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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 55, Issue 6 - Nov 2013
Volume 55, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 55, Issue 4 - Jul 2013
Volume 55, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 55, Issue 2 - Mar 2013
Volume 55, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Estimation of Available Permit Water for Considering the Evaporation of Multipurpose Dams in Nakdong River Basin
Kim, Sun Joo ; Park, Ki Chun ; Park, Hee Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.001
The dam plan quantity of constructive and water supply quantity of present time are showing a difference with change in climate and augmentation of water demand for multipurpose dams in Nakdong river basin. But revaluates a water supply ability the method or the process is official for is not taking a position, so actual condition applies the plan quantity of dam constructive. Considers various situation of actual multipurpose dam from research sees consequently and in K-WEAP is an integrated water resources evaluation plan model applies as water permit availability multipurpose dam, currently water permit availability comparison, analyzed. In this study, the natural daily flow data and apply the dimensions of the reservoir, and for more than 30 years of the long-term water balance analysis conducted by Date Nakdong river basin can supply reservoirs are large quantity of permits available is presented.
An Experimental Study on Permeability Characteristics of Blast Furnace Slag Concrete
Paik, Shinwon ; Oh, Daeyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 9~12
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.009
The pavement is generally used on the highways, local loads, roads for bicycle riding and neighborhood living facility such as parking lot, plaza, park and sports facilities. However, the pavement material that is usually used on the most of roads is impermeable asphalt-concrete and cement-concrete. If the pavement material is impermeable, many problems can be happened on the drainage facilities in the rainy season. Additionally, a lot of rainwater on the pavement surface cannot permeate to the underground and flows to the sewage ditch, stream and river, etc. If a lot of rainwater flows at once, the floods can be out along the streams and rivers. So, underground water can be exhausted. Micro organisms cannot live in the underground. Recently, many studies has been conducted to exploit the permeable concrete that has high performance permeability. However, it is required to develop the permeable concrete which has high strength and durability. In this study, permeable and strength tests were performed to investigate the permeable characteristics of porous concrete according to fine aggregate content and substitution ratio of blast furnace slag. In this test, crushed stones with 10~20 mm and sand with 5~10 mm were used as a coarse aggregate and a fine aggregate respectively. The substitution ratio of blast furnace slag to cement weight is 0 %, 15 %, and 30 %. The ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate is 0 %, 18 %, and 35 %. As a result, permeability coefficient was decreased according to fine aggregate ratio of total aggregate. Compressive strength was also decreased according to substitution ratio of blast furnace slag.
Assessment of Anti-Drought Capacity for Agricultural Reservoirs using RCP Scenarios
Park, Na-Young ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 13~24
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.013
Agriculture is affected directly by climate conditions and changes, and it is necessary to understand the impact of climate change on agricultural reservoirs which are the main water resources for paddy fields in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of climate change on the anti-drought capacity including water supply capability (WSC) and drought response ability (DRA) of agricultural reservoirs based on RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios of CanESM2 (The Second Generation Earth System Model) provided by CCCma (Canadian Center for Climate Modeling and Analysis). The WSC and DRA were estimated using frequency analysis and runs theory. The six reservoirs (Yooshin, Nogok, Kumsung, Songgok, Gapyung, Seoma) were selected considering geographical characteristics and design criteria of reservoir capacity. In case of Seoma reservoir, more than 10 year drought return period (DRP), the variation of the WSC was estimated larger than the others. In case of Yooshin reservior (2~5 DRP) DRC was decreased in 2025s under RCP8.5. These results could be utilized for agricultural reservoirs management and future design criteria considering climate change impacts on paddy irrigation.
Optimum Mix Proportion and Mechanical Properties of Rain Garden Structure Concrete using Recycled Coarse Aggregate, Hwang-Toh, Blast Furnace Slag and Jute Fiber
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Park, Chan Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 25~33
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.025
In this study, the optimum mix proportions of rain garden structure concrete were decided and the mechanical properties were evaluated. Experimental parameters were blast furnace slag, hwang-toh, recycled aggregates and natural jute fibers. The target compressive strength and chloride ion penetration were more than 24 MPa and less than 1000 coulombs, respectively. The response surface method was used for statistical optimization of experimental results. The optimal mixing ratios of the blast furnace slag, hwang-toh, recycled coarse aggregate and jute fiber volume fraction were determined 59.98 %, 8.74 %, 12.12 % and 0.2 %, respectively. The compressive strength, flexural strength and chloride ion penetration test results of optimum mix ratio showed that the 24.56 MPa, 3.88 MPa and 999.08 columbs, respectively.
