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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 58, Issue 4 - Jul 2016
Volume 58, Issue 3 - May 2016
Volume 58, Issue 2 - Mar 2016
Volume 58, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
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Effects of Controlled Drainage and Slow-release Fertilizer on Nutrient Pollutant Loads from Paddy Fields
Kim, Kyeung ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Song, Inhong ; Song, Jung-Hun ; Park, Jihoon ; Jun, Sang Min ; Jang, Jeong Ryeol ; Kim, Jin Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.001
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of farming methods on mass balance from paddy rice. The experiment fields were established at Chunpo-myeon, Iksan-si in the Saemangeum watershed. Experiment was performed during the growing season to assess water and mass balances of the study field in 2013. The three different farming practices were applied: conventional (TR-A), drainage outlet heighten (TR-B) and slow release fertilizer use (TR-C). Drainage amount from TR-B was reduced by 28.5 % compared to the TR-A, while the amount from TR-C was similar to that of TR-A. Overall, nutrient concentration of paddy water were similar among the treatments except for T-P. Mean T-P concentration from TR-C was lower than that from TR-A (p-value<0.05). As the results of mass balance, TR-B appeared to reduce nutrient surface loss, substantially by 30.9 % and 40.8 % for T-N and T-P an compared to TR-A. TR-C treatment also demonstrated nutrient load reduction by 38.2 % and 40.1 % for T-N and T-P. The study results showed that water and fertilizer treatments are effective in surface load reduction respectively from paddy fields, and, long-term monitoring and evaluation is needed to confirm the reduction.
Transport and Deposition Characteristics of Coarse Grained Soil According to the Flow Velocity and Grain Size
Bong, Tae-Ho ; Son, Young-Hwan ; Kim, Kyu-Sun ; Park, Jae-Sung ; Kim, Dong-Geun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.011
Dredging and land reclamation works has actively carried out for the efficient use of land and secure of agricultural and industrial site. During the reclamation, a portion of landfills are lost from the desired location due to a variety of causes. However, these causes has been rarely studied, and water flow velocity has a great influence on the movement of landfills. For the economical and efficient reclamation, it is important to predict the movement of landfills in water. In this paper, an experimental study was carried out to investigate the deposition distance according to the flow velocity and soil grain size. We have made a large open-channel apparatus that can reproduce a laminar flow, and the deposition test was carried out on the four grain size (0.638, 1.425, 3.375, 7.125 mm) and four flow velocity (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.67 m/s) with high definition video recording. As a results, average deposition distance increased with the flow velocity, and its relationship is shown linearly. For the grain size, the average deposition distance were drastically increased as the grain size becomes smaller.
Development of Elastic Composites Using Waste Tire Chip and Epoxy Resin - Focused on Strength and Durability -
Sung, Chan Yong ; Noh, Jin Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.019
This study was performed to evaluate the strength and durability properties of modified epoxy composites with waste tire chip, recycled coarse aggregate, filler and modified epoxy to improve elongation and elasticity of epoxy. Additionally, for comparing to modified epoxy and unsaturated polyester resin as a binder, unsaturated polyester resin composites were developed in the same condition. The mix proportions were determined to satisfy the requirement for the workability and slump according to aggregate size and binder content. Tests for the compressive and flexural strength, freezing and thawing and durability for 20 % sulfuric solution were performed. The compressive and flexural strength of modified epoxy composites were in the range of 34.9~61.6 MPa and 10.2~18.3 MPa at the curing 7 days, respectively. Also, the compressive and flexural strength of unsaturated polyester resin composites were in the range of 44.2~77.8 MPa and 11.3~20.8 MPa at the curing 7 days, respectively. After 300 cycles of freezing and thawing, weight decrease ratio and durability factor of modified epoxy composites were in the range of 0.8~1.9 % and 95~98, respectively. Accordingly, modified epoxy composites will greatly improve the durability of concrete.
A Study on Relationship between Streamflow Variability and Baseflow Contribution in Nakdong River Basin
Han, Jeong Ho ; Lim, Kyoung Jae ; Jung, Younghun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.027
More severe and frequent flood and drought have increased the attentions on the river management. In particular, baseflow is an important element among many streamflow characteristics because streamflow is mainly consisted of direct runoff and baseflow. In this regard, this study attempted to analyze the relationship between streamflow variability and baseflow contributions on Nakdong river basin. For this, two Streamflow Variability Indices (SVI) were used: Coefficient of Variation (CV) and Coefficient of Flow Regime (CFR). Furthermore, baselow separation was individually conducted by three methods (PART, WHAT and BFLOW), and based on this, Baseflow Index (BFI) was calculated. Also, we used the daily streamflow data retrieved from 27 gauge stations in Nakdong river basin for baseflow separation. The results showed that BFI calculated by three models ranges from 0.14 to 0.90 for 27 gauge stations. For SVI, BFI has much higher correlation with CV than with CFR. Also, the inversely proportional relationship between BFI and CV showed that higher baseflow contribution, less streamflow variability.
