Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Pesticide Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Cyanogenic glycosides : Alternative insecticides?
Park, Dong-Sik ; Coats, Joel R. ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 51~57
Cyanogenic glycosides are secondary plant metabolites that are known as plant defense chemicals. They are found in cassava, bamboo, flax, and other plants. In this paper, the role of cyanogenic glycosides, their characteristics, and their interactions with insects are discussed. Previous and current research in our laboratory found that several natural and synthetic cyanohydrins were effective against stored-product insects as fumigants. Due to their insecticidal activity to insects, cyanohydrins can be used as an alternative fumigant and also as soil fumigants. Risk assessment, however, should be done to account for possible environmental problems, non-target wildlife effects, and human health effects.
Influence of N-alkoxy groups on the activity of photodynamic herbicidal 6-Benzofuryl-2-[1-(alkoxyimino)alkyl]-3-hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-one derivatives
Sung, Nack-Do ; Song, Jong-Hwan ; Kim, Hyung-Rae ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 58~63
New photodynamic herbicidal 2,3-dihydro-2,2,4,5,6-pentamethylbenzofuran-5-yl, (I) and 2,3-dihydro-2-ethyl-2,4,5,6-tetramethylbenzofuran-5-yl, (II) substituents in 6-benzofury-2-[1-( alkoxyimino )alkyl]-3 hydroxycyclohex-2-en-1-one derivatives were synthesized and their herbicidal activities against rice plant (Oryza sativa L.), barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli) and pickerel weed (Monochoria vaginalis presl.) were measured under submerged pre and post-emergence conditions. Particularly, a series of (I) compounds showed good selective herbicidal activities between the 3 leaf stage of rice plant and barnyard grass at rates of
. The structure activity relationships (SAR) on the herbicidal activity with changing N-alkoxy groups were discussed quantitatively. According to the SAR results, it was expected that the selectivity factor between seed of rice plant and barnyard grass should be rely on the N-alkoxy groups with bigger dipole moment and bigger (or smaller)
constant than optimal value
. Compared with (I), the (II) substituents showed more superior herbicidal activities.
Plant growth promoting effect of 4-quinolinone metabolites from Pseudomonas cepacia and 4-quinolinone-3-carboxylate derivatives on red pepper plant (Capsicum annum)
Moon, Surk-Sik ; Myung, Eul-Jae ; Cho, Soon-Chang ; Park, Jae-Bum ; Chung, Bong-Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 64~71
Plant growth promoting activity of quinolinone metabolites, 2-(2-hepteny)-3-methyl-4-quinolinone (1), 2-heptyl-3-methyl-4-quinolinone, and 2-nonyl-3-methyl-4-quinolinone, produced by Pseudomonas cepacia and ethyl 2-methyl-3-alkyl-4-quinolinone carboxylates chemically synthesized were tested by using seed-germination assay, growth increments in plant height after foliar applications. Plant height increment, fresh weight, and the number of fruits were measured after seed-soaking and drench treatment. Compound 1 among the natural products showed a consistent growth promoting effect in seed-germination and plant height after a foliar application. After a seed-soaking and drench treatment, compound 1 and synthetic ethyl 2-methyl-4-quinolinone-3-carboxylate (5) showed a significant enhancement in fresh weight and the number of fruits after harvest. Compound 1 and 5 increased the number of fruits per plant by 44% and 84% over the control, respectively.
Comparative molecular field analyses (CoMFA) on the antifungal activity against phytophthora blight fungus of 3-phenylisoxazole and 3-phenyl-2,5-dihydroisoxazol-5-one derivatives
Sung, Nack-Do ; Lee, Hee-Chul ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 72~79
3D-QSAR between fungicidal activitives (
) against metalaxyl-sensitive (SPC: 95CC7105) or metalaxyl-resisitant (RPC: 95CC7303) isolate of phytophthora blight fungus (Phytophthora capsici), and a set of 3-phenylisoxazole (A) and 3-phenyl-2,5-dihydroisoxazole (B) derivatives as substrates were conducted using comparative molecular field analyses (CoMFA). The antifungal activities of (A) were generally higher than those of (B). And it is assumed that the most stable conformation of the active substrate was approximately planar from conformational search. The CoMFA models proved a good predictive ability and suggested that the electronic field of substrates were higher than hydropohobic field and steric field requirements for recognition forces of the receptor site. And the factors were strongly correlated (cross-validated
) with the fungicidal activitives. According to the CoMFA analyses, the selectivity factors for RPC suggested that the sterically bulky groups (C14 & C15) and electron withdrawing groups (C15 & C16) have to be introduced to the ortho, meta and para-position on the benzoyl moiety of substrates.
Insecticide susceptibilities of rose field-collected populations of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis in Korea
Yu, Jeong-Soo ; Kim, Ju-Il ; Kim, Gil-Hah ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 80~86
The activities against Frankliniella occidentalis adults collected at rose greenhouse of 40 commerical insecticides were investigated. Among them 9 insecticides showed over 80% mortality to the adults; chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos- methyl, emamectin benzoate, fenthion, fipronil, phenthoate, spinosad, chlorpyrifos+diflubenzuron and furathiocarb+diflubenzuron. Susceptibility of field populations collected from greenhouse rose at 5 locations in 2001 was evaluated against the 9 insecticides selected. There was considerable difference in susceptibility depending on the treated insecticides and the regions from which the populations were collected. Goyang and Gimhae populations showed lower
(ppm) values then Imsil, Jincheon and Gaangjin populations to all the tested insecticides. The adults of all field populations showed lower
values less than 1 ppm to emamectin benzoate, fipronil and spinosad. From these results, we could recommend 5 insecticides, such as emamectin benzoate, fipronil, spinosad, chlorpyrifos+diflubenzuron and furathiocarb+diflubenzuron as effective ones to control the Frankliniella occidentalis field populations.
