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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
A Fundamental Study for Developing a Garlic Harvester (I) - Physical Properties of Live Garlic at the Harvesting Season -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~8
In this study, the physical properties of live garlic at the harvesting season were measured and analyzed as a fundamental study for developing a garlic harvester. A universal testing machine and a machine vision system were used to obtain mechanical and morphological properties of live garlic, respectively. The moisture content of live garlic at the harvesting season was 50% higher than that of dried garlic. The root of live garlic elongated greatly with respect to the applied tensile force. The relationship between the projected area and the weight of a bulb of live garlic was linear. Such a feature would be applied to develop an effective garlic harvester or garlic quality grader. Other useful physical properties of live garlic at the harvesting season were represented in the study.
Microalgal Culture Conditions for Utilization of Flue Gas from Rice Husk Incinerator
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 9~18
This study was performed to investigate the optimum microalgal culture conditions using flask culture and to find the feasibility of using the flue gas of the rice husk incinerator for cultivating the microalgae. The optimum initial pH of media was 4.5 for the microalgae culture, and the intermittently illuminated culture was more effective than the continuous illuminated culture. Thus, the balance between photosynthesis and formative metabolism must be considered thoroughly to cultivate microalgal cells. The optimum CO2 concentrations were in the range of 7 to 10%, and the optimum temperature was about 35
in both the daytime and the nighttime for the culture. When flue gas of the rice husk incinerator was applied to the microalgae culture using stirred photobioreactor, the dry cell weight was 0.026 g dry biomass/hr
l. The results obtained in experiments indicated that the flue gas was effective for microalgae culture without any limitations.
Current Status of Lighting System and Illumination Distribution in the Greenhouse for Light Culture of Strawberries
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 19~24
Motivated by the need for developing the more efficient lighting system for light culture of strawberries in the greenhouse, this paper aims at acquiring and suggesting more concrete and scientific foundation of illuminating position, numbers of light source by investigating the types of lighting system and illumination distribution in the greenhouse for light culture of strawberries. The results of investigation and experiment are summarized as following below: 1. The types of lighting system used in the greenhouse producing strawberries were classified as 1 line and 2 lines lighting system. 2. As for the arranging types of artificial light, 2 lines lighting system, were classified as Z-type, N-type and W-type. (Refer Fig. 3) 3. The results of illumination distribution for Z-type, N-type and W-type of 2 lines illuminating system in the greenhouse with a small size tunnel measured at the height of 1.5m from the ground with 220V, 100W lamp in 6m light gap showed that maximum illuminance are 961x, 1211x, 1251x, minimum illuminance are 4.41x, 4.71x, average illuminance are 33.71x, 43.11x, 44.51x and standard deviations are 28.31x, 35.41x, 38.31x at each types. 4. Proportion of the area below optimal illuminance to floor area at the two lines illuminating system of Z-, N-, and W-type in greenhouse were appeared as 39.4%, 26.0% and 26.3%, respectively. Also proportion of the area over optimal illuminance to floor area at the two lines illuminating system of Z-, N-, W-type in greenhouse were appeared as 16.8%, 14% and 14.7%, respectively. Thus N-type was superior to the others from the view points of optimal illumination distribution and energy saving.
Identification of Crop Growth Stage by Image Processing for Greenhouse Automation
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 25~30
The effectiveness of many greenhouse environment control methodologies depends on the growth information of crops. Acquisition of the growth information of crops requires a non-invasive and continuous monitoring method. Crop growth monitoring system using digital imaging technique was developed to conduct non-destructive and intact plant growth analyses. The monitoring system automatically measures crop growth information sends an appropriate control signal to the nutrient solution supplying system. To develop the monitoring system, a linear model that explains the relationship between the fresh weight and the top projected leaf area of a lettuce plant was developed from an experiment. The monitoring system was evaluated buy successive lettuce growing experiments. Results of the experiments showed that the developed system could estimate the fresh weight of lettuce from a lettuce image by using the linear model and generate an EC control signal according to the lettuce growth stage.
