan for agricultural drought mitigation in agriculture water resource management. In this study, drought climate scenario model on the basis of historical drought records for preparing agricultural drought mitigation was developed. To consider dependency and correlation between various climate variables, this model was utilized the historical climate pattern using reference year setting of four drought levels. The reference year for drought level was determined based on the frequency analysis result of monthly effective rainfall. On the basis of this model, drought climate scenarios at Suwon and Icheon station were set up and these scenarios were applied on the water balance simulation of reservoir water storage for Madun reservoir as well as the soil moisture model for Gosam reservoir watershed. The results showed that drought climate scenarios in this study could be more useful for long-term forecast of longer than 2~3 months period rather than short-term forecast of below one month.
Prediction of Land-cover Changes and Analysis of Paddy Fields Changes Based on Climate Change Scenario (A1B) in Agricultural Reservoir Watersheds
Oh, Yun-Gyeong ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Park, Na-Young ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Yun, Dong-Koun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 77~86
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.077
This study was aim to predict future land-cover changes and to analyze regional land-cover changes in irrigation areas and agricultural reservoir watersheds under climate change scenario. To simulate the future land-cover under climate change scenario - A1B of the SRES (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios), Dyna-CLUE (Conversion of Land Use Change and its Effects) was applied for modeling of competition among land-use types in relation to socioeconomic and biophysical driving factors. For the study areas, 8 agricultural reservoirs were selected from 8 different provinces covering all around nation. The simulation results from 2010 to 2100 suggested future land-cover changes under the scenario conditions. For Madun reservoir in Gyeonggi-do, total decrease amount of paddy area was a similar amount of `Base demand scenario` of Water Vision 2020 published by MLTMA (Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs), while the decrease amounts of paddy areas in other sites were less than the amount of `High demand scenario` of Water Vision 2020. Under A1B scenario, all the land-cover results showed only slight changes in irrigation areas of agricultural reservoirs and most of agricultural reservoir watersheds will be increased continuously for forest areas. This approach could be useful for evaluating and simulating agricultural water demand in relation to land-use changes.
Study on Damage Reduction by Flood Inundation and the Sediments by SWAT and HEC-RAS Modeling of Flow Dynamics with Watershed Hydrology - For 27 July 2011 Heavy Storm Event at GonjiamCheon Watershed -
Jung, Chung-Gil ; Joh, Hyung-Kyung ; Yu, Yeong-Seok ; Park, Jong-Yoon ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.087
This study is to evaluate flood inundation and to recommend measures of damage reduction on sediment by concentrated torrential rainfall at Gonjiamcheon Watershed (183.4
). Firstly, the SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) was simulated streamflow and sediment at upstream. Then, we produced a map of floodplain boundary by using HEC-RAS (Hydrologic Engineering Centers River Analysis System) at downstream. The SWAT model was calibrated with 2 years (2008~2009) daily streamflow and validated for another years (2010~2011. 7. 31). The SWAT model was simulated with 3 years (2008~2010) by monthly water quality (Sediment) at Gonjiamcheon water quality station. The streamflow and sediment from SWAT model were input as boundary conditions to HEC-RAS. The results of HEC-RAS indicated that mapping of floodplain boundary was Jiwol and Jiwol 2 district. Additionally, inundation area and depth were assessed and applied BMPs scenario for managing the sediment yield.
Simulations of Runoff using Rice Straw Mats and Soil Amendments
Won, Chul-Hee ; Shin, Min-Hwan ; Choi, Yong-Hun ; Shin, Jae-Young ; Park, Woon-Ji ; Choi, Joong-Dae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.095
The objective of this research was to experimentally test the effect of rice straw mats on the reduction of runoff, sediment discharge and turbidity under a laboratory scale. We used the small runoff plots of 1 m
0.65 m (
) in size filled with loamy sand. Experimental treatments were bare (control), rice straw mat cover of straw mats + PAM + Gypsum (SPG), rice straw mats + Chaff + PAM + Gypsum (SCPG) and rice straw mats + Sawdust + PAM + Gypsum (SSPG); slope of 10 % or 20 %; and rainfall intensity of 30 mm/hr. Runoff volume and rate of covered plots were significantly lower than those of control plot. Average runoff rate of covered plots, slope of 10 % and 20 %, decreased 85.6 % and 72 % in respectively. Sediment reduction ratio was more than 99 % regardless of slope. The differences runoff and sediment discharge among different cover materials were not significant. It was also shown that even if runoff reduction by surface cover were low, sediment discharge reduction could be very significant and contribute to improve the water quality of streams in sloping agricultural regions. It was concluded that the use of straw mat and soil amendments (PAM and Gypsum) on sloping agricultural fields could reduce soil erosion and muddy runoff significantly and help improve the water quality and aquatic ecosystem in receiving waters. But mixing effect of PAM and Gypsum was minimal.
