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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Optimum Transport Systems of Agricultural Products(II) -Vibration characteristics of the transporting traliler-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 315~322
Agricultural products can be damaged due to the vibration of transporting trailer on the off-road. So, this study was conducted to identify the vibration characteristics of the agricultural products transporting trailer by measuring the vertical acceleration according to positions on the trailer loaded with agricultural products. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. At non-operating state of engine, the larger vertical acceleration was occurred at rear side compared with front side in the case of 4.5Hz of vibration frequency. But, in the case of 53.5Hz of frequency, the maximum vertical acceleration at front side of trailer was higher than value at rear side. So, the maximum acceleration at front side of the trailer was increased with the increase in frequency. 2. At operating state of engine, the maximum vertical acceleration at front side of the trailer was increased with the increase in frequency. 2 At operating state of engine, the maximum vertical acceleration delivered through the hitch from the engine was occurred at front side of the trailer as
, in the case of 8.75Hz of frequency. But, in the case of 102.5Hz of high frequency, the maximum vertical acceleration was occurred at rear side of the trailer. 3. When the power tiller loaded with pear of 325kg was travelling on the artificial uneven road of 3cm height, the maximum acceleration was occurred at rear side of the trailer as
at 3.75Hz of frequency. But, that was occurred at diagonal of the trailer 43.5Hz and 91.25Hz, which meant that there was rolling and pitching on the trailer. 4. At operating state of engine, the mean acceleration of the trailer delivered through the hitch according to the increase in frequencies was showed the maximum value at range of 40-90Hz. At rear side of traiㅣer, the maximum value was occurred at about 40Hz, and that was reduced according to the increase in frequencies and diminished at about 100Hz. 5. When the power tiller loaded with pear of 32.5kg was travelling on the artificial uneven road of 3cm height, the mean acceleration by the increase in frequencies was showed lower level at rear side than front side of the trailer. This was opposite configuration to the Hinsch’s results tested with air-conditioned truck. This means that the shorter length of the trailer, the more effect of engine vibration is transferred to the front side of trailer.
Survey on the Regular Maintenance of Agricultural Machinery for the Full-Time Farmers
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 323~330
The regular maintenance and repair status of major farm machinery such as power tiller, farm tractor, rice transplanter and combine harvester etc., were surveyed and analyzed for the full-time farmers in order to get basic information for promoting farm machinery productivity. The survey was carried out through 209 farmers from 9 provinces. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The regular maintenance of farm machinery was conducted at repair shop(49.5%) or dealer agency(12.0%), and also conducted by farmers at their house(34.9%). 2. For the status on the cleanness or exchange times of engine oil, fuel filter and air cleaner, most farmers conducted fewer times than the necessary times. And, 5.3%, 7.7%, and 2.9% of surveyed farmers experienced breakdowns due to the insufficient cleanness or exchange oil, fuel filer, and air cleaner, respectively. 3. Most farmers(76.1%) recognized the necessity of farm machinery training or education, and they preferred one week for the training period, simple or easy maintenance for the training level, agricultural technical center or farm machinery manufacturer for the training agency. 4. Complete recognition of operation manual and sufficient maintenance before-, during-, and after-operation for the farm machinery can minimize the breakdowns, enlarge the endurance prevent the safety accidents, and promote productivity of farm machinery. And, these can be accomplished by the thorough training or education for agricultural machinery.
Weed Control by Flame
姜和錫 ; 文學洙 ;
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 331~336
This study was to develop a kerosene flame weeder. An air compressor was driven though the PTO of a tractor to provide necessary air for fuel combustion and proper pressure to supply fuel from fuel tank to the nozzle. It was found that the flame was extinguished very easily by wind and vibration of the tractor. This trouble could be solved by attaching a burner cap, which is a modified venturi tube, at the end of the nozzle. The constructed flame weeder was tested for the weeding capability in the prepared field. Weed extinction rate and weight decrease rate were analysed. Measured maximum flame temperature was 1,121
when the fuel consumption was 13.41 kg/h and fuel supply pressure was 88.2 kPa. The maximum temperature occurred at 20cm from the front end the burner, and it decreased to 46
as the distance increased to 110cm. The flame length of up to 70cm, where the flame temperature was higher than 372
, would be used for weeding purpose. Weed extinction rate and weight decreasing rate increased as the fuel consumption increased. The flame weeder was evaluated to be a practical weeder through improvement as the weed extinction rate and weight decrease rate were analysed to be 75% and 85%, respectively when the fuel consumption was 116.87kg/ha.