Fluoride Removal from Aqueous Solutions using Industrial Waste Red Mud
Um, Byung-Hwan ; Jo, Sung-Wook ; Kang, Ku ; Park, Seong-Jik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 35~40
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.035
The present study was conducted to investigate the adsorption potential of red mud for fluoride removal. Different operation parameters such as the effect of contact time, initial concentration, pH, competing anions, seawater, adsorbent dose amount, and adsorbent mixture were studied. Nearly 3 hr was required to reach sorption equilibrium. Equilibrium sorption data were described well by Langmuir model and the maximum adsorption capacity of red mud was 5.28 mg/g. The fluoride adsorption at pH 3 was higher than in the pH range 5-9. The presence of anions such as sulfate, nitrate, phosphate, and bicarbonate had no significant effect on fluoride adsorption onto red mud. The fluoride removal by red mud was greater in seawater than deionized water, resulting from the presence of calcium and magnesium ion in seawater. The use of red mud alone was more effective for the removal of fluoride than mixing red mud with other industrial waste such as oyster shells, lime stone, and steel slag. This study showed that red mud has a potential application in the remediation of fluoride contaminated soil and groundwater.
Agricultural Drought Risk Assessment using Reservoir Drought Index
Nam, Won Ho ; Choi, Jin Yong ; Jang, Min Won ; Hong, Eun Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 41~49
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.041
Drought risk assessment is usually performed qualitatively and quantitatively depending on the definition a drought. The meteorological drought indices have a limit of not being able to consider the hydrological components such as evapotranspiration, soil moisture and runoff, because it does not consider the water demand in paddies and water supply in reservoirs. Agricultural drought was defined as the reservoir storage shortage state that cannot satisfy water requirement from the paddy fields. The objectives of this study were to suggest improved agricultural drought risk assessment in order to evaluate of regional drought vulnerability and severity studied by using Reservoir Drought Index (RDI). The RDI is designed to simulate daily water balance between available water from agricultural reservoir and water requirement in paddies and is calculated with a frequency analysis of monthly water deficit based on water demand and water supply condition. The results indicated that RDI can be used to assess regional drought risk in agricultural perspective by comparing with the historical records of drought in 2012. It can be concluded that the RDI obtained good performance to reflect the historical drought events for both spatially and temporally. In addition, RDI is expected to contribute to determine the exact situation on the current drought condition for evaluating regional drought risk and to assist the effective drought-related decision making.
An Analysis of Environmental Water Release Patterns Considering Operation Rules in Enlarged Agricultural Reservoirs
Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Park, Na-Young ; Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 51~62
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.051
The importance of environmental water has been risen in terms of river ecosystem soundness with preventing stream flow depletion in rural area, while enlarging agricultural reservoir project is conducted under the 4 main river restoration project for supplying more water to 4 main rivers. The aim of this study was to estimate the amount of environmental water release and analyze the release pattern during non-irrigation season in enlarged agricultural reservoirs. The 4 reservoirs (Dansan, Samga, Geumbong, Changpyeong) located on the upper region of Nakdong river were simulated applying the operation rule which was determined by release criteria curves. The simulated results indicated that the more environmental water could be released than the spillway release and continuous release was achieved with smaller range of fluctuation. In case of Changpyeong reservoir, average 506.0 thousand
environmental water could be released on Feb., and it was about twice as much as the spillway release before the enlargement, and also, the 18 thousand
/day environmental water could be supplied to a stream consistently after enlargement. From the results, it was expected that the additional environmental water release will improve stream water flow during dry season in terms of quantity and quality of water.
