Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Implementation and Test of Hydraulic Control System for the Tractor Leveling
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 383~390
When a tractor travels slope lands, problems of operator safety and the reduction of job efficiency usually occur. Therefore, maintaining the tractor body being horizontal is critical to improve the security of traveling and the job performance. An experiment was made in a soil bin using the experimental model system built and equipped with a leveling control system. Adaptability of the control system was tested and investigated by analyzing system response in time and frequency domains. Control response time of hydraulic cylinder with 10lpm flow rate on a step input of 10
slope was about 0.42sec. And it showed a linearly increasing trend without any hunching state. A steady state error of 0.6
occurred but it was negligible. The hydraulic control system showed a little phase differences within the range of 0.4Hz input frequency. The experimental model showed that implementation of the proposed tractor control system to on slope lands tractor was feasible.
Spraying Status Evaluation of the Electro-static Sprayer Using Computer Image Processing
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 391~398
The spraying status of the electrostatic sprayer was evaluated by processing surface spraying images of the natural leaves. Water solution of the fluorescent material was used as a spray medium. The image of the lights reflected by fluorescent droplets was captured under UV light using a color CCD camera. Coverage rate, particle density, and the size distribution of particles were analyzed from the surface images of leaves under various spraying conditions such as spraying nozzle angle and object distance. Spraying characteristics of the electrostatic sprayer was evaluated in comparison with the conventional one. In a case of electrostatic sprayer, coverage rate and particle density increased by the average of 1.57times and 1.01times respectively under various nozzle angles and distances. The number of particle under the diameter of 50
also increased significantly.
A Study on the Trnasportation System of Paddy After Combine Harvest
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 399~406
This study was conducted to investigate the labor requirements and transportation cost of paddy for the different harvest and transportation systems for obtaining a basic reference to the improvement of present harvest-transportation systems. One hundred and eighty five farm households with sack type combine harvester and thirty farm households with bulk type combine harvester were surveyed for thirty counties from eight provinces except jeju and also eleven Rice Processing Complex were covered for this survey. This survey was carried from 8th. October 1997 to 5th. November 1997. For the labor requirements, bulk trailer system require 6.8th/ha, 10.3/ha for sack harvest-tractor trailer, and 8.8h/ha for bulk harvest-container bag. The machinery utilization cost for the different paddy harvest-transportation systems, combine sack harvest-tractor trailer system is 282 thousand won/ha, and most economical compared with other systems. Combine bulk harvest with tractor system was 416 thousands won/ha and combine bulk harvest with container bag system was 446 thousands won/ha. In order to propagate bulk harvest-transportation system, a proper bulk transportation means with considering road condition in the paddy field and paddy size should be developed, and considering cycle time it appeared that the proper capacity of bulk container was 3.5ton at the present.
The Physicochemical Properties of Hand-Peeled and Flame-Peeled Chestnuts
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 407~414
To evaluate the quality of flame-peeled chestnuts, their physical and chemical properties were analyzed. The physicochemical properties of flame-peeled chestnuts, including geometrical shape, texture and chemical composition, were compared to those of hand-peeled ones. For the flame-peeled chestnuts, some properties in heated and non-heated sections were separately analyzed. The color, texture such as springness, cohesiveness, adhesiveness, hardness and chewiness, moisture content, and reducing sugar of the heated section of the flame-peeled chestnuts were significantly different with their non-heated section. But the physicochemical properties of the non-heated section of the flame-peeled chestnuts were similar to those of the hand-peeled ones.
Development of Environmental Control Systems for Windowless Pig-housing (I) - Assessment of Control Performance -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 415~424
This study was conducted to assess performances of the developed environmental control systems under various seasons of Korea. In all trials for the environmental control systems, the manure pit ventilation system in the windowless pig-housing with partly slatted floor was used. Consequently, under all seasons of Korea, the complex environmental control systems could comfortably maintain the indoor temperature (14.8~27.2
) , concentrations of noxious gases (CO2 gas : 631~1,874ppm, NH3 gas : 0.3~3.2ppm), air velocity (0.11~0.23m/s), air movement, and so on. Therefore, the performances of the complex environmental control systems were evaluated as proper as the intended.
