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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Pesticide Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Attempted Synthesis of Carboxin Derivative through Ring Expansion Reaction on Solid Phase
Hahn, Hoh-Gyu ; Bae, Su-Yeal ; Nam, Kee-Dal ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 185~190
Solid phase synthesis of 16, which is a derivative of the first systemic fungicide, carboxin 1 was described. Reaction of 1,3-oxathiolane derivative with solid resin of 4-hydroxy-3-nitrobenzophenone 6 gave 9 in 82% yield. Oxidation of sulfur in the solid 1,3-oxathiolane 9 by MCPBA followed by a ring expansion reaction under the acid catalyst afforded the corresponding dihydro-1,4-oxathiin derivative 12. Treatment of the solid 1,3-oxathiolane 9 with p-methoxyaniline resulted in 1,3-oxathiolane 14, 1,3-oxathiolane sulfoxide 15, dihydro-1,4-oxathiin 16, and acetoacetanilide derivative 17 in 41%, 35%, 14%, 10% yields, respectively.
Protein structure analysis : Pharmacophore study for new insecticide target AnCE using the substrate of ACE, HHL molecule
Lee, Jung-Kyung ; Kim, Kyeong-Yee ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 191~198
Hippuryl-L-histidyl-L-leucine (Hip-L-His-L-Leu, HHL) is the known substrate of ACE, which used often in inhibition kinetic study to design new inhibitor. Here we use HHL molecule as a template to predict pharmacophore which can interact with residues in active site of AnCE, new potential insecticide target protein. To explain physicochemical properties related to molecular geometry and conformational change in reaction field as well as electron density of atoms associated to pharmacophores, geometry optimization, NMR chemical shifts and natural population analysis were performed by ab initio and DFT method. Calculated NMR chemical shifts showed good agreement with the experimental ones and obtained electron densities were used for analyzing pharmacophores of corresponding atoms. Finally, we could extract aye pharmacophores related to hydrophobic aliphatic and aromatic site, hydrogen bonding donor and acceptor site and Zn binding site from the HHL molecule.
Holographic Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (HQSAR) Analyses for the Herbicidal Activities of New Novel 2-(4-chloro-5-(2-chloroallyloxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-3-thioalkoxy-2,3,4,5,6,7-hexahydroisoindol-1-one Derivatives
Sung, Nack-Do ; Song, Jong-Hwan ; Kang, Eun-Kyu ; Jung, Hoon-Sung ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 199~204
The herbicidal activities against barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) by R-groups on the hexahydroisoindol-1-one ring of new 2-(4-chloro-5-(2-chloroallyloxy)-2-fluorophenyl) -3-thioalkoxy-2,3,4,5,6,7-hexahydroisoindol-1-one derivatives were studied using molecular holographic quantitative structure-activity relationships (HQSAR) methodology. Based on the results, the statistical results of the optimised HQSAR model (I-2) exhibited the best predictability and fitness for the herbicidal activities based on the cross-validated value (
) and non-cross-validated value (
), respectively. From the based graphical analyses of atomic contribution maps, herbicidal activities against barnyardgrass were confirmed depends upon the C4-C6 atoms of hexahydroisoindoline-l-one ring, carbon atom of ortho-position and meta-methyl group of 3-tolylthio substituent (8).
Impact assessment of sulfonylurea herbicides to the diversity of aquatic plants in paddy farming system of Korea
Park, Tae-Seon ; Kim, Chang-Seok ; Moon, Byeng-Chul ; Park, Jae-Eup ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 205~213
This study was conducted to evaluate the response of the selected aquatic plants to sulfonylurea(SU)-herbicides, which have been used widely in rice-cultivating areas in Korea, and the possibility of using them as bio-indicator species for biodiversity conservation. The aquatic plants identified in Kangwon province where butachlor have been used extensively for many years were much more varied than those in Chonnam where SU-herbicides have been used extensively for many years. The growth responses of Monochoria korsakowii, Marsilea quadrifolia and Salvinia natans to sulfonylurea herbicides such as bensulfuron-methyl(BSM) and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl(PSE), were much more sensitive than those to butachlor and molinate. The
values of BSM and PSE for M. korsakowii, M. quadrifolia and S. natans were relatively very low when compared with those of butachlor and molinate. The number of internode and dry weight of M. quadrifolia which was exposed to herbicides runoff from rice fields were seriously affected. The acetolactate synthase(ALS) activities of M. quadrifolia sensitively inhibited by BSM and PSE were, and
(Inhibition 50%) were 5.6 and 2.1 nM, respectively.
