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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Development of a Garlic Clove Planter (I) -Survey for planting condition and physical properties of garlic dove-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 495~502
Upright positioning of garlic cloves has been considered as an essential process for mechanical planting because positioning affects the quality and yield of garlic production. Due to the geometrical uniqueness and irregularity of garlic cloves in shape, the planting operation has been conducted by manual. Manual planting requires intensive labors and high production cost. The overall Boal of this research was to develop a garlic clove planter which maintains a garlic clone upright. Specific objective was investigating planting condition and physical properties of garlic clove. The results were summarized as fellows : Based on the survey results, a garlic clove planter should have a planting capacity of at least 140 cloves in a pyung (3.3m
) with the row spacing of 140mm and hill spacing of 120mm for a productive cultivation.
Vibration Source Identification of Agricultural Machinery Using Coherence Function
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 503~508
In this paper, time-fiequency analysis and multi-dimensional spectral analysis methods are applied for source identification and diagnosis of non-stationary sound/vibration signals. Sound or vibration problems of general vehicle and agricultural machinary are under 500 Hz. So We used linearly increased chirp signals under 500 Hz. By checking the coherences on concerned time, fur time-variant non-stationary signals, this simulation it very well coincident to expected results.
Transient Vibration Analysis of an Agricultural Tractor
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 509~516
This paper introduced some advantages of the time-frequency analysis of vibration and investigated, using the time-frequency transform, the characteristics of the transient motion of a tractor seat, which occurred during the tractor traversed over a rectangular obstacle on the flat surface. The characteristics of the short-time courier and wavelet transforms as time-frequency analysis methods were introduced and discussed to figure out which is more suitable to the analysis of the transient motions of agricultural tractors. Using each transform, transient vibration of a tractor seat was analyzed. Results of the analysis showed that the transient vibration of the seat was influenced by the natural frequencies of vertical mode of chassis, pitching mode of engine and pitching mode of cab of the tractor. The time sequence of the natural mode of tractor vibration was also revealed by the time-frequency analysis. The vibration path analysis by the time-frequency transform showed that the vibration energies transmitted from the front mounts to the seat were less than those from the rear mounts. The energy reduction ratios between the cab mounts and seat were also estimated to be about 72∼78%. The front mounts showed larger reduction than the rear mounts. However, the reduction difference between the right and left sides mounts was negligibly small. The short time Fourier transform was found to be a proper method for investigating the transient motions of farm machines and their effects on the ride vibration.
A Study on Design Standard for Paddy Field Ramp
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 517~524
Steep and narrow ramp installed in the paddy field makes it difficult and sometimes dangerous to drive agricultural machines on it. Because agricultural machinery become larger and heavier, it is necessary to revise design standard for ramp to provide safe travel. This study was conducted to revise the design standard fur paddy field ramp, especially for its width and slope. A mathematical model predicting travelling path of a tractor on paddy field ramp and farm road was developed and simulated. To verify this model, field tests were carried out. The model could predict trvelling path with RMS Error of 12.5cm and 8.2cm, which were judged to be adoptable fur determining the width of paddy field ramp. By applying this model to 110ps tractor, which was assumed to be the largest tractor in Korea, width of paddy field ramp was determined as over 3.6m. The slope of paddy field ramp, which provided tractor with 10% of the total weight of the tractor and the mounted implement as reaction force at front wheel against ground was analyzed by considering weight transfer effect on a ramp. The result showed that adequate slope of paddy field ramp was 14°.
Development of a Metering Device for the Garlic Planter
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 525~534
Garlic clove planting is one of the most laborious operations in Korean farming. The garlic planting has been done manually; therefore, it requires tremendous amounts of human labor resulting in the increase of production cost. This problem necessitated the development of a garlic clove metering device fur the planter. The device was fabricated to meter a single garlic clove with a scooping bucket(29mm in diameter and 8mm in depth) designed after the image of clove's bottom shape. The lift angle of the metering plate and the magnitude of vibration were also affected the metering performance. The angle clove metering rates ranged 95.4~96.7% with the missing rate of 0.0~1.3% at the 80~85 degrees of the tilt angle and vibration level 2(1.985 m/s
Development of a Robotic Manipulator for a Cucumber Harvester
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 535~544
This study developed a manipulator for robotic harvester to harvest cucumber. The manipulator was designed and built fur transferring an end-effecter from a fixed point to a specified cucumber. Its development involved the integration of a manipulating system with a PC compatible, DC motors, geared boxes, timing belts, and a motor controller board. Software, written in Quick basic. combined the functions of motor control with various circumstances. In order to move smoothly and rapidly the manipulator, it's shoulder link and elbow link were minimized by using rotational inertial moment without a motor and a geared box. After 30 replications of exercising the manipulator, it was concluded that the precision values of the X, Y and Z axes were less than 0.5mm, 7.25mm and 0.35mm, respectively. The precision data indicated the manipulator was not missing any steps fur the harvester to reach a target cucumber.