Design Factors for Chinese Cabbage Harvester Attachable to Tractors
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 337~354
This study was conducted in order to develop a Chinese cabbage harvester attachable to tractors. For designing Chinese cabbage harvester in which laboratory and field tests were conducted with to determine feasible values design factors. To adopt the various sizer of C-cabbages, U-type soft rubber band was attached to the chain conveyor with an angle. Required torque of the conveyor axle was about 206-210kgf
cm. And the required peripheral speed of the disk cutter was 6.54m/s or more to have a clean session in root cutting. Three different harvest method were tested. The best harvesting method with minimum pulling force and damage was disk cutting flying just above the soil surface were the cut chinese cabbages are transferring to the holding conveyor attached soft rubber lug in prompt. Theoretical speed ratio of the tractor travel and feed of a chain conveyor was 1:1.2 with the attaching angle of 30 degree and 1:1.1 with the angle of 20 degree. Actual field experiment showed the speed ratio of 1:1.5 was the best because of the slip effect.
Coverage Distribution of Blasted Droplets by an Orchard Sprayer
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 355~362
Uniform application of agri-chemicals will improve orchard pest management. An air-blast(orchard) sprayer designed for vineyards has been used: however, few research on the uniformity and coverage of the sprays has been reported. Distributions of spray coverage were measured with artificial targets and analyzed to enhance the efficiency of spray application. A structure was built to place water sensitive papers, sampling spray droplets blasted from the orchard sprayer. The sampling cards were collected from five directions at three distances (2.5, 3.0 and 3.5m) for two fan speeds (2,075 and 3,031 rpm), and analyzed using an image analysis system. The distribution of the coverage percent area did not follow the wind velocity pattern. The coverage by the low fan speed was more uniform and higher than that by the higher fan speed. The coverage percent area decreased with an increase of distance. The distribution of droplet density was similar to that of coverage. However, the coverage contribution by smaller droplets became more significant as the distance increased. The upward blasting distance was limited within 3m, but the limit to the ground level was expanded the distance more than 3.5m because of the concentrated droplets.
Economic Value to Farmers for the Automatic Guidance Technology of Combine
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 363~370
This study intended to estimate the willingness-to-pay amount by farmers for the automatic guidance technology of Combine. Contingent Valuation Method was employed for this estimation using survey data from 65 Combine using farmers. Based on the dichotomous choice model, farmers’willingness-to-pay for the automatic guidance technology was ranged from ￦4,772,000(median) to ￦5,268,000(mean). The estimated willingness-to-pay by the for the new technology was approximately one quarter of the average value based on the willingness-to-pay for the new technology was approximately one quarter of the average value of Combine in sample farms. This implies that there is an economic rationals for developing the new technology as long as it will be available with the cost less than the amount of estimated willingness-to-pay.
Development of an Incubator for Suckling Pigs
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 371~378
This research devoted to develop an incubator that could make an optimum environment condition according to days of age for suckling pigs to decrease the mortality and improve the rate of the weight gain of the suckling pigs. Results obtained from this research summarized as follows: 1. Several experiments were carried out at the farm to find the effect of incubator developed for suckling pigs on weight gain by season. The total average gain of the weight of the treatment group was around 6∼22kg, and 6∼23kg higher than control group at the first experiment (April 19), at the second (July 30), and at the third (September 23), year of 2000 experiment, respectively. There were no significant differences (
=5%) of the total weight gain among treatment groups. There was, however, a significant difference (
=5%) of the total weight gain between the control and treatment groups and it was considered to be that the incubator had efficiency for weight gain of the suckling pigs. 2. The survival rate of the control group was 87% in the total sample number of 92, meanwhile, which of the experiment group was 98% in the total sample number of 50 suckling pigs. 3. Finally, economic analysis was executed for suckling pigs based on a farm size of breeding 500 sows. The results showed that a break-even point was around 9 months and the annual profit of ￦52,265,694 was expected after the break-even point.