Initial Risk Assessment System of Pesticides - A case study of captan, paraquat dichloride, and glyphosate -
Lee, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Kyun ; Kim, Yong-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 214~220
Initial Risk assessments using physicochemical properties and acute toxicity are conducted to provide information for managers to decide the potential adverse effects and played as a tool for decision-making in development of new substances. In this study, we built initial risk assessment framework and carried out human and ecology initial risk assessment for three different pesticides of captan, glyphosate, and paraquat dichloride to confirm our framework. Two water estimation models of GENEEC (GENeric Estimated Environmental Concentration) and FOCUS (FOrum for the Co-ordination of pesticide models and their USe) were employed for pesticides exposure assessment. Application for paraquat dichloride and glyphosate uses shows very low human and ecology risk. On the other hand, high acute ecological risk was observed from the application for captan. These results showed good agreements with the U.S. EPA RED (Reregistration Eligibility Decision) reports verifying the framework of this study.
Optimal temperature conditions of Korean freshwater Cladoceran for development of standard toxicity test methods
Kim, Byung-Seok ; Park, Yoen-Ki ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Shin, Jin-Sup ; Kim, Jin-Hwa ; Ahn, Young-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 221~230
Temperature is an important ambient factor affecting the physiology and metabolism of aquatic invertebrates. In this study, we studied about the survival, reproduction and growth effects of 4 different temperatures(16, 20, 24,
) in four Korean cladoceran, Daphnia sp., Daphnia obtusa, Moina macrocopa, Simocephalus vetulus and Daphnia magna as an international standard species. All 5 water flea tested showed that molting time, fecundity and intrinsic rate of natural increase(r) in high temperature condition were higher than those in lower temperature. On the other hand, lower survivals and longer time to start of offspring were showed in high temperature. Our results suggest that the optimal temperatures of Daphnia sp.,, Moina macrocopa and Simocephalus vetulus seem to be about
except for Daphnia obtusa which as showed good survivals and reproductions in
Field tolerance of pesticides in the strawberry and comparison of biological half-lives estimated from kinetic models
Park, Dong-Sik ; Seong, Ki-Young ; Choi, Kyu-Il ; Hur, Jang-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 231~236
This study was conducted to determine the amounts of pesticide residues after treatment of criterion dose with 4 pesticides(tolclofos-m, folpet, procymidone, and triflumizole) under cultivated period and to compare the biological half-life of pesticides with 6 kinetic models(first, zero and second order kinetics, power function, elovich and parabolic model) and to establish proposed field tolerance using biological half-lives. Recovery of 4 pesticides form strawberry was ranged from 85.1 to 105.5%. For all of 4 pesticides, dissipation rate was over 73% at 5 days after application. Among 6 kinetic models, first order kinetic model (FO) was best fit to describe the relationship between residual pattern of pesticides and time. Therefore, half-lives were calculated by FO for establishing the field tolerance. These results showed that half-life should be calculated by comparative best fit kinetic model and field tolerance can help to prevent unacceptable agricultural products from marketing. It is good for both consumers and farmers having safe agricultural products and financial benefits, respectively.
Development of the analytical method for pesticide residues in crops by using gas chromatograph / solvent free solid injector (GC / SFSI)
Kim, M.R. ; Lee, Y. ; Park, B.J. ; Choi, J.H. ; Kim, I.S. ; Shim, J.H. ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 237~242
This experiment was carried out to develop the fast and simple method for pesticide residue analysis by using solvent free solid injector (SFSI) and to validate the efficiency of the method developed for the residue analysis of the endocrine disruptor-like pesticides such as endosulfan, metribuzin, trifluralin and vinclozolin. The samples after freeze drying were sealed in glass capillary tubes and then introduced into the heated injector of gas chromatogaphy. The required pre-heating times were 1 min for endosulfan and trifluralin, 5 min for vinclozolin, and 10 min for metribuzin. The detection limits of endosulfan in chinese cabbages, metribuzin in lettuces, trifluralin in spinachs and vinclozolin in hot peppers were 0.05, 0.1, 0.05 and 0.05 ng, respectively and their recoveries were ranged from 74%,
, respectively. The detected level of metribuzine residue in field lettuce samples by using the SFSI was 0.6 ng/mg.
Chemical and toxicological properties of controlled release granular formulations of acetamiprid using wax matrix
Lee, Weon-Kee ; Yang, Kyung-Hyung ; Lee, Chang-Hyuk ; Lee, Seung-Il ; Hwang, In-Cheon ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 243~249
The chemical and toxicological studies were conducted with acetamiprid 2% granules including different controlling agents for development of controlled-release acetamiprid 2% granule. The fundamental formulation recipe of acetamiprid 2% granule was prepared by the insoluble matrix using polyethylene wax. Starch, cellulose and mineral (calcium carbonate) were used as controlling agents. As a result of studies, release rate of active ingredient from granules into water static condition at
was increased by addition of starch and cellulose, but was decreased by addition of calcium carbonate. We could select calcium carbonate as controlling agent and make three granules which there were difference in release profiles of active ingredient according to contents of polyethylene wax. 24 hours-release rates of acetamiprid from three granules into water static condition at
were respectively 75, 50 and 25% when contents of wax were 2, 10 and 20%. The granule which 24 hours-release rate was 25% showed lower acute toxicity against mice and rats.
