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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Development and Application Performance of a Granular Herbicide Applicator Attached to Rice Transplanter
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 319~326
A herbicide applicator attached to a rice transplanter was developed to perform herbicide application and transplanting simultaneously. The prototype machine was composed of herbicide tank, discharge device, spinner, scattering plate and power drive. The application rate of the machine could be adjusted from 10 to 30 kg/㏊ and the application swath was 1.8m. According to the field test, application uniformity showed the range of 13.6~43.9％ in terms of CV(coefficient of variation) depending on the spinner speed, application height and shape of diffuser. The best uniformity could be achieved with the spinner speed of 30.8m/s and application height of 20cm. Field efficiency of the prototype was 4.7hr/㏊. Transplanting machine has field efficiency of 4.6hr/㏊ in Korea. By attaching the herbicide applicator, field efficiency became lowed only by 0.1hr/㏊, which was counted for filling time of herbicide. Simultaneous operation of transplanting and herbicide application had a of labor saying. The weed control efficacy was measured to be 96% in field when AC140 + Stomp and Londax + YRC was applied at the 65th day after transplanting. Nonanmae was treated by manual application to be compared to.
Optimum Design of Cab Suspension for Agricultural Tractors
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 327~334
This work was intended to determine the optimum values of the cab suspension parameters by a simulation method in order to minimize the seat accelerations of agricultural tractors in the frequencies lower than 50Hz. A dynamic model of cab motions was developed and verified using a tractor excited over half-sine bumps on a concrete test road. A simulation program based on the model was also developed. A method was proposed to determine the optimum values of the suspension parameters. It was found that the natural frequencies of the cab and seat suspensions must be apart as far as possible until the sum of seat and cab accelerations is minimized, which also reduces the seat accelerations maximally.
Respiration Characteristics of Rough Rice
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 335~342
The objectives of this study were to evaluate respiration characteristics and develop empirical respiratory rate equations for short gain rough rice. The carbon dioxide concentrations generated from mush rice at four level temperatures(10, 20, 30, 4
) and 4 level moisture contents(17.2, 21.5, 25.9, 31.6％, d.b.) were measured by gas chromatography. The respiratory rates' increased exponentially with gain temperature and also with moisture content The relationship between respiratory rate and gain temperature fitted the Arrehenius' and Core's equations very well. Two empirical respiratory rate equations were presented as a function of gain temperature and moisture content. The values of determination coefficient for the developed respiratory rate equations were 0.999, and the result of t-test showed that there were no significant differences between predicted and measured respiratory rates on significance level of 1%. Therefore, it appeared that respiratory rates predicted by the respiratory rate equations agreed well with measured values. An equation for predicting dry matter losses of rough rice during storage was presented by modifying the respiratory rate equations based on chemical reaction of decomposition of carbohydrate.
Identification of Discrimination Factors for Development of Optical Soybean Sorter
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 343~350
Spectroscopic analysis of soybean kernels were made in the wavelength range of 400 to 1100 nm to find effective discrimination factors which are required for developing an opitical soybean sorter. Soybean samples used for the test were the sound and five classes of the defective kernels such as the immature, discolored(brown and violet), damaged by insect and diseased. Effective discrimination factors to classify the soybean kernels into the sound and the defective were found to be
. with classification error of less than 4%. Mahalanobis distance was used as a criterion to select significant wavelengths involved in the discrimination factors.s.
Effects of Flame Peeling Characteristics on the Hardness of the Chestnut Shells
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 351~358
It was intended to investigate that how hardness of chestnut shell affects the flame peeling characteristics of Korean Chestnut. Effects of the hardness on the flame peeling characteristics need to be found to establish the optimum drying conditions for chestnut of various cultivars, sizes and harvested years. The equation based on the hardness of the chestnut shells was developed. It was found that the flame peeling characteristics of the corresponding to the various drying conditions did not differ significantly to the groups with the same hardness. The flame peeling characteristics of the chestnut with the same hardness were not influenced by cultivars, size, and harvested year, The peeling ratio and the heating depth were increased by decrease of the hardness of the chestnut shells. On the other hand, the peeling ratio and the heating depth were increased as the flame temperature was increased with the same hardness. When the heating depth was limited to 2.1 mm regarding the process characteristics and the damage ratio, the proper hardness and peeling ratio of chestnut shells were 1,369.8 g/
and 83.9%, respectively, at the flame temperature of
. And also 1,517.7 g/
and 80.7% at 75
Development of a Measurement System for Ammonia Gas in Swine Housing
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 359~364
A PC based measurement system was developed and it consisted of ammonia sensor(TS-1000), AMP & MUX Board, A/D Converter, and personal computer. The results obtained from the study are summarized as follows : 1. The relationship of outputs(V) of ammonia sensor(AS) and concentrations(ppm) of ammonia gas was analyzed by the linear regression analysis and the output values were very accurate when compared with standard ammonia gas. 2. The test results showed that the performance of ammonia gas sensor was not 31B3c1e4 by temperatures and humidities 3. The developed ammonia gas measurement system was proved to be practically uesful for measuring concentrations of ammonia gas in pig housing.