Evapotranspiration Rate of Grafted Seedlings Affected by Relative Humidity and Photosynthetic Photon Flux under Artificial Lighting
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 379~384
To enhance the smooth graft-taking of grafted seedlings, the excessive evapotranspiration from grafted seedlings just after grafting should be avoided. A measurement system of the evapotranspiration rate of grafted seedling under artificial lighting was set up to investigate the effect of physical environment on the evapotranspiration and graft-taking characteristics of grafted seedlings quantitatively. The evapotranspiration rate of grafted seedlings affected by relative humidity and light intensity were analyzed using the measurement system. The hypocotyl of watermelons (Citrullus vulgaris cv. Sweetdew, Hungnong Seed Co.) was slantly cut and then inserted into a hole on the stem of rootstock (Lagenaria siceraria cv. FR-King, Hungnong Seed Co.). Grafted seedlings were healed and joined for 5 days under cool-white fluorescent lamps (FL20SEX-d/18, Keumho Electric Co.) with photoperiod of 12h
-1/ except dark period for one day after grafting in a closed graft-taking enhancement system developed by Kim(2000). The evapotranspiration rate and graft-taking of grafted seedling at air temperature of 23
and air current speed of 0.1m
-1/ was highly affected by relative humidity. But light intensity showed higher effect on the stem length of scion than relative humidity. In conclusion, it was suggested that relative humidity should be controlled at higher than 90% with photosynthetic photon flux of 50
-1/ to increase the survival of grafted seedlings and to produce healthy seedlings.
A Study on the Heat Pump-Latent Heat Storage Type
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 385~390
The Ondol system using both air-to-water heat pump and PCM(Phase Change Material) was constructed, and the effects of ambient air temperature on COP(Coefficient of Performance) of heat pump, the amount of heat supplied to the Ondol in the heating process, the heat storage in the PCM and the variation of Ondol room temperature were analyzed. The results from this study could be summarized as follows: 1. The COP of the heat pump (3 PS) was in proportion to the ambient air temperature. 2. When the ambient air temperature was varied between -10
, the air temperature in the Ondol room was maintained between 16
. As the results, it was certified that the heat pump-latent heat storage type Ondol system could be a comfortable residential heating system in the winter. 3. The maximum radiation and convection heat transfer from Ondol surface was 206.2 kJ/㎥hr and 82.6 kJ/㎥hr respectively. As the results, it could be confirmed that the radiation was major heat transfer mechanism for the Ondol room heating.
Development of Gridding Robot System for Genome Research
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 4, 2001, Pages 391~398
A robot system for clone replication and gridding, which is a preliminary state of the genome research, was developed and evaluated its performance. This gridding robot system consisted of 1) a gridding heat that replicated the clone, 2) a manipulator, as a part of body of robot, which transferred the gridding head along x-, y-, z-axis, 3) a well plate arranging board, 4) a sterilization unit, and 5) a control unit. Performance of the system was evaluated with 1) repeatability of the robot system, 2) clone replication efficiency, 3) time requirement of the replication, and 4) sterilization efficiency. The repeatability error of the robot system showed 0.219 mm and 0.094 mm in the direction of x- and y-axis, respectively. The success rate of the clone replication with the gridding head was 100% on the membrane filter. The time required for the replication was four minutes and fifty-five seconds from the four 96 well plates to a 384 well plate meanwhile the required time with well experienced hand labor was three minutes thirty-five seconds. The gridding operation of clone could not be done by hand labor and the required time with robot system for the gridding on the membrance filter with the control program 5
5: 1 copy and 384 gridding pins was twenty minutes and twenty-five seconds. The efficiency of the sterilization was considered to be satisfactory since no growth of fungi was found around the area of replication in the membrane filter.