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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 57, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 57, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 57, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 57, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 57, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 57, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Assessing the Climate Change Impacts on Agricultural Reservoirs using the SWAT model and CMIP5 GCMs
Cho, Jaepil ; Hwang, Syewoon ; Go, Gwangdon ; Kim, Kwang-Young ; Kim, Jeongdae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.001
The study aimed to project inflows and demmands for the agricultural reservoir watersheds in South Korea considering a variety of regional characteristics and the uncertainty of future climate information. The study bias-corrected and spatially downscaled retrospective daily Global Climate Model (GCM) outputs under Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 emission scenarios using non-parametric quantile mapping method to force Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model. Using the historical simulation, the skills of un-calibrated SWAT model (without calibration process) was evaluated for 5 reservoir watersheds (selected as well-monitored representatives). The study then, evaluated the performance of 9 GCMs in reproducing historical upstream inflow and irrigation demand at the five representative reservoirs. Finally future inflows and demands for 58 watersheds were projected using 9 GCMs projections under the two RCP scenarios. We demonstrated that (1) un-calibrated SWAT model is likely applicable to agricultural watershed, (2) the uncertainty of future climate information from different GCMs is significant, (3) multi-model ensemble (MME) shows comparatively resonable skills in reproducing water balances over the study area. The results of projection under the RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenario generally showed the increase of inflow by 9.4% and 10.8% and demand by 1.4% and 1.7%, respectively. More importantly, the results for different seasons and reservoirs varied considerably in the impacts of climate change.
A Study on the Strength Characteristics of Vinyl House Pipe Filled with Mortar
Paik, Shinwon ; Kim, Hanjoong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 13~17
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.013
There are many vinyl houses in rural areas. These vinyl houses have occasionally been collapsed due to heavy snow load in winter. If these vinyl houses are collapsed, many farmers get a lot of economical damages. So it is very important to built safe vinyl house that is able to withstand the applied heavy snow load. In this study, compressive buckling and flexural tests were performed to investigate the strength increase of circular mortar filled pipes. The results showed that buckling load and flexural moment of mortar filled pipes were increased 42 % ~ 82 %, 40 % ~ 44 % respectively more than only pipe without mortar. It is recommended that mortar filled pipes as main members of vinyl house have to be used to prevent collapsing due to the severe snow load.
Abrasion Characteristics of Seaside Armor Stones of Seadike -Focused on Saemangeum Seadike-
Goh, Nam Young ; Kim, Hak Won ; Choi, Jin Kyu ; Jang, Tae Il ; Son, Jae Gwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 19~27
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.019
The results of Saemangeum seadike field inspection and material testing of armor stones in order to analyze causes of abrasion according to material characteristics of seaside armor stones in Saemangeum seadike are in the following: 1. The armor stones in Saemangeum seadike have been constructed by using internal stones (mainly, sinsi stones) and external stones, which had less strength (77.3 %) and more abrasion rate (133.3 %) compared with sinsi stones. 2. The compressive strength and abrasion rate were compared between ordinary wave section and high wave section for the purpose of analyzing the influence of waves. In compressive strength, sinsi stones were 4.0 % stronger and external stones were 0.6 % stronger in ordinary wave section than those of high wave section in average. In the case of abrasion rate, sinsi stones were 3.0 % higher and external stones were 8.2 % higher in the high wave section than those in the ordinary section. 3. The result of comparing compressive strength according to a zone is that the compressive strength in the Intertidal area was less strong in most of the zones. 4. Considering that deviated stones are moving around over the surface of armor stones in situ, it is important to compare material characteristics. So the comparison test about this factor showed that deviated sinsi stones were stronger than armor stones in situ in terms of compressive strength and resistance to abrasion. Based on these results, abraded armor stones may have resulted from their durability. Therefore it is assumed that armor stones are likely to be abraded when deviated stones which are more durable are moving around over armor stones which are less durable.
