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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Severeness of Transmission Loads of Agricultural Tractors
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 417~426
This study was intended to investigate the characteristics of loads acting on the transmission of agricultural tractors during plowing, rotavating and transporting operations. A survey was conducted to determine working speeds and transmission gears most frequently used for each operations. The transmission loads were measured at the input shaft of the transmission gear box during each operations. Time histories of the measured torque loads were converted into a load spectrum and analyzed with respect to the S-N curve of the shaft material to estimate the partial damages on the transmission. Finally, comparison of the relative damages and severeness of each operation was presented and discussed.
Study on Attitude Control System of Rotary Implement Attached on Agricultural Tractor
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 427~438
In Korea, rotary implements are mainly utilized in the tillage operation. The attitude control system for rolling phenominon of tractors, which in caused due to uneven ground surfaces and sinkage of tractor wheels, is one of the most important control systems in agricultural tractors. The attitude control system of a rotary implement, attached on tractors, was designed and fabricated in this study. The control system was largely composed of four main units; a setting unit, a detection unit, a controller and a hydraulic unit. The implement was controlled by control signals from a computer proportional to controlled errors, on/off action of two directional solenoide valve and lift cylinder on the right lift rod. Response characteristic experiments for the control system fabricated in this study were carried out indoors and outdoors. The results of experiments showed the response characteristics sufficient to use as the attitude control system of rotary implements for agricultural tractors.
Analysis of the Transmissivities of Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation in Multispan Glasshouse
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 439~444
Effects of the number of spans, orientation and latitude on the transmissivities of direct and diffuse solar radiation in multispan glasshouse were analyzed using a computer simulation model (Kim and Lee, 1997). The number of spans did not affect the transmissivity of diffuse solar radiation, ranging 60∼61%. The transmissivities of direct solar radiation were 55∼64% for E-W orientation and 47∼70% for N-S orientation in ten multispan glasshouse. There was no effect of the latitude on the transmissivity of direct solar radiation in domestic regions. Differences in the transmissivity of direct solar radiation between single-span and multispan glasshouse were significant for E-W orientation during winter season; however, those were relatively small for N-S orientation throughout the year. Transmissivity of direct solar radiation decreased with the increasing number of spans for E-W glasshouse, whereas those for N-S glasshouse was hardly affected by the number of spans.
Performance Evaluation and Improvement of Medium and Small Scale Rice Polishers(II) - medium scale rice polisher -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 445~456
This study was carried out to evaluate the performance of a medium scale rice polisher of 2.5 t/h and to improve its performance for producing the clean rice with high quality. The maximum internal pressure, broken rice ratio. whiteness in the rice polisher were investigated, and the effects of outlet resistance, water spraying rate, shaft revolution speed and rice moisture content on the polishing performance were analyzed to find out proper operating conditions. The conclusions of this study were as follows: 1. In the performance evaluation of the polisher, the broken rice ratio increment of 0.1%, the max. internal pressure of about 11 N/
, and whiteness increment of 2.2~3.7 resulted at the conditions of 20 PS driving power, 950 rpm, 150 cc/min water spraying rate, 44.1 Nㆍcm outlet resistance and about 15% rice moisture content. 2. Though max. internal pressure and whiteness at the 17% rice moisture content were higher than those at the 15% moisture content under the same operating conditions of the polisher, but the broken rice rate at the 17% moisture content was absolutely low compared with that at 15% moisture content. The water spraying effect to reduce broken rice and to increase whiteness was much significant at the 15% moisture content not significant at 17% moisture content. 3. The main parameter of the performance was outlet resistance, and low resistance of about 44.1 Nㆍcm was recommended at the polisher. 4. The proper water spraying rate in the polisher was about 150 cc/min. 5. As the shaft revolution speed decreased from 950 rpm and 800 rpm to 650 rpm, the broken rice ratio increased and whiteness decreased. 6. As the driving power of the polisher increased from 20 PS to 30 PS, the max. internal pressure decreased by about 1~2.5 N/
and whiteness increased by about 1~2, but the broken rice rate was not changed. 7. The proper operating conditions of the polisher seemed to be the revolution speed of 800-950 rpm, the water spraying rate of about 150 cc/min, the oulet resistance of about 44.1 N.cm and 30 PS driving power.
Development of Continuous Cross-Flow Rice Drying Model and Drying Speed Control System Using Fuzzy Logic(II) - Drying Speed Control -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 457~464
A drying speed control system using fuzzy logic was developed in order to minimize the damage of rice quality for a large capacity continuous dryer. The performance of the system was tested at two object moisture content of 17% and 25% on a wet basis. For object moisture content of 17% on a wet basis, the final output moisture contents from 20.46%, 20.96%, 18.98% on a wet basis were 17.99%, 17.6% and 17.23% on a wet basis, respectively. For object moisture content of 25% on a wet basis, the final output moisture contents from 28.85%, 26.95%, 28.11%, 27.8% on a wet basis were 25.24%, 24.9%, 25.23% and 25.09% on a wet basis, respectively.
