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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Status of Agrometeorological Information and Dissemination Networks
Jagtap, Shrikant ; Li, Chunqiang ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 71~84
There is a growing demand for agrometeorological information that end-users can use and not just interesting information. lo achieve this, each region/community needs to develop and provide localized climate and weather information for growers. Additionally, provide tools to help local users interpret climate forecasts issued by the National Weather Service in the country. Real time information should be provided for farmers, including some basic data. An ideal agrometeorological information system includes several components: an efficient data measuring and collection system; a modern telecommunication system; a standard data management processing and analysis system; and an advanced technological information dissemination system. While it is conventional wisdom that, Internet is and will play a major role in the delivery and dissemination of agrometeorological information, there are large gaps between the "information rich" and the "information poor" countries. Rural communities represent the "last mile of connectivity". For some time to come, TV broadcast, radio, phone, newspaper and fax will be used in many countries for communication. The differences in achieving this among countries arise from the human and financial resources available to implement this information and the methods of information dissemination. These differences must be considered in designing any information dissemination system. Experience shows that easy across to information more tailored to user needs would substantially increase use of climate information. Opportunities remain unexplored for applications of geographical information systems and remote sensing in agro meteorology.e sensing in agro meteorology.
Better Use of Technological Advances in Communication of Information
Elijah Mukhala ; Malgorzata, Keinska-Kasprzak ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 85~93
In recent years, technology has advanced so much, especially in the developed world, such that its application in development activities may be lagging behind. The lag between technological advances and its application affects agrometeorological science as well. This paper discusses technological advances that may be better used to communicate agrometeorological information. It is important to bear in mind that technological advances are only channels of communication that may be used to speed up the transference of information from the source to the user. The paper begins with a review of the definitions of 'communication' to put the discussion into context. After reviewing several papers, in simple terms, communication can be defined as the sharing of meaning. The paper also looks at operational communications channels and comes to a conclusion that operational communications channels are pretty much universal irrespective of the development level of a country, although some are more easily accessible in some parts of the world than others. The common communications channels include: newspapers, farming papers, radio, television, fax, email, mobile phones (SMS) and Internet web sites. As part of technological advances, mobile phones are becoming increasingly useful all over the world. In order to make better use of this technology, it is important far those that will use this technology to understand how the technology works, not necessarily in detail, but to be able to operate the technology and obtain the data they need. When it comes to constraints, communication of agrometeorological information requires a substantial amount of resources and it is generally expensive especially when sophisticated models must be operated.
Determining the gaps in agricultural information, such as crop phonology, crop moisture status, and drought indices, to improve agrometeorological analyses for agriculture
Stone, Roger-C ; Peter Hayman ; Holger Meinke ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 94~106
Determining those gaps in agricultural and other information to improve agrometeorological analyses for agriculture is a large task. The effective integration of appropriate data systems, including remote sensing systems, with agricultural systems modelling capability is described as a worthy outcome in this endeavour. Data issues, including those associated with data length, quality, maintenance, and archiving remain serious issues to be addressed. The role of remote sensing and geographic information systems in agrometeorology is important and is explored here. The value of simulation models to provide the synthesis for future agrometeorological requirements is further elucidated.
Prospective for Successful IT in Agriculture
Seishi Ninomiya ; Byong-Lyol Lee ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 107~117
If doubtlessly contributes much to agriculture and rural development. The roles can be summarized as; 1. to activate rural areas and to provide more comfortable and safe rural life with equivalent services to those in urban areas, facilitating distance education, tole-medicine, remote public services, remote entertainment etc. 2. To initiate new agricultural and rural business such as e-commerce, real estate business for satellite officies, rural tourism and virtual corporation of small-scale farms. 3. To support policy-making and evaluation on optimal farm production, disaster management, effective agro-environmental resource management etc., providing tools such as GIS. 4. To improve farm management and farming technologies by efficient farm management, risk management, effective information or knowledge transfer etc., realizing competitive and sustainable farming with safe products. 5. To provide systems and tools to secure food traceability and reliability that has been an emerging issue concerning farm products since serious contamination such as BSE and chicken flu was detected. 6. To take an important and key role for industrialization of farming or lam business enterprise, combining the above roles.
State of Information Technology and Its Application in Agricultural Meteorology
Byong-Lyol Lee ; Dong-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 118~126
Grid is a new Information Technology (IT) concept of "super Internet" for high-performance computing: worldwide collections of high-end resources such as supercomputers, storage, advanced instruments and immerse environments. The Grid is expected to bring together geographically and organizationally dispersed computational resources, such as CPUs, storage systems, communication systems, real-time data sources and instruments, and human collaborators. The term "the Grid" was coined in the mid1990s to denote a proposed distributed computing infrastructure for advanced science and engineering. The term computational Grids refers to infrastructures aimed at allowing users to access and/or aggregate potentially large numbers of powerful and sophisticated resources. More formally, Grids are defined as infrastructure allowing flexible, secure, and coordinated resource sharing among dynamic collections of individuals, institutions and resources referred to as virtual Organizations. GRID is an emerging IT as a kind of next generation Internet technology which will fit very well with agrometeorological services in the future. I believe that it would contribute to the resource sharing in agrometeorology by providing super computing power, virtual storage, and efficient data exchanges, especially for developing countries that are suffering from the lack of resources for their agmet services at national level. Thus, the establishment of CAgM-GRID based on existing RADMINSII is proposed as a part of FWIS of WMO.part of FWIS of WMO.
Evolution of Agrometeorology at the Global Level
Sivakumar, M.V.K. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 127~139
Agricultural meteorology has advanced during the last 100 years from a descriptive to a quantitative science using physical and biological principles. The agricultural community is becoming more aware that using climate and weather information will improve their profitability and this will no doubt increase the demand for agrometeorological services. Hence it is timely that the needs and perspectives for agrometeorology in the 21
Century are grouped under two major headings: agrometeorological services for agricultural production and agrometeorological support systems for such services. Emphasis must be placed on the components of such support systems comprising of data, research, policies and training/education/extension. As Monteith (2000) mentioned, food supplies ultimately depend upon the skill with which farmers ran exploit the potential of good weather and minimize the impact of bad weather. Recent developments in instrumentation, data management systems, climate prediction, crop modelling, dissemination of agrometeorological information etc., provide agrometeorologists the tools necessary help the farmers improve such skills. The future for operational applications of agricultural meteorology appears bright and such applications could contribute substantially to promote sustainable agriculture and alleviate poverty.
CAgM, USDA and the National Drought Policy Commission Associated with WAMIS
Motha, Raymond P. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 2, 2004, Pages 140~147
Agrometeorological information is essential in many agricultural decisions if it reaches the user in a timely and appropriate manner. Agriculture is the backbone to local, regional, and global economic development. Thus, strengthening agrometeorological application to diverse agricultural sectors will benefit economic development. This paper discusses three distinct organizational minions that all share the same need for improved information technology. The World Meteorological Organization's (WMOs) Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM) has global responsibility for improved agrometeorological services of Members to aid agricultural production and to conserve natural resources. The United States Department of Agriculture, World Agricultural Outlook Board, publishes monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, considered to be a benchmark for both government and industry in production and trade decisions. The National Drought Policy Commission (NDPC), created by an act of the United States Congress, formulated a national drought policy based on preparedness rather than on crisis management. All three organizations recognize the need for IT applications in agricultural meteorology and have been active in implementing this technology. The development of information technology offers new means of dissemination of agrometeorological products. World Agrometeorological Information Service (WAMIS) has taken advantage of the global Internet application to offer WMO Members a dedicated web server to host agrometeorological bulletins and training modules.