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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Effects of Inflation Pressure on Tractive Performance of Bias-Ply Tires
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~12
This study was intended to investigate experimentally the effect of inflation pressure on tractive performance of bias-ply tires for agricultural tractors. Traction tests were conducted at the three velocities of 3, 4, and 5.5km/h under few different surface conditions using a 13.6-28 6PR bias-ply tire as driving wheel of the test tractor. When the inflation pressure was reduced from 250kPa to 40kPa by a decrement of either 30 or 50kPa depending upon the test surface conditions, some of the test results showed that the tractive coefficient and efficiency were increased maximally by 40% and 17％, respectively, at 20% slippage. However, it was failed to derive any consistent rules depicting the effect of inflation pressure of bias ply tires on the tractive performance of tractors.
Production of Carbonized Rice Husks by a Cyclone Combustor(I)
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 13~20
Carbonized rice husk(char from rice husk) can be used to improve soils for planting, seedlings, horiculture, pomiculture and truck gardening. Although it is not a fertilizer in nature, it stimulates the growth of plants. Carbonized rice husk is highly recommended for raising soil/water temperature, keeping moisture and aerating roots of plants. The objective of this study was to develop the effective production method of carbonized rice husks by a non-slagging vertical cyclone combustor. A cyclone combustor w vortex collecor Pocket in addition to central collector pocket was selected and tested. Isothermal tests and mixed firing with LPG and rice husk were performed in order to characterize the system. hut rice husk was used during the isothermal test to find the mass collected of rice husk. It was impossible to ignite rice husk itself over the experimental conditions considered in this experiment. The composition of original and carbonized rice husks was analyzed by the ultimate analysis. With the air flow rate of 20 ㎥/h, LPG flow rate of 0.45 1/min, the required carbonized rice husk could be obtained.
Effects of Soil and Air Flow Characteristics on the Soil-Air Heat Exchanger Performances
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 21~30
A theoretical model was developed to evaluate the effects of soil and airflow characteristics on the soil-air heat exchanger performances. The model, which includes three-dimensional transient energy and mass equilibrium-equation, was solved by using a computer program that uses Finite Difference Methods and Gauss-Seidel iteration computation. Energy gains, heat exchange efficiencies, and outlet air temperature are presented including the effects of soil moisture content, soil conductivity, soil thermal diffusivity, and soil initial temperature. Also, data related to the effects of airflow rate and inlet air temperature on the thermal performance of the system are presented. The results indicated that energy gains depend on soil conductivity, soil thermal diffusivity, and soil initial temperature. Heat exchange efficiencies relied on air mass flow rate and soil moisture content.
The Effect of Continuous and Intermittent Aeration on Hog Manure Composting and Odor Control through Fresh Compost
J. H. Hong ; Park, B. M. ; Park, W. L. ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 31~48
Development of Prediction Model for Moisture and Protein Content of Single Kernel Rice using Spectroscopy
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 49~56
The objectives of this study were to develop models to predict the contents of moisture and protein of single kernel of brown rice based on visible/NIR (near-infrared) spectroscopic technique. The reflectance spectra of rice were obtained in the range of the wavelength 400 to 2,500 nm with 2 nm intervals. Multiple linear regression(MLR) and partial least squares (PLS) were used to develop the models. The MLR model using the first derivative spectra(10 nm of gap) with Standard Normal Variate and Detrending (SNV and Drt.) preprocessing showed the best results to predict moisture content of the sin린e kernel brown rice. To predict the protein content of a single kernel of brown ricer the PLS model used the raw spectra with multiplicative scatter correction(MSC) preprocessing over the wavelength of 1,100~1,500 nm.
Study on Acoustic Characteristics of the Watermelon
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 57~66
This study was conducted to investigate the relationships between parameters affecting internal quality of watermelon and its acoustic characteristics. The measuring and analyzing system was established to study the acoustic characteristics of watermelon. Algorithms for analyzing sound signals were developed. Sound signals which was detected with the microphone were filtered, and their spectrum was computed by means of the Fast Fourier Transform. As watermelon changed from the unripe stage to ripe, acoustic waves in time domain became complicated, and several components appeared in frequency domain. The correlationship was investigated between some parameters affecting internal quality of the watermelon and several peak frequencies. Results indicated that weight, density and sugar content had high correlations with several frequencies(the first peak frequency, the second peak frequency, and the third peak frequency). And the sugar content and the volume of the watermelon were highly correlated with the third peak frequency.
Crack Detection in Eggshell by Acoustic Responses
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 67~74
A nondestructive quality inspection technique using acoustic impulse response method was developed for eggshell inspection. An experimental system was built to generate the impact force, to measure the response signal and to analyze the frequency spectrum. This system includes an impulse generating unit, an egg holding seal a microphone with preamplifier, and a DSP board installed on Personal Computer. A simple algorithm .was developed for crack detection. Using the developed system with algorithm, crack detection ability was evaluated and the error rate to estimate the normal egg as cracked was found to be 4% and the error rate to estimate the cracked egg as normal was also found to be 4%. This system could be adopted in industry with some modification.
Autonomous SpeedSprayer Using DGPS and Fuzzy Control (II) - Real Operation -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 75~82
Autonomous speedsprayer operation was conducted using a fuzzy controller combined with a DGPS. The signal of DGPS receiver and signals of four ultrasonic sensors were processed in real time. The speedsprayer was steered with two levers controlled by two hydraulic cylinders. The fuzzy controller has two inputs; direction of running obtained from the DGPS receiver and distance from trees measured by ultrasonic sensors. The operation times of the hydraulic cylinders were inferred as outputs of the fuzzy controller. Field test results showed that the speedsprayer could be autonomously operated by the developed fuzzy controller including turning operation in the end of the tree row. The ultrasonic sensors contributed a little to performance of the autonomous operation, but the speedsprayer could avoid trees or obstacles in emergent situations with them.
The Design of an Automatic System for Dairy Cattle Breeding I - The Choice of Temperature Sensor for Body Temperature Measuring -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 83~90
In this paper the automatic system for dairy cattle has been desisted such as body temperature measuring unit, feed supplying unit and temperature control unit. Since e disease is strongly related to the body temperature of cattle, early detection of the abnormal temperature would prevent the severe problems which nay occur in dairy farms. An electronic component AD590J is used as temperature sensor for the system, The device is highly robust against the noise since the output signal is the current so it can be applied to a long distance sensing The resolution of signal is 0.1
and the current is 10㎷ Also 12-bit A/D converter is desisted fir interfacing the sensor with a one-chip microprocessor. A temperature measuring experiment using the developed system has been done for measuring the temperature of human beings and the system was proven to be useful for measuring the body temperature of dairy cattle properly. A geared AC motor is used for the feed supplying unit The heater and fm are used as temperature control unit. The feed supplying unit and temperature control unit are well operating in the laboratory experiment.
농업기계공학과 학과명칭 변경방향에 관한 고찰
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 1998, Pages 91~100