Evaluating the Soil Salinity of Reclaimed Wastewater Irrigation in Paddy Plots using the Soil-Water-Atmosphere-Plant Model and Water Management Response Indicators
Jang, Tae-Il ; Hwang, Sye-Woon ; Jeong, Han-Seok ; Kang, Moon-Seong ; Park, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 103~113
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.103
Development of an Object-oriented Finite Element Model through Iterative Method Ensuring Independency of Elements
Lee, Han-Ki ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Lee, Jeong-Jae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.115
Application of the Object-oriented Programming (OOP) method to the Finite Element Model (FEM) program has various strengths including the features of encapsulation, polymorphism and inheritance. However, this technique should be based upon a premise that the independency of the object method and data to be used is guaranteed. By attempting to apply the OOP to the FEM, existing researches go against the independency of the OOP which is an essential feature of the method. The reason is this: existing researches apply the OOP to modules in accordance with analysis procedures, although the data to be used is classified as an element unit in the FEM. Therefore, the required independency cannot be maintained as whole stiffness matrices and boundary conditions are combined together. Also, solutions are sought from analysis module after data is regrouped at the pre-processor, and their results are analyzed during the post-processor. As this is similar to a batch processing, it cannot use data at analysis, and recalculation should be done from the beginning if any condition is changed after the analysis is complete, which are limitations of the existing researches. This research implemented the Object-orientation of elements so that the three features of the OOP (i.e. encapsulation, polymorphism and inheritance) can be guaranteed and their independency maintained as a result. For this purpose, a model called `Object-oriented Finite element Model ensuring the Independency of Elements (OFMIE)`, which enables the analysis of targets through mutual data exchanges within instance, was developed. In conclusion, the required independency was achieved in the instance of the objected elements and the analysis results of previous conditions could be used for the analysis after changes. The number of repetitive calculations was reduced by 75 per cent through this gradual analysis processes.
The Estimation of the Extent of Weathering using Fractal Dimension through a Comparison with Chemical Characteristic
Noh, Soo-Kack ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Bong, Tae-Ho ; Park, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 127~135
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.127
The processes of chemical and physical weathering occur simultaneously. The objective of this study was to estimate the degree weathered using fractal dimension through comparison with chemical characteristic of soil samples from Pohang (PH) and Kimpo (KP). Comparing chemical characteristics with fractal dimension,
content decreased and loss of ignition increased as fractal dimension increased. And fractal dimension showed high correlation with CWI while ATI, STI CIW, PI, CIA and RR demonstrated different degrees of correlation with fractal dimension. The tendency of the changes in oxide content and chemical weathering index with increasing fractal dimension appeared to be similar with the chemical changes due to weathering. Therefore, fractal dimension could be a good indicator representing the extent of weathering and chemical changes.
Estimation of Runoff Unit Area Loads for Nutrients from Forest and Sloping Field using SWAT model in Bonggok Stream Watershed
Kim, Ki-Yun ; Ryu, Byong-Ro ; Lee, Kyu-Seung ; Moon, Jong-Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 137~145
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.137
Water-saving Effect by Rotational Irrigation Scheduling System (RISS) in the Dongwha Dam
Kim, Tai-Cheol ; Moon, Duck-Young ; Lee, Jae-Myun ; Moon, Jong-Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 147~156
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.147
Experimental Study on Rainfall Runoff Reduction Effects by Permeable Polymer Block Pavement
Sung, Chan-Yong ; Kim, Young-Ik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 54, issue 2, 2012, Pages 157~166
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2012.54.2.157
Most of the roads are paved with impermeable materials such as asphalt concrete and cement concrete, and in the event of heavy rainfall, rainwater directly flows into river through a drainage hole on the pavement surface. This large quantity of rainwater directly spilled into the river frequently leads to the flooding of urban streams, damaging lowlands and the lower reaches of a river. In recent years there has been a great deal of ongoing research concerning water permeability and drainage in pavements. Accordingly, in this research, a porous polymer concrete was developed for permeable pavement by using unsaturated polyester resin as a binder, recycled aggregate as coarse aggregate, fly ash and blast furnace slag as filler, and its physical and mechanical properties were investigated. Also, 3 types of permeable polymer block by optimum mix design were developed and rainfall runoff reduction effects by permeability pavement using permeable polymer block were analyzed based on hydraulic experimental model. The infiltration volume, infiltration ratio, runoff initial time and runoff volume in permeability pavement with permeable polymer block of
mm were evaluated for 50, 100 and 200mm/hr rainfall intensity.