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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 58, Issue 4 - Jul 2016
Volume 58, Issue 3 - May 2016
Volume 58, Issue 2 - Mar 2016
Volume 58, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Safety Inspection System Improvement of Agricultural Reservoir Considering Fill-Dam Characteristics
Lee, Chang Beom ; Jung, Nam Su ; Park, Seong Ki ; Jeon, Sang Ok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.001
In 2008, 17, 596 dams and reservoirs are scattered across South Korea, and 17, 505 of them (99.5 %) are used for agriculture and 99.3 % are fill dam types. This study aimed to review literature related to the precise safety diagnosis system for agricultural reservoirs established by Korea Rural Community Corporation (KRCC) and analyze problems of its evaluation method. And then, it proposed ways to improve the system including a modified diagnosis system, which was applied to pilot districts in order to verify the utility. For assessment model development of agricultural reservoir, we reviewed status of precision safety inspections systems of agricultural reservoir. There are many problems such as assess agricultural reservoir not by sheet which used in fill dam but by block which used in concrete dam construction and diversion tunnel which main element in reservoir levee is treated as water intake facility. For considering diversion tunnel in reservoir levee, previous precision safety inspection systems which summed in separated phenomenon, separated element, separated site, separated facility was change to new systems which summed in site, phenomenon, element, and facility. Compared results of previous inspection system calculated total assessment index (Ec) with new system calculated total assessment index (Ec) are not show statistical difference.
Evaluation of SWAT Model Applicability for Runoff Estimation in Nam River Dam Watershed
Kim, Dong-Hyeon ; Kim, Sang-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 9~19
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the applicability of SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model for runoff estimation in the Nam river dam watershed. Input data for the SWAT model were established using spatial data (land use, soil, digital elevation map) and weather data. The SWAT model was calibrated and validated using observed runoff data from 2003 to 2014 for three stations (Sancheong, Shinan, Changchon) within the study watershed. The
(Determination Coefficient), RMSE (Root Mean Square Error), NSE (Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient), and RMAE (Relative Mean Absolute Error) were used to evaluate the model performance. Parameters for runoff calibration were selected based on user's manual and references and trial and error method was applied for parameter calibration. Calibration results showed that annual mean runoff were within
error compared to observed.
were ranged 0.64 ~ 0.75, RMSE were 2.51 ~ 4.97 mm/day, NSE were 0.48 ~ 0.65, and RMAE were 0.34 ~ 0.63 mm/day for daily runoff, respectively. The runoff comparison for three stations showed that annual runoff was higher in Changchon especially summer and winter seasons. The flow exceedance graph showed that Sancheong and Shinan stations were similar while Changchon was higher in entire fraction.
Large Scale SWAT Watershed Modeling Considering Multi-purpose Dams and Multi-function Weirs Operation - For Namhan River Basin -
Ahn, So Ra ; Lee, Ji Wan ; Jang, Sun Sook ; Kim, Seong Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 21~35
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.021
This study is to evaluate the applicability of SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model for multi-purpose dams and multi-function weirs operation in Namhan river basin (
) of South Korea. The SWAT was calibrated (2005 ~ 2009) and validated (2010 ~ 2014) considering of 4 multi-purpose dams and 3 multi-function weirs using daily observed dam inflow and storage, evapotranspiration, soil moisture, and groundwater level data. Firstly, the dam inflow was calibrated by the five steps; (step 1) the physical rate between total runoff and evapotranspiration was controlled by ESCO, (step 2) the peak runoff was calibrated by CN, OV_N, and CH_N, (step 3) the baseflow was calibrated by GW_DELAY, (step 4) the recession curve of baseflow was calibrated by ALPHA_BF, (step 5) the flux between lateral flow and return flow was controlled by SOL_AWC and SOL_K, and (step 6) the flux between reevaporation and return flow was controlled by REVAPMN and GW_REVAP. Secondly, for the storage water level calibration, the SWAT emergency and principle spillway were applied for water level from design flood level to restricted water level for dam and from maximum to management water level for weir respectively. Finally, the parameters for evapotranspiration (ESCO), soil water (SOL_AWC) and groundwater level fluctuation (GWQMN, ALPHA_BF) were repeatedly adjusted by trial error method. For the dam inflow, the determination coefficient
was above 0.80. The average Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) was from 0.59 to 0.88 and the RMSE was from 3.3 mm/day to 8.6 mm/day respectively. For the water balance performance, the PBIAS was between 9.4 and 21.4 %. For the dam storage volume, the
was above 0.63 and the PBIAS was between 6.3 and 13.5 % respectively. The average
for evapotranspiration and soil moisture at CM (Cheongmicheon) site was 0.72 and 0.78, and the average
for groundwater level was 0.59 and 0.60 at 2 YP (Yangpyeong) sites.
