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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biosystems Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Dynamic Load, Inflation Pressure and Number of Passes of Tire on Soil Compaction under the Tire
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.001
This study was carried out to investigate experimentally the effect of three factors(dynamic load, inflation pressure and number of passes of tire) on soil compaction under the tire. The experiment were conducted with a 6.00R14 radial-ply tire for sandy loam soil using soil bin system. To evaluate the effect of three factors on soil compaction under the tire, the sinkage. density and volume of soil under the tire were measured fur the three levels of dynamic load(1.17kN, 2.35kN and 3.53kN), for the three levels of tire inflation pressure(103.42kPa, 206.84kPa and 413.67kPa), and for three different number of passes(1, 3 and 5). The results of this study can be summarized as follows : 1. As dynamic load, inflation pressure and number of passes of the tire increased, soil sinkage and density increased. and volume of soil decreased. Thus increase in dynamic load, inflation pressure and number of passes of the tire would increase soil compaction. 2. The effect of tire inflation pressure on sinkage. density and volume of soil under the tire was relatively less than that of the dynamic load. Therefore, it was concluded that dynamic load was more important factor affecting soil compaction in comparison to the inflation pressure of tire. 3. The effect of three different factors on sinkage, density and volume of soil decreased as the soil depth increase. Consequently, it was fecund that soil compaction at a shallow depth in soil was larger than that at deep place in soil.
Development of a Tractor Attached Round Bale Wrapper(I) -Analysis of wrapping process and development of operating system-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.011
One of the major obstructing factors against managing dairy farm in Korea has been a shortage of roughage supply, which resulted in excessive abuse of concentrate feed. In order to solve this problem, production of the wrap silage by the winter cereal forages raised in the fallow paddy field is strongly recommended in Korea. The main objective is to develop a tractor attached round bale wrapper which can process the silage by wrapping the round bales with thin plastic films. This is the first half of the study which is divided by two parts. In this first part, bale wrapping process was analyzed, and based on this results the followings were designed, developed and tested. 1. Bale wrapper which haying the maximum capacity of 1 ton bale with various functions such as loading, wrapping, discharging the round bales and supplying and cutting wrap films was designed. 2. An actuator and its hydraulic circuit of each process were developed and tested. 3. Also, the variations of hydraulic pressure and engine speed were investigated by operating bale wrapper developed. In this test, maximum pressure of the hydraulic circuit for the bale wrapping was 130 kg/㎠ when it raised the bale, which was quite below the relief pressure of 170 kg/㎠ of hydraulic circuit. In the engine speed test, speed drop was 20∼67 rpm, which meant that there was no over-load operation. Therefore, the experiment proved that developed hydraulic circuit and mechanism is stable in bale wrapping operation
Characteristics of Power Efficiency of Tractor Driveline
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.019
According to the field test, the transient power transmission efficiency of a tractor driveline fluctuated in a range of 56 to 86% and the mean value was about 72.5%. Therefore, the constant efficiency model commonly used for a simulation of power performance was not proper far predicting such a variable of efficiency. In order to predict power efficiency more accurately, new concepts of the maximum efficiency and drag torque were introduced and a new model based on the these concepts was proposed. The difference between measured and model-predicted efficiencies was about 1.5% in average with a standard deviation of 1.1%. The new power efficiency model was expected to enhance the accuracy of predicting power transmission efficiencies of tractor drivelines.
Development of Dry Paddy Seeder of Strip Tillage
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.025
This study was conducted to develop a dry paddy seeder of strip tillage. The prototype is 8 rows drill seeder, which is composed of a strip tillage, sowing and fertilizing device, and pressing wheels to do the strip tillage, sowing, fertilizing, and draining ditch, simultaneously. The performances of prototype was evaluated through the investigation of fuel consumption, tillage torque, ratio of soil breaking, and economical efficiency and the results were compared with these of a dry paddy seeder that needs whole tillage. According to the USDA textural classification, the experiment field was composed of sandy loam which consisted of 56.8 of sand, 30.2 of silt and 13.0 % of clay, respectively. Its hardness ranged from 952 to 1,673 kPa depending on the soil depth, and its soil moisture content was 24.9%(d. b.) Fuel consumption of the prototype was 5,015g/hr at 2,000 rpm of engine, which was consequently 64% smaller than that of the conventional dry paddy seeder. For the tillage torque, it ranged from 132 to 206N
m depending on the tillage pitch, which was 10∼30% smaller than that of the conventional dry paddy seeder. The ratio of soil braking of the prototype was 87∼98%, whereas that of the conventional dry paddy seeder was 80∼97%. The working performance of the prototype was surveyed to be 3.8hours/ha, which was about 5 times higher than that of the conventional dry paddy seeder. The cost reduction of 26.3% was obtained by using the prototype.