Development and Evaluation of System for 3D Visualization Model of Biological Objects
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 545~552
Nondestructive methods such as ultrasonic and magnetic resonance imaging systems have many advantages but still much expensive. And they do not give exact color information and may miss some details. If it is allowed to destruct a biological object to obtain interior and exterior informations, 3D image visualization model from a series of sliced sectional images gives more useful information with relatively low cost. In this paper, a PC based automatic 3D visualization system is presented. The system is composed of three modules. The first module is the handling and image acquisition module. The handling module feeds and slices a cylindrical shape paraffin, which holds a biological object inside the paraffin. And the paraffin is kept being solid by cooling while being handled. The image acquisition modulo captures the sectional image of the object merged into the paraffin consecutively. The second one is the system control and interface module, which controls actuators for feeding, slicing, and image capturing. And the last one is the image processing and visualization module, which processes a series of acquired sectional images and generates a 3D volumetric model. To verify the condition for the uniform slicing, normal directional forces of the cutting edge according to the various cutting angles were measured using a strain gauge and the amount of the sliced chips were weighed and analyzed. Once the 3D model was constructed on the computer, user could manipulate it with various transformation methods such as translation, rotation, and scaling including arbitrary sectional view.
Thermal Energy Characteristics and Simulation Model Development for Greenhouse Heating System with Heat Pump and Latent Heat Storage
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 553~562
The greenhouse heating system with heat pump and latent heat storage was built for development of simulation model and validation. The computer simulation model for the system to predict temperature of air, soil surface and cover film in the greenhouse were developed and its validity was justified by actual data. From the analysis of experimentally measured and the simulation output, following results were obtained. 1. The expected values of inside air temperature for the greenhouse with a heat pump and a latent heat storage system were very much close to the experimental values at the error range of 1.0
. 2. The expected values of soil surface temperature fur the geenhouse with a heat pump and a latent heat storage system were very much close to the experimental values at the error range of 1.0
. 3. The expected values of thermal energy flow fur the greenhouse with a heat pump and a latent heat storage system were very much close to the experimental values at the error range of 167.2kJ/m
h. 4. Heat lass value of day time was found to be larger than that of night time as much as 1.11 time. 5. At day time. the inside air temperature was shown to be higher than the set point of 7.0
. At night time, the inside air temperature was controlled in order to maintain higher temperatures than the set point.
Shape Factor Analysis of Fresh Red Pepper Affecting the Performance of Unfolding, Arranging and Cutting
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 563~570
To develop a stalk detaching system the effect of shape factor of red pepper affecting the performance of unfolding, arranging and cutting was analysed. The obtained results are as follows : By cutting experiment, it was found that the bending of stalk affected the cutting rate of stalk, and that the bending of body increased the amount of peppers that were expelled from the cutting guide by conveying brush. The ratios, 'bending length of a body/body length'and 'bending length of a stalk/stalk length', could be used as criteria far abnormality of body and stalk of peppers, respectively. As a result of experiment, it was concluded that mechanical treatment would be difficult for the peppers with indexes greater than 0.4 and 0.3 fur body bending and stack bending. respectively. So, these indexes were used as criteria for distinguishing abnormality from normality of peppers. In the unfolding unit, conveyance of peppers was impossible for both of normal and abnormal ones at the inclination angle of 10°, especially, at the frequency of 8.3 Hz peppers maintained stationary state. At the inclination angle of 20°, both of normal and abnormal peppers showed similar tendencies, but abnormal ones showed an accumulation trend gradually with increased feeding speed. In the arranging unit, conveyance of peppers was almost impossible for both of normal and abnormal ones at the inclination angle of 20°, showing almost no difference between the conveyances of normal and abnormal ones. In the case of the inclination angle of 30°, at the condition of the feeding speeds and frequency corresponding 0.06 m/s, 0.08 m/s and 8.3 Hz, respectively, the passing time of the abnormal peppers on the arranging plate increased rapidly.
Development of On-line Grading Algorithm of Green Pepper Using Machine Vision
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 571~578
Production of green pepper has increased for ten years in Korea, as customer's preference of a pepper tuned to fiesta one. This study was conducted to develop an on-line fading algorithm of green pepper using machine vision and aimed to develop the automatic on-line grading and sorting system. The machine vision system was composed of a professive scan R7B CCD camera, a frame grabber and sets of 3-wave fluorescent lamps. The length and curvature, which were main quality factors of a green pepper were measured while removing the stem region. The first derivative of the thickness profile was used to remove the stem area of the segmented image of the pepper. A new boundary was generated after the stem was removed and a baseline of a pepper which was used for the curvature determination was also generated. The developed algorithm showed that the accuracy of the size measurement was 86.6% and the accuracy of the bent was 91.9%. Processing time spent far grading was around 0.17 sec per pepper.
The Present Conditions and Problems of North Korean Farm Mechanization
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 26, issue 6, 2001, Pages 579~588