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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on Leaching and Adsorption in Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) to Precipitation
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~4
This study on leaching and adsorption in Korean pine (Pinus koraiensix) to precipitation was carried out to investigate the stemflow of Korean pine and artificial crown for the concentration of leaching and adsorption of Korean pine. For comparative, we made artificial crown with plastics. The size of artificial crown was made similar with projected area of Korean pine at Kyung Hee University experimental forest, Gwangiu-gun, Kyunggi-do. In case of the concentration of leaching, the cation of
was increased in November, and during the period of research, the cation of
was more leached than any other dissolved element. In case of the concentration of adsorption, the cation of
was increased in June, July and November, and the cation of
were increased in November.ember.
Estimation of Rice-Planted Area using Landsat TM Imagery in Dangjin-gun area
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 5~15
For estimating paddy field area with Landsat TM images, two dates, May 31, 1991 (transplanting stage) and August 19, 1991 (heading stage) were selected by the data analysis of digital numbers considering rice cropping calendar. Four different estimating methods (1) rule-based classification method, (2) supervised classification(maximum likelihood), (3) unsupervised classification (ISODATA, No. of class:15), (4) unsupervised classification (ISODATA, No. of class:20) were examined. Paddy field area was estimated to 7291.19 ha by non-classification method. In comparison with topographical map (1:25,000), accuracy far paddy field area was 92%. A new image stacked by 10 layers, Landsat TM band 3,4,5, RVI, and wetness in May 31,1991 and August 19,1991 was made to estimate paddy field area by both supervised and unsupervised classification method. Paddy field was classified to 9100.98 ha by supervised classification. Error matrix showed 97.2% overall accuracy far training samples. Accuracy compared with topographical map was 95%. Unsupervised classifications by ISODATA using principal axis. Paddy field area by two different classification number of criteria were 6663.60 ha and 5704.56 ha and accuracy compared with topographical map was 87% and 82%. Irrespective of the estimating methods, paddy fields were discriminated very well by using two-date Landsat TM images in May 31,1991 (transplanting stage) and August 19,1991 (heading stage). Among estimation methods, rule-based classification method was the easiest to analyze and fast to process.
A Forecasting Model of Phytophthora Blight Incidence in Red Pepper and It′s Computer System
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~21
Regression models were obtained on the base of the correlation between Phytophthora blight incidence in red pepper and the microclimate data obtained from automated weather station (AWS) during 1997 and 1998. A computer program (PEPBLIGHT) was constructed based on the model that the R2 value is highest among regression models. This computer program uses the microclimate data from more than one AWS through the common dialogue box easy and it is able provide disease forecasting information. In addition, it could be applied far other diseases and converts the microclimate data of AWS to the input data for Statical Analysis System (SAS). PEPBLIGHT was first developed for the forecasting computer system of red pepper blight in Korea. PEPBLIGHT is operated on the MS Windows, so that it is easy to use.
Characteristics of Tillering as Affected by Temperature Variation in Dasanbyeo, a Indica/Japonica High Yielding Rice Cultivar
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 22~29
In Korean high yielding varieties developed by crosses between indica and japonica rice, the most limiting factor for yield may be attributed to the less number of the tillers in the unit area. The goals of this study is to find out the effect of the temperature factors as well as cultural practices on the development and increase of tillers of Dasanbyeo, the high yielding indica crossed japonica cultivar. The effect of temperature was examined under controlled phytotron condition with 6 levels of temperature, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24 and 26
, respectively, For the experiment, the leading japonica variety in Korea, Hwaseongbyeo, was used for the check cultivar for the comparison with Dasanbyeo. The high temperature also accelerated the initiation and termination of tiller development. The cultivar difference in the speed of tiller development was observed, for example, more rapid development of tiller in Dasanbyeo than in Hwaseongbyeo was observed at the high temperature range of 24-26
, while the vice versa phenomena was observed at lower temperature range of 17-22
. The first secondary tiller of Dasanbyeo was observed on the 16, 17, 23, 27 and 38 days after transplanting (DAT) at 26
, and 17
, respectively. Those of Hwaseongbyeo was 19-22, and 26 DAT at 19-26
, respectively. The last effective tiller of Dasanbyeo was observed on 27-33 DAT for the primary tiller, 20-41 DAT for the secondary tiller. Those of Hwaseongbyeo were 23-40 DAT for primary tiller, and 24-40 DAT for the secondary tiller, and 24-40 DAT for the secondary tiller.
Genetic Variation of Natural Populations of Schisandra nigra in Mt. Halla
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 30~36
Schisandra nigra Max. has been cultivated far a medical use as well as food. It is an endemic species which has a unique habitat at the altitude of 600-1,400 m in Cheju island. In this study, three natural populations of S. nigra were investigated by using of starch-gel electrophoresis to determine the extent and distribution of genetic diversity. Except 2 monomorphic locus (Mdh-2 and Pgi-1), 4 of the 6 isozyme locus (Idh, Mdh-2, Mnr, and Pgi-2), verified from 4 isozymes, revealed polymorphism in the three populations of S. nigra. The mean number of allele per locus was 1.7 and the percentages of polymorphism loci were 38.9% at 95% level and 50% at 99% level respectively. The observed and estimated heterozygosities were 0.141 and 0.147 respectively. Although plants which were in the face of crisis and distributed in the restricted area, have been known to the very low degree of genetic variation, S. nigra showed higher genetic variation than others. Genetic variation was mostly allocated within population and individuals than that among populations. The result of Wright's F analysis estimates of
showed that S. nigra population revealed Hardy-Weinberg steady state.