Herbicidal Response and Control of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. Resistant to Sulfonylurea Herbicides
Park, Tae-Seon ; Kang, Dong-Kyun ; Kim, Kil-Ung ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 250~261
This study was conducted to investigate the herbicidal response and effective control strategy of sulfonylurea(SU)-resistant Scirpus juncoides Roxb. occurred in the paddy fields of Korea. A biotype of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. resistant to SU was identified in the paddy fields treated with SU herbicide-based mixtures for seven consecutive years. The apparent SU resistance observed in Scirpus juncoides Roxb. was completely confirmed in greenhouse tests. The susceptible biotype was almost controlled at the recommended dose of all the tested, but the resistant biotype was survived 20 to 30% even at 10 times higher dose of each the recommended dose of SU herbicides. The
values of 4 SU herbicides for the resistant biotype were 53 to 88 times higher than those for the susceptible biotype. The acetolactate synthase(ALS) isolated from the resistant biotype against bensulfuron-methyl and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl was less sensitive than that of the susceptible biotype. The
values of the resistant biotype against bensulfuron-methyl and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl were 498 and 126 times higher than those for the susceptible biotype. A rapid diagnosis for identifying resistance of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. was possible within at least 3 days after SU herbicides. Three herbicides having different mode of action from SU herbicide, carfentrazone-ethyl, pyrazolate and simetryne exhibited excellent controlling effects on the resistant biotype of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. till 3.5 leaf stage. Among the SU-based herbicides, pyriminobac-methyl+pyrazosulfuroil-ethyl+carfentrazone-ethyl GR and azimsulfuron+carfentrazone-ethyl+pyriminobac-methyl GR were very effective to control resistant biotype of Scirpus juncoides Roxb. without rice injury. The resistant biotype which were not controlled with SU herbicise-based herbicides survived from the fields were effectively controlled by bentazone SL.
Physicochemical properties of granular formulation using Paenibacillus sp. AC-1 as a microbial fungicide
Oh, Kyeong-Seok ; Lee, Young-Kee ; Lee, Jae-Kook ; Kim, Jin-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 262~267
In order to commercialize Paenibacillus sp. AC-1 and to minimize its harmful side effects, four granular formulations were prepared using AC-1 powder, adjuvant, and carrier and then their physicochemical properties of the formulations were investigated. Out of the carriers tested, the best one was talc for the formulation. Viable cells was stabilized during the formulating process. Viable cells in the granules formulated with Paenibacillus sp. AC-1 powder were stabilized at storage temperature range (
) after 12 weeks. The release rate of viable cells from granules into water under a static condition were eluted over 90% in 7 hours and breakdown rates of particle were 100% in 1 day. Among the tested formulations, granular formulation comprising of 20% of Paenibacillus sp. AC-1 powder, 7% of polycarboxylate as surface active agent, 1% of sodium polyacrylate as adjuvant, the rest as carrier showed to be best.
Effect of temperature and pH on the attachment of Pasteuria penetrans to Meloidogyne arenaria and the mass production
Park, Dong-Sik ; Zhu, Yong-Zhe ; Cho, Myoung-Rae ; Hur, Jang-Hyun ; Lim, Chun-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 268~273
The cultivating agroproducts are damaged by the Meloidogyne spp. which are gradually increasing in farm land soil. No effective control method for Meloidogyne spp., however, is available. Pasteuria penetrans which is one of the microorganisms in soil is used for biological control of Meloidogyne spp. although the method of mass production is limited. This study was conducted to investigate attachment and mass production effect of P. penetrans to M. arenaria under different temperatures (10, 30, 50 and
) and pH values (4, 7 and 10). Attachment rates under these temperature and pH were more than 96% and 80%, respectively. In mass production rates, the number of P. penetrans attached on M. arenaria under different temperatures and pH were highly increased in root of tomato but not significantly different. Therefore, we concluded that P. penetrans can survive and attach on M. arenaria under various conditions. This method for mass production of P. penetrans can be provided to develop environmentally-friendly nematicide.
A convenient synthesis of Fenpyroximate
Park, Hyun-Ja ; Park, No-Joong ; Lee, Kee-In ;
The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, volume 9, issue 3, 2005, Pages 274~277
Fenpyroximate was prepared by Williamson synthesis of 4-hydroxyimino-5-phenoxypyrazole and t-butyl 4-bromomethyl benzoate, while an efficient method for the synthesis of t-butyl benzoate still remains a challenging problem. We have found that t-butyl benzoate could be prepared from benzoic acid by the sulfuric acid-catalyzed reaction with isobutene via in situ generation from t-butanol. It has been proven that this process is more convenient for the preparation of t-butyl 4-bromobenzoate, thus allows a facile entry to fenpyroximate.