Surface Drainage Simulation Model for Irrigation Districts Composed of Paddy and Protected Cultivation
Song, Jung-Hun ; Kang, Moon-Seong ; Song, Inhong ; Hwang, Soon-Ho ; Park, Jihoon ; Ahn, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.063
The objectives of this study were to develop a hydrologic simulation model to estimate surface drainage for irrigation districts consisting of paddy and protected cultivation, and to evaluate the applicability of the developed model. The model consists of three sub-models; agricultural supply, paddy block drainage, and protected cultivation runoff. The model simulates daily total drainage as the sum of paddy field drainage, irrigation canal drainage, and protected cultivation runoff at the outlets of the irrigation districts. The agricultural supply sub-model was formulated considering crop water requirement for growing seasons and agricultural water management loss. Agricultural supply was calculated for use as input data for the paddy block sub-model. The paddy block drainage sub-model simulates paddy field drainage based on water balance, and irrigation canal drainage as a fraction of agricultural supply. Protected cultivation runoff is calculated based on NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service) curve number method. The Idong reservoir irrigation district was selected for surface drainage monitoring and model verification. The parameters of model were calibrated using a trial and error technique, and validated with the measured data from the study site. The model can be a useful tool to estimate surface drainage for irrigated districts consisting of paddy and protected cultivation.
The Analysis of the Seepage Quantity of Reservoir Embankment using Stochastic Response Surface Method
Bong, Tae-Ho ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Noh, Soo-Kack ; Choi, Woo-Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.075
The seepage quantity analysis of reservoir embankment is very important for assessment of embankment safety. However, the conventional analysis does not consider uncertainty of soil properties. Permeability is known that the coefficient of variation is larger than other soil properties and seepage quantity is highly dependent on the permeability of embankment. Therefore, probabilistic analysis should be carried out for seepage analysis. To designers, however, the probabilistic analysis is not an easy task. In this paper, the method that can be performed probabilistic analysis easily and efficiently through the numerical analysis based commercial program is proposed. Stochastic response surface method is used for approximate the limit state function and when estimating the coefficients, the moving least squares method is applied in order to reduce local error. The probabilistic analysis is performed by LHC-MCS through the response surface. This method was applied to two type (homogeneous, core zone) earth dams and permeability of embankment body and core are considered as random variables. As a result, seepage quantity was predicted effectively by response surface and probabilistic analysis could be successfully implemented.
A Study on the Method of Safety Condition Evaluation using Analytic Hierarchy Process
Paik, Shinwon ; Lee, Misun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 85~89
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.085
In the current domestic, many industrial accidents have happened. And these are analyzed according to several factors. But it is difficult that they evaluate their business safety. Thus, we conducted a study on business specific safety assessment techniques in order that business know their safety level and perform appropriative safety activities. Study methods are survey and AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). Each specific weighting factors to calculate the survey was conducted for safety and consulting experts (20 persons). Weight factor was used to AHP decision support as one of the ways through a number of alternatives to the ratings for the Minesota Multiphasic. Factors are each type of industry, specific industrial scale, disaster type and strength, worker age and tenure period, and region. First, survey was conducted with 20 professionals to estimate the weighting factors. Weights between factors using the AHP analysis tool based on the mean values were calculated. Second, last 3 years between the industrial accidents statistics were used to calculate the weights for each of the rating factors in the Occupational Safety and Health Agency. Grade weights between each factor which was based on the rating of each factor was calculated as the average of three years. Finally, the weights between each factor and the grade weights for each factor using the safety level of the enterprise were calculated so that you can evaluate the weighting.
Effects of Indirect Wastewater Reuse on Water Quality and Soil Environment in Paddy Fields
Jeong, Han Seok ; Park, Ji Hoon ; Seong, Choung Hyun ; Jang, Tae Il ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Park, Seung Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 91~104
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.091
The objectives of this study were to monitor and assess the environmental impacts of indirect wastewater reuse on water quality and soil in paddy fields. Yongin monitoring site (YI) irrigated from agricultural reservoir and Osan monitoring site (OS) irrigated with treated wastewater diluted with stream water were selected as control and treatment, respectively. Monitoring results for irrigation water quality showed a significant statistical difference in salinity, exchangeable cation and nutrients. Pond water quality showed a similar tendency with irrigation water except for the decreased difference in nutrients due to the fertilization impact. Soil chemical properties mainly influenced by fertilization activity such as T-N, T-P, and
were changed similarly in soil profiles of both monitoring sites, while the properties, EC, Ca, Mg, and Na, mainly effected by irrigation water quality showed a considerable change with time and soil depth in treatment plots. Heavy metal contents in paddy soil of both control and treatment did not exceed the soil contamination warning standards. This study could contribute to suggest the irrigation water quality standards and proper agricultural practices including fertilization for indirect wastewater reuse, although long-term monitoring is needed to get more scientific results.
