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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Development of a Tying-Unit Controller for a Variable Chamber Round Baler
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 341~350
This study was conducted to develop a control unit for a tying device of a variable chamber round baler. The work process of the tying device was thoroughly analyzed and the control sequence was established according to the work process. Based on this control sequence, a control unit using an 8 bit microprocessor AT 89C52 as a CPU was developed. The driving circuit to control the actuator motion was developed and the PWM method was used to regulate the velocity of the actuator. On the front panel of the control unit, indicators were also installed to show the operations being conducted. A prototype of the developed control unit was manufactured and tested. A total of 50 complete cycles of the control sequence was repeated and no failure was observed. It was evaluated that the developed control unit has an excellent performance and can be used practically for variable chamber round balers.
Speed Control of DC Motor for Roller Type Seeder
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 351~358
This study was conducted to develop a speed control system of a DC motor which drove a barley seeder mounted on a combine harvester. Barley seeder mounted on a combine has been known to reduce labor and cost of barley cultivation. However, development of the seeder has been unsuccessful because the combine, a dedicated rice and barley harvester has not enough space and proper power take-off for barley seeder. To develop a barley seeder, small powered motor speed controller was required. A proximity sensor for detecting working speed of the combine and a programmable one board microprocessor was used to develope a control system. Motor parameters and motor constant, relationship between seeding rate, motor speed, groove volumes of a tested roller, torque were measured. The proximity sensor sent a frequency signal to the microprocessor. In laboratory experiments, the excitation voltage of the motor was shown not to be proportional to the size of pulse width (duty ratio). A table transforming frequency signal, that represented for working speed to proper pulse width was developed from seeding rate experiments. However, seeding rate at low frequency signal was not proportional to the working speed. Seeding rate control proportional to the frequency signal was achieved by shifting of the frequency signal.
Prdiction of Tractive Performance of Wheeled Vehicles on Soft Terrains
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 359~368
In this paper, mathematical model was developed for predicting the tractive performance of off-road wheeled vehicles operated on soft terrains. Based on the mathematical model, a computer simulation program(TPPMWV) was developed. The model takes into account main design parameters of wheeled vehicle, including radius and width of front and rear tire, weight of vehicle, wheelbase and driving type(4WD, 2WD). Soil characteristics, such as the peressure-sinkage and shearing characteristics and the response to repetitive loading and slip-sinkage effect, are also taken into consideration. The effectiveness of the developed model was verified by comparing the predicted drawbar pulls using TPPMWV with measured ones obtained by field tests for two different driving types of wheeled vehicle. As a results, the drawbar pulls predicted by the TPPMWV were well matched to the measured ones within the absolute errors of 3.916%(4WD) and 13.31%(2WD) for two different driving types, respectively.
Tillage Characteristics of the Single-Edged Rotary Blade
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 369~378
The purpose of this study is to developed high-efficient rotary tillage system for a power tiller by improving the rotary blade. A kind of the rotary blade with single-edged blade(DS) was developed that requires lower tillage energy than conventional double-edged blade(CD) on the design theory for Japanese rotary blade. In order to find out the tillage characteristics between the single-edged blade and the double-edged blade for power tiller, experiments were performed in soil-bins which were filled up clay loam, loam and sandy loam, and then analyzed the effects of the factors such as soil texture, travelling speed, rotational speed, and tillage depth to each of the blades. And field tests were carried out to compare tillage performances of the two blades using rotary cultivator driven by conventional power tiller. The results of this study were summarized as follows; 1) On the soil bin experiment, it was found that tillage torque of the single-edged blade was less than the ones of the double-edged blade. The decreasing ratios of maximum tillage torque of the single-edged blade to the ones of the double-edged blade were 1 to 8% at clay loam, 5 to 20% at loam and 9 to 31% at sandy loam, respectively. 2) By the field tests, that the tillage performances with the single-edged blade compared with the double-edged blade was improved about 19% in field capacity, about 34% in fuel consumption, and 12.5% in soil breaking ratio. Furthermore, the fluctuation of engine speed, the variation of exhaust gas temperature, and the amount of soil clogging on the blade and straw wound on the rotary shaft showed lower values with the developed blade than the conventional blade. So, it may be concluded that tillage performance by the developed single-edged blade was improved compared with the one by the conventional double-edged blade.
Greenhouse Heating Characteristics of Heat Pump-Latent Heat Storage System
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 379~384
In order to use the natural thermal energy as much as possible for greenhouse heating, the air-air heat pump system involved PCM(phase change material) latent heat storage system was composed, and three types of greenhouse heating system(greenhouse system, greenhouse-PCM latent heat storage system, greenhouse-PCM latent heat storage-heat pump system) were recomposed from the greenhouse heating units to analyze the heating characteristics. The results could be concluded as follows; 1) In the greenhouse heated by the heat pump under the solar radiation of 406.39W/
, the maximum PCM temperature in the latent heat storage system was 24
and the accumulated thermal energy stored in PCM mass of 816kg during the daytime was 100,320kJ. In the greenhouse without heat pump under the maximum solar radiation of 452.83W/
, the maximum PCM temperature in the latent heat storage system was 22
and the accumulated thermal energy stored during the daytime was 52.250kJ. 2) In the greenhouse-PCM system without heat pump the heat stored in soil layers from the surface to 30cm of the soil depth was 450㎉/
. 3) In all of the greenhouse heating systems, the difference between the air temperature in greenhouse and the ambient temperature was about 20~23
in the daytime. In the greenhouse without heat pump and PCM latent heat storage system the difference between the ambient temperature and the air temperature in the greenhouse was about 6~7
in the nighttime, in the greenhouse with only PCM latent heat storage system the temperature difference about 7~13
in the nighttime and in the greenhouse with the heat pump and PCM latent heat storage system about 9~14
in the nighttime.