Basic Study on the Regenerator of Stirling Engine (I) -The influence of the heat exchange effectiveness of the regenerator on the engine power-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.033
The indicated power of Stirling engine was affected by the heat exchange effectiveness of the regenerator. The temperature difference of working fluid between the expansion and the compression space of Stilting engine depends on the heat exchange effectiveness of the regenerator. The influence of the temperature ratio of expansion space to compression space of Stirling engine on the indicated power was analyzed by using Schmidt analysis in this study. In the Stirring engine, as the temperature ratio increased, the indicated power generally decreased. Therefor, it is necessary to develope the regenerator of high effectiveness. The actual indicated power was shown 64.9 percent of the predicted indicated power in maximum and 47.2 percent of that in minimum due to increased dead volume of engine, the loss of flow friction and heat transfer in the regenerator.
Thermal Energy Storage and Release Characteristics of the Soil in the Greenhouse Equipped with Heat Pump and Latent Heat Storage System
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 39~44
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.039
In order to obtain the information of bio-environment control, the thermal characteristics of soil in the greenhouse heated by the heat pump and latent heat storage system were experimentally analyzed. The experimental systems were composed of the greenhouse with a heat pump and a latent heat storage system (system I), the greenhouse with a heat pump (system II), the greenhouse with a latent heat storage system (system III), and the greenhouse without auxiliary heating system (system IV). The thermal characteristics experimentally analyzed in each system were temperature of soil layers, soil heat storage and release, soil heat capacity and soil heat storage ratio. The results could be summarized as follows. 1. Time to reach the highest temperature at 20cm deep in soil layers of the crop routs in case of system I was shown to be delayed by 6 hours in comparison to the time of the highest temperature at the soil surface. 2. In the clear winter days, the stored heat capacity values fur the system I and the system II were shown to be 22.3% and 11.0% higher than the released heat capacity respectively, and the stored heat capacity values for the system III and the system IV were shown to be 6.2% and 29.6% lower than the released heat capacity respectively This confirms that the system I provided the best heat storage effect. j. The heat quantity values stored or released were shown to be highest at 5 cm depth of soil layers. And it was reduced with increasing of depth of soil layers until 20 cm and was not changed under the soil layer of 20 cm depth. 4. The heat absorption rates of soil, the ratio between supplied and stored heat energy, fur both the system I and system II were lower than 23%.
Far-Infrared Ray Drying Characteristics of Rough Rice (I) -Thin layer drying equation-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 45~50
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.045
This study was performed to develop thin layer drying equations fur short grain rough rice using far-infrared ray. Thin layer drying tests was conducted at four far-infrared ray temperature levels of 30, 40, 50, 60
and two initial moisture content levels of 20.7, 26.2%(w.b.). The measured moisture ratios were fitted to Lewis and Page drying models by stepwise multiple regression analysis. Half response time of drying was affected by both drying temperature and initial moisture content at drying temperature of below 40
, but at above 40
was mainly affected by drying temperature. Experimental constant(k) in Lewis model was a function of drying temperature, but K and N in Page model were function of drying temperature and initial moisture content. Moisture ratios predicted by two drying models agreed well with experimental values. But in the actual range of drying temperature above 30
Page model was more suitable for predicting of drying rates.