An Analysis of Optimal Production Scales by Greenhouse Types using Long-run Average Cost in Controlled Tomato
Rhee, Zae-Woong ; Hong, Na-Kyoung ; Kim, Tae-Kyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 29~35
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.029
The optimal greenhouse scales for controlled tomato should be studied because the increase of oil price and labor costs following the shortage of workforce makes greenhouse cultivation hard to gain profits. The purpose of this study is to estimate optimal production scales by greenhouse types for controlled tomato. The translog cost function is estimated based on the production cost survey data. The results can be summarized as follows: First, the average production cost of controlled tomato per kg decreases as the production scale increases. Second, according to the tomatoes farm of standard farming income data of RDA, the minimum production scale is 23 ton. Third, the estimated output of single-span greenhouse considering production scale with minimum average cost is 345 ton and production cost per kg is 1,476 won. The corresponding figures of multi-span greenhouse are 415 ton and 936 won, respectively. The study results can be used as basic materials for efficient decision making of tomato farmhouses and novice farmers. Also, the study shows that multi-span greenhouse should be encouraged to be built, since it requires lower marginal cost than single greenhouse. The results of this paper will help increase the income of farmhouses and cut expenses for the coming years.
Development of a Method to Estimate the Seasonal Heating Load for Plastic Greenhouses
Nam, Sang Woon ; Shin, Hyun Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 37~42
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.037
In order to provide fundamental data for the creation of environmental design criteria for horticultural facilities, we developed a method to easily calculate the seasonal heating load applying heating degree-hour while taking into account heating load reductions due to solar radiation in the daytime, and reviewed through greenhouse heating experiments. Heating experiments and measuring meteorological environments were carried out in three greenhouses located at Buyeo, Cheonan, and Buan, and we derived reduction factors of seasonal heating load according to hours of sunshine. Daily mean hours of sunshine during the experiment period in each of the greenhouse was 4.0 to 8.3 hours, and the reduction factor of seasonal heating load was 0.64 to 0.85, has been shown to decrease linearly with the increase in hours of sunshine. A method to estimate the seasonal heating load for greenhouses was developed using the reduction factor of seasonal heating load derived from the greenhouse heating experiment, including the adjustment factor of seasonal heating load according to hours of sunshine. The developed method was validated through heating experiments in a greenhouse located at Cheonan. Greenhouse seasonal heating loads calculated by the method developed in this study were analyzed to show the estimate error of 1.2 to 5.0%. It showed that the accuracy increased 2.3 times more than when using the heating load reduction factor of 0.75 applied uniformly in previous studies. Thus, the calculation method of seasonal heating load for greenhouses considering hours of sunshine developed in this study could be utilized for energy estimation, management planning, and economic evaluation in greenhouse design.
Development of Three Dimensional Chloride Ion Penetration Model Based on Finite Element Method
Choi, Won ; Kim, Hanjoong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 43~49
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.043
Most of agricultural structures located in seashore could not avoid rapid deterioration of concrete because chloride-ion and
gradually penetrate into concrete. However, since most of models can be able to describe the phenomenon of penetration by using one or two dimensional models based on finite difference method (FDM), those modes can not simulate the real geometry and it takes a lot of computational time to complete even the calculation. To overcome those weaknesses, three dimensional numerical model considering time dependent variables such as surface concentration of chloride and diffusion coefficient of domain based on finite element method (FEM) was suggested. This model also included the neutralization occurred by the penetration of
. Because the model used various sizes of tetrahedral mesh instead of equivalent rectangular mesh, it reduced the computational time to compare with FDM. As this model is based on FEM, it will be easily extended to execute multi-physics simulation including water evaporation and temperature change of concrete.