A Study on Establishment of Appropriate Observation Time for Estimation of Daily Land Surface Temperature using COMS in Korea Peninsula
Lee, Yong Gwan ; Jung, Chung Gil ; Lee, Ji Wan ; Kim, Seong Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.037
This study is to estimate COMS (Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite) daily land surface temperature (LST) of Korea Peninsula from 15 minutes interval COMS LST (COMS LST-15) satellite data. Using daily observed LST data of Automated Agriculture Observing System (AAOS) 11 stations from January 2013 to May 2015, the COMS daily LST was compared and validated. For the representative time for daily mean LST value from COMS LST-15, the time of 23 : 45 and 0:00 showed minimum deviations with AAOS daily LST. The time zone from 23 : 45 to 1:15 and from 7 : 30 to 9 : 45 showed high determination coefficient (R2) of 0.88 and 0.90 respectively. The daily COMS LST by averaging COMS LST-15 of the day showed R2 of 0.83. From the 5 cases of results, the COMS daily LST could be extracted from the average LST by using 15 minutes data from 7 : 30 to 9 : 45.
Stability Evaluation of Armor Stones in the Seadike of Incoming High Waves - Focused on Saemangeum Seadike -
Son, Jae Gwon ; Goh, Nam Young ; Kim, Duk Gu ; Park, Seol Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.047
This study is on the stability re-evaluation of armor stones in saemangum seadike according to recently increased sea-level and frequent high wave incoming and the results are in the following. The field inspection of armor stones in the seadike revealed that damages of armor stones have been caused by higher waves than designed waves and that the reconstruction of armor stones and concrete grouting method have been used as the reinforcement work. The result of numerical simulation of wave channel conducted to estimate the safety weight of armor stones influenced by flows revealed that the safety weight of armor stones in the seadike No.4 was estimated as 5.47 tons by using the Isbash method, which is about 122 % more than 4.49 tons estimated by using Van der Meer method. Therefore, in designing armor stones which can be influenced by high waves such as the case of Saemangum seadike, it is necessary to apply the safety weight method of armor stones, based on the Isbash method, which produced the significant figures among the safety weight methods using flows as well as the safety weight method using high waves based on the Hudson method.
Soil Related Parameters Assessment Comparing Runoff Analysis using Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) and Detailed Soil Map
Choi, Yun Seok ; Jung, Young Hun ; Kim, Joo Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Tak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.057
Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) including the global soil information has been implemented to the runoff analysis in many watersheds of the world. However, its accuracy can be a critical issue in the modeling because of the limitation the low resolution reflecting the physical properties of soil in a watershed. Accordingly, this study attempted to assess the effect of HWSD in modeling by comparing parameters of the rainfall-runoff model using HWSD with the detailed soil map. For this, Grid based Rainfall-runoff Model (GRM) was employed in the Hyangseok watershed. The results showed that both of two soil maps in the rainfall-runoff model are able to well capture the observed runoff. However, compared with the detailed soil map, HWSD produced more uncertainty in the GRM parameters related to soil depth and hydraulic conductivity during the calibrations than the detailed soil map. Therefore, the uncertainty from the limited information on soil texture in HWSD should be considered for better calibration of a rainfall-runoff model.
Development of Desktop-Based LDC Evaluation System for Effectiveness TMDLs
Ryu, Jichul ; Hwang, Ha-Sun ; Lee, Sung-Jun ; Kim, Eun Kyoung ; Kim, Yong Seok ; Kum, Donghyuk ; Lim, Kyoung Jae ; Jung, Younghun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.067
Load Duration Curve (LDC) can be used as a method for load management of point and non-point pollution source because the LDC easily assesses the water quality corresponding to hydrological changes in a watershed. Recently, the application of LDC to total pollution load management is a growing interest in Korea. In this regard, A desktop-based LDC assessment system was developed in this study to provide convenience to users in water quality evaluation. The developed system can simply produce the LDC by using streamflow and water quality data involved in its database. Also, The system can quantitatively inform the success or failure of the achievement for a target water quality at monthly scale. Furthermore, seasonal water quality and point/non-point pollution load in a watershed can be estimated by this system. We expect that the developed system will contribute to establish local and national policies regarding water management and total pollution load management because of its advantages such as the pollution tracking investigation and the analysis of water quality and pollution loading amount in an ungauged watershed.
A Review of Baseflow Analysis Techniques of Watershed-Scale Runoff Models
Han, Jeong Ho ; Ryu, Tae Sang ; Lim, Kyoung Jae ; Jung, Young Hun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 75~83
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.075
Streamflow is composed of baseflow and direct runoff. However, most of streamflow during dry seasons depends on baseflow. Thus, baseflow analysis is very important to simulate streamflow of dry seasons. Generally, baseflow analysis is conducted using watershed-scale runoff models due to diffilculty of measuring baseflow. However, it is needed to understand and review how the model simulates baseflow because each model uses inherent baseflow analysis techniques. In this study, SWAT, HSPF, PRMS-IV were reviewed focusing on baseflow and soil water. HSPF and PRMS-IV calculate baseflow using the variables which depends on user, so the baseflow analysis results of HSPF and PRMS-IV are not consistent. Moreover, soil structures which were assumed from HSPF and PRMS-IV, since these two models assume soil structure as two soil zones and three conceptual reservoirs, were not enough to describe real soil structure. On the other hand, baseflow in SWAT is calculated using baseflow recession constant which can consider the characteristics of aquifer and also, soil structure in SWAT is similar to real soil structures. Thus, baseflow analysis result from SWAT was concluded as the most suitable and reliable model because SWAT can reflect the characteristics and soil structure which is close to reality.
Applicability Estimation Compaction Method of Embankment using LWDT and Geogauge
Lim, Seong-Yoon ; Song, Ho-Sung ; Ryu, Hee-Ryong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 85~95
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.085
PBT (Plate Bearing Test) is a commonly used compaction estimation used to provide basal support for embankments. This study presents the results from experimental evaluations PBT, LWDT (Light Drop Weight Tester) test and Geogauge test with embankment materials which consist in sandy soil, crushed stone and rock. The results of this study indicate that the regression analyze results (r) from test results between Young's modulus and
are 0.385 and 0.111~0.496, estimated very lack of correlation. The Geogauge is frequency vibration from machine to underground. Geogauge can not measure to accuracy test results when it is used on ground of the rock or crushed stone. The regression analyze results (r) from
and Dynamic modulus are 0.502~0.847, different estimated by calculate method, as it were, when calculate
, least square method are appeared more accuracy than gradient of secant.
Development and Evaluation of Potential Flood Damage Index for Public Facilities
Kim, Gilho ; Baeck, Seung Hyub ; Jung, Younghun ; Kim, Kyungtak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, volume 58, issue 4, 2016, Pages 97~106
DOI : 10.5389/KSAE.2016.58.4.097
Since public facilities have high property values and are directly exposed to the flood hazard, they account for the highest share of disaster damages compared to other assets such as housing, industry, vehicle and agriculture in case of floods. Therefore, this study was conducted to develop and suggest the potential flood damage index for public facilities to evaluate potential flood damage of specific local government directly or indirectly as a tool for decision-making related to flood prevention, maintenance, management, and budget allocation. The flood damage assessment system proposed in this study was evaluated in 231 local governments nationwide. Evaluation results showed that higher values were obtained in Seoul metropolitan government, Gyeonggi-do (province), coastal areas in Gyeongsangnam-do (province), and Jeju island.