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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Development of a Flow Compensating Boom Sprayer for the Speed Variation
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 211~218
A variable flow-controlled boom sprayer was developed and evaluated. Field tests were conducted to evaluate the adoptability of the sprayerr with optimal conditions. Negative response time was obtained from the field test because pump and PTO were interlocked with the speed of sprayer. Another reason for the negative value was due to the definition of the response time. With constant on-time control, the system was unstable at the conditions of small tolerance and long control interval. The performances of the spray system were stable and accurate. The stable and synchronous responses were achieved with a variable on-time control. The flow control system with an optimal condition (1.0 sec of control interval, 2 of damping ratio, 1% of tolerance) provided the proper performance for uniform spraying. A standard operating procedure of the flow compensating boom sprayer for the ground speed variation was presented and recommended.
Development of Tractive Performance Prediction Model for Flexible Tracked Vehicles
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 219~228
This study was conducted to develop the mathematical model and computer simulation program(TPPMTV98) for predicting the tractive performance of tracked vehicles. It takes into account major design parameters of the vehicle as well as the pressure-sinkage and shearing characteristics of the soil, and the response of the soil to repetitive loading. Structural analysis and numerical iterative method were used for the derivation of mathematical model. The simulatiom model TPPMTV98 can predict the ground pressure distribution and the shear stress under a track, the motion resistance, the tractive effort and the drawbar pull of the vehicles as functions of slip. Predicted tractive performance results obtained by the simulation model were validated by comparing the results firm the Wong's model, the offectiveness of Wong's model validated by many of the experiment. It was found that there is fairy close agreement between the prediction by TPPMTV98 and the results from Wong's model. The computer simulation model TPPMTV98 can be used for the optimization of tracked vehicle design or for the evaluation of vehicle candidates for a given mission and environment.
Fan and Heater Management Schemes for Layer Filling and Mixing Drying of Rough Rice with Natural Air by Simulation
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 229~244
This study was performed to determine proper fan and heater management schemes for natural air drying of rough rice in round steel bin with stirring device under Korean weather conditions. A computer simulation model was developed to predict moisture content changes, energy requirements, and drymatter losses during drying of rough rice by natural air. Drying test was conducted to validate the simulation model using round steel bin of holding capacity of 300ton at Rice Processing Complex in Jincheon. The bin was filled with rough rice every day and mixing by stirring device. Moisture contents, ambient air temperatures, relative humidities, static pressures in plenum chamber in the bin, airflow rates, and electrical and fuel energy were measured. Relative errors of moisture content changes predicted by the simulation model were below 5ft, and relative errors of final moisture content, final grain weight, required energy ranged from 0.9% to 6%. These not levels indicated that the simulation model can satisfactorily predict the performance factors of natural air drying system such as drying rates and energr consumptions comparing error level of 10% to 15% in other drying simulation models generally used in dryer desists. Twelve different fan and heater management schemes were evaluated using the computer simulation model based on three hourly weather data from Suweon for the period of 1952-1994. The best management schemes were selected comparing the drymatter losses, required drying times, required energy consumptions. Operating fan without heating only when ambient relative humidity was below 85% or 90% appeared to be the most effective method of In operation in favorable drying weather. Under adverse drying climates or to reduce required drying time, operating fan continuously, and heating air with
temperature rise only when ambient relative humidity was over 85% appeared to be the most suitable method.
Performance Evaluation and Improvement of Medium and Small Scale Rice Polishers (I) -small scale rice polisher -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 245~252
The structural characteristics of a small scale rice polisher was analyzed to improve its performance. Spraying characteristic of nozzles used for rice polishing was also analyzed by a machine vision system. The internal pressure of the polishing chamber was measured according to outlet resistance, water spraying, and roller shaft speed. In addition, the performance of the rice polisher was evaluated to improve it in the basis of internal pressure in polishing chamber, whiteness, and broken rice ratio of clean rice according to the operating conditions. Actual nozzle discharge rate and drop size were 125 cc/min and 86~97
, respectively. In the case of water spraying on rices, the internal pressure showed 4.9~9.8N/
increase. broken rice ratio decreased, and there was no difference in whiteness. The internal pressure inueased up to two times with the increase of the outlet resistance. Also, the pressure at the upper part of screen was one and half times as high as the pressure at the lower part. In the case of water spraying rate of 150 cc/min, the roller shaft speed of 850 rpm resulted in no difference in whiteness and decrease of 0.3% in broken rice ratio, comparing to the roller shaft speed of 950 rpm.