Yield and Production Forecasting of Paddy Rice at a Sub-county Scale Resolution by Using Crop Simulation and Weather Interpolation Techniques
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~43
Crop status monitoring and yield prediction at higher spatial resolution is a valuable tool in various decision making processes including agricultural policy making by the national and local governments. A prototype crop forecasting system was developed to project the size of rice crop across geographic areas nationwide, based on daily weather pattern. The system consists of crop models and the input data for 1,455 cultivation zone units (the smallest administrative unit of local government in South Korea called "Myun") making up the coterminous South Korea. CERES-rice, a rice crop growth simulation model, was tuned to have genetic characteristics pertinent to domestic cultivars. Daily maximum/minimum temperature, solar radiation, and precipitation surface on 1km by 1km grid spacing were prepared by a spatial interpolation of 63 point observations from the Korea Meteorological Administration network. Spatial mean weather data were derived for each Myun and transformed to the model input format. Soil characteristics and management information at each Myun were available from the Rural Development Administration. The system was applied to the forecasting of national rice production for the recent 3 years (1997 to 1999). The model was run with the past weather data as of September 15 each year, which is about a month earlier than the actual harvest date. Simulated yields of 1,455 Myuns were grouped into 162 counties by acreage-weighted summation to enable the validation, since the official production statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is on the county basis. Forecast yields were less sensitive to the changes in annual climate than the reported yields and there was a relatively weak correlation between the forecast and the reported yields. However, the projected size of rice crop at each county, which was obtained by multiplication of the mean yield with the acreage, was close to the reported production with the
values higher than 0.97 in all three years.
Estimation of Microclimate by Site Types in Natural Deciduous Forest and Relation between Periodic Annual Increment of Diameter and the Microclimatic Estimates - A Case Study on the National Forest in Pyungchung, Kangwon Province -
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 44~54
This study was conducted to estimate microclimate of natural deciduous forest in national forest of Pyungchang, Kangwon province and to investigate the effects of the microclimatic conditions on the periodic annual increment of diameter by site types. In this study, site was first classified by nine types considering both elevation (higher than 1,000 m, 700∼1,000 m, and lower than 700 m) and topographical conditions (ridge, slope and valley). For each of site types, diameter growth was measured by using increment borer and periodic annual increment of diameter was then analyzed. A topoclimatological technique, for estimating microclimatic conditions, which make use of empirical relationships between the topographical factor and the climatic normals in the study area was applied to produce monthly mean, maximum and minimum temperatures, relative humidity, precipitation and hours of sunshine. From these monthly estimtes, 17 weather variables such as warmth index, coldness index, index of aridity etc. which affect the diameter growth were computed for each of site types. The periodic annual increment of diameter was then correlated with and regressed on the 17 weather variables to examine effects of microclimatic conditions on the diameter growth by site types. From the correlation analysis, it was found that the diameter growth by site types was positively correlated with all of 17 weather variables except the warmth index. Especially, the conditions such as high relative humidity and large amount of sunshine hours provide favorable environment for the growth of diameter. On the other hand, it was also found that diameter growth was negatively iufluenced by warmth index. According to the regression analysis, the periodic annual increment of diameter could be well predicted by index of aridity and mean relative humidity for the growing season.
Climate Change Impacts on Optimum Ripening Periods of Rice Plant and Its Countermeasure in Rice Cultivation
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 55~70
It was unusual crop weather for 1998 and 1999 compared with normal in Korea. The consecutive days of the optimum ripening period for rice plant that had daily mean temperature 21~23
for 40 days after flowering, increased with long anomalies in 1998~99. The air temperature during ripening period was much higher than the optimum temperature and lower sunshine hour than norm in the local adaptability tests of newly developed rice lines during those years. In response of rice cultivation to warming and cloudy weather during crop season, the yield shall be decreased. Most scientists agree that the rate of heating is accelerating and temperature change could become increasingly disruptive. Weather patterns should also become more erratic. Agrometeorologists could be analyzed yearly variations of temperature, sunshine hour and rainfall pattern focused on transient agroclimate change for last a decade. Rice agronomists could be established taking advantage of real time agricultural meteorology information system for fertilization, irrigation, pest control and harvest. Also they could be analyzed the characteristics of flowering response of the recommended and newly bred rice cultivars for suitable cropping plan such as cultural patterns and sowing or transplanting date. Rice breeders should be deeply considered introducing the characteristics of basic vegetative type of flowering response like Togil rices as prospective rice cultivars corresponding to global warming because of the rices needed higher temperature at ripening stage than japonica rices, photoperiod-sensitive and thermo-sensitive ecotypes.
The Crop Insurance Covering Apple and Pear
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 1, 2001, Pages 71~74