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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Development of a Tractor Attached TMR Mixer(II) -Modification of TMR mixer and its performance test-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 257~264
A tractor attached TMR(model 430) mixer has been developed in a previous study. However, the mixer was found to be improved through field applications in its capacity, manufacturing cost, ergonomic design and power-train requirement. The TMR mixer was modified into a model TMR500, approved by Institute of Agricultural Mechanization, as follows : 1. Roughage cutting system was seperated from the mixer, resulting in the 33% reduction of manufacturing cost. 2. Enlarged hopper capacity enabled to feed 60 heads at a batch. 3. Hydraulically controlled gate system saved ergonomic man power. 4. Power transmission system was changed from a chain-sprocket system(27:1) to the gear-train reduction system(38.6:1) to satisfy the recommended use of 540rpm PTO input.
Development of a Tractor Attached TMR Mixer(III) -Cost analysis-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 265~272
Feasibility of the self-TMR mixing/feeding system for dairy farm in Korea was analyzed by comparing with a traditional feeding system. The total operating cost of self-TMR feeding system decreased with an increase of farm size. However, the cost was higher than that of traditional feeding system because of its high purchasing cost of TMR mixer as an initial investment. Profit per unit input of the TMR feeding system became greater over the traditional system when the farm size is larger than 17 heads due to more and better milk production. The profitable discrepancy became bigger as dairy farm size increases.
Performance Analysis of Hybrid Heat Pump System of the Air-to-Air/Air-to-Water with the Ambient Temperature
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 273~278
The hybrid heat pump system of the air to air and / or air to water was composed and its COP was analyzed with the ambient temperature on the opened and closed loop system respectively. The results be indicated by the equation(7) that the COP(Coefficient of Performance) of air-source(air to air and / or air-water) heat pump is effected with the ambient air temperature and AVACTHE.(Automatic Variable Area Capillary Type Heat Exchanger) 2. The COP of air-to-water heat pump without AVACTHE decreased in accordance with the ambient temperature decrease, however in case of the heat pump with AVACTHE the COP was maintained at 2.8∼3.0 level when the ambient temperature decrease from -
. 3. The COP of the air-to-water heat pump operated on the open loop was higher 40∼58% than that of the heat pump operated on the close loop. 4. The lower ambient temperature air effect on the COP of the air-to-air heat pump operated on the semi closed loop could be controlled using the AVACTHE, and at the high ambient air temperature the COP increased using the Bypass circuit.
3-D Simulation of Air Flow in Cold Storage Room for Uniform Temperature Distribution
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 279~286
Most of the domestic cold storage rooms are inefficient for agricultural products because of temperature gradients inside the storage rooms. Temperature gradients are developed mainly by improper airflow pattern inside the storage room, which is a main cause of the spoilage of the agricultural products. There proper airflow pattern is essential to minimize these temperature gradients and the spoilage. The performance and characteristics of a cold storage room were determined as a function of airflow pattern and temperature distribution in forced circulation cold storage room. A commercial CFD(computational fluid dynamics) code was used to simulate 3-D airflow in the cold storage room. Solving the flow equations for the storage room, a standard k-
turbulent model was implemented to calculate steady state turbulent velocity distribution. The CFD prediction results were compared with temperature measurements inside the cold storage room. In case of pallet storage, Temperature gradients inside pallet storage was reduced because the contact area of cold air expanded through an alley of airflow in storage. But is case of bulk storage, the last temperature of storage considerably rose more than the initial temperature of storage. The reason was that bulk storage didn't include any alley of airflow in storage.
The Analysis of Herbicide Penetration with Spray Deposit Characteristics on Plant Leaves
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 287~292
The herbicide penetration on weed leaves was spatially analyzed by using chlorophyll fluorescent emission and machine vision technique. Velvetleaf and metribuzin were used as experimental materials in the study. The herbicide spray images were obtained by a combinaton of a fluorescent dye and a UV lighting system. The herbicide penetration was analyzed by means of detecting chlorophyll fluorescent emission under blue-green lighting. According to the experiment results, the number and the size of spray droplets decreased with coverage increasing. The herbicide penetrated mainly along leaf veins and the time for complete penetration over the whole leaf was approximately 100 minutes after herbicide spraying. When the coverage of herbicide droplets on the surface of leaves increased, the speed of herbicide penetration also increased. This study suggested a way of characerizing herbicide spatial penetration and distribution in leaves.
Plant Growth Monitoring Using Thermography -Analysis of nutrient stress-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 293~300
Automated greenhouse production system often require crop growth monitoring involving accurate quantification of plant physiological properties. Conventional methods are usually burdensome, inaccurate, and harmful to crops. A thermal image analysis system can accomplish rapid and accurate measurements of physiological-property changes of stressed crops. In this research a thermal imaging system was used to measure the leaf-temperature changes of several crops according to nutrient stresses. Thermal images were obtained from lettuce, cucumber, and pepper plants. Plants were placed in growth chamber to provide relatively constant growth environment. Results showed that there were significant differences in the temperature of stressed plants and non-stressed plants. In a case of the both N deficiency and excess, the leaf temperatures of cucumber were
lower than controlled temperature. The leaf temperature of cucumber was
lower than controlled temperature only when it was under N excess stress. For the potassium deficiency or excess stress, the leaf temperaures of cucumber and hot pepper were
lower than controls, respectively. The phosphorous deficiency stress dropped the leaf temperatures of cucumber and hot pepper
below than controls. However, the leaf temperature of lettuce did not change. It was possible to detect the changes in leaf temperature by infrared thermography when subjected to nutrition stress. Since the changes in leaf temperatures were different each other for plants and kinds of stresses, however, it is necessary to add a nutrient measurement system to a plant-growth monitoring system using thermography.
Development of an Autonomous Tractor System Using Remote Information Processing
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 301~310
An autonomous tractor system was developed and its performance was evaluated. The system consisted of a tractor system of and a remote control station. The tractor and the remote control station communicated each other via wireless modems. The tractor had a DGPS(differential global positioning system), sensors, a controller and a modem. The DGPS collected position data and the tractor status was estimated. The information of tractor status and sensors was transferred to the remote control station. Then, the control station determined the control data such as steering angles using a fuzzy controller. The fuzzy controller used the information from the DGPS, sensors, and GIS(geographic information system) data. The control data were obtained by remote signal processing at the control station The control data for autonomous operation were transferred to the tractor controller. The performances of an autonomous tractor were evaluated for various speeds, different initial positions and different initial headings. About 1.3 seconds of time lag was occurred in transferring the tractor status data and the control data. Compensation the time lag, about 27cm deviation was observed at the speed of 0.5m/s and 37cm at the speed of 1m/s. Error caused mainly by the time lag and it would be reduced by developing a full-duplex radio module for controlling the remote tractor.
Application of Biotechnology in the Field of Agricultural Machinery Engineering
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 311~326
ASAE Annual Meeting
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2000, Pages 327~331