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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 58, Issue 4 - Jul 2016
Volume 58, Issue 3 - May 2016
Volume 58, Issue 2 - Mar 2016
Volume 58, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Application of Activated Carbon and Crushed Concrete as Capping Material for Interrupting the Release of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Organic Substance from Reservoir Sediments
Kang, Ku ; Kim, Won-Jae ; Park, Seong-Jik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.001
This study aims to assess the effectiveness of activated carbon (AC) and crushed concrete (CC) as capping material to block the release of nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic substance from reservoir sediments. The efficiency of AC and CC as capping material was evaluated in a reactor in which a 1 or 3 cm thick layer of capping materials was placed on the sediments collected from Mansu reservoir in Anseong-city. Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration, total nitrogen (T-N), total phosphorus (T-P), and chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration in reservoir water above the uncapped sediments and capping material were monitored for 45 days. The release rate of T-N was in the following increasing order: AC 3 cm (
) < CC 1 cm (
) < AC 1 cm (
) < CC 3 cm (
) < uncapped (
). The release rate of T-P was in the following increasing order: AC 3 cm (
CC 3 cm (
) < CC 1 cm (
) < AC 1 cm capped (
) < uncapped (
). The release of nitrogen and phosphorus were effectively blocked by AC capping of 3 cm thickness, and CC capping of 3 cm thickness effectively controlled the release of phosphorus. The order of increasing COD release rate was as follows: AC 3 cm (
CC 3 cm (
) < CC 1 cm (
) < AC 1 cm (
) < uncapped (
), indicating that AC and CC capping effectively interrupted the release of organic contaminants from the sediments. It was concluded that AC and CC could effectively block the release of T-N, T-P and COD release from contaminated reservoir sediments.
Schematic Development of Risk Analysis for Dam Safety
Heo, Gun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.011
Korea has 17,500 irrigation dams and facing variety of causes that jeopardize dam safety. With limited resources available to manage large inventory, a portfolio risk analysis application method for numerous irrigation dam safety is essential. The purpose of this study is to find an optimum way to adopt the risk analysis to the large number of irrigation dams in Korea and to propose the portfolio risk analysis process for irrigation dams. In this study, the necessity of the risk analysis for reservoirs safety has been suggested and a phased process using pre-screening and screening methodology has been proposed. This proposed procedure will help to effectively introduce the risk analysis for reservoirs safety in Korea.
A Conceptual Design of Spatial and Non-spatial Information for Water Hazard Information Management and Service
Lee, Jeong-Ju ; Kim, Dong-Young ; Jung, Young-Hun ; Hwang, Eui-Ho ; Chae, Hyo-Sok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 21~29
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.021
This study conducted a basic design of system and interface which provide both of spatial and non-spatial data for water hazard information management. This helps to decide directions of the future integrated water hazard information platform and possible technical examinations of the web-based system for the realization of the prototype. For user friendly system, this study did a survey to investigate the data format, service environment, image processing level and visualization type that users prefer. Also, authorization range was set up by type of the user group. In the water hazard information platform, the data and analysis algorithm were classified by the fields. Furthermore, the platform was consisted with six block systems according to the function and the interface and designed to flexibly mount or modify the additional functions. For a basic design of the data exchange method and protocols, a prototype was constructed by using the spatial information web service technology. The portal service system to visualize and provide spatial data was designed by the WMS/WFS type of OGC standard interface and the FTP/HTTP interface type through open source GIS software for server environment.
Safety Evaluation of Agricultural Reservoirs due to Raising Embankment by Field Monitoring and Numerical Analysis
Lee, Kwang Sol ; Lee, Dal Won ; Lee, Young Hak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 31~44
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.031
This study analyzed pore water pressure, earth pressure and settlement through field monitoring on the project site in which raising embankments are being built through backside extension, and compared the behaviors of seepage analysis, slope stability analysis and stress-strain during flood water levels and rapid drawdown under steady state and transient condition. The variation of pore water pressure showed an increase during the later period in both upstream and downstream slope, with downstream slope more largely increased than upstream slope overall. The variation of earth pressure increased according to the increase of embankment heights, while the change largely showed in the upstream slope, it was slowly increased in the downstream slope. The settlements largely increased until 23 m as embankment heights increased, and showed very little settlement overall. Under a steady state and transient conditions, the seepage quantity per day and leakage quantity per 100 m of embankment against total storage were shown to be stable for piping. The hydraulic gradient at the core before and after raising embankments was greater than the limit hydraulic gradient, showing instability for piping. The safety factor of upstream and downstream slopes were shown to be very large at a steady state, while the upstream slopes greatly decreased at a transit conditions, downstream slopes did not show any significant changes. The horizontal settlements, the maximum shear strain and stress are especially distributed at the connecting portion of the existing reservoir and the new extension of backside. Accordingly, the backside extension method should be designed and reinforced differently from the cases of other types reservoirs.
Comparision Analysis of Model Test for Prediction of Uplift Resistance in the Reclaimed Land Greenhouse Foundation
Song, Chang Seob ; Kim, Myeong Hwan ; Jang, Ung Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.045
The object of this paper was to evaulate modified proposed design equation in model test result in order to estimate uplift-resistance of timber pile of reclaimed land greenhouse foundation. Uplift resistance result of model test was increased to according to increased of contact area. Uplift-resistance result of field test tend to lineary increased to according to increased of embedment depth and contact area. Results of field uplift-resistance was evaluate compare with modified proposed design equation results of model test and Effective stress method. As the Effective stress method tend to underestimate, modified proposed design equation results of model test tend to similar type. As the contact area increase, difference between field uplift-resistance results and modified proposed design equation results of model test was considered uplift-speed.