Statistics and Probability Distribution of Total Coliforms in Wastewater
Jun, Sang Min ; Song, Inhong ; Jeong, Han Seok ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Park, Seung Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 105~111
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.105
Probability distribution of microbes in wastewater is a crucial factor to be determined for microbial risk assessment associated with its reuse. The objective of this study was to investigate probability distribution of an indicator microorganism in wastewater. Daily total coliform counts measured from nationwide wastewater treatment plants in 2010 by the Ministry of Environment were used for statistical analysis. Basic statistics and probability distributions were estimated in the three different spatial scales using the MS Excel software and FARD2006 model. Overall, wastewater from manure and livestock treatment plants demonstrated greater median coliform counts than from sewage and village treatment plants. Generalized logistic (GLO) and 2-parameter Weibull (WBU2) appeared to be the two probability distributions that fitted best for total coliform numbers in wastewater. The study results of microbial statistics and probability distributions would provide useful data for quantitative assessment of microbial risk from agricultural wastewater reuse.
Pullout Performance of Reinforcing Fiber Embedded in Nano Materials Cement Mortar with Nano Clay Contents
Oh, Ri-On ; Park, Chan Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 113~121
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.113
Recently, it has been studied for the application of nano-materials in the concrete. Applied a small amount of nano-materials can achieve the goal of high strength, high performance and high durability. The small addition of nano clay improves strength, thermal stability, and durability of concrete because of the excellent dispersion. The present study has investigated the effectiveness, when varying with the contents of nano clay, influencing the pull-out behavior of macro synthetic fibers in nano materials cement mortar. Pullout tests conducted in accordance with the Japan Concrete Institute (JCI) SF-8 standard for fiber-reinforced concrete test methods were used to evaluate the pullout performance of the different nano clay. Nano clay was added to the 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 % of cement weight. The experimental results demonstrated that the addition of nano clay led to improve the pull-out properties as of the load-displacement curve in the precracked and debonded zone. Also, the compressive strength, flexural strength and pullout performance and of Mix No. 1 and No. 2 increased up to the point when nano clay used increased by 2 and 3 % contents, respectively, but decreased when the exceeded 3 and 4 %, respectively. It was proved by verifying increase of the scratching phenomenon in macro synthetic fiber surface through the microstructure analysis on the surface of macro synthetic fiber.
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Low Carbon Green Concrete
Cho, Il Ho ; Sung, Chan Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 123~128
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.123
This study was performed to evaluate the slump flow, air content, setting time, compressive strength, adiabatic temperature rise and diffusion coefficient of chloride used ordinary portland cement, crushed coarse aggregate, crushed sand, river sand, fly ash, limestone powder, blast furnace slag powder and superplasticizer to find optimum mix design of low carbon green concrete for structures. The performances of low carbon green concrete used fly ash, limestone powder and blast furnace slag powder were remarkably improved. This fact is expected to have economical effects in the manufacture of low carbon green concrete for structures. Accordingly, the fly ash, limestone powder and blast furnace slag powder can be used for low carbon green concrete material.
Analysis of Strength Characteristic for Bottom Ash Mixtures as Mixing Ratio and Curing Methods
Choi, Woo-Seok ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Park, Jae-Sung ; Noh, Soo-Kack ; Bong, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 55, issue 3, 2013, Pages 129~140
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2013.55.3.129
Bottom Ash is industrial by-product from a thermoelectric power plant. An immense quantities of bottom ash have increased each year, but most of them is reclaimed in ash landfill. In this study, in order to raise recycling rate of Bottom Ash, it is suggested to cure Bottom Ash (BA) mixtures mixed with cement, lime, Fly Ash (FA), and oyster shell (OS). Mixtures of 5~20 % mixing ratio had been cured for 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days using sealed curing and air-dry curing method. Unconfined compressive strength test was conducted to determine strength and deformation modulus (
) change for mixtures as mixing ratio and curing day, water contents of mixtures were measured after test. As a result, strength and
were increased as mixing ratio and curing days, but values and tendencies of them appeared in different as kind of mixture, mixing ratio, curing method, and curing days. The results showed the addition of cement, lime, Fly Ash, and oyster soil in Bottom Ash could improved strength and
and enlarge its field of being used.