Development of an Automatic Nutrient-Solution Supply System Using Fuzzy Control
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 365~372
This study was carried out to develop a nutrient-solution mixing-and-supplying system, which used a low-cost metering device instead of expensive metering pumps and a fuzzy logic controller. A low cost and precise overflow-type metering device was developed and evaluated by testing the flow discharge for the automatic nutrient-solution mixing-and-supplying system for snail-scale hydroponic sewers. The fuzzy logic controllers, which could predict and meet the desired values of EC and supply rate of nutrient solution were developed and verified by simulation and experiment. this fuzzy logic controller, whose algorithm consists of four crisp inputs, two crisp outputs and nine rules, was developed to predict the desired value of EC and supply rate of nutrient solution and two crisp inputs, one crisp output and nine rules used to control EC to the desired values. The nutrient-solution mixing-and-supplying system showed satisfactory EC control performance with the maximum overshooting of 0.035 mS/cm and the maximum settling time of 15 minutes in case of increasing 0.7 mS/cm. also, the accuracy of the overflow-type metering device in terms of the full-scale error was 2.29% when using solenoid valve only and 0.2% when using solenoid valve and flow control valve together.
A Study of Vision Algorithm Development for Growth Monitoring of Potato Microtubers
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 373~380
The contribution of this paper is to provide the methods for the production automation of potato microtuber using the vision process in growth monitoring. The first method deals with computation for the growth density in the primary growth process. The second method addresses cognition process to identify the number and the volume of potato microtuber in secondary growth process. The third is to decide whether potato microtubers are infected by a virus or bacteria in growth process. The computation for the growth density in the primary growth process uses the method of Labeling. The second and third methods use template matching based on color patterns. With the developed method using vision process, this experiment is capable of discriminating weekly growth-rate in primary growth process, 85% cognition rate in secondary process and identifying whether there are infections. Therefore, we conclude that our experimental results are capable of growth monitoring for mass production of potato microtubers.
Three Dimensional Geometric Feature Detection Using Computer Vision System and Laser Structured Light
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 381~390
An algorithm to extract the 3-D geometric information of a static object was developed using a set of 2-D computer vision system and a laser structured lighting device. As a structured light pattern, multi-parallel lines were used in the study. The proposed algorithm was composed of three stages. The camera calibration, which determined a coordinate transformation between the image plane and the real 3-D world, was performed using known 6 pairs of points at the first stage. Then, utilizing the shifting phenomena of the projected laser beam on an object, the height of the object was computed at the second stage. Finally, using the height information of the 2-D image point, the corresponding 3-D information was computed using results of the camera calibration. For arbitrary geometric objects, the maximum error of the extracted 3-D feature using the proposed algorithm was less than 1~2mm. The results showed that the proposed algorithm was accurate for 3-D geometric feature detection of an object.
Development of a Interactive Agricultural Machinery Information System Using Java and Distributed Object Technology
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 391~398
Effective use of agricultural informations is crucial for 21 century farming. An interactive agricultural machinery information system was developed. It consisted of databases, knowledge bases, expert systems, a server engine, clients for a multimedia agricultural machinery information system based on Java and distributed objects technology. It is supposed to be served through a nationwide super information communication network for my farmers to utilize it interactively and quickly. Several user-friendly interface programs for users were developed to use texts, static k dynamic images, and expert systems easily. Tools for providing the informations were built with JAVA. Information providers permitted to access to the system such as agricultural machinery companies can easily add or modify the informations using distributed object technology. This system can interact among three groups : prime information provider (or system manager), permitted information providers, and farmers.
대만의 벼 수확 후 처리 신기술
Fu-ming Lu ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 1998, Pages 399~406