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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Severeness of Transmission Loads of Agricultural Tractor for Rotary Operations in Poorly Drained Paddy Field
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 293~300
The objectives of this study were to analyze the load acting on the transmission when tractor performed rotary operations in the poorly drained paddy fields and to compare its severeness with those obtained under different operational conditions. The loads were measured at the input shaft of the transmission and the load spectrum was constructed using the rain-flow cycle counting method. The severeness of the loads was represented by the partial damage sum which was determined by suing the modified Miner's rule. In the field with a shallow hardpan PTO speed affected severeness of the rotary operations greater than the forward speed did. In the field with deep hardpan, on the other hand, the effect of the forward speed was greater. the severeness in the well drained fields did not differ significantly from that in the field with a shallow hardpan. The severest load was recorded in the field with a deep hardpan.
Optimal Path Planning of a Tractor-implement for Precision Farming
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 301~308
Path planning for field operation of agricultural machinery is an indispensible part for precision farming or autonomous field operation. In this study, two algorithms (I, II) of generating a time-based shortest operation path were suggested to plan an optimal operation of an agricultural tractor-implement in a rectangular shaped field. The algorithms were based on modification of a minimum spanning tree algorithm, and applied for tractor-implement operations. the generated path was consisted of round operation and returning operation sections. The number of round operation was determined from the condition that a tractor can turn smoothly at headlands. The performance of the algorithms was evaluated by the calculation number for path generation and the total path length generated. Their stability was affected by the number of returning operation, but the algorithm II was considered to be more stable. In addition, the performances of the developed algorithms were compared with those of the conventional field operations at selected field sizes and shapes. The results showed that the algorithms could reduce field operation time greatly. For a 100m
40m field, the reduced path length was 78m. The study also included an user interface program for implementing the algorithms and generating GPS coordinates that could be used in GIS softwares for precision farming.
Development of Large-Scale Rice Polisher with Double Polishing Stages
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 309~316
This study was conducted to develop a large-scale rice polisher with double polishing stages for producing clean rice with high quality in rice processing complexs. The performance of the developed rice polisher was evaluated and improved. The results obtained from this study were as followings : 1. A large-scale rice polisher with double polishing stages was developed, which consisted of two polishing chambers(polishing part I and II), two spraying parts, a feeding part, power of 37kW, control panel, etc. Especially, the purpose of polishing part Iwere to uniformly mix white rice sprayed with water and to remove bran particles from the rice. the roller surface of the polishing part I was coated with chromium. 2. The capacity of the developed rice polisher was 4t/h. The broken rice rate of the polisher was less than 0.2%, compared with about 1% of others. 3. The whiteness increment of the developed polisher was 2.6~3.0% compared with about 2.3~2.5% of others. 4. The energy consumption of the developed polisher was 0.5kWh/100kg. 5. The developed polisher was improved with the angle change of screen slot of the polishing chamber I. The broken rice rate was reduced from about 0.5% to about 0.2% as the max. internal pressure of the polishing chamber II decreased by 0.4kg/
due to the increase of resistance in the polishing chamber I. The whiteness of the polisher showed more than 38~39. 6. The developed rice polisher showed high performance, compared with other domestic and foreign polishers.
Development of a Process for Clean-Washed Rice Processing (I) - Mass Balance Analysis -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 317~324
This study was conducted to decide several design criterion for clean-washed rice processing system development. A Computer simulation was used to predict and analyze the mass balances and moisture changes of the process of clean-washed rice processing system. The following results were obtained from this study. 1. In order to attain the processing capacity of 1,000kg/h of the clean-washed rice processing system, that of the system was designed as 1,400kg/h which was based on the safety factor of 40% and handling capability of mass variations occurred during processing. 2. It was analyzed that the proper time required for aqueous cleaning process should be within one minute. 2. It was analyzed that the proper time required for aqueous cleaning process should be within one minute. 3. The final moisture content of clean-washed rice was controlled being 15%(w.b.) for the sake of safe storage. 4. It was proven that the optimum drying time was three minutes for the clean-washed rice dried by a rotary dryer.
Development of Algorithms for Sorting Peeled Garlic Using Machnie Vison (I) - Comparison of sorting accuracy between Bayes discriminant function and neural network -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 325~334
The aim of this study was to present a groundwork for development of a sorting system of peeled garlics using machine vision. Images of various garlic samples such as sound, partially defective, discolored, rotten and un-peeled were obtained with a B/W machine vision system. Sorting factors which were based on normalized histogram and statistical analysis(STEPDISC Method) had good separability for various garlic samples. Bayes discriminant function and neural network sorting algorithms were developed with the sample images and were experimented on various garlic samples. It was showed that garlic samples could be classified by sorting algorithm with average sorting accuracies of 88.4% by Bayes discriminant function and 93.2% by neural network.
