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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Minimum Temperature Mapping in Complex Terrain Considering Cold Air Drainage
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 133~140
Site-specific minimum temperature forecasts are critical in a short-term decision making procedure for preventive measures as well as a long-term strategy such as site selection in fruits industry. Nocturnal cold air pools frequently termed in mountainous areas under anticyclonic systems are very dangerous to the flowering buds in spring over Korea, but the spatial resolution to detect them exceeds the current weather forecast scale. To supplement the insufficient spatial resolution of official forecasts, we developed a GIS - assisted frost risk assesment scheme for using in mountainous areas. Daily minimum temperature data were obtained from 6 sites located in a 2.1 by 2.1 km area with complex topography near the southern edge of Sobaek mountains during radiative cooling nights in spring 2001. A digital elevation model with a 10 m spatial resolution was prepared for the entire study area and the cold air inflow was simulated for each grid cell by counting the number of surrounding cells coming into the processing cell. Primitive temperature surfaces were prepared for the corresponding dates by interpolating the Korea Meteorological Administration's automated observational data with the lapse rate correction. The cell temperature values corresponding to the 6 observation sites were extracted from the primitive temperature surface, and subtracted from the observed values to obtain the estimation error. The errors were regressed to the flow accumulation at the corresponding cells, delineating a statistically significant relationship. When we applied this relationship to the primitive temperature surfaces of frost nights during April 2002, there was a good agreement with the observations, showing a feasibility of site-specific frost warning system development in mountainous areas.
Effects of Local Climatic Conditions on the Yearly Cone Production in Progeny Test Stands of Korean White Pine
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 141~150
This study was conducted to reveal the effects of local climatic conditions on the yearly cone production in progeny test stand of Korean white pine. For this, yearly cone production by locality of progeny test stands was first measured and analyzed. The effects of climatic conditions on the cone production was analyzed by the estimation of yearly local climates based on both a topoclimatological method and a spatial statistical technique. From yearly climatic estimates, 19 climatic indices affecting cone production were computed for each of the progeny test stand. The yearly cone productions were then correlated with and regressed to the climatic indices to examine effects of local climatic conditions on the reproductive growth. According to correlation analysis, it was found that some typical climatic indices by locality were significantly correlated with the cone production. Also, the optimal regression equations which can estimate cone production by local climatic conditions were provided for applying to each of the progeny test stand of Korean white pine.
Characteristics of Tillering as Affected by Light intensity in Dasanbyeo, an Indica/Japonica High Yielding Rice Cultivar
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 151~158
In Korean high yielding varieties developed by crosses between indica and japonica rice, the most limiting factor for yield increase may be attributed to the less number of tillers per unit area. The goal of this study is to find out the effect of the environmental factors as well as cultivation practice on the development and increase of tillers of Dasanbyeo, the high yielding indica / japonica hybrid cultivar. The effect of temperature was examined with 3 different light intensity, 220,600, and 1220
, respectively. For all the experiments, the leading japonica variety in Korea, Hwaseongbyeo, was used fur the check cultivar for the comparison with Dasanbyeo. The increase of the tillers was more prominent in Dasanbyeo than in Hwaseongbyeo at 220
of light intensity, while the similar increase of tiller no. was found at 600
of light intensity treatment. However, Hwaseongbyeo showed more rapid increase of tiller at 1220
of light intensity. The mean number of the primary tiller ranged 5 to 7 in Dasanbyeo, and 2 to 7 in Hwaseongbyeo, showing greater variation in the latter case. However, the secondary tiller number ranged from 2 to 13 for the former, and 2 to 12 for the latter. The earliest initiation of tiller node of Dasanbyeo and Hwaseongbyeo was observed on 6 and 4 days after transplanting(DAT), respectively, at 600
of light intensity, while 10, and 7 DAT, respectively, at 1,220
. No cultivar difference was observed at 600
with the 18 DAT. The ratio of effective tiller was lower in Dasanbyeo, ranging from 47 to 55% than in Hwaseongbyeo, ranging from 72 to 100%.
Photosynthetic Pigment Concentrations and Changes of SOD Activities on Liana, Equisetum Arvense and Artemisia Princeps Exposured to Ozone
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 159~163
This study was analyzed to photosynthetic pigment concentrations and changes of SOD activities on seven species of liana of A. heterophylla, P. scandens, V. thunbergii, P. tricuspidata, C. trilobus, L. japonica and T. kirilowii, and two species of E. arvense and A. princeps of non climbing plants. Concentrations of chlorophyll a and b, total chlorophylls and total carotenoids of P. tricuspidata in 100 ppb ozone site were the most increased. It was the most increased to P. scandens in ratio of chlorophylls and carotenoids, and E. arvense in ratio of chlorophyll a and b. There was difference to ratio of chlorophyll a and b of liana and non liana. At ratio of chlorophyll a and b of 100 ppb ozone site and the control it was more sensitive to chlorophyll a than chlorophyll b, and P. tricuspidata was the most sensitive at comparing with species, and it was more sensitive to liana than non liana. In SOD activities A. princeps was the most increased to 3535.7 unit/g, and P. scandens was the fewest increased to 109.3 unit/g, and A. heterophylla was only decreased to 131.7 unit/g in comparing to 100 ppb ozone sites and the control.
Boundary Line Analysis of Rice Yield Responses to Meteorological Conditions for Yield Prediction II. Verification of Yield Prediction Model
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 164~168
Yield prediction model of rice based on the boundary line analysis of the relationships between rice yield and meteorological conditions during rice growing period was reported in the previous report (Kim et al, 2001). Using the 15-year data of the 20 locations used for the model formulation and of the 12 locations not used, the model was tested for its predictability of location to location, year to year, and variety to variety variation of rice yield. The model predicted reliably the mean yield differences among locations, the yearly yield variation in each location, and the yield variation by variety. However, the model showed relatively lower predictability for the years of cool weather injury especially in mountainous locations. In conclusion, the model using boundary line analysis could be used to predict the yield responses to meteorological conditions during rice growth period and the locational, yearly, and varietal variations of rice yield. And the predictability of the present yield prediction model might be improved by including the boundary line analysis for the other factors such as soil characteristics, fertilization levels, etc.
Agricultural Implications of Rainfall Events and Low Temperature in August 2002
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 169~174
When the long - lasting stationary fronts were pushed northward by the Pacific Highs in late July, mostly clear skies with intermittent showers were a typical weather of August in Korea. However, torrential rains and flash floods are now a seasonal event of August in recent years. Some meteorologists suspect this unusual phenomenon might be connected with the global change and are concerned about the possibility of change in summer climatic pattern in Korea. August of year 2002 must be remembered to be one of the record breaking months with respect to the rainfall events. In this paper, we analyzed the weather and crop data nationwide for August in 2002, and suggest a few countermeasures necessary to overcome the wet and cool summer impacts on agricultural sector.
Temporal Variation and Spatial Distribution of Water Resources
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 4, issue 3, 2002, Pages 175~196
The increase of meteorological uncertainty and unstable fluctuation of its behavior due to the global warming affect the temporal variation and spatial distribution of water resources and water use patterns in agriculture. There have been steady efforts to understand hydrological components and deal with such water related problems. This paper reviews firstly, the future effect of water resources due to climate changes, secondly, recent progress for precipitation, evapotranspiration, soil moisture, and thirdly, GIS/RS based integrated information systems conducted by both researchers and government ministries. There should be continuous studies and investments to cope with climate changes, and to accomplish sustainable development with the help of agricultural water resources. Some research topics were suggested to attempt with substantial contents considering our present capability and situation.