Performance of Air Source Heat Pump with a Fiber Belt Heat Regeneration System
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 385~390
The heat pump is one of heating and cooling systems driven by electricity using natural energy as a heat source. The heat pump system was mainly adopted to a cooling system or a refrigeration system. In regions with a large amount of electricity, it is used as a heating system or a heating and cooling system of houses, buildings and agricultural facilities. During cold weather, air source heat pumps do not work well because of some technical problems, such as frosting on evaporator coil when outside air temperature is below -5
. In this research, the heat regenerative technology was employed to eliminate the frosting on evaporator coil and improve the COP of the heat pump system. This fiber belt heat regeneration system(FBHRS) has very simple structure consisting of a geared motor and a porous fiber belt passing through alternatively between cold and warm air duct. The laboratory test showed that the heat pump system with a FBHRS yielded an impressive COP higher than 3.5 at the outside air temperature of -7
in heating mode.
The Comparative Analysis of Holding Pace and Decision Factors of Tractor in Korea and Japan
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 391~398
This study was performed to analyze the holding pace and decision factors of tractor in Korea and Japan, which probably should be used for making master plan of agricultural mechanization. The logistic function is used for holding pace estimation of tractor, and log-log function for analysis of decision factors. The results of this study are as follows: First, the increasing rate of the total amount of holding tractor power in Korea has been over that in Japan during 1980∼、94 which is now, however, under Japan. So, it could be forecasted that the per tractor holding power in Japan will increase continuously, and will be over 30PS in the short run. Second, the most important one of decision factors to support tractor demand is agricultural income in Korea, but on the other hand Non-Agricultural Income in Japan. From these, the fast increase of total amount of holding power of tractor in Korea could not expected, because Korea Agriculture has some difficulties to increase Agricultural Income. There are differences on the holding pace and decision factors of tractor between Korea and Japan, therefore, the plan of agricultural mechanization should be made in accordance with self-features.
Development of Manipulator for Vertically Moving Multi-Joint Apple Harvesting Robot(I) -Design.Manusacturing-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 399~408
This study is final focused on developing fruit harvesting robot can distinguish fruit type and status accurately. Multi-joint robot is able to discriminate tree shape and select mature fruit by image processing. The multi-joint robot consists of (a) rotating base, (b)turning first joint-arm, (c)rotating and turning second joint-arm, (d)rotating and turning third joint-arm, (e)rotating and turning last joint and (f)picker hand. The operational ranges of the robot are: horizontal 860~2,220mm, vertical 1,440~2,260mm, 270 degrees’rotation angle, 90 or 270 degrees’turning angle. The robot weighs 330kg. The multi-joint robot was designed in high accuracy and efficiency by getting as close as the movements of human arms and waist.
Detection of Surface Cracks in Eggshell by Machine Vision and Artificial Neural Network
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 409~414
A machine vision system was built to obtain single stationary image from an egg. This system includes a CCD camera, an image processing board and a lighting system. A computer program was written to acquire, enhance and get histogram from an image. To minimize the evaluation time, the artificial neural network with the histogram of the image was used for eggshell evaluation. Various artificial neural networks with different parameters were trained and tested. The best network(64-50-1 and 128-10-1) showed an accuracy of 87.5% in evaluating eggshell. The comparison test for the elapsed processing time per an egg spent by this method(image processing and artificial neural network) and by the processing time per an egg spent by this method(image processing and artificial neural network) and by the previous method(image processing only) revealed that it was reduced to about a half(5.5s from 10.6s) in case of cracked eggs and was reduced to about one-fifth(5.5s from 21.1s) in case of normal eggs. This indicates that a fast eggshell evaluation system can be developed by using machine vision and artificial neural network.
Development of Tomato Harvesting Robot - 3-D Detection Technique for identifiying Tomatoes -
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 415~420
It is very difficult to mechanize tomato harvesting because identifying a target tomato which is partly covered by leaves and stalks is not easy. This research was conducted to develop tomato harvesting robot which can identifying a target tomato, determining its dimensional position, and harvesting it in a limited time. Followings were major findings in this study. The first visual system of the robot was composed of two CCD cameras, however, which could not detect tomato not placed on the center of lens and partly covered by leaves or stalks. Secondary visual device, combined with two cameras and pan tilting was designed which could decreased the positioning errors within
10mm but still not enough for covered tomato by any obstacles. Finally, laser detector was added to the visual system that could reduce the position detecting errors within 10mm in X-Y direction and 5mm in Z direction for the covered tomatoes.
Research of Precision Agriculture in Japan (Part 1)
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 25, issue 5, 2000, Pages 421~427