Design Flood Estimation in the Hwangguji River Watershed under Climate and Land Use Changes Scenario
Kim, Jihye ; Park, Jihoon ; Song, Jung-Hun ; Jun, Sang Min ; Kang, Moon Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 39~51
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.039
Extreme floods occur more often recently as the frequency of extreme storm events increase due to the climate change. Because the extreme flood exceeding the design flood can cause large-scale disasters, it is important to predict and prepare for the future extreme flood. Flood flow is affected by two main factors; rainfall and land use. To predict the future extreme flood, both changes in rainfall due to the climate change and land use should be considered. The objective of this study was to simulate the future design flood in the Hwangguji river watershed, South Korea. The climate and land use change scenarios were derived from the representative concentration pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. Conversion of land use and its effects (CLUE) and hydrologic modelling system (HEC-HMS) models were used to simulate the land use change and design flood, respectively. Design floods of 100-year and 200-year for 2040, 2070, and 2100 under the RCP4.5 and 8.5 scenarios were calculated and analyzed. The land use change simulation described that the urban area would increase, while forest would decrease from 2010 to 2100 for both the RCP4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. The overall changes in design floods from 2010 to 2100 were similar to those of probable rainfalls. However, the impact of land use change on design flood was negligible because the increase rate of probable rainfall was much larger than that of curve number (CN) and impervious area.
Workability Characteristics of Fiber Mixed Soil
Song, Gyoo Bog ; Lee, Sang Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 53~59
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.053
This study was conducted by the slump test and the consistency test of the fiber mixed soil which is soil reinforced with fiber as a reinforced material to investigate and estimate the difficulty degree of work and the proper water content. So I would like to present the fundamental data that establishes the work standard of the fiber mixed soil. In conclusion, in this study the slump value of the fiber mixed soil increases over-all according to the increase of the water content although it has a little difference of the increase range and it is smaller than one of the soil. It is estimated that the aggregating and throwing work of the fiber mixed soil would be fine when it has the about 25 % water content and the wall and floor plastering work is the about 30 % ~ 35 % and the flowing and pouring work is the about 40 % water content as well as the mold compacting work is the about 20 %. There is no decreasing of the workability when the soil is reinforced by the fiber because the workability characteristics of the fiber mixed soil is similar to the one of the soil. Therefore, It is estimated that using the fiber as a reinforced material of soil would be appropriate for the construction.
Assessment on Design Applicability of Analysis of the Undrained Shear Strength in Korea Coastal Marine Clay
Kim, Myeong Hwan ; Song, Chang Seob ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 61~71
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.061
This study performed the physical and mechanical experiment on the samples of costal marine clays individually collected in western and southern regions to identify the characteristics of western and southern costal marine clay. Based on the experiment result, the characteristics of costal marine clay is identified undrained shear strength. Based on the experiment result on the physical and mechanical characteristics of costal marine clays, the regression is presented that can analyze the mechanical characteristics of undrained shear strength in costal marine clay of Korea, region of Korea and western-southern region. The correlation of uniaxial compressive strength and undrained shear strength was suitable for use of western-southern region correlation equation. The test result of Jeonnam Yeosu area compares with prediction results of previous researchers formula and western-southern region formula. Prediction results appear highest reliability on the 0.827 of coefficient of determination in the prediction results of the western-southern region formula.
Analyzing the Contribution of Regional Water Resource through the Regional Blue Water Flows of Rice Products
Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Yoo, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Yoon Hyung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.073
The aim of this study is to analyze the contribution of regional water resources through the gap between water used for rice production and water used for consumption. The blue water use for rice production and for consumption was quantified and the regional blue water flows were estimated using the virtual water concept from 1995 to 2010. About
of blue water flowed among the provinces and metropolises of Korea, and about 28.5 % of total blue water flows came from Jeonnam province. In addition, blue water usage for rice was classified into three categories: water for production, internal consumption, and overproduction in each region. In Jeonnam,
of blue water totally used for rice production, and 50.9 % and 15.5 % were used for external and internal rice consumption, respectively. The other 33.6 % was used for over production of rice for food security. This study assumed the blue water flows depended on the gap between virtual water use for rice production and consumption. However, the analysis of regional blue water usage and flows might show the importance of other region`s water resources, and make policy decision-makers aware of the integrated water management among the regions.
Numerical Solution of Second Order Linear Partial Differential Equations using Agricultural Systems Application Platform
Lee, SungYong ; Kim, Taegon ; Suh, Kyo ; Han, Yicheol ; Lee, Jemyung ; Yi, Hojae ; Lee, JeongJae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.081
The Agricultural Systems Application Platform (ASAP) provides bottom-up modelling and simulation environment for agricultural engineer. The purpose of this study is to expand usability of the ASAP to the second order partial differential equations: elliptic equations, parabolic equations, and hyperbolic equations. The ASAP is a general-purpose simulation tool which express natural phenomenon with capsulized independent components to simplify implementation and maintenance. To use the ASAP in continuous problems, it is necessary to solve partial differential equations. This study shows usage of the ASAP in elliptic problem, parabolic problem, and hyperbolic problem, and solves of static heat problem, heat transfer problem, and wave problem as examples. The example problems are solved with the ASAP and Finite Difference method (FDM) for verification. The ASAP shows identical results to FDM. These applications are useful to simulate the engineering problem including equilibrium, diffusion and wave problem.
Classification of Radish and Chinese Cabbage in Autumn Using Hyperspectral Image
Park, Jin Ki ; Park, Jong Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 1, 2016, Pages 91~97
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.1.091
The objective of this study was to classify between radish and Chinese cabbage in autumn using hyperspectral images. The hyperspectral images were acquired by Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager (CASI) with 1m spatial resolution and 48 bands covering the visible and near infrared portions of the solar spectrum from 370 to 1044 nm with a bandwidth of 14 nm. An object-based technique is used for classification of radish and Chinese cabbage. It was found that the optimum parameter values for image segmentation were scale 400, shape 0.1, color 0.9, compactness 0.5 and smoothness 0.5. As a result, the overall accuracy of classification was 90.7 % and the kappa coefficient was 0.71. The hyperspectral images can be used to classify other crops with higher accuracy than radish and Chines cabbage because of their similar characteristic and growth time.