Adsorption Characteristics of Short Grain Rough Rice
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 465~472
In this study short gain rough rice(Chu-cheong) with initial moisture content of around 12%(w.b.) was exposed to 3 levels of relative humidity(70, 80 and 90%) and 3 levels of temperature(20, 25 and 3
) of the air, in order to evaluate the adsorption characteristics of rough rice and the rate of cracked kernels which will serve as the basic data when developing the quality adjusting equipment. The result showed that the moisture content of rough rice increased rapidly during the early stages of moisture adsorption like other grains, and at least 70% of the adsorption occurred within the first 24 hours of exposure to the humid environment. Adsorption rate was more related to relative humidity than the temperature of air stream, and the higher the relative humidity, the higher the adsorption rate. And the Page's equation predicted best the adsorption process of this study. Experimental results for the crack generation during the adsorption process showed that the higher the relative humidity the more the cracked kernels, and that the temperature had little effect. An empirical equation was developed to predict the crack ratio for the conditions of this study, and Nishiyama model predicted better the crack generation than Hoerl model.
Physicochemical Factors for Evaluating Freshness of Apple and Tomato
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 473~480
This study was performed to analyze the variation of various physicochemical factors related to the freshness of apple and tomato during post-harvest period. The total soluble solids content, uronic acid content, cell surface roughness. density, rupture deformation and rupture force were measured for 39 days at 7-day intervals for apple and for 11 days at 2-day intervals for tomato. respectively. The cell surface roughness of apple increased with the elapsed time, while the rupture force decreased. In case of tomato, uronic acid content, density and rupture deformation increased with the elapsed time whereas the rupture force decreased. Both apple and tomato exhibited the significant correlations among those physicochemical factors.
Development of a Computer Vision System to Measure Low Flow Rate of Solid Particles
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 481~490
A computer vision system to measure low flow rate of solid particles was developed and tested to examine its performance with various sized 7 kinds of seeds, perilla, mung bean, paddy, small red bean, black soybean, Cuba bean and small potato tuber. The test was performed for two types of particle flow, continuous and discontinuous. For the continuous flow tested with perilla, mung bean and paddy, the tests resulted correlation coefficients for the flow rates measured by the computer vision and direct method about 0.98. Average errors of the computer vision measurement were in a range of 6∼9%. For the discontinuous flow tested with small red bean, black soybean, Cuba bean and small potato tuber, the tests resulted correlation coefficients for the flow rates measured by the computer vision and direct method 0.98∼0.99. Average errors of the computer vision measurement were in a range of 5∼10%. Performance of the computer vision system was compared with that of the conventional optical sensor to count particles in discontinuous flow. The comparison was done with black soybean, Cuba bean and small potato tuber, and resulted that the computer vision has much better performance than the optical sensor in a sense of precision of the measurement.
Development of a transplanting robot system for tissue culture plants (I) - a soft gripper -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 491~498
Transplanting process during the tissue culture of potato seedlings is costly, since the cost of highly skilled labor working in the sanitary environment takes up about 60-70% of the production cost. The objective of this study was to develop a soft gripper of a transplanting robot system for the labor-saving tissue culture. The prototype of the soft gripper was consisted of power-transmitting part finger and plant contacts. The power transmitting part transformed the rotating motion of a step motor to the reciprocating motion of the finger. Plant stems used in the test were potato seedlings cultured for six weeks. The dimensional characteristics of cultured seedlings, the compressive strengths of the stems, the extractive force from the culture medium and the gripping force of the finger were measured. A proper gripping force was found to be 0.343N at the extractive force of 0.41N when the plant contacts were made of silicon. Sixteen plants out of 70 trials were tangled with others, resulting in the success rate of 77.1%.
Development of Expert System for Diagnosis of Cucumber's Diseases and Nutritional Disorders
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 499~506
An expert system to diagnose cucumber's diseases and nutritional disorders(ESCD) was developed using HCLIPS. The knowledge base was made through interviews with farmers who had cultivated cucumbers for years and experts who had a specialty of cucumber's diseases and disorders. The photographs of cucumber's diseases and nutritional disorders were used to assist users to comprehend queries of the ESCD. The ESCD was able to diagnose 11 fungal and bacterial diseases and 10 nutritional disorders, which could be frequently found in the fields and greenhouses. Diagnosis accuracy of the developed ESCD was validated by the farmers and the expert who joined the development.
Effective Utilization Methods of Rice Husk
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 23, issue 5, 1998, Pages 507~518