Spatial Distribution Mapping of Cyanobacteria in Daecheong Reservoir Using the Satellite Imagery
Back, Shin Cheol ; Park, Jin Ki ; Park, Jong Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 53~63
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.053
Monitoring of cyanobacteria bloom in reservoir systems is important for water managers responsible of water supply system. Cyanobacteria affect the taste and smell of water and pose considerable filtration problems at water use places. Harmful cyanobacteria bloom in reservoir have significant economic impacts. We develop a new method for estimating the cyanobacteria bloom using Landsat TM and ETM+ data. Developed model was calibrated and cross-validated with existing in situ measurements from Daecheong Reservoir's Water Quality Monitoring Program and Algae Alarm System. Measurements data of three stations taken from 2004 to 2012 were matched with radiometrically converted reflectance data from the Landsat TM and ETM+ sensor. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to select wavelengths in the Landsat TM and ETM+ bands 1, 2 and 4 that were most significant for predicting cyanobacteria cell number and bio-volume. Based on statistical analysis, the linear models were that included visible band ratios slightly outperformed single band models. The final monitoring models captured the extents of cyanobacteria blooms throughout the 2004-2012 study period. The results serve as an added broad area monitoring tool for water resource managers and present new insight into the initiation and propagation of cyanobacteria blooms in Daecheong reservoir.
Evaluation of Agricultural Water Supply Potential in Agricultural Reservoirs
Kim, Jin Soo ; Lee, Jae Yong ; Lee, Jeong Beom ; Song, Chul Min ; Park, Ji Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 65~71
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.065
The new concept of agricultural water supply potential, which is mean annual turnover rate times unit storage capacity, was introduced for agricultural reservoirs. We investigated characteristics of mean annual turnover rate and unit storage capacity for agricultural reservoirs with storage capacity of over
. The curve of agricultural water supply potential represents change in mean annul turnover rate according to change in unit storage capacity. The mean annual turnover rate and unit storage capacity in the reservoirs with high minimum storage ratio are significantly higher than those in the reservoirs with low minimum storage ratio. Most of unstable water supply reservoirs showed low mean annual turnover rate or low unit storage capacity, indicating that mean annual turnover rate may be an index of stability degree for agricultural water use. The reservoirs with mean annual turnover rate of over 2 and unit storage capacity of over 0.8 m may be estimated as the stable water supply zone for 10 frequency dry year. The reservoirs with high agricultural water supply potential can belong to the wide range of stable water supply zone. The results suggest that relation between mean annual turnover rate and unit storage capacity may be used in evaluating stability degree for agricultural water supply in the reservoirs.
A Study on the Strength Properties of FRP Member for Making Personal Disaster Shelters in Rural Area
Kim, Jung Meyon ; Hwang, Dea Won ; Lim, Hyun Taek ; Park, Sung Yong ; Yeon, Kyu Seok ; Kim, Yong Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.073
This study is about development of personal disaster shelters for minimization of the casualties caused by the landslide and steep slope collapse. The objectives of present research is the selection of disaster evacuation facilities utilizing FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) material. For the proper assessment of FRP member, several layers by strength test and the three-dimensional numerical analysis of these FRR member was carried out. As a result, the personal disaster evacuation facility utilizing FRP materials, was found to be of a material that is able to protect the weak person at the time of the collapse of the landslides and steep slopes.
Flexural Performance of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced EVA Concrete
Sung, Chan Yong ; Nam, Ki Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.083
This study was performed to evaluate the effective analysis of flexural performance for polypropylene fiber (PF) reinforced EVA concrete that can be used in marine bridge, tunnel and agricultural structures under flexural load. The control design was applied in ready mixed concrete using 10 % fly ash of total binder weight used in batch plant. On the basis of the control mix design, there was designed mix types that contained PF ranged from 0 % to 0.5 % by volume ratio into two mix types of using 0 % and 5.0 % EVA contents of total binder weight. Before evaluating the flexural performance, we tested compressive strength and flexural strength to evaluate whether polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete could be used or not in site. The method of flexural performance evaluation was applied by ASTM C 1609. These results showed the maximum compressive strength and flexural strength was measured at each E5P1 and E5P2. Concrete reinforced with PF exhibited deflection-softening behavior. In the concrete reinforced with 0.4 % PF contents and containing 5.0 % EVA, the flexural performance was the best.
Uncertainty Analysis of Future Design Floods for the Yongdang Reservoir Watershed using Bootstrap Technique
Lee, Do Gil ; Kang, Moon Seong ; Park, Jihoon ; Ryu, Jeong Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 2, 2016, Pages 91~99
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.2.091
To estimate design floods for hydraulic structures, statistical methods has been used in the analysis of rainfall data. However, due to the lack of rainfall data in some regions, it is difficult to apply the statistical methods for estimation of design rainfall. In addition, increased uncertainty of design rainfall arising from the limited rainfall data can become an important factor for determining the design floods. The main objective of this study was to assess the uncertainty of the future design floods under RCP (representative concentration pathways) scenarios using a bootstrap technique. The technique was used in this study to quantify the uncertainty in the estimation of the future design floods. The Yongdang watershed in South Korea, 2,873 ha in size, was selected as the study area. The study results showed that the standard errors of the basin of Yongdang reservoir were calculated as 2.0~6.9 % of probable rainfall. The standard errors of RCP4.5 scenario were higher than the standard errors of RCP8.5 scenario. As the results of estimation of design flood, the ranges of peak flows considered uncertainty were 2.3~7.1 %, and were different each duration and scenario. This study might be expected to be used as one of guidelines to consider when designing hydraulic structures.