Cooling Simulation for Fixed-Bed of Rough Rice
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 31~40
The objective of this study were to develop a cooling simulation model for fixed-bed of rough rice and to analyze the factors affecting cooling time of rough rice. A computer simulation model based on equilibrium conditions between grain and air was developed to predict temperature and moisture content changes during cooling of rough rice. the result of t-test showed that there were no significant differences between predicted and measured temperature changes on significance model agreed well with measured values. This cooling simulation model was applied to analyze the effect of some factors, such as air flow rate, cooling air temperature and humidity, initial grain temperature and moisture content, and bed depth, on cooling time of rough rice. Cooling rate increased with increase of air flow rate and bed depth whereas it decreased with increase of cooling air temperature and humidity and initial grain temperature. Among these factors, the most important factor was air flow rate. Specific air flow rate of 0.35㎥/min㎥ was required for cooling rough rice in 24 hours.
Development of a Transplanting Robot System for Tissue Culture Pants (II) - Machine Vision System -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~50
This study aims at detecting the three dimensional gripping points for the transplanting robot system to grip in the process of developing transplanting robot system, which is one of the automation systems for transplanting tissue culture. The stereo vision system equipped with two cameras has been used to detect the gripping points of the plant stem. The method for matching the plants of the image information which came from two cameras was to measure the total numbers of pixels, leaves, and the heights of the plants. The gripping points were detected near the roots after extracting the stem parts by the standard deviation of the X axis according to the Y axis. The performance test of the developed program showed that the detecting errors of the gripping points were 0∼1mm for X axis and 1∼2mm for Y & Z axis. The mean running time of the program was about 3 seconds.
Image Processing Algorithm for Robotic Plug-Seedling
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 51~58
A color image processing algorithm was developed to assist the robotic plug-seedling transplanter. The algorithm was designed to identify and locate empty cells in the seedling tray. The image of pepper seedling tray was segmented into regions of plant, frame and soil using thresholding technique which utilized HSI or RGB color characteristics of each region. The detection algorithm was able to successfully identify empty cells and locate their two-dimensional location. The overall success rate of the algorithm was about 88%.
Weed Identification Using Machine Vision
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 59~66
Weed identification is important for precision farming. A machine vision system was applied to detect weeds. Shape features were analyzed with the binary images obtained from color images of radish, purslane, goosefoot, and crabgrass. Features studied were aspect, roundness, compactness, elongation, PTB, LTP, LTW, and PTAL of each plant. Discriminant analysis was used to classify plant species. The best shape features that distinguished crabgrass were LTP and LTW which distinguished the crabgrass from the others with 100%. Two dimensional discrimination by using LTP and PTB appeared to be effective for distinguishing radish, purslane, and goosefoot.
On-Line Sorting of Cut Roses by Color Image Processing
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 67~74
A prototype cut-flower sorter was developed and tested for its performance with five varieties of roses. Support plates driven by a chain mechanism transported the roses into an image inspection chamber. Color image processing algorithms were developed to evaluate the length, thickness, and straightness of stem and color, height, and maturity of bud. The average absolute errors of the system for the measurements of stem length, stem thickness, and height of bud were 19.7 mm, 0.5 mm, and 3.8 mm, respectively. The results of classification by the sorter were compared with those of a human inspector for straightness of stem and maturity of bud. The classification error for the straightness of stem was 8.6%, when both direct image and reflected image by a mirror were analyzed. The accuracy in classifying the maturity of bud varied among the varieties, the smallest for‘Nobless’(1.5%) and the largest for‘Rote Rose’(13.5%). The time required to process a rose averaged 2.06 seconds, equivalent to the capacity of 1,600 roses per hour.
A Study on the Signal Transmission of Electronic Identification System for Automatic Breeding Management of Domestic Animals
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 75~80
Signal separation and transmission are essential for automatic breeding management of domestic animals. Electronic identification system could transmit the signal of an individual within a defined range to a personal computer by an electromagnetic signal recognition method. Signals for individual recognition were originated by controlling 12 tri-state pins of IC(PT2262) in a transmitter. PT 2262 can generate 4,096 codes. These encoded signals were modulated and transmitted with wireless lines from the transmitter. Then they were demodulated in a receiver, and the signals were transmitted to the micro-processor through an interface and were identified in a PC.
Outline of the Reverse-rotational Rotary Tiller
Kataoka, Takashi ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 1999, Pages 81~84