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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Design of A Tire-Attachable Cage Wheel for Wetland Use (I)-Study on design parameters of a cage wheel-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 79~88
Effects on tractive performance of design parameters of cage wheel as a traction aid to driving tires of tractor in wet paddy field were investigated experimentally. an experimental cage wheel was designed so that the design parameters such as wheel diameter, wheel width, lug pitch and lug angle could be varied during traction test, The traction test was conducted in two different types of wet paddy field ; shallow and deep harpan fields . Experimental results showed that tractive performance is affected by both soil conditions and the design parameters. A considerable improvement on the tractive performance was obtained by using a cage wheel with 45
lug angle in shallow hardpan and smaller lug pitch in deep hardpan. The diameter of cage wheel was mostly influential to the tractive performance both in shallow and deep hardpans.
Simulation Model for Drying Characteristics of Batch-type Tunnel Dryer
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 89~96
In this study, experiments were performed for various drying air temperatures, air flow rates tray distance to analyze drying characteristics of batch type tunnel dryer. In comparison of tunnel drying with cabinet drying which is currently used in the farm, the results of drying simulation model of cabinet dryer was used and then the possibility of applying the drying simulation model of cabinet dryer to batch type tunnel dryer was investigated. The results showed that as the drying temperature increased, the drying rte and moisture difference in the direction of air flow increased and as the air flow rate increased, the drying rate increased and moisture differences decreased. In tunnel dryer, drying through bottom of the tray had large effect on drying rate and the effect was more significant when the drying temperature increased. As air flow rate increased, the difference of drying rates between tunnel and cabinet drying increased and drying rate of tunnel of drying was higher. The drying simulation model could estimate moisture content in tunnel more precisely by using modified effective moisture diffusion coefficient for air flow rate.
Microstrip Patch Antenna Array for Moisture Content Measurement of Paddy Rice
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 97~106
To develop the grain moisture meter using microwave free space transmission technique, a 10.5GHz microwave signal with the power of 11mW generated by an oscillar with a dielectric resonator is transmitted to an isolator and radiated from a transmitting
microstrip patch array antenna into the sample holder filled with the 12 to 26%w.b. of Korean Hwawung paddy rice. the microwave signal, attenuated through the grain with moisture, is collected by a receiving
microstrip patch array antenna and detected using a Shottky diode with excellent high frequency characteristic. A pair of light and simple microstrip patch array antenna for measurement of grain moisture content is designed and implemented on atenflon substrate with trleative dielectric constant of 2.6 and thickness of 0.54 by using Ensemble ver. 4.02 software. The aperture of microstrip patch arrays is 41 mm width and 24mm high. The characteristics of microstrip patch antenna such as grain. return loss, and bandwidth are 11.35dBi, -38dB and 0.35GHz(
at far-field pattern of E and H plane. The width of the sample holder is large enough to cover the signal between the antennas temperature and bulk density respectively. The calibration model for measurement of grain moisture content is proposed to reduce the effects of fluectuations in bulk density and temperature which give serious errors for the measurements . From the results of regression analysis using the statistically analysis method, the moisture content of grain samples (MC(%)) is expressed in terms of the output voltage(v), temperature (t), and bulk density of samples(
)as follows ;
Its determination coefficient, standard error of prediction(SEP) and bias were found to be 0.9855, 0.479%w.b. and -0.0.369 %w.b. respectively between measured and predicted moisture contents of the grain samples.
Development of Temperature Control System for Cold Storage Room Using Fuzzy Logic
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 107~114
Low temperature storage method is to increase the value of agricultural products by reducing quality loss and regulate consignment time by controlling respiration rates of agricultural products. Respiration rate of agricultural products depends on several factors such as temperature, moisture, gas composition and a microbe inside the storage room. Temperature is the most important factor among these, which affects respiration rate and causes low or high temperature damage. Fuzzy logic was used to control the temperature of a storage room ,which uses information of uncertain facts and mathematical model for room temperature control . Room temperature was controlled better by using fuzzy logic control method rather than on-off control method. Refrigerant flow rates and temperature deviations were measured for on-off system using TEV(temperature expansion valve) and for fuzzy system using EEV(Electrical Expansion Valve) . Temperature of the Storage room was lowered faster by using fuzzy system than on -off system. Temperature deviation was -0.6~+0.9
for on-off system and
for fuzzy system developed. Temperature deviation and variation of temperature deviation were used as inout parameters for fuzzy system. The most suitable input and output value were found by experiment. Cooling rate of the storage room decreased while temperature deviation increased for the sampling time of 20 sec.
