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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Study on the Improvement of Rotary Blade - Tilling Load Characteristic Analysis of the Three Kinds of Rotary Blade -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 391~400
Using the soil bin systems, this study was carried out to investigate the tilling load characteristic for the three kinds of Japanese rotary blade and the possibility of common use for power tiller and tractor rotary. The results obtained from the study are summarized as follows : 1. At all tested soils. the average and maximum tilling torque of all tested blades increased as the tillage pitch did. 2. The torque requirements of newly designed and produced blade was less than that of blade which has been used on power tiller and tractor rotary. 3. The maximum tilling torque of new ONE were decreased 7%, 10~11％, 27% in comparing with another blades at clay loam, loam and sandy loam, respectively. 4. According to observation of the extent of soil adhesion on blade and the contact aspect of blade, new ONE is the most excellent of all tested rotary blades and till smoothly not to compress the untilled soil. From the results of this study. the newly developed blade(new ONE) proved to be good tilling load performance and had a conclusion that it is possible to use it on power tiller and tractor rotary in common.
Design of Roller-Type Metering Device for Precision Planting
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 401~410
Scattering of seeds is one of the problems in the hill- dropping planters with a roller-type metering device. For crops like rice, corns and beans, the hill-dropping is own better for a high yield than the drill planting. The roller type metering device has been used for the drill planters and has many advantages. However, it has a problem of scattering of seeds when they are placed on rows. In this study a method was developed to design the roller type metering device fir the precision hill-droppings. Design parameters were derived to configure completely the geometries of the roller and brush. The method was applied to the design of the metering device of the rice seeding machines. The field test showed that the metering device designed by the method made a better performance of seed placement than that made by the precvious one. The method also can be applied to the design of metering devices for the precise hill-droppings of other crops.
Development of Apple Harvesting Robot(I) - Development of Robot Hand for Apple Harvesting -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 411~420
The mechanization efficiency using high ability machines such as tractors or combines in a paddy field rice farm is high. Mechanization in harvesting fruits and vegetables is difficult, because they are easy to be damaged. Therefore, Advanced techniques for careful handling fruits and vegetables are necessary in automation and robotization. An apple harvesting robot must have a recognition device to detect the positioning of fruit, manipulators which function like human arms, and hand to take off the fruit. This study is related to the development of a rotatic hand as the first stage in developing the apple harvesting robot. The results are summarized as follows. 1. It was found that a hand that was eccentric in rotatory motion, was better than a hand of semicircular up-and-down motion in harvesting efficiency. 2. The hand was developed to control changes in grasp forces by using tape-type switch sensor which was attatched to fingers' inside. 3. Initial finger positioning was set up to control accurate harvesting by using a tow step fingering position. 4. This study showed the possibility of apple harvesting using the developed robot hand.
Simulation of Dynamic Characteristics of Agricultural Tractor(I) - Development of 3 Dimensional Dynamic Tractor-Trailer Model -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 421~432
This study was conducted to investigate dynamic characteristics of agricultural tractor with a particular interest in ride vibrations when it is subjected to various excitation forces. As the first part of it this paper describes development of dynamic model of a tractor-trailer system and its equations of motions. An 3 dimensional 16-degree-of-freedom dynamic model for a tractor-trailer system was developed and its equations of motions were derived, which will be used to investigate the effects of irregular ground surface and excitation forces due to the engine mounted on the tractor. And the excitation forces were also formulated analytically. The transition matrix method and QR algorithm were proposed for numerical solution of the equation of motions fur the developed model. The later parts of the study will include a proof of the model and optimization from which tractors can be designed to minimize the ride vibrations. This will be presented in the second and third papers to be followed shortly.
Evaluation of Apple Freshness by Characterizing Surface Texture of Cells
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 433~438
The freshness of apple was evaluated by characterizing the surface texture of flesh cells. The freshness index which was related to the amount of wrinkles on the cell surface was defined to quantify the freshness. Four parameters relevant to the amount of the cell wrinkles were selected and measured using image analysis including wrinkle extraction procedure and Fast Fourier Transform of a wrinkle-extracted image. Out of 4 parameters, three parameters had highly significant correlations with the time elapsed after harvest. But it was concluded that two parameters out of such 3 parameters could be used for description of freshness index.
Development of New Feed Mill Model Applying Combined Grind System
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 439~450
Most of Korean feed mill has a pregrind system which was suitable for the processing of less number of ingredients and finished products, and good for the mash type feed product. But industries has been changed in production volume and cost, and also from mash to further processed products such as pelleted and extruded. Therefore, Korea feed industries now should change the process, especially the grinding system from the current pregrind to other grind system, but this change will cost a lot of investment and also loosing current grinding system, and should have production shut down during the construction period. To solve these problems, combined grinding system based on a new model mill has been developed. The combined grind system is combination of pregrind and postgrind system, which has the advantages of those two grind systems, and also which can allow to utilize existing pregrind system continuously without any production interruption due to new postgrind system construction. This newly developed model has been applied to the feed mill expansion project of `B`feed company in 1994, and it was very successful application and showed excellent results as we intended. The new model mill, combined grind system applied can save fixed asset investment because old pregrind system can be used as is, and also can reduce production cost and improve product quality. And the possibility of critical production shut down can be much lowered. Within this new grinding model development, multi-screen combination system has been developed for the better grinding texture quality and safer operation. This new model mill with combined grind system will be applied by most feed manufacturing plant and may enhance their production competitiveness, and the further study and development should be continued.