Development of Environmental Control Systems for Windowless Pig-housing (II) - Growth Performance of Weaned Piglets and Growing Pigs -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 425~430
Complex environmental control systems were developed, which control properly the pig's environment in windowless pig-housing based on the thermoregulatory behaviors of pigs and concentrations of noxious gases (CO2 and NH3). The this study was conducted to assess the performance of complex environmental control systems by raising weaned piglets and growing pigs under different seasonal conditions. Average daily gain of pigs in the experimental pig-housing was slightly higher than that of pigs in the conventional pig-housing. Average daily gain was not significantly different in winter and spring(P＞0.05), but was significantly different in summer(P＜0.05). Feed conversion rate of pigs in the experimental pig-housing was smaller than that of pigs in the conventional pig-housing. Feed conversion rate was not significantly different in environment for weaned piglets and growing pigs resulted in the improved daily gain, feed conversion rate, and carcass quality of the finishing pigs. These results showed that the performance of the complex environmental control systems in windowless pig-housing was excellent for weaned piglets and growing pigs.
Development of Classification System for Thermal Comfort Behavior of Pigs by Image Processing and Neural Network
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 431~438
The environmental control based on interactive thermoregulatory behavior for swine production has many advantages over the conventional temperature-based control methods. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare various feature selection methods using postural images of growing pigs under various environmental conditions. A color CCD camera was used to capture the behavioral images which were then modified to binary images. The binary images were processed by thresholding, edge detection, and thinning techniques to separate the pigs from their background. Following feature were used for the input patterns to the neural network ; \circled1 perimeter, \circled2 area, \circled3 Fourier coefficients (5
5), \circled4 combination of (\circled1 ＋ \circled2), \circled5 combination of (\circled1 ＋ \circled3), \circled6 combination of (\circled2 ＋ \circled3), and \circled7 combination of (\circled1 ＋ \circled2 ＋ \circled3). Using the above each input pattern, the neural network could classify training images with the success rates of 96%, 96%, 96%, 100%, 100%, 96%, 100%, and testing images with those of 88%, 86%, 93%, 96%, 91%, 90%, 98%, respectively. Thus, the combination of perimeter, area and Fourier coefficients of the thinning images as neural network features gave the best performance (98%) in the behavioral classification.
Analysis of Water Stress of Greenhouse Crops Using Infrared Thermography
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 439~444
Automated greenhouse production systems often require crop growth monitoring involving accurate quantification of plant physiological properties. Conventional methods are usually burdensome, inaccurate, and harmful to crops. A thermal image analysis system can accomplish rapid and accurate measurements of physiological-property changes of stressed crops. In this research a thermal imaging system was used to measure the leaf-temperature changes of several crops according to water deficit. Thermal images were obtained from lettuce, cucumber, pepper, and chinese cabbage plants. Results showed that there were significant differences in the temperature of stressed plants and non-stressed plants. The temperature differences between these two group of plants were 0.7 to 3
according to species.
Development of an Algorithm for Searching Optimal Temperature Setpoint for Lettuce in Greenhouse Using Crop Growth Model
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 445~452
This study was conducted to develop a searching algorithm for optimal daily temperature setpoint greenhouse. An algorithm using crop growth and energy models was developed to determine optimum crop growth environment. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Mathematical models for crop growth and energy consumption were derived to define optimal daily temperature setpoint. 2. Optimum temperature setpoint, which could maximize performance criterion, was determined by using Pontryagin maximum principle. 3. Dynamic control of daily temperature using the developed algorithm showed higher performance criterion than static control with fixed temperature setpoint. Performance criteria for dynamic control models were with simulated periodic weather data and with real weather data, increased by 48% and 60%, respectively.
Retrospection on Agricultural Mechanization Researches
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 24, issue 5, 1999, Pages 453~462
At the time of discontinuing the publishing of RDA Journal of Farm management and agricultural engineering the present paper is to review the research results produced since 1962 to 1998. During the three decades, from 1960s to 1980s, the main research efforts were focused o mechanization of rice farming which contributed in food grain productions. In the 1990s, the research direction was shifted to horticultural productions and producing high quality agricultural products. We had put stress on practical use of farm mechanization, mainly on transplanting and seeding operation for rice and upland and horticultural crops productions and harvest and threshing machinery developments, in which we thought our research direction had not been quite right. However, in the future we are going to promote mechanization on livestock and upland crops productions. Furthermore, we have a plan to employ cutting edge technologies in agricultural machinery developments in order to automate and unman all farm operations satisfying the needs of advanced agricultural mechanization technology in the twenty first century.