Antifungal activities of Several Plant Extracts against Wheat Leaf Rust
Choi, Gyung-Ja ; Kim, Jin-Cheol ; Jang, Kyung-Soo ; Lee, Seon-Woo ; Kim, Jin-Suk ; Cho, Kwang-Yun ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 87~95
Disease control activities of the methanol extracts from 27 plant species were investigated against six plant diseases such as rice blast, rice sheath blight, tomato gray mold, tomato late blight, wheat leaf rust and barley powdery mildew. The extracts of Humulus japonicus, Hosta longipes, Liriope platyphylla, and Astragalus membranaceus exhibited a great in vivo control activity against rice blast. Similarly, the extracts of Commelina communis and A. membranaceus were highly active on tomato gray mold and barley powdery mildew, respectively. The extracts of H. longipes, L. platyphylla, Solanum nigrum and A. membranaceus showed especially high disease control activity against wheat leaf rust, and then were selected for further tests such as protective, curative, systemic, and lasting activity against wheat leaf rust. The extracts of L. platyphylla and S. nigrum were strong protectant, and that of A. membranaceus possessed both a preventive activity and a curative activity. Systemic disease control by the selected four plant extracts was investigated by examing translaminar activity from leaf-under-surface to leaf-upper-surface and systemic activity by leaf-to-Ieaf movement. All extracts strongly controlled wheat leaf rust by translaminar movement, but hardly controlled the disease by leaf-to-leaf movement. Good lasting activity was also observed against wheat leaf rust from all of the tested extracts. Especially, disease control experiments on wheat seedlings sprayed with the extracts of S. nigrum or H. longipes 7 days prior to inoculation represented control value over 95%. These results suggest that methanol extracts of H. longipes, L. platyphylla, S. nigrum, and A. membranaceus, especially S. nigrum, would potently control wheat leaf rust caused by Puccinia recondita in the fields.
Cytotoxicity of paraquat and compensatory effects of 3-methylcholanthrene in rat lung
Rim, Yo-Sup ; Kim, Doc-Soo ; Han, Du-Seok ; Hwang, In-Taek ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 96~104
This study was carried out to investigate cytotoxicity of paraquat on NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, toxicity of paraquat and compensatory effects of 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) on the rat lung. In order to conduct MIT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5-diphenyl -2H-tetrazolium-bromide] and NR (Neutral red) assay, the
of NIH 3T3 fibroblast in each well of 24 multi-dish were cultured. After 24 hours, the cells were treated with solution of paraquat (1, 25, 50 and
respectively). After the NIH 3T3 fibroblast of all groups were cultured in same condition for 48 hours. MIT and NR assay were performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of cell organelles.
of paraquat were
, respectively. These
of Paraquat were decided as a low cytotoxicity by Borenfreund and Puemer (1984). In order to observe the toxicity and compensatory effects of paraquat on the rat lung, Spraque Dawley male rats were used as experimental animals and were divided into paraquat only treated group and simultaneous application group of paraquat and 3-MC, at 30 min and 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 96 hrs interval after each treatment. The animals were sacrificed by decapitation and their or the lungs were immediately removed, immersed in fixatives, and were processed with routine method for light microscopic study. Paraffin sections were stained with H&E and iron hematoxylin of Verhoeff. Under the light microscopy, erythrocytes were full in alveolar capillaries at 3 hrs and congested at 24 hrs after paraquat administration. The great alveolar cells (Type II cell) were increased and mitosis of great alveolar were observed in interalveolar septa. Many lymphocytes, macrophages and polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells were observed in connective tissue surrounding lung tissue and germinal center in lymph follicles of terminal bronchiole. Alveolar macrophages were increased in interalveolar septa and alveoli at 48 hrs. And observed many alveolar macrophages at 96 hrs. In iron hematoxylin stain of Verhoeff, Collagen fiber were increased in respiratory bronchiole, interalveolar septa and alveoli and breath of alveoli, and alveolar pore were broaden. But, in paraquat plus 3-MC treated group, morphological changes were mild in lung tissue. These results indicate that 3-MC has a compensatory effects against toxicity of paraquat by conjugation with oxygen.
Practical synthesis of a new insecticide, 1-(2,6-difluorobenzoy)-3-(3,5-bistrifluoro-methyl-2-chlorophenyl) urea (DBI-3204)
Whang, Ill-Sun ; Kim, Sun-Ok ; Kim, Jung-Ho ; Chung, Kun-Hoe ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 6, issue 2, 2002, Pages 105~109
Synthetic method of a new benzoylphenylurea insecticide, DBI-3204 [1-(2,6-Difluorobenzoyl)-3-(3,5-bistrifluoromethyl-2-chlorophenyl) urea] was established for manufactural production; 2,6-Difluorobenzoylisocyanate was synthesized by the reaction of 2,6-difluorobenzamide with oxalylchloride in 95% yields, the reaction of 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)aniline with N-chlorosuccinimde gave 3,5-bis (trifluoromethyl)-2-chloroaniline in 92% yields, and DBI-3204 was got from 2,6-difluorobenzoylisocyanate and 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)-2-chloroaniline in 90% yields. All the process was simplified by using the same reaction solvent, carbontetrachloride.