Development of a Prototype Continuous Flow Dryer using For Infrared Ray and Heated -air for White Ginseng
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 115~122
This study was performed to develop a prototype continuous flow ginseng dryer with which better product quality and lower drying energy consumption could be achieved compared with conventional ginseng dryers. A dryer having both far infrared ray (IR) and heated-air as the drying energy sources was designed and fabricated . Dryer performance was studied by examining energy efficiencies and dryer performance evaluation indices (DPEI) during the drying tests of medium-sized four year ginseng roots with IR radiating plate temperature and drying air temperature in the range of 80-12
, respectively. The DPEI of IR /heated -air combined drying was 1/3 of that of the conventional heated-air drying when ginseng were dried to the same final moisture ratio. When ginsengs were dried for 12 hours in the prototype IR/heated-air combination dryer, a linear relationship was found to exist between final moisture ratio and ginseng temperature. As the drying progressed, drying air temperature inside the dryer was nearly constant but ginseng temperature was drastically increased during the first two hours and gradually increased thereafter until the end of drying. With the prototype Ir/heated-air combination dryer, the drying rate changed little but the energy efficiency increased proportionally when the amount of ginseng to be dried increased. Drying capacity, energy efficiency, and DPEI of the prototype IR/heated-air combination ginseng dryer were estimated to 1.500 roots, 65% and 3.800kJ/kg-water , respectively.
Prediction of Daily Solar Irradiation Based on Chaos Theory
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 123~130
A forcasting scheme for daily solar irradiance on agricultural field sis proposed by application of chaos theory to a long term observation data. It was conducted by reconstruction of phase space, attractor analysis, and Lyapunov analysis. Using the methodology , it was determined whether evolution of the five climatic data such as daily air temperature , water temperature , relative humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed are chaotic or not. The climatic data were collected for three years by an automated weather station at Hwasung-gun, Kyonggi-province. The results showed that the evolution of solar radiation was chaotic , and could be predicted. The prediction of the evolution of the solar radiation data was executed by using ' local optimal linear reconstruction ' algorithm . The RMS value of the predicting for the solar radiation evolution was 4.32 MJ/
day. Therefore, it was feasible to predict the daily solar radiation based on the chaos theory.
Development of Infrared Telemeter for Autonomous Orchard Vehicle
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 131~140
Spraying operation is one of the most essential in an orchard management and it is also hazardous to human body. for automatic and unmanned spraying , an autonomous travelling vehicle is demanded. In this study, a telemeter was developed using infrared beam which could detect trunks and obstacles measure distance and direction from the vehicle travelling in the orchard. The telemeter system was composed of two infrared LED transmitters and receivers, a beam scanning device for continuous object detection , two rotary encoders for angle detector, and a beam level controller for uneven soil surface. The detected distance and direction signal s were sent to personal computer which made for the system display the angular and distance measurements through I/O board. According to a field test in an apple farm, the system detected up to 10m distance under 12 V of transmitted beam intensity, however, it was recommended that the proper beam transmit intensity be 7 v at the 10 m distance, because of the negative effect to human body at 12 V. The error rate of this system was 0.92 % when the actual distance was compared to measured one. The system was feasible at the small error rate. The developed telemeter system was an important part for autonomous travelling vehicle provided the real time object recognition . A direction control system could be constructed suing the system. It is expected that the system could greatly contribute to the development of autonomous farm vehicle.
Control Strategy for Obstacle Avoidance of an Agricultural Robot
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 141~150
This study was carried out to de develop a control strategy of a fruit harvesting redundant robot. The method of generating a safe trajectory, which avoids collisions with obstracles such as branches or immature fruits, in the 3D(3-dimension) space using artificial potential field technique and virtual plane concept was proposed. Also, the method of setting reference velocity vectors to follow the trajectory and to avoid obstacles in the 3D space was proposed. Developed methods were verified with computer simulations and with actual robot tests. Fro the actual robot tests, a machine vision system was used for detecting fruits and obstacles, Results showed that developed control method could reduce the occurrences of the robot manipulator located in the possible collision distance. with 10 virtual obstacles generated randomly in the 3 D space, maximum rates of the occurrences of the robot manipulator located in the possible collision distance, 0.03 m, from the obstacles were 8 % with 5 degree of freedom (DOF), 8 % with 6-DOF, and 4% with 7-DOF, respectively.
Detachment Rate of Fruits of Lycium chinense Mill with Vibration Characteristic
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 151~158
Detachment rate of mature fruits of the Lycium chinense Mill with various frequency, amplitude, and shaking time using an experimental vibratory system was analyzed. The experimental vibratory system was designed such that the frequency, amplitude, and shaking time could be controlled easily. The detachment rate increased as the frequency increased at constant amplitude and increased as the amplitude increased at constant frequency. The contents of the detached immature fruit, however, also increased as the frequency and amplitude increased, which was undesirable for the detachment efficiency considering the only mature 900 rpm and amplitude of 35 m for the shaking time of three seconds.
A Standards Perspective
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 159~162
Far Infrared Rays and Ceramics
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 2, 2000, Pages 163~166