Analysis on Ventilation Efficiency of Standard Duck House using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Yeo, Uk-Hyeon ; Jo, Ye-Seul ; Kwon, Kyeong-Seok ; Ha, Tae-Hwan ; Park, Se-Jun ; Kim, Rack-Woo ; Lee, Sang-Yeon ; Lee, Seung-No ; Lee, In-Bok ; Seo, Il-Hwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.051
In Korea, 69.4 % of duck farms had utilized conventional plastic greenhouses. In this facilities, there are difficulties in controlling indoor environments for raising duck. High rearing density in duct farms also made the environmental control difficult resulting in getting more stressed making their immune system weaker. Therefore, a facility is needed to having structurally enough solidity and high efficiency on the environmental control. So, new design plans of duck house have recently been conducted by National Institute of Animal Science in Korea. As a study in advance to establish standard, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to estimate the aerodynamic problems according to the designs by means of overall and regional ventilation efficiencies quantitatively and qualitatively. Tracer gas decay (TGD) method was used to calculate ventilation rate according to the structural characteristics of duck houses including installation of indoor circulation fan. The results showed that natural ventilation rate was averagely 164 % higher than typically designed ventilation rate, 1 AER (
). Meanwhile, mechanically ventilated duck houses made 81.2 % of summer ventilation rate requirement. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a new duck house considering more structural safety as well as higher efficiency of environmental control.
Efficiency of the Non-structural BMPs with Reduced Rainfall Runoff
Jeon, Je Hong ; Won, Chul Hee ; Shin, Min Hwan ; Shin, Jae Young ; Lee, Su In ; Yu, Na Young ; Ju, So Hee ; Choi, Joong Dae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.061
Effect of tillage on time of initial runoff, runoff coefficient, NPS pollution load, soil erosion and crop productivity were studied. Eight runoff plots of
on loamy sand field that were 4 respective plots of 3 % and 8% slope were prepared. Treatment included conventional tillage (CT) and no-till (NT). Time of initial runoff from NT retarded between 247~261 % compared with that from CT. Under 3% slope, runoff coefficient in NT was 63.5 % lower than that in CT. The reduction under 8 % slope was 61.7 %. Differences in runoff reduction between 3% and 8% plots were not significant. NT could reduce more than 60 % of NPS pollution and between 50~85 % of sediment if compared with CT. Productivity of NT was also shown that it was not lower than that of CT. It was expected that the results could be used as a fundamental data for estimating a reduction load in Korea TMDL from a no-till BMP on loamy sand agricultural fields.
Trend Analysis of Projected Climate Data based on CMIP5 GCMs for Climate Change Impact Assessment on Agricultural Water Resources
Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Taegon ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 69~80
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.069
The majority of projections of future climate come from Global Circulation Models (GCMs), which vary in the way they were modeled the climate system, and so it produces different projections about conceptualizing of the weather system. To implement climate change impact assessment, it is necessary to analyze trends of various GCMs and select appropriate GCM. In this study, climate data in 25 GCMs 41 outputs provided by Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) was downscaled at eight stations. From preliminary analysis of variations in projected temperature, precipitation and evapotranspiration, five GCM outputs were identified as candidates for the climate change impact analysis as they cover wide ranges of the variations. Also, GCM outputs are compared with trends of HadGCM3-RA, which are established by the Korean Meteorological Administration. From the results, it can contribute to select appropriate GCMs and to obtain reasonable results for the assessment of climate change.
Characteristics of the Gasification from Mixed Fuels of Charcoal and Undried Woodchip
Wang, Long ; Kang, Ku ; Lee, Tae Ho ; Choi, Sun Hwa ; Hong, Seong Gu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 81~88
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.081
A Study on the Typology of Agricultural Reservoir for Effective Safety Inspection Systems
Lee, Chang Beom ; Jung, Nam Su ; Park, Seong Ki ; Jeon, Sang Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 89~99
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.089
In this research, 1,032 data of precise safety inspection from 2004 to 2013 are gathered and constructed for finding effective safety inspection systems. Items are extracted from constructed data and factors for typology are decided with statistical method such as principle component analysis and cluster analysis. For factor decision, we extruded independent characteristics such as morphological and geographical characteristic, and deleted items which can be expressed by combination of independent characteristics. Four factors such as total storage, watershed ratio, levee length ratio, and spillway length ratio are extracted in this process. In cluster analysis, levee length ratio is excluded because it is not separated as cluster. Finally nine types of agricultural reservoir are extruded by total storage, watershed ratio, and spillway length ratio with frequency analysis.
