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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Simulation of Dynamic Characteristics of Agricultural Tractor (III) - Effect of Design Parameters on Seat Vibrations -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 183~194
Using the dynamic model and simulation program TDA developed in the previous paper, effects of design parameters of an agricultural tractor-trailer system on its vertical seat vibrations were investigated. The tractor-trailer system was excited by traversing over a half-sine bump. The excitation frequencies were determined by traveling velocity of the tractor and a half-sine bump selected appropriately. TDA predicted the autospectra of the vertical seat accelerations with different values of design parameters and compared them to analyze their effects. The design parameters included positions of engine, cab, and seat mountings as well as their dynamic properties. The results of this study suggested guidelines with which an improved structure of tractor may be developed in the early stage of design for a better ride quality.
Draft Characteristics of Korea Paddy Field by Computer Simulation
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 195~208
A computer simulation was carried out to investigate draft characteristics of Korean paddy field for obtaining the basic reference to the selection of optimum moldboard type suitable for Korean paddy field conditions. Cylindrical, cylindroidal, semihelical moldboard plows, and one type of oriental Janggi were used for simulation. A series of soil bin experiments was conducted to compare the experimental results with the predicted drafts from computer simulation using the cylindroidal moldboard plow. The computer model predicted draft force with 1~12% error at 12~16cm plowing depth which is the most conventional plowing depth in the rural area in Korea. Thus, the computer model was considered to be good enough for simulation. Due to the different plowing width of experimental plows, specific draft was selected for comparison by computer simulations. Specific draft of cylindrical moldboard plow was ranged from 3 to 6 N/
according to the soil conditions, plowing speed and plowing depth, 2.5~3.0 N/
for semihelical moldboard plow.
Development of a Self-Travelling Sprayer for a Greenhouse (I) - Self-travelling -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 209~216
A self-travelling sprayer was developed to avoid the exposure of an operator to agricultural chemicals and exhaust gas, to improve safety and to increase working efficiency during the application and transport work in the greenhouses. This system consists of self-travelling system and the control system for application and safety device. The auto-spray car is equipped with a liquid chemical tank of 80l capacity. The travelling system adopted mechanical steering system which link mechanism of front wheel is guided by guide rollers. The sprayer travels along the guiding pipe which is set on the furrow in the greenhouses. The sprayer stops automatically applying and traveling when the liquid chemical tank becomes empty or when the sprayer reach the turning point. The spray booms swings in a vertical plane. The control system of safety devices controls the automatic stop of the sprayer when there is an obstacle on the traveling path, or when the battery becomes discharged. The auto-spray car traveled smoothly and steadily along the guide pipe during traveling straightly and turning on the ground.
Development of Prototype Automatic Grafting System for Fruit-bearing Vegetables
H. Hwang ; Kim, S.C. ; K.D. Ko ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 217~224
The Analysis of Garlic Quality Based on Physical and Morphological Properties of a Whole Bulb of Garlic at the Harvesting Season - Discrimination Algorithms for Garlic Quality Grading -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 225~234
This study was performed as a basic research for establishing an objective quality evaluation method on whole bulbs of garlic. The size of a whole bulb of garlic, the number and the uniformity of complete individual garlics, and the existence of bad individual garlics in the whole bulb of garlic were selected as quality grading factors. Quality discrimination algorithms with machine vision techniques were developed and verified for the four factors based on morphological and physical features of whole bulbs of garlic. Based on the results, the size discrimination by the projected area of a whole bulbs of garlic suggested four grading levels and the algorithm for predicting the number of complete individual garlics based on the peaks on its projected boundary showed
0.78 prediction error. In addition, the uniformity represented by coefficient of variation could be divided into four levels, but the algorithm for discriminating the existence of bad individual garlics in a whole bulb of garlic was not effective.