A Study on Conditioning of the Brown Rice (II) -Milling characteristic with eight hours′ripeness after conditioning moisture content-
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.051
The goal of this research was to an optimum conditions for the brown rice conditioning from data of milling characteristics after conditioning of the brown rice. The range of the initial moisture content of the sample was 13%, 14%, and 15%, the range of the increment of the moisture content was 0.4% and 0.8% with respect to the initial moisture content, and a ripe time after conditioning was eight hours. The results obtained from this research can be summarized as fellows. 1 The crack ratio after conditioning the brown rice with the initial moisture content was increased as the initial moisture content decreased and increment of the moisture content increased. The crack ratio of the milled rice was increased than that of the non-conditioned brown rice and decreased with the conditioned brown rice with the increment of the moisture content of 0.4% and 0.5%. 2. The broken rice ratio after conditioning the brown rice with the initial moisture content was a little higher than that of the non-conditioned brawn rice. The broken ratio of the conditioned brown rice with the increment of the moisture content of 0.4% was increased around 0.2∼0.4% with respect to the non-conditioned brown riced and the broken ratio of the brown rice was high with increased amount of water sprayed during conditioning process. 3. The moisture content of the milled rice after conditioning the brown rice with the initial moisture content increased around 0.3∼0.8% with respect to the non-conditioned milled rice. 4. The electric energy consumption on milling process with the conditioned brown rice by the initial moisture content was decreased 3.4∼39.1% with respect to the non-conditioned brown rice.
Acoustic Characteristics of Watermelon for Internal Quality Evaluation
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.059
The objectives of the study were to analyze the acoustic characteristics related to the internal quality factors of watermelon(Citrulus Vulgaris Schrad). Among the various internal quality factors, only four factors such as ripeness, inside cavity, yellow belt and blood flesh were considered in this study. Relationships between the internal quality factors, the day after fruit set and the day after harvest were also investigated. Test apparatus was the same as the apparatus described in the previous study(Choi et at., 2000). The selected sample was divided into four groups; 69 samples used for ripeness tests 56 samples for ripeness test along the day after fruit set and for yellow belt detection, 60 samples for ripeness along the day after harvest 44 samples fur blood flesh detection. It was shown that the first peak frequencies shifted to the lower range and the energy ratios of the bandwidths between 0∼550 Hz to the bandwidths between 850∼2500 Hz increased as the day after fruit set elapsed. Since the acoustic responses of the watermelon such as frequency and magnitude began to change from 10 days after harvest, the storage period of watermelon in a normal temperature condition seemed to be approximately 10 days after harvest. The ratios of the first peak amplitude to the maximum peak amplitude fur the sound watermelon showed the higher value than that fur watermelon with cavity inside, and the separation between the sound and cavity inside could be accomplished by the ratio value of 0.25. The energy ratios (0∼550 Hz/850∼2,500 Hz) for the watermelon with cavity inside showed the higher value than 2.3. The frequency characteristics of the yellow belt watermelon appeared mostly in the range of 600∼900 Hz frequencies. The yellow belt watermelon showing the energy spectral density function at this frequency range to be over 70 seemed to be not a marketable commodity, The energy ratios(0∼550 Hz/850∼2,500 Hz) for the blood flesh watermelon showed the higher value than 3.5.
Acoustic Characteristics of Watermelon According to Impact Conditions
Journal of Biosystems Engineering, volume 27, issue 1, 2002, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.5307/JBE.2002.27.1.067
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of impact conditions on the acoustic characteristics of a watermelon. The study was crucial to develop a device for nondestructive internal quality evaluation of a watermelon by an acoustic impulse response method. An impact device was constructed with a pendulum to hit the watermelon, a microphone to detect the acoustic impulse responses, and a digital oscilloscope and computer to store and analyze the data. The selected samples were Guemcheon cultivar watermelons(Citrulus Vulgaris Schrad) harvested on Oct. 20,1998. Sixty watermelons were tested on flour different types of sample holders, with four kinds of ball made of different materials, at four bevels of the angular position of the pendulum and distance from the watermelon to the microphone. Since the magnitudes of frequencies obtained by hitting with the steel and rubber ball were relatively small at the bandwidths of above 500 Hz, it was shown that the steel and rubber ball were not suitable far a hitting ball in the pendulum to get informations on internal quality of the watermelon. In case of using broth of the wood and acryl ball, almost the same and good acoustic responses were shown on the wide range of frequency bandwidth. Therefore, it seemed that the acryl ball was more suitable to the test than the wood ball in considering its mechanical properties. The acoustic characteristics of the watermelon were not shown a significant difference between the types of sample holder. The amplitudes of the acoustic signals and the magnitudes of frequencies from the whole samples increased with increase of the angular position of pendulum and with decrease of the distance from the watermelon to the microphone. However, the resonance resonance of the sample were almost the same regardless of the angular positions and the distances.