Web-Based Data Processing and Model Linkage Techniques for Agricultural Water-Resource Analysis
Park, Jihoon ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Song, Jung-Hun ; Jun, Sang Min ; Kim, Kyeung ; Ryu, Jeong Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 101~111
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.101
Establishment of appropriate data in certain formats is essential for agricultural water cycle analysis, which involves complex interactions and uncertainties such as climate change, social & economic change, and watershed environmental change. The main objective of this study was to develop web-based Data processing and Model linkage Techniques for Agricultural Water-Resource analysis (AWR-DMT). The developed techniques consisted of database development, data processing technique, and model linkage technique. The watershed of this study was the upper Cheongmi stream and Geunsam-Ri. The database was constructed using MS SQL with data code, watershed characteristics, reservoir information, weather station information, meteorological data, processed data, hydrological data, and paddy field information. The AWR-DMT was developed using Python. Processing technique generated probable rainfall data using non-stationary frequency analysis and evapotranspiration data. Model linkage technique built input data for agricultural watershed models, such as the TANK and Agricultural Watershed Supply (AWS). This study might be considered to contribute to the development of intelligent watercycle analysis by developing data processing and model linkage techniques for agricultural water-resource analysis.
Evaluating Future Stream Flow by Operation of Agricultural Reservoir Group considering the RCP 8.5 Climate Change Scenario
Lee, Jaenam ; Noh, Jaekyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.113
This study aims to evaluate future stream flow by the operation of agricultural reservoir group at the upper stream of the Miho River. Four agricultural reservoirs with storage capacities greater than one million cubic meters within the watershed were selected, and the RCP 8.5 climate change scenario was applied to simulate reservoir water storage and stream flow assuming that there are no changes in greenhouse gas reduction. Reservoir operation scenarios were classified into four types depending on the supply of instream flow, and the water supply reliability of each reservoir in terms of water supply under different reservoir operation scenarios was analyzed. In addition, flow duration at the watershed outlet was evaluated. The results showed that the overall run-off ratio of the upper stream watershed of the Miho River will decrease in the future. The future water supply reliability of the reservoirs decreased even when they did not supply instream flow during their operation. It would also be difficult to supply instream flow during non-irrigation periods or throughout the year (January-December); however, operating the reservoir based on the operating rule curve should improve the water supply reliability. In particular, when instream flow was not supplied, high flow increased, and when it was supplied, abundant flow, ordinary flow, and low flow increased. Drought flow increased when instream flow was supplied throughout the year. Therefore, the operation of the agricultural reservoirs in accordance with the operating rule curve is expected to increase stream flow by controlling the water supply to cope with climate change.
Polyacrylamide, Its Beneficial Application of Soil Erosion Control from Sloped Agricultural Fields
Kim, Minyoung ; Choi, Yonghun ; Lee, Sangbong ; Kim, Hyunjeong ; Kim, Seounghee ; Kim, Youngjin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 123~128
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.123
This study conducted a series of field experiments using soil conditioners, Polyacrylamide(PAM) and gypsum, to evaluate their effects in reducing sediment loss and surface runoff. In addition, the correction factors (K-alpha) for the erodibility factor (K) were determined to reflect the effects of PAM and PAM+gypsum in applying the USLE equation. Experimental erosion plots individually sized
(5 m long, 2 m wide and 1 m deep) have different slopes (10, 20 and 30%). Erosion plots were prepared for one control (C; no PAM and gypsum) and two treatments (P; PAM 20 kg/ha, PG; PAM 20 kg/ha+gypsum 3,000 kg/ha). The amounts of soil eroded and runoff were continuously monitored from July
in 2010 and compared to each other. The amount of sediment loss from a control plot was 399.2 ton/ha and the relative reduction of sediment loss were 11.4% and 33.4% for PAM-treated and PAM+gypsum treated plots, respectively. This study also determined the K-alpha factors in the USLE equation to account for the erosion control effectiveness of PAM and gypsum application. The K-alpha factors were calculated as 0.92 for PAM-treated plot and 0.69 for PAM+gypsum-treated plot. The findings of this study revealed that soil conditioners (PAM and gypsum) could play a significant role in controlling soil erosion. In addition, the modified USLE equation using the K-alpha could provide valuable information to make better decision on establishment of best management practice for soil erosion control in agriculture.