Development of Moisture Content Measurement Device for Paddy Rice using Microwave Free Space Transmission
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 235~242
This study was conducted to develop a grain moisture meter using microwave free space transmission technique at X-band frequency. The 10.5GHz microwave oscillator using a dielectric resonator was designed and fabricated to transmit electromagnetic wave through standard horn antenna to a sample holder with the wetted Hwasung and Chuchung rough rice(12.00∼26.25%). To detect the output voltage of transmitted wave from receiving horn antenna, the detector was composed of shottkey diode and RF impedance matching circuit. The regression model for measurement of grain moisture content was developed. Its correlation coefficient and standard error of prediction (SEP) were found to be 0.9882 and 0.657 respectively between measure and predicted moisture contents.
Mechanical Properties of Apple and Pear
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 243~252
The damage caused in the processes and distributions after harvesting the fruits and vegetables is attributed to the mechanical factors such as compressive and impact forces. Compression tests of biological materials provide an objective method for determining the apparent modulus of elasticity and mechanical properties which are significant in quality evaluation and control, and them maximum allowable compressive forces for minimizing mechanical damage. This study was performed to determine the mechanical properties of apple and pear, and to investigate effect of specimen shapes on the mechanical properties of them. A computer program was developed for measuring the mechanical properties and analyzing the data obtained from the measurement. Compression tests on the sample were performed with then replications at each treatment and at 25 mm/min loading rate. Mechanical properties of the apple was generally shown the higher value than those of the pear, and it was though that data obtained form the cylindrical specimen removed from the sample was more reliable than from the specimen cut in half.
On-line Detection of Cracks in Eggshell
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 253~258
This study was conducted to develop an automatic egg inspection system for detecting creaked eggs based on acoustic impulse response. This system includes a sound generator, a sound sensor with signal conditioner, and a computer. The sound generator that hit the sharp of the dull edges of an egg was constructed with a ceramic ball pendulum attached to a rotary type solenoid. The signal conditioner included a pre-amplifier and a digital signal processing (DSP) board. The parameters for distinguishing cracked and normal eggs were the area, the geometric centroid and the resonance frequency of power spectrum of the acoustic signal generated. An algorithm for on-line detection of the continuous transferring eggs was developed. The performance tests resulted with 91% success rate to separate cracked and normal eggs at the rate of 1 second per an egg.
Measurement of Milling Ratio using the Visible and the Near-Infrared Rays Spectrum
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 259~266
This research was carried out to investigate the possibility of real time rice milling ratio measurement using the spectral reflection characteristics. In this study, various methods were compared such as \circled1 using the whiteness meter, \circled2 using the colorimeter, \circled3 using the Visible and the NIR reflection spectrum. The samples were milled in the domain of 84~96% by 0.5% interval classified by milling ratio. The NMG treatment method required about 20 minutes to determine the milled ratio and r2 was 0.0028 to 0.7959 that was very low. In case of whiteness meter, r2 was high but speed of measurement was 5 minutes that was very low. Measurement with the colorimeter required about 5 minutes and r2 was 0.60 to 0.85 that was low. The reflection spectrum were measured in the range of 400~2,500nm with 2nm interval and the MLR model with six-wavelength obtained from first derivative of spectra gave the best results(r2 = 0.967, SEP = 0.729%)
Development of Remote Control and Management System for Dried Mushroom Grader via Internet
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 267~274
An internet and network based software and related interface have been developed, which can remotely control and manage an on-site operating system. Developed software modules were composed of two parts: monitoring/management modules and control/diagnosis modules were developed for the network status, warehouse, production and selling status. Modules of control with diagnosis were developed for the on-site operating system and interface. Each module was integrated and the whole modules have been tested with an automatic mushroom grading/sorting system which was built in a laboratory. Developed software modules worked successfully without any uncommon situations such as system down caused by the software or data transfer error. Each software module was developed independently in order to apply easily to other existing on-site systems such as rice processing centers, fruit and vegetable sorting, packaging and distribution centers scattered over the country.
Applications of magnetic Resonance Techniques in Agriculture
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 3, 1999, Pages 275~288