Development of a Constituent Prediction Model of Domestic Rice Using Near Infrared Reflectance Analyzer(II) - Prediction of Brown and Milled Rice Protein Content and Brown Rice Yield from undried Paddy -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 253~258
The part I was for developing regression models to predict the moisture content, protein content and viscosity of brown and milled rice using Near Infrared(NIR) Reflectance analyzer. The purpose of this study(part II) is to measure fundamental data required for the prediction of rice quality, and to develop regression models to predict the protein content of brown and milled rice, brown rice yield from undried paddy powder by using Near Infrared(NIR) Reflectance analyzer. The results of this study were summarized as follows : The predicted values of protein contents obtained from the undried paddy powder were well correlated to the measured values from brown and milled rice. The predicted yields of brown rice from undried paddy powder were not well correlated to the lab measured values from dried paddy. Continuous study in wavelength selection and of constituent relationship is necessary for practical application.
Automatic Feeding and Transplanting Mechanism for Plug Seedling Transplanter
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 259~270
An automatic seedling transplanter, employed an innovative plug-seedling feeder was developed by improving the problems of conversational feeding and transplanting mechanisms. With conventional methods, missing and damage rates of seedling were high for long seedlings over 20cm and also breaking seed-bed was frequently observed. Thus, a pushout-bucket slide-hopper type trandsplanter was devised and tested. Test results of picking and transferring accuracies of the developed transplanter are as follows : A prototype transplanter performed with 1.5% of missing rate. The deviations of horizontal feed ranged from -0.3mm to 2.8mm and averaged 0.673mm for the 128-hoe test tray : and ranged from -lmm to ＋3mm and averaged 0.785mm for the 200-hole test tray. The deviations could decrease with precise manufacturing and lightening the mechanism. The maximum and deviations of vertical feed were -2.3mm and + 1mm, respectively, for the 128-hole test tray ; and were ＋3mm and ＋2.5mm, respectively, for the 200-hole test tray. The missing rate, seeding bruise rate and seed-bed damage rate were esitmate to be 1.3％, 0.4% and 3.5％, respectively, with the developed automatic transplanter.
Development of a Gripper for Robotic Transplanter and Evaluation of Its Transplanting Performance
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 271~276
A gripper mechanical design using a pneumatic system was developed to successfully grip, hold, and release a seedling plug for transplanting it. The gripper comprised of two air cylinders and shovel-type fingers. The gripper can grasp and hold a seedling by sliding the two fingers attached to the two separate air-cylinders, mounted at an angle of 15
When releasing a plug, retraction of the fingers gives a seedling little attachment to the gripper. To prevent seedling from attaching to the fingers, press-plates were attached to the end of the gipper. Transplanting performance of the developed gripper was tested with cucumber seedlings at different soil moisture contents. Overall transplanting performance of developed gipper was higher than the performance of the previously developed gripper. Best transplanting result was achieved at medium level of soil moisture content.
Development of a Robotic Transplanter for Pot-Seedlings of Plant Factory
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 277~284
This study was conducted to develop m automatic pot-seedling transplanter for plant factory. The transplanter consists of a gripper, row-spacing control device, nursing tray transfer system, growing trough transfer system, and gripper moving device. The gripper picks up pot-seedling. The gripper moving device moves the gripper between nursing tray and growing-flat. Nursing trays are moved to workspace by the nursing tray transfer system. The growing trough transfer system was developed to move growing trough to workspace. The row-spacing control device was used to adjust the distance between adjacent plants traversely. The results of this study are as follows. The transplanting capacity of the developed transplanter was 7.1 seconds per cycle or 1.18 second per pot-seedling. Successful planting was 98.9% without seedlings and 95.8% with seedlings.
Crop Growth Measurements by Image Processing in Greenhouse - for Lettuce Growth -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 285~290
Growth information of crops is essential for efficient control of greenhouse environment. However, a few non-invasive and continuous monitoring methods of crop growth has been developed. A computer vision system with a CCD camera and a frame grabber was developed to conduct non-destructive and intact plant growth analyses. The developed system was evaluated by conducting the growth analysis of lettuce. A linear model that explains the relationship between the relative crop coverage by the crop canopy and dry weight of a lettuce was presented. It was shown that this measurement method could estimate the dry weight from the relative crop coverage by the crop canopy. The result also showed that there was a high correlation between the projected top leaf area and the dry weight of the lettuce.
Development of Unmaned Speedsprayer (II) - Guidance Control Using Image Processing -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 291~304
A control algorithm fir the unmanned vehicles was developed using image information received through a CCD camera that acquires more powerful information over the wide range of wave-length comparing with other sensors and was applied to a speed-sprayer. The algorithm consisted of straight mode for passing along with middle of two tree-rows and turning mode for changing from a row to another row. In case of turning mode, two marks of colored papers were employed to indicate turning point and to decide turning direction for various orchard situations. The method of analysis and image would be differed according to camera's tilt-angle and position that is set on the speed-sprayer. Hence, it analyzed the point of difference by making camera's up and downward tilt-angle.
Research Trends and Their Perspectives in Precision Farming
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 3, 1998, Pages 305~314