Evaluation for Non-Point Sources Reduction Effect by Vegetated Ridge and Silt Fence
Kim, Dong-Hyeon ; Kim, Sang-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.129
The objective of this study was to test the non-point source pollution (NPS) control by the vegetated ridge and silt fence through field monitoring. The experiment plots were established with three sizes which are 5 m width by 22 m length with 8 %, 3 % slope and 15m width by 15 m length with 6 % slope. Flumes with the floating type stage gages were installed at the outlet of each plot to monitor the runoff. For a rainfall monitoring, tipping bucket rain gage was installed within the experiment site. Water quality samples were monitored during the heavy rainfall occurred. The amount of rainfall from 4 monitored events ranged from 27.6 mm to 130 mm. The runoff reduction rate could vary depending on slope, soil, crop growth condition, rainfall amount, rainfall intensity, antecedent moisture condition, and many other factors. The runoff from vegetated ridge and silt fence treatment plots was 24.05 % and -8.28 % lower than that from control plot, respectively. The monitoring results showed that the average pollution loads reduced by vegetated ridge compared to control were BOD 36.62~53.60 %, SS 40.41~73.71 %, COD 39.34~56.41 %, DOC 49.08~53.67 %, TN 26.74~67.23 %, and TP 52.72~91.80 %; by silt fence compared to control were SS 41.73 %, COD 1.93 %, and TN 2.38 %. The paired t-test result indicated that the vegetated ridge and silt fence were statistically significant effect in SS load reduction, with a 5 % significant level. Monitored results indicated that vegetated ridge and silt fence were both effective to reduce the pollutant from the field surface runoff.
Estimation of Future Design Flood Under Non-Stationarity for Wonpyeongcheon Watershed
Ryu, Jeong Hoon ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Park, Jihoon ; Jun, Sang Min ; Song, Jung Hun ; Kim, Kyeung ; Lee, Kyeong-Do ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 57, issue 5, 2015, Pages 139~152
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2015.57.5.139
Along with climate change, it is reported that the scale and frequency of extreme climate events show unstable tendency of increase. Thus, to comprehend the change characteristics of precipitation data, it is needed to consider non-stationary. The main objectives of this study were to estimate future design floods for Wonpyeongcheon watershed based on RCP (Representative Concentration Pathways) scenario. Wonpyeongcheon located in the Keum River watershed was selected as the study area. Historical precipitation data of the past 35 years (1976~2010) were collected from the Jeonju meteorological station. Future precipitation data based on RCP4.5 were also obtained for the period of 2011~2100. Systematic bias between observed and simulated data were corrected using the quantile mapping (QM) method. The parameters for the bias-correction were estimated by non-parametric method. A non-stationary frequency analysis was conducted with moving average method which derives change characteristics of generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution parameters. Design floods for different durations and frequencies were estimated using rational formula. As the result, the GEV parameters (location and scale) showed an upward tendency indicating the increase of quantity and fluctuation of an extreme precipitation in the future. The probable rainfall and design flood based on non-stationarity showed higher values than those of stationarity assumption by 1.2%~54.9% and 3.6%~54.9%, respectively, thus empathizing the necessity of non-stationary frequency analysis. The study findings are expected to be used as a basis to analyze the impacts of climate change and to reconsider the future design criteria of Wonpyeongcheon watershed.