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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Optimum N Topdressing for Tillering in Ridge Direct Seeding on Dry Paddy of Rice as an Irrigation Water-Saving Cultural System
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 75~80
This study was conducted to identify the optimum proper nitrogen (N) application rate for tillering in ridge direct seeding on dry paddy of rice culture. During 1998, a series of experiments was carried out at paddy field (Chonbuk series) of the National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA using Dongjinbyeo. Leaf area index and top dry weight increased with higher N levels, especially in the 100 kg/ha seeding rate compared with the 60 kg/ha seeding rate. N use efficiency increased at increased by 50~75% of the N topdressing rate at tillering. Heading date, ripened grain rate, and 1,000-grain weight of brown rice did not vary among the rate of topdressing for tillering and seeding rates. The highest grain number per unit area was at the level of increased by 75% in N topdressing at tillering stage. Milled rice yield increased 5% at the 60 kg/ha seeding rate and increased 16~17% at the 100 kg/ha seeding rate at increased by 50~75% of topdressing N compared with 48 kg/ha topdressed N of 60 kg/ha seeding rate.
Absorption Capacity of Heavy Metals and Harmful Elements of Waste Leachate Using by Fast Growing Trees
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 81~87
Populus euramericana and Betula platyphylla var. japonica have been identified as possible species for use for phytoremediation of landfills. To identify the capacity of waste leachate absorption in Populus euramericana and Betula platyphylla var, japonica, four different treatments were applied to these seedlings: leachate solution (100% leachate), 50% dilution (50% leachate: 50% water, v/v) and 25% dilution (25% leachate: 75% water, v/v) were applied to these two species. After the experiment, concentrations of heavy metals in tree biomass were analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma emission spectrometer (ICP). These two species can take up the hazardous parts of the leachate such as heavy metals. Especially, these species showed good absorption capacity of Al, Cr, and Fe elements. The result of this study suggested that these two species can take up the toxic materials through their roots and transport them to stems or leaves.
Chemical Composition of the Sequentially Sampled Precipitation in the Different Forest Stands
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 88~95
This study was conducted to investigate vertical movement properties of water quality or chemical composition in three different forest stands (Pinus koraiensis, Larix leptolepis and Quercus spp. stands) in Gwangju-gun and Gyunggi-do. The results were as follows ; The pH range of precipitation was 4.62 ~ 6.72, and the average pH showed 5.74. The relationship of pH among throughfall, stemflow and precipitation showed difference of buffering capacity in tree species. According tree species, acided stemflow and alkalized stemflow had the characteristic value. In three stands, changes of the pH in early rain were larger than those of succeeding rain, except October 1998 and April 1999. Early rain influenced the cation in the acidity and concentration, but succeeding rain influenced the anion such as S
etc. And anion components exist with gas type and minute particles, as a result, succeeding rain influenced to chemical properties by the sustaining washout.
Seasonal Trend of Elevation Effect on Daily Air Temperature in Korea
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 96~104
Usage of ecosystem models has been extended to landscape scales for understanding the effects of environmental factors on natural and agro-ecosystems and for serving as their management decision tools. Accurate prediction of spatial variation in daily temperature is required for most ecosystem models to be applied to landscape scales. There are relatively few empirical evaluations of landscape-scale temperature prediction techniques in mountainous terrain such as Korean Peninsula. We derived a periodic function of seasonal lapse rate fluctuation from analysis of elevation effects on daily temperatures. Observed daily maximum and minimum temperature data at 63 standard stations in 1999 were regressed to the latitude, longitude, distance from the nearest coastline and altitude of the stations, and the optimum models with
of 0.65 and above were selected. Partial regression coefficients for the altitude variable were plotted against day of year, and a numerical formula was determined for simulating the seasonal trend of daily lapse rate, i.e., partial regression coefficients. The formula in conjunction with an inverse distance weighted interpolation scheme was applied to predict daily temperatures at 267 sites, where observation data are available, on randomly selected dates for winter, spring and summer in 2000. The estimation errors were smaller and more consistent than the inverse distance weighting plus mean annual lapse rate scheme. We conclude that this method is simple and accurate enough to be used as an operational temperature interpolation scheme at landscape scale in Korea and should be applicable to elsewhere.
Evaluation of Vegetative Growth in a Mature Stand of Korean Pine under Simulated Climatic condition
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 105~113
This study was conducted to reveal the effects of local climatic conditions on the vegetative growth in a mature stand of Korean white pine based on climatic estimates. For this, the annual increments of stand variables such as DBH, height, basal area and volume were measured and estimated for seven years from 1974 to 1980. The local climatic conditions in the study site were also estimated by both a topoclimatological method and a spatial statistical technique. The local climatic conditions were then correlated with and regressed on the growth factors to reveal the relationships between the climatic estimates and the growth. It is found that relatively high temperatures had positive effects on the diameter growth. The yearly diameter growth increased when each of mean, maximum, and minimum temperature during the growing season was high. Height growth showed positively significant correlation with three climatic variables. The most important variable influencing height growth was the average of maximum temperature for 10 months from January to October. It means that the higher the average of maximum temperature for 10 months from January to October is, the more height growth of Korean white pine increases. Other climatic variables related to height growth were average of minimum temperature for 3 months in the early growing season and mean relative humidity for the growing season. Six climatic variables related to temperature had effects on basal area increment and all of them were positively correlated with basal area increment. Especially, temperatures from January to March were important factors affecting the basal area increment. In volume increment, high correlation was also recognized with most of temperature variables. This tendency was the same as the results in diameter and hight increments. This means that the volume growth increases when temperatures during the growing season are relatively high.
Chlorophyll Content and Genetic Variation of Ginkgo biloba L. Planted on the Street in Seoul
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 114~120
Ginkgo biloba L. has been planted in the city as street trees because reported as resistant species to air pollutant. Especially, the trees planted on the street of 'Cheongro', Mt. 'Nam', and 'Jamsil' have been exposed to air pollutant for a long time. This study was conducted to examine chlorophyll contents and genetic variation of Ginkgo biloba in the areas. Chlorophyll contents measured in the above three areas were variable although the the diameter at breast height measured in 'Cheongro' and Mt. 'Nam' were constant. In addition, the result showed positive relation between chlorophyll contents and DBH in this study. Eight enzyme systems were analyzed in megagametophytes which were collected in the areas and separated to two groups based on chlorophyll contents. All the enzymes appeared to be polymorphic : Got-2, Pgi-2, Pgm, Acon, Mnr, Mdh, Skdh, and 6Pgd. The sensitive (S) groups varied from 1.253 to 2.571 in the genetic diversity and the tolerant (T) groups ranged from 1.416 to 2.825. The observed single locus heterozygosities (H
) ranged from 0.056 to 0.611 in the S groups, and from 0.179 to 1.643 in the T groups. The expected heterozygosities (H
) ranged from 0.208 to 0.629 in the S groups and from 0.321 to 0.658 in the T groups. In addition, the H
values averaged over all loci were 0.326 for the T groups and 0.299 for the S group, respectively. A difference between the two groups was 0.027. The T groups had the unique alleles and genotypes and all the parameters for genetic diversity showed that the T groups had higher genetic diversity than the S groups.s. genetic diversity than the S groups.
Agrometeorological Information Service
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 121~125
Ecophysiology of Photosynthesis 1: Effects of Light Intensity and Intercellular
Pressure on Photosynthesis
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 3, issue 2, 2001, Pages 126~133