Temperature Distributions inside a Space Heater for Greenhouse (I) - Temperature Characteristics with Heating Oil -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 335~342
Air and flue gas temperature distributions in the space heater for greenhouse were measured to develop a thermal design technology for the space heater. Also, the characteristics of the fan supplying air to the space heater were investigated. The temperature of the flue gas inside the flue gas tube was linearly decreased as the lenght of than those of the flue gas with the oxygen concentration of 8.25% at the last exit of the second flue gas tube. Thus, the operating efficiency of the space heater could be increased with low air ratio decreased exhausting gas temperature and saved the energy consumption with decreased excess air flow. The temperature of the air supplied by fan was increased slowly around the first flue gas tube, meanwhile, increased sharply around the second flue gas tube due to large LMTD (Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference) at the first flue gas tube than which of the second flue gas tube.
Effect of the Heat Exchange between Low and High Temperature Refrigerant on the Heat Pump Performance
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 343~350
The ambient air is commonly used as low-temperature heat source for heat pump operation. However, the coefficient of performance(COP) of the air to water heat pump is decreased with the ambient air temperature drop. In this study to solve this problem, the AVACTHE(Automatic Variable Area Capillary Type Heat Exchanger) with 3 levels of heat exchange area(0, 1,495.4, 1,794.5
)was installed in the refrigerant circuit of the heat pump. The AVACTHE effect on the performance of heat pump was tested with the ambient air temperature variation. The COP improvement of the heat pump could be achieved by the AVACTHE installation when below -5
of the ambient air temperature.
Ondol Heating System Using Heat Pump - Comparison of Energy Consumption between the Heat Pump and the Oil Boiler -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 351~358
In these days, we are faced to a couple of difficult problems, the one is the unstable price of the energy due to the shortage of fossil fuel resources and the other is the serious environmental pollution from the excessive consumption of fossil fuel. In order to save the thermal energy for the house heating, in this study the heat pump using the natural thermal energy resources was provided for Ondol heating and the thermal energy consumption of the heat was compared to that of oil boiler. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. In the Ondol room the temperature difference between the Ondol surface and room air was about 5∼
in accordance with the ambient temperature. 2. The Ondol room heating efficiency of the heat pump with compressor of 2PS was the highest at the water flow rate of 200 l/h. 3. The energy saving rate of the heat pump to the oil boiler for heating the Ondol system was 19.3%. 4. The Ondol heating cost of the heat pump was less 20.6% than that of oil boiler when oil price was 478 won/l.
Influence of Control Variables on the Aerobic Biodegradation Performance in Bin Composting System
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 359~364
A theoretical model was developed to evaluate the influence of control variables on the composting performance in a bin composting system. The model was verified using pilot scale composting system. Simulation of the composting temperature according to air flow rate and composting bin size was conducted using the mathematical model. High composting temperature above 55
needed to kill a pathogen was maintained for longer periods as the air flow rate was lower and the bin size was larger. Optimum air flow rate was 0.77L/min/kg.DM for the experimental pilot scale bin system. The size of composting bin should be large enough to maintain the higher composting temperature for required periods.
Physical Characteristics of Stem and Fruit of Lycium Chinense Mill
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 365~372
Physical characteristics of stem (ile., length and diameter) and branch, and detachment force of mature and immature fruits of 12 species of the Lycium chinese Mill at a cultivar were determined. The number of stems and branches were counted after the first and second pruning of each plant. Length and diameter of the stem were average of 113.5 cm and 9.5 mm for 12 species of the Lycium chinese Mill, respectively. Average number of stem and number of branch after the first and second pruning in each plant were 5, 30, and 61, respectively. Diameter of major and minor axis of the fruit was average of 13.8mm and 8.3mm, respectively, and the sphericity of fruits was average of 0.7 for 12 species of Lycium chinese Mill. Detachment force of mature and immature fruits was average of 1 N and 2.7 N, respectively, for 12 species of the Lycium chinese Mill. The maximum and minimum detachment force of the mature fruits was 2.06 N and 0.39 N, respectively, and that of the immature fruits was 3.72 N and 1.27 N, respectively. The force-weight ratio showed a decreasing trend as the weight of fruit increasing for all samples.
1999년 미국 농공학술대회를 다녀와서
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 1999, Pages 373~376