Analysis on Rotary Composting Technology of Animal Wastes
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 451~458
In order to investigate the compost process and the evaporating phenomenon, a rotary reversing compost system has been tested in swine fm. In the summer season, the compost temperature were varied in the range of 50~
and the ash content has been increased to 12.8% showing in average of 24.7% at the end of phase. In the winter season, the compost temperature were varied in the range of 40~
and the ash content has been increased to 8.5% showing in the average of 18% at the end of phase. In summer the compost facility could handle all of the animal waste, but in winter it could not handle 1/4~1/3 of the animal excrement. The needed sawdust by this method could be reduced to 1/3 than that of the mixing method at the beginning of compost process.
Effects of Earth-Tube Characteristics on the Soil-Air Heat Exchanger Performances
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 459~468
To optimize the design and operation of a soil- air heat exchanger system, the effects of variables characterizing system design and operation on the performance of the system were analyzed by a theoretical model which included the three-dimensional transient heat conduction equation. The solution of the theoretical model was acquired by a computer program that uses Finite Difference Methods and Gauss-Seidel iteration computation, in which the time discretization scheme was an implicit difference appoximation. The computer program was validated first by comparison of the results for different grid sizes. Air outlet temperature, energy gain, and heat exchange efficiency of the system were analyzed based upon the tube diameter, tube length, tube thickness, and tube thermal diffusivity.
Development of Automatic Nutrient-Solution Mixing System Using a Low-Cost and Precise Liquid Metering Device
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 469~478
This study was conducted to develop an automatic nutrient-solution mixing system for small-scale sewers. The nutrient-solution mixing system consisted of a low-cost and precise metering device and data acquisition ＆ control system with a personal computer. and, the metering device was composed of three parts those were supply pumps, metering cylinders and venturi tube. The system controlled electric conductivity(EC) and pH of nutrient-solution based on the time-based feedback control method with the information about temperature, EC, and pH of the nutrient-solution. The performance of the nutrient-solution mixing system was evaluated through the control of EC and pH while compared with those of commercial system. Also an experimental cultivation of tomato was conducted to verify and to improve the developed system. Results of this study were as follows. 1. The correlation coefficient of meteing device between the flow rate and operating time was 0.9999, and the linear reuession equation computed was y=21.759x, where y is the discharge(
) and x is the operating time(s). 2. Calculated errors for the developed metering device and two commercial pump were
1.38 % FS error respectively. 3. An automatic nutrient-solution mixing system based on a low-cost and precise metering device was developed. 4. The full scale errors of the developed system in controlling EC and pH at 23
0.2, respectively 5. When using the commercial system, the controlled values of EC and pH of the 500
of water were 1.29 mS/cm and 6.1 pH for the setting points of 1.4 mS/cm and 6.0 pH respectively at 23
. 6. The developed nutrient-solution control system showed
0.05 ms/cm of deviation from the setting EC value over the experimental cultivation period. 7. The deviation from the average values of Ca and Mg mass content in the several nutrient-solution were 0.5% and 1.8% respectively.
Plant Root Length Density Measurement Using Image Processing
G. Y. Kim ; K. H. Ryu ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 479~486
Autonomous Speedsprayer Using DGPS and Fuzzy Control(I) - Graphic Simulation -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 487~496
A fuzzy logic controller(FLC) was developed for the autonomous travel of speedsprayer in an orchard. The autonomous travel with the FLC was graphically simulated under the conditions of an ordinary standard orchard. Differential global positioning system(DGPS) was used to find the direction of running and four ultrasonic sensors were used to detect obstacles during the running. The simulation results showed that the speedsprayer, by the FLC combined with DGPS and the ultrasonic sensors. could overcome the turning problem at comers which could not be solved with such a system as machine vision and might be operated autonomously.
Development of High-Ratio Planetary Reduction Gears Applied Differential Ring Gear Type
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 497~502
Automation facilities of greenhouses have been continuously developed. However, the conventional two-stage worm gear reducer reveals some problems, including low transmission efficiency. The worm gear reducer also have some difficulties in manufacturing and short life. Therefore, this study was performed to develop a planetary gear reducer, having a high Sear reduction ratio and high torque transmission efficiency. The planetary gear system consisted of a fixed ring gear and a 2-teeth differential ring gear turning slow, as the planetary pinion orbits fast around the fixed ring gear. The developed gear system can achieve a high speed reduction rate at one stage. The reducing system was employed to the greenhouse ventilation system. The reducer has the transmission efficiency of 70.5%, 2∼3 times longer life time, and twofold roll-up torque at an affordable price, comparing with conventional reducers. This reducer can be also applied to many industrial equipments, such as industrial crane, hoist, elevator and gondola etc.
식물생산과 관련한 광의 물리학적 용어 